jeudi 12 avril 2012

Parasha Noah

Parsha Noah – Noah
B’reshit 6:9-11:32,
YeshaYahu 54:1-55:5, 1st Kefa 3:18-22
Daniel ben Ya’acov Ysrael
Heb 10:1 For the Torah, having a shadow of the good matters to come, and not the image itself of the matters, was never able to make perfect those who draw near with the same slaughter offerings which they offer continually year by year.
When used: "Scripture taken from “The Scriptures”, Copyright by Institute for Scripture Research. “Used by permission”! When other: King James Version; otherwise the RNKJV(Revisited New King James Version) is used!
The RNKJV (Revisited King James Version) use YHWH while I use יהוה for the Name of our heavenly father. The RNKJV write according to the English letters, I preserve the Hebrew letters of the tetragramaton otherwise you may find the Name of Elohim written Elohim Yehovah or Yehowah and of our Master as Yehoshua (Yeshua).
When necessary you will find in (-) my own explanations.
The parsha Noah is one of the most important in the Torah Study at the end of the parsha you will find the table of the nations descendants of the three sons from Noah. If we can enter the Sod (secret, mystery) of this Torah portion, we will be able to overcome many doctrines of men. I will try to demonstrate that יהוה did everything in a way that all saints (Qadoshin) may be able to see that there is none like our Elohim, יהוה Zebaoth.
As I began to study this Parsha years ago, many things were concealed and I had difficulty to see behind the letter. I have read from our brethren from different assemblies, from Messianic teachers, from some of Yehuda coming back to the faith through יהושע Messiah. Some good teaching who inspired me to search. As we go through the Parsha, I will give some name to give the honour to those who have helped me to enlarge my understanding.....................First of all I give glory and glory to יהוה Elohim who give to those who seek him.
Pro 1:1 The proverbs of Shelomoh son of Dawiḏ, sovereign of Yisra’ĕl: Pro 1:2 for knowing wisdom and discipline, for understanding (separate mentally) the words of understanding (binah),Pro 1:3 for receiving the discipline of wisdom, Righteousness, right-ruling, and straightness; Pro 1:4 for giving insight to the simple (silly), Knowledge and discretion to the young. Pro 1:5 the wise one hears and increases learning, and the understanding one gets wise counsel, Pro 1:6 for understanding a proverb and a figure, the words of the wise and their riddles (puzzle, dark saying)). Pro 1:7 the fear of יהוה is the beginning of knowledge1; Fools despise wisdom (chochmah) and discipline.......
Sh’lomo wrote the book of Proverbs for wisdom and discipline (warning, instruction), for understanding, to give insight to the simple.
The Torah is a tree of life!...... As we are going to read, I will back this midrash with:
*  The Torah and the scriptures
*  The book of Yasher for it is written:
Jos 10:13 So the sun stood still, and the moon stopped, till the nation avenged itself upon their enemies. Is this not written in the Book of Yasher? Thus the sun stopped in the midst of the heavens, and did not hasten to go down for an entire day.
2Sa 1:18 and he ordered “The Bow” to be taught to the children of Yehuḏah. See, it is written in the Book of Yasher:
We see that this foundation can help us in understanding as it was for our forefathers.  I am going to make parallel between both writings the Torah and the book of Yasher and expound it with the scriptures.  Yasher is not the name of the writer of the book, but means: The Just. The Parsha Noah is enlightening to understand our days, the time we are living now for Sh’lomo tells us that there is nothing new under heaven (Ecc. 1:9).
Ecc 1:9 The thing that hath been, it is that which shall be; and that which is done is that which shall be done: and there is no new thing under the sun. ..........
I have said many times that in order to understand we should apply certain rules of interpretation i.e. the “Pardes” or four levels of interpretation as I have explain in the parsha b’reshit. Further we should consider what our Master יהושע, the Shaliach (apostles) Sha'ul/Paul, Yochanan/John, Kefa/Jean, Ya’acov/James teach, in their midrash as I have say many time that to understand the spiritual, it is necessary to learn TORAH.
Sha'ul make it clear:
1Co 15:45 and so it has been written, “The first man Aḏam became a living being,” the last Aḏam a life-giving Spirit. 1Co 15:46 the spiritual however was not first, but the natural, and afterward the spiritual. 1Co 15:47 the first man was of the earth, earthy; the second Man is the Master from heaven. 1Co 15:48 as is the earthy, so also are those who are earthy; and as is the heavenly, so also are those who are heavenly. ....
So, יהושע spoke also to Nicodemus :
Joh 3:12  If I have told you earthly things, and ye believe not, how shall ye believe, if I tell you of heavenly things?
What does Sha'ul tells us verse 46? The spiritual was not first, but the natural. Verse 47 he goes on saying the “first man” or first Adam was of the earth, the second Adam is the Master or Adon from heaven. Verse 45 Sha’ul told us that the second one was the LAST Adam, meaning after him there will be no other. Mankind renewed or regenerated in Messiah יהושע.. In other words, those living before יהושע were after the first Adam as it is written:
Gen 5:3 and Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own likeness, after his image; and called his name Seth:
Here we have a signal that man original state was changed due to Adam’s sin. We compare with Adam’s original state:
Gen 1:27 so Elohim created man in his own image, in the image of Elohim created he him; male and female created he them............
Same with Chawah’s /Eve condition who came from Adam’s rib:
Gen 2:22 and the rib, which YHWH Elohim had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man.............................
From Seth on, all generation will be in the image of Adam this doesn’t mean as Roman Catholic teach that we have sin in our DNA, sin is rebellion against the Torah and we can overcome it by submitting our will to יהוה following our Master יהושע.
B'reshit/Gen.4:6 And YHWH said unto Caïn, Why art thou wroth? and why is thy countenance fallen?
4:7 If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door. And unto thee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him. Eccl 8:12-13; Gen 3:16;
This is call “Free will”.  Sha’ul saw that man’s condition changed with Adam and that now with Messiah man had the possibility to reverse the condition. With that in mind we can read again the same verses:
1Co 15:45 and so it has been written, “The first man Aḏam became a living being,” the last Aḏam a life-giving Spirit.  1Co 15:46 the spiritual, however, was not first, but the natural, and afterward the spiritual.
1Co 15:47 the first man was of the earth, earthy; the second Man is the Master from heaven.
1Co 15:48 as is the earthy, so also are those who are earthy; and as is the heavenly, so also are those who are heavenly.  ................
During four thousand years, man’s condition will be after the flesh earthy with the coming of the last Adam, man’s condition can change for those who are heavenly!
During these four thousand years יהוה will found people who will be example how to follow after the Ruach (Spirit) whereby the Ruach didn’t dwell in them but came upon them..... Have you seen that Sha’ul says the last Adam meaning before him there was another Adam but also that after him no other should come?.................
Strong gives us following description for last:
G2078 ἔσχατος eschatos es'-khat-os
A superlative probably from G2192 (in the sense of contiguity); farthest, final (of place or time): - ends of, last, latter end, lowest, uttermost..................
There can’t be any misunderstanding has the nature of יהושע if we understand what Sha’ul says, we will also understand when יהושע says:
Joh 3:13 and no man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, even the Son of man which was in heaven.
Joh 8:14 Yehoshua answered and said unto them, Though I bear record of myself, yet my record is true: for I know whence I came, and whither I go; but ye cannot tell whence I come, and whither I go.
Joh 16:28 I came forth from the Father, and am come into the world: again, I leave the world, and go to the Father.  Joh 17:8 for I have given unto them the words which thou gavest me; and they have received them, and have known surely that I came out from thee, and they have believed that thou didst send me.
In all these verses the same Greek word is used:
Strong’s #G1831 ἐξέρχομαι exerchomai ex-er'-khom-ahee
From G1537 and G2064; to issue (literally or figuratively): - come-(forth, out), depart (out of), escape, get out, go (abroad, away, forth, out, thence), proceed (forth), spread abroad...........
Yochanan explaining the nature of יהושע was saying that he came , was issued, came out, proceed from the Word, the Logos of Elohim, meaning from his mind, is innermost thought and creation from the beginning (b’reshit):
 Joh 1:1 In the beginning was the Word (Logos, thoughts), and the Word was with YHWH, and the Word (logos, thoughts) was YHWH.
Psa 33:6  By the word of יהוה were the heavens made; and all the host of them by the breath (ruach) of his mouth. ……..
 יהוה was restoring Adam’s nature in Messiah יהושע the last Adam. יהושע fleshly nature was the same like ours, therefore he had to die also in order to fulfil all what was written in the Torah. Sorry for those who think that יהושע was different and was “G-d the Creator in the flesh”. That Thomas says to him “my Master and my Elohim” (Yochan.20:28) doesn’t make יהושע to be the creator of the universe. יהושע was the reason of creation, the perfect man undefiled and without sin as Adam was before sin in Gan Eden, and incarnate יהוה perfect will for mankind (Adam).
What can we understand here? When does the last Adam, Messiah יהושע came, was it not in the year 4000? Yes it was, and those born before him came from the first Adam up to the year 4000.
What does this mean? Sha'ul says they were earthy verses,47-48. Those who came after, and who have the nature of Messiah are like the Last Adam, spiritually.
Rom 8:29 for whom he did foreknow (you and me), he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren.
Col 3:10 and have put on the new man (Adam), which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him(YHWH) that created him (the last Adam):
1Co 15:49 and as we have borne the image of the earthy (first Adam), we shall also bear the image of the heavenly (last Adam). ..........
Are you the brother/sister of “G-d”, because he is the firstborn among many brethren (verse 29)?   What can we conclude?   When we read the TORAH, in the P’shat level (litteral), we see the action of our forefathers, but much more they reflect our carnal nature. Every time we read the TORAH we learn about our carnal inclination. When we dig a bit deeper in the Remez (hint), we see that the carnal man’s deliverance is in יהושע HaMoschiach and if we go more deeper the Torah teaches us something and then, we see the secret of what יהוה Elohim has given us in Messiah יהושע.
In order to avoid any man’s doctrine,
יהוה has put the fullness of revelation in the SOD (mystery, secret) level of the Pardes interpretation......................
Psa 25:14 The secret (sod) of יהוה is with those who fear Him, And He makes His covenant known to them…………………
The Hebrew word for “secret “is: Strong’s # H5475 “sod” סוד sôd sode written: samek, vav, dalet........
From H3245; a session, that is, company of persons (in close deliberation); by implication intimacy, consultation, a secret: - assembly, counsel, inward, secret (counsel).......
With this in mind we are going back to the Parsha Noah and see what beautiful things יהוה has hidden in His Torah.   Today the world begin to shake, people are under tremendous pressure. Man‘s system is uncovered and appears as foolishness. The bank system collapses the capitalism shows itself to be an evil plan to give favour to the rich from the world and oppress the poor. All these are warning from יהוה to mankind, to turn back to the right way, but man seek for the “super man “to deliver them from material problem. They don’t understand that in order to solve material problem we have need to solve first spiritual problem first to lay down the carnal nature imperfection and this can only be done in Messiah יהושע..... .....
1Co 1:20 Where is the wise? Where is the scholar? Where is the debater of this age? Has not Elohim made foolish the wisdom of this world?....1Co 2:6 Yet we speak wisdom among those who are perfect, and not the wisdom of this age, nor of the rulers of this age that are being brought to naught. 1Co 2:7 But we speak the wisdom of Elohim, which was hidden in a secret (sod), and which Elohim ordained (prepared) before the ages for our esteem,  1Co 2:10 But Elohim has revealed them to us through His Spirit. For the Spirit searches all matters, even the depths of Elohim. …………..1Co 2:12 And we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit that is from Elohim, in order to know what Elohim has favourably given us, 1Co 2:13 which we also speak, not in words which man’s wisdom teaches but which the Set-apart Spirit teaches, comparing spiritual matters with spiritual matters. 1Co 2:14 But the natural man does not receive the matters of the Spirit of Elohim, for they are foolishness to him, and he is unable to know them, because they are spiritually discerned. 1Co 2:15 but he who is spiritual discerns indeed all matters, but he himself is discerned by no one. ....... “Those who are perfect” (verse 26)
Perfect: Strong’s # G5046 Τέλειος teleios tel'-i-os..... From G5056; complete (in various applications of labour, growth, mental and moral character, etc.); neuter (as noun, with G3588) completeness: - of full age, man, perfect............
Praises to יהוה for what He has done for us in יהושע Messiah! The natural man (worldly, religious people or pagans,) know nothing because they are spiritually discerned.   You brethren who are spiritual will understand because you are spiritual.  Noah was the last of a righteous generation and is a picture of those who came after him through Shem but also Yepeth (Japeth) as we are going to see. 
Gen 6:9 This is the genealogy of Noaḥ. Noaḥ was a righteous man, perfect in his generations. Noaḥ walked with Elohim.
Noah came from a righteous generation. I have read that the rabbis teach that if Noah had lived in another generation today, he wouldn’t have been counted righteous. I don’t agree with that as the Torah teaches us that he was righteous and blameless, are you like Noah righteous in your generation?.................
 Methuselah acted uprightly in the sight of Elohim, as his father Enoch had taught him, and he likewise during the whole of his life taught the sons of men wisdom, knowledge and the fear of Elohim, and he did not turn from the good way either to the right or to the left.(Yasher 4 :3)
14. And Methuselah called his name Noah, saying, The earth was in his days at rest and free from corruption, and Lamech his father called his name Menachem, saying, This one shall comfort us in our works and miserable toil in the earth, which God had cursed. 15. And the child grew up and was weaned, and he (Noah) went in the ways of his father Methuselah, perfect and upright with God. 16. And all the sons of men departed from the ways of YHWH in those days (Yahser 4:14-15). .................Noah/Menachem was taught in the way of his father perfect and upright before Elohim. 
How does Elohim sees righteousness?
Isa 51:7 Hearken unto me, ye that know righteousness, the people in whose heart is my Torah; fear ye not the reproach of men, neither be ye afraid of their revilings.
We are going to see that from Adam, through Seth who replaces Hebel (Abel) who was killed by Caïn there was a generation following after the Torah.  Does it mean that Noah was without sin? I came to this question because I read from Jamieson, Fausset and Brown commentary: -- Noah ... just ... and perfect — not absolutely; for since the fall of Adam no man has been free from sin except Yeshua Messiah. But as living by faith he was just (Gal_3:2; Heb_11:7) and perfect - that is, sincere in his desire to do God’s will.
As we read from Yochanan parents:
Luk 1:6 and they were both righteous before YHWH, walking in all the commandments and ordinances of YHWH blameless........Humm!
What does the scriptures says: righteous and blameless........................
Blameless: Strong’s # G273 ἄμεμπτος amemptos am'-emp-tos From G1 (as a negative particle) and a derivative of G3201; irreproachable: - blameless, faultless, unblamable. Righteous: Strong’s # G1342 Δίκαιος dikaios dik'-ah-yos  From G1349; equitable (in character or act); by implication innocent, holy/Qadosh (absolutely or relatively): - just, meet, right (-eous)............Could it be that righteousness was in the Torah? 
Mat 19:16 and, behold, one came and said unto him, Good Rabbi, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life?  Mat 19:17 and he said unto him, Why callest thou me good? There is none good but one, that is, Elohim: but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments (Torah).
Was יהושע mistaking by saying that in order to enter eternal life man should keep the commandments?
In both cases, Yochanan’s parents and the one who came to יהושע there is not say that they never sin, we read that there were righteous and blameless and kept the commandments. We shouldn’t read what is not written.  Noah was perfect doesn’t mean that he was without sin (transgression of the Torah) but that he gave himself to the best to follow the Torah.  David was counted as to be the one after Elohim’s heart but the same David write:
 Psa 51:5 behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me. 
What does יהוה says concerning David? ---1Sa 13:14 but now thy kingdom (Saul) shall not continue: YHWH hath sought him a man after his own heart, and YHWH hath commanded him to be captain over his people, because thou hast not kept that which YHWH commanded thee.....
1Ki 14:8 and rent the kingdom away from the house of David, and gave it thee: and yet thou hast not been as my servant David, who kept my commandments, and who followed me with all his heart, to do that only which was right in mine eyes;
1Ki 15:5 because David did that which was right in the eyes of YHWH, and turned not aside from any thing that he commanded him all the days of his life, save only in the matter of Uriah the Hittite.........
We see David in spite of his sin in the case of Bathsheba and Uriah her husband was considered by Elohim to be a man after יהוה own heart!   How can it be? Simply in the fact that David repented!   So we see that we don’t seek our own righteousness but the righteousness which is in Messiah יהושע we were sinner before, but now through Messiah יהושע have been made righteous before Elohim.   Before יהושע came, righteousness was measured according to the Torah! Once again this doesn’t mean without sin. Sin is the condition of man before יהושע the period from Adam, the First man to יהושע the last Adam (mankind). 
Strong gives us following definition for "sin": חַטָּאתּ chatta'ah (khat-taw-aw') (or chattacth {khat-tawth'}) n-f.
1. an offence (sometimes habitual sinfulness), and its penalty, occasion, sacrifice, or expiation
2. (concretely) an offender
from H2398 חָטָא chata' (khaw-taw') v.
1. (properly) to miss
2. (hence, figuratively and generally) to sin
3. (by inference) to forfeit, lack, expiate, repent
4. (causatively) to lead astray, condemn
[a primitive root]
To miss the mark! Every time we don't follow what the Torah tells us to do, we "miss the mark" and thus sin. We need to return to the path of life and forsake the wrong way.

1Co 1:30 but of him (Yehowah) are ye in the Messiah Yehoshua, who of YHWH is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption: ---- Righteousness: Strong’s # G1343 Δικαιοσύνη dikaiosunē dik-ah-yos-oo'-nay.......From G1342; equity (of character or act); specifically justification: - righteousness.
G1342 dikaios dik'-ah-yos    .....From G1349; equitable (in character or act); by implication innocent, holy/qadosh (absolutely or relatively): - just, meet, right (-eous).
This is the same word used in Luke chapter 1:6, no more by work but through faith, can you see that?
Gen 5:3 and Aḏam lived one hundred and thirty years, and brought forth a son in his own likeness, after his image, and called his name Shĕth.
If we follow the generation from Sheth to Noah we will see that they followed the way taught to them by the Torah.
Gen 6:10 And Noaḥ brought forth three sons: Shĕm, Ḥam, and Yepheth. (see at the End the Table of Nation from ISBE and descendants of Shem Japheth and Ham and the Chart concerning Noah’s descendants)...................
The book of Yasher makes a difference in the genealogy of Noah’s children: ------ 16.Noah was four hundred and ninety-eight years old, when he took Naamah for a
wife.17. and Naamah conceived and bare a son, and he called his name Japheth, saying, Elohim has enlarged me in the earth; and she conceived again and bare a son, and he called his name Shem, saying, Elohim has made me a remnant, to raise up seed in the midst of the earth. 18. and Noah was five hundred and two years old when Naamah bare Shem, and the boys grew up and went in the ways of YHWH, in all that Methuselah and Noah their father taught them. 19. and Lamech the father of Noah, died ……….
Once again we see that the descendants from Sheth were instructed in the Torah.  Noah didn’t found out his own way. He was instructed in his family:
Deu 6:6 “And these Words which I am commanding you today shall be in your heart,  Deu 6:7 and you shall impress them upon your children, and shall speak of them when you sit in your house,(not only during Shabbat) and when you walk by the way, and when you lie down, and when you rise up,  
Joh 14:15 “If you love Me (Yehoshua), you shall guard My commands.
Pro 22:6 Train up a child in the way he should go: and when he is old, he will not depart from it.
Gen 6:11 and the earth was corrupt before Elohim, and the earth was filled with violence.
Gen 6:12 and Elohim looked upon the earth and saw that it was corrupt – for all flesh had corrupted their way on the earth –  ..................
Let’s see what Yasher tells us concerning the life’s condition:
Enoch the son of Seth died, he was nine hundred and five years old at his death.  And in the one hundred and seventy ninth year of the life of Noah, Cainan the son of Enosh died, And in the two hundred and thirty fourth year of the life of Noah, Mahlallel the son of Cainan died, and the days of Mahlallel were eight hundred and ninety-five years, and he died. 4. and Jared the son of Mahlallel died in those days, in the three hundred and thirty-sixth year of the life of Noah; and all the days of Jared were nine hundred and sixty-two
years, and he died. 5. and all who followed יהוה died in those days, before they saw the evil which Elohim declared to do upon earth. In the four hundred and eightieth year of the life of Noah, when all those men, who followed יהוה had died away from amongst the sons of men, and only Methuselah was then left, God said unto Noah and Methuselah,saying, 8.for thus saith יהוה, Behold I give you a period of one hundred and twenty years; if you will turn to me and forsake your evil ways, then will I also turn away from the evil
which I told you, and it shall not exist, saith יהוה.
 First we see that there were many generations walking after יהוה (Torah) and that in spite of the evil יהוה was patient with mankind. Verse 8 we see that יהוה gives a hundred and twenty years time period to mankind to stop sinning. This is very important to understand, because it has been taught that it took Noah 120 years to build the Ark.  
This is not what the book of Yasher explains as we can read. This 120 years “period” is also what יהוה will explain Noah later, it is also the number of Moshe’s life (D’varim 34:7).  Many scholars have taught that Elohim gave a 120 years span life to mankind! Have you ever met many people who live 120 years? Today in 2010/2011 as it is says, the oldest man is in Japan and he said to be 113 years old, one among billions of people! He may be an exception, but read this verse from the psalm 90:
Psa 90:10 The days of our lives are seventy years; Or if due to strength, eighty years, Yet the best of them is but toil and exertion; for it is soon cut off, and we fly away. -----If we look at the average of man’s life today, we will see that it agrees with this verse in Psalm 90.  Conclusion the 120 years must have a deeper meaning as the literal shows.   ……………..  Yasher 34. In his five hundred and ninety-fifth year Noah commenced to make the ark, and he made the ark in five years, as YHWH had commanded (Yasher 4:34)
The Book of Yasher tells us that Noah built the Ark in five years! ..............Gen 6:13 and Elohim said to Noaḥ, “The end of all flesh has come before Me, for the earth is filled with violence through them. And see, I am going to destroy them from the earth. ...................Yasher 5:23 Noah and Methuselah stood forth, and said in the ears of the sons of men, all that ELohim had spoken concerning them.  24. but the sons of men would not hearken, neither would they incline their ears to all their declarations.  25. and it was after this that YHWH said to Noah, The end of all flesh is come before me,  on account of their evil deeds, and behold I will destroy the earth.
Now brethren let us see what is going on today, the time we are living. People have gone after their own way, some goes after their own religions (Buddhist, Muslim, Catholics, Christians…..) others goes after their own righteousness (Humanist) and other look for the pleasures of life (Hedonist).
Only a remnant follows יהושע:  ----- 17. and Naamah conceived and bare a son, and he called his name Japheth, saying, God has enlarged me in the earth; and she conceived again and bare a son, and he called his name Shem, saying, Elohim has made me a remnant, to raise up seed in the midst of the earth.
I want you to see the importance of this statement. You are the remnant following יהושע the King of righteousness (Hebr.5:6, 10).  You also know Abraham met the King of righteousness called Melchizedek, Malkitsedek in Hebrew, after he returned to deliver Lot. 
Gen 14:18 and Malkitseḏeq sovereign (King) of Shalĕm brought out bread and wine. Now he was the priest of the Most High Ěl.  Gen 14:19 and he blessed him and said, “Blessed be Aḇram of the Most High Ěl, Possessor of the heavens and earth.  Gen 14:20 “And blessed be the Most High Ěl who has delivered your enemies into your hand.” And he gave him a tenth of all.
This Melchizedek was Shem the son of Noah as we can read: ------ Yasher 16:11. and Adonizedek king(Malkitsedek in Hebrew) of Jerusalem, the same was Shem, went out with his men to meet Abram and his people, with bread and wine, and they remained together in the valley of  Melech. 12. and Adonizedek (Malkitsedek) blessed Abram, and Abram gave him a tenth from all that he had brought from the spoil of his enemies, for Adonizedek(Malkitsedek) was a priest before God.
We have read a tenth of the spoil and not tithe as many teach falsely. Many scholars have taught errors concerning the statement found in the book of Hebrew concerning the priesthood of Melchitzedek:
Heb 7:2 to whom also Aḇraham gave a tenth part of all, his name being translated, indeed, first, ‘sovereign of righteousness,’ and then also sovereign of Shalĕm, that is, ‘sovereign of peace,’  Heb 7:3 without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but having been made like the Son of Elohim, remains a priest for all time.
......Sha’ul is teaching here the difference between the Levitical priesthood and the Melchitzedek Priesthood. To understand, Sha’ul doesn’t say that the One who is called Melchitzedek has no father or mother, but that the Levitical priesthood was descending from Levi one of Ya’acov’s son, and therefore was a priesthood having father and mother.   Not so the Melchitzedek Priesthood which came with Adam who was coming direct from Elohim’s will and was to be pass from generation to generation. It went lost after the sin of the golden calf and came back with יהושע. As we are going to search the Torah through the coming Parasha, we are going to see that many things are not shown in the Torah in the plain text and that by seeking we can have a better understanding.  Today all Qadoshin (saints) following יהושע do not walk after the Levitical priesthood, but after the Melchitzedek priesthood, following the King of Righteousness.
Gen 6:14 Make thee an ark of gopher wood; rooms shalt thou make in the ark, and shalt pitch it within and without with pitch. Gen 6:15 and this is the fashion which thou shalt make it of: The length of the ark shall be three hundred cubits (around 160meters), the breadth of it fifty cubits (around 28Meters), and the height of it thirty cubits (around 16 meters). Gen 6:16 a window shalt thou make to the ark, and in a cubit shalt thou finish it above; and the door of the ark shalt thou set in the side thereof; with lower, second, and third stories shalt thou make it.  Gen 6:17 and, behold, I, even I, do bring a flood of waters upon the earth, to destroy all flesh, wherein is the breath of life, from under heaven; and every thing that is in the earth shall die. Gen 6:18 but with thee will I establish my covenant; and thou shalt come into the ark, thou, and thy sons, and thy wife, and thy sons' wives with thee. Gen 6:19 and of every living thing of all flesh, two of every sort shalt thou bring into the ark, to keep them alive with thee; they shall be male and female. Gen 6:20 of fowls after their kind, and of cattle after their kind, of every creeping thing of the earth after his kind, two of every sort shall come unto thee, to keep them alive. Gen 6:21 and take thou unto thee of all food that is eaten, and thou shalt gather it to thee; and it shall be for food for thee, and for them. Gen 6:22 Thus did Noah; according to all that Elohim commanded him, so did he.
 The Parsha Noah is the first deeper revelation of Moschiach (Messiah) יהושע and his atoning work. Only in the sod level, the mystical interpretation is revealed. On the other hand, it teaches us the end of our time today before the coming of Messiah to establish יהוה’s Kingdom on earth.
The P’shat (literal) level show us how יהוה saved Noah and his family from destruction Noah was righteous before Elohim .  Gen 6:9 This is the genealogy of Noaḥ. Noaḥ was a righteous man, perfect in his generations. Noaḥ walked with Elohim.   
The Hebrew word for righteous is Strong’s # H6662 צדּיק tsaddîyq tsad-deek' written Tzaddi, dalet,yod,Qof (gemetria :204)  From H6663; just: - just, lawful, righteous (man).
H6663: tsâdaq tsaw-dak' A primitive root; to be (causatively make) right (in a moral or forensic sense): - cleanse, clear self, (be, do) just (-ice, -ify, -ify self), (be, turn to) righteous (-ness).
יהושע is called the “righteous One” Yeshayahu 53:11(righteous servant), Yrmeyahu 23:5 (Branch of righteousness), Malachi 4:2 (the sun of righteousness).
Act 7:52 “Which of the prophets did your fathers not persecute? And they killed those who before announced the coming of the Righteous One (יהושע), of whom you (Yehudin) now have become the betrayers and murderers,
The flood came because of the wickedness and evil way of men (chap.6:5). Noah found grace verse 8. It is noteworthy to see that the Hebrew word “chen” from the word “chanan”, means  to bend in kindness to an inferior, to show favour, to have mercy.  To be saved by grace is NOT a “new testament” doctrine as pretended by Christians. Sha’ul says “by grace through faith you are saved” Eph.2:8 and also 2nd Timot.1:9 to see that grace existed with the creation. 
nElohim has now reduced the life of man to 120 years symbolically represented by the life span from Moshe in the book of D’varim chapter 34.  These 120 years do not refer to the age of man as we can see that the average of man’s life is lesser then 100 years!! The answer is in the Hebrew as the word used for years means also: “revolution of time”. And it is further taught that Messiah will come on earth after 120 Yovel/Jubilee from creation. The Yovel occurs every 50 years, so that we can make a simple calculation: 120 x 50 equal 6000 years. Some scholars count Yovel with 49 years and therefore 49 X 120 equals 5880, but this counting bring a major problem, because if today we have only 5880 years from creation, then we would write the year 5880 minus the 2011 years we write today and we have the year 3879 thus telling us that Messiah יהושע didn’t came on the fourth day, the year 4000, and therefore cannot be the promised Messiah! You see how we should be careful in counting; because it is confirmed by many document and proof are given that יהושע started his ministry during the fourth day during his 30th years.  More details are to be fund in my midrash on “the Shemitta and Yovel years”.  Just before the flood, the earth was corrupted. How is it today?
Rom 1:18 For the wrath of Elohim is revealed from heaven against all wickedness and unrighteousness of men, who suppress the truth in unrighteousness, Rom 1:19 because that which is known of Elohim is manifest among them, for Elohim has manifested it to them. Rom 1:20 For since the creation of the world His invisible qualities have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, both His everlasting power and Mightiness, for them to be without excuse, Rom 1:21 because, although they knew Elohim, they did not esteem Him as Elohim, nor gave thanks, but became vain in their reasonings (imaginations), and their undiscerning heart was darkened. Rom 1:22 Claiming to be wise, they became fools, Rom 1:23 and changed the esteem of the incorruptible Elohim into the likeness of an image of corruptible man, and of birds and of four-footed beasts and of reptiles. Rom 1:24 Therefore Elohim gave them up to uncleanness in the lust of their hearts, to disrespect their bodies among themselves, Rom 1:25 who changed the truth of Elohim into the falsehood, and worshipped and served what was created rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever. Amĕn. Rom 1:26 Because of this Elohim gave them over to degrading passions. For even their women exchanged natural relations for what is against nature, Rom 1:27 and likewise, the men also, having left natural relations with woman, burned in their lust for one another, men with men committing indecency, and receiving back the reward which was due for their straying. Rom 1:28 And even as they did not think it worth- while to possess the knowledge of Elohim, Elohim gave them over to a worthless mind, to do what is improper, Rom 1:29 having been filled with all unrighteousness, whoring, wickedness, greed, evil; filled with envy, murder, fighting, deceit, evil habits; whisperers, Rom 1:30 slanderers, haters of Elohim, insolent, proud, boasters, devisers of evils, disobedient to parents, Rom 1:31 without discernment, covenant breakers, unloving, unforgiving, ruthless; Rom 1:32 who, though they know the righteousness of Elohim, that those who practise such deserve death, not only do the same but also approve of those who practise them. Rev 13:4 and they worshipped the dragon (HaSatan) who gave authority to the beast. And they worshipped the beast, saying, “Who is like the beast? Who is able to fight with him?” Rev 13:5 and he was given a mouth speaking great matters and blasphemies, and he was given authority to do so forty-two months.  Rev 13:6 and he opened his mouth in blasphemies against Elohim, to blaspheme His Name, and His Tent, and those dwelling in the heaven. Rev 13:14 And he leads astray those dwelling on the earth because of those signs which he was given to do before the beast, saying to those dwelling on the earth to make an image to the beast who was wounded by the sword, yet lived....... Verse 13 Elohim warn Noah that the end of all flesh is come and that he will destroy men from the earth. We know through the Torah that the people and every living thing died. The earth was not destroyed literally.
Read : Pro 16:25 There is a way that seems right to a man, but its end is the way of death .. And compare with:
Rev 11:18 “And the nations were enraged, and Your wrath has come, and the time of the dead to be judged, and to give the reward to Your servants the prophets and to the set-apart ones, and to those who fear Your Name, small and great, and to destroy those who destroy the earth.”
Elohim will punish man again
Isa 13:11 “And I shall punish the world for its evil, and the wrong for their crookedness, and shall put an end to the arrogance of the proud, and lay low the pride of the ruthless.

14: Make thee and ark of gopher wood and pitch it within and without with pitch (tar).
While gopher wood sees to refers to cypress, a long Mediterranean tree. To pitch is the Hebrew word “Kaphar” meaning to cover, to expiate same word used in Vayiqrah 16:16 for “atonement”
Lev 16:16 “And he shall make atonement (kaphar) for the Set-apart Place, because of the uncleanness of the children of Yisra’ĕl, and because of their transgressions in all their sins. And so he does for the Tent of Meeting which is dwelling with them in the midst of their uncleanness.
Exo 21:30 “If a sin-covering is laid upon him, then he shall give the ransom (Kaphar) of his life, whatever is laid on him.
Yeshayahu 43:11“For I am יהוה your Elohim, the Set-apart One of Yisra’ĕl, your Saviour; I gave Mitsrayim for your ransom (kaphar), Kush and Seḇa in your place.
We know also that we have an ark in the tent of meeting within the tabernacle. The Hebrew word here means: “a box”, simply a box where Noah and his family will take place. The wood will be pitched or covered within and without.
We can imagine that without protection the wood would not resist very long in the water. It needs protection.
The spiritual explanation is as follow:
The ark represents Messiah יהושע, the material is wood and represent the frail man’s nature which will decease. The water represents the Torah and the pitching the anointing covering from יהושע’s blood. If you are in the “Ark” (Messiah), you are secured, the water, a picture of the Torah will lead you to a safe place which is the promised Kingdom, if you are outside the ark the same water (Torah) will destroyed you (judgment).
Verses 17-18 Elohim tells Noah, he will destroy all flesh, but he will make a covenant with him and his family.
Read : --- Isa 26:20 Go, my people, enter your rooms, and shut your doors behind you; hide yourself, as it were, for a little while, until the displeasure is past.  Isa 26:21 For look, יהוה is coming out of His place to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their crookedness. And the earth shall disclose her blood, and no longer cover her slain. …………… Elohim will again pour out His wrath upon the earth before the coming of Messiah יהושע.  19-22 Elohim instruct Noah what to do and Noah obeyed. Noah in Hebrew means:”rest”……………..Gen 7:1 and יהוה said to Noaḥ, “Come into the ark, you and all your household, because I have seen that you are righteous before Me in this generation.   Gen 7:2 “Of all the clean beasts take with you seven pairs, a male and his female; and of the beasts that are unclean two, a male and his female;  Gen 7:3 and of birds of the heavens seven pairs, male and female, to keep offspring alive on the face of all the earth.  Gen 7:4 “For after seven more days I am sending rain on the earth, forty days and forty nights, and shall wipe from the face of the earth all that stand that I created.”  Gen 7:5 And Noaḥ did according to all that יהוה commanded him.  Gen 7:6 Now Noaḥ was six hundred years old when the flood-waters were on the earth.  Gen 7:7 and Noaḥ and his sons and his wife and his sons’ wives went into the ark because of the waters of the flood.  Gen 7:8 of the clean beasts and of the beasts that are unclean, and of birds, and of all that creep on the earth,  Gen 7:9 two by two they went into the ark to Noaḥ, male and female, as Elohim had commanded Noaḥ.  Gen 7:10 and it came to be after seven days that the waters of the flood were on the earth.  Gen 7:11 In the six hundredth year of Noaḥ’s life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, on that day all the fountains of the great deep were broken up, and the windows of the heavens were opened.(17=10 + 7 discuss the divine numbers)  Gen 7:12 and the rain was on the earth forty days and forty nights.  Gen 7:13 On that same day Noaḥ and Shĕm and Ḥam and Yepheth, the sons of Noaḥ, and Noaḥ’s wife and the three wives of his sons with them, went into the ark,
Gen 7:14 they and every living creature after its kind, and every beast after its kind, and every creeping creature that creeps on the earth after its kind, and every bird after its kind, every bird of every sort.  Gen 7:15 and they went into the ark to Noaḥ, two by two, of all flesh in which is the breath of life.  Gen 7:16 and those going in, male and female of all flesh, went in as Elohim had commanded him, and יהוה shut him in.
Gen 7:17 and the flood was on the earth forty days, and the waters increased and lifted up the ark, and it rose high above the earth.  Gen 7:18 and the waters were mighty and greatly increased on the earth, and the ark moved about on the surface of the waters.  Gen 7:19 and the waters were exceedingly mighty on the earth, and all the high mountains under all the heavens were covered.  Gen 7:20 The waters became mighty, fifteen cubits upward (around 7.8 meters), and the mountains were covered.  Gen 7:21 and all flesh died that moved on the earth – birds and cattle and beasts and every creeping creature that creeps on the earth, and all mankind.  Gen 7:22 All in whose nostrils was the breath of the spirit of life, all that was on the dry land, died.  Gen 7:23 So He wiped off all that stand, which were on the face of the ground – both man and beast, creeping creature and bird of the heavens. And they were wiped off from the earth. And only Noaḥ was left, and those with him in the ark.  Gen 7:24 and the waters were mighty on the earth, one hundred and fifty days.(5 months) … …… Noah is told to take from clean and unclean animals. We see again that in order to know about clean and unclean the Torah was needed to teach the difference and will be later given to Moshe in written form with some new instructions as it was necessary. Verse 4 seven more days: Read 2nd Kefa 3:9.  ……….2Pe 3:9 יהוה is not slow in regard to the promise, as some count slowness, but is patient toward us, not wishing that any should perish but that all should come to repentance
Nevertheless one day He will shut the door of salvation the same as He shut the door of the Ark (verse16)
It rained 40 days and 40 nights. 4 is the number for radical change test and trials in life. Many people have turned back to Elohim once having reached the age of 40. Verse 6 Noah was 600 years old. Again the symbolic is in the number 6.which is the number of man. Noah took unclean two by two. The number 2 is for division according to B’reshit 1:7 the second day.  The clean animals by seven: 7 is the number for perfect completion on earth according to B’reshit 2:3 …Verse 10. After seven days. 7000 Years will be the time on earth, after that will be the Olam Haba or eternal life.  11-24.Verse 11 the great deep broken up and the windows of heavens were open. We should try to imagine that it rained on earth from all side north, south, east and west during 40 days and 40 nights.   Remember the earth has been cursed after Adam sin B’reshit 3:17.  The earth underwent a “mikveh” (baptism) cleansing by water.  7:12 according to Patten, Hatch and Steinhauer, the waters “waiting” in heavens have been animated by the gravitational force of a passing comet that was thrown out of its course. By this near brush with the earth and became what is now the first planet. This provoked seismic activity and volcanoes to form mountains.  Joseph Pillow explains scientific study, how so much water could have been stored above the atmosphere for about 1600 years(earth pre-flood, vapor or canopy) (Chicago Moody press 1981) .In B’reshit 1:7, the firmament as the sense to be solid in Hebrew. There may have been crystalline “window” of ice in a heat sunk 11 miles above the earth, where extra water was held in reserve for a special time. This explains the flash freezing seen in the remains of mammoth with indigested food in their stomachs. (Commentary from “One bread ministry”)
As Miller points out, in a full polar shift, the North Pole and South Pole are swapped, or the earth is turned sideways and the present equator becomes the North and South Pole. There was a total pole shift during the flood—this is why Genesis 8:20-22--seasons began for the first time. The earth was previously 72 degrees all over*—no ice, no seasons, no winter—no cold…but afterwards there were seasons. At His coming, when earth is restored to its pre-Flood conditions, we go back to the oxygen count and temperatures of before the Flood. The only way to do this is for another pole shift to occur.............2Pe 3:12 Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of YHWH, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat?   2Pe 3:13 Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness...... * My comment: Today the axial position of the earth is 23.5 degrees.
Verse 13 Noah entered the ark with his family, 8 persons together. Eight is the number pointing behind the natural and thus to all those who will enter the Olam Haba the life to come on the Eight day mentioned in the great last day of the Feast of the tabernacle.  At the time when Noah called the people t repent they didn’t believe him one of the reasons is that there was no rain on the earth and the watering was by the dew of the morning.  Noah and Methuselah spoke all the words of YHWH to the sons of men, day after
day, constantly speaking to them. (Yasher 5:9)......11. And YHWH granted them a period of one hundred and twenty years, saying, If they will return, then will God repent of the evil, so as not to destroy the earth. (Yahser 4:11)......We see here the 120 time period a natural for spiritual ....... 11. and on that day, YHWH caused the whole earth to shake, and the sun darkened, and the foundations of the world raged, and the whole earth was moved violently, and the lightning flashed, and the thunder roared, and all the fountains in the earth were broken up, such as was not known to the inhabitants before; and God did this mighty act, in order to terrify the sons of men, that there might be no more evil upon earth. 12. and still the sons of men would not return from their evil ways, and they increased the anger of YHWH at that time, and did not even direct their hearts to all this.(Yasher 4)  ................ Compare with: ---- Joe 2:1 Blow a ram’s horn in Tsiyon, and sound an alarm in My set-apart mountain! Let all the inhabitants of the earth tremble, for the day of יהוה is coming, for it is near:
Joe 2:2 a day of darkness and gloom, a day of clouds and thick darkness, like the morning clouds spread over the mountains – a people many and strong, the like of whom has never been, nor shall there ever be again after them, to the years of many generations.  Mat 24:21 “For then there shall be great distress,1 such as has not been since the beginning of the world until this time, no, nor ever shall be Mat 24:29 “And immediately after the distress1 of those days the sun shall be darkened (total sun eclipse), and the moon shall not give its light (total moon eclipse), and the stars shall fall from the heaven (comet shower), and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken. ...Rev 14:10 he (the man who worships the beast verse 9) also shall drink of the wine of the wrath of Elohim, which is poured out undiluted into the cup of His wrath. And he shall be tortured with fire and sulphur before the set-apart messengers and before the Lamb.
Rev 14:11 “And the smoke of their torture goes up forever and ever. And they have no rest day or night, those worshipping the beast and his image, also if anyone receives the mark of his name.” Rev 16:8 and the fourth messenger poured out his bowl on the sun, and it was given to him to burn men with fire.
Rev 16:9 and men were burned with great heat, and they blasphemed the Name of Elohim who possesses authority over these plagues. And they did not repent, to give Him esteem. Rev 16:10 and the fifth messenger poured out his bowl on the throne of the beast, and his reign became darkened. And they gnawed their tongues from pain.  Rev 16:11 and they blasphemed the Elohim of the heaven for their pains and their sores, and did not repent of their works.  Rev 16:12 and the sixth messenger poured out his bowl on the great river Euphrates, and its water was dried up, in order to prepare the way of the sovereigns from the east.  Rev 16:13 and I saw coming out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet, three unclean spirits, as frogs,  Rev 16:14 for they are spirits of demons, doing signs, which go out to the sovereigns of the entire world (presidents, kings and others), to gather them to the battle of that great day of יהוה the Almighty.  Rev 16:15 “See, I am coming as a thief. Blessed is he who is staying awake and guarding his garments, lest he walks naked and they see his shame.”
Rev 16:16 and they gathered them together to the place called in Heḇrew, Har Meḡiddo (Mount Megiddo).
Rev 16:17 and the seventh messenger poured out his bowl into the air, and a loud voice came out of the Dwelling Place of the heaven, from the throne, saying, “It is done!”  Rev 16:18 And there came to be noises and thunders and lightnings. And there came to be a great earthquake, such a mighty and great earthquake as had not came to be since men were on the earth.  Rev 16:19 and the great city (Yerushalaim) became divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell, and great Baḇel (Rome) was remembered before Elohim, to give her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of His wrath.  Rev 16:20 and every island fled away, and the mountains were not found. Rev 16:21 and great hail from the heaven (comets shower) fell upon men, every hailstone about the weight of a talent, and men blasphemed Elohim for the plague of the hail, because that plague was exceedingly great. ……
Remember Sh’lomo write: There is nothing new under heaven, what has been is that which will be (Eccl.1:9)……
17-24.The flood was running forty days and prevailed for 150 days or exactly 5 month. At this time every month had 30 days. Everything which was not in the ark died (21-23) .  We can see in the sod level something beautiful. The ark as I said is a picture to be in Messiah who covered us with his blood like Noah pitched the ark within and without. If we are in the covenant represented by the ark, we will be saved from destruction. The water is an euphemism for the Word or the Torah of Elohim (Eph. 5:26, Yochan.3:5).  The water or the Torah carries the Ark where Noah and his family took place and they were saved. The Water underneath the Ark destroyed those outside (not in the covenant). Five the number for Torah (five books Moshe) indicates from one side mercy for Noah and his household, and judgment for those outside…. Gen 8:1 and Elohim remembered Noaḥ, and all the beasts and all the cattle that were with him in the ark, and Elohim made a wind (ruach in Hebrew the same name as for the Ruach of Elohim!) to pass over the earth, and the waters subsided. Gen 8:2 and the fountains of the deep and the windows of the heavens were stopped, and the rain from the heavens was withheld. Gen 8:3 and the waters receded steadily from the earth and at the end of the hundred and fifty days (5 x 10 x 3=150) the waters diminished. Gen 8:4 and in the seventh month, the seventeenth day of the month, the ark rested on the mountains of Ararat. Exactly 150 days or 5 month each with 30 days on the seventeenth of the month as it started on the second month on the seventeenth of the month).  Gen 8:5 and the waters decreased steadily until the tenth month. In the tenth month, on the first day of the month, the tops of the mountains became visible. .... Again the number reveal יהוה hands in the action, ten been the number which include the sum of all number the number which man can reach on earth e.g. 10 commandments..... Gen 8:6 and it came to be, at the end of forty days, that Noaḥ opened the window of the ark which he had made, Forty: The number for change, test and trials, renewing. Noah and his household will now be alone to replenish the all earth.  Gen 8:7 and he sent out a raven, which kept going out and turning back until the waters had dried up from the earth. ........
The raven is an unclean animal and his nature a picture of selfishness he didn’t returned. The dove is a picture of the Ruach HaQodesh who goes and come back because there is no earth. ----- Gen 8:8 then he sent out a dove from him, to see if the waters had receded from the face of the ground. Gen 8:9 but the dove found no resting place for its feet and returned into the ark to him, for the waters were on the face of all the earth. So he put out his hand and took it, and pulled it into the ark to himself. Gen 8:10 and he waited yet another seven days, and again he sent the dove out from the ark. Gen 8:11 and the dove came to him in the evening, and see, a freshly plucked olive leaf was in its mouth. and Noaḥ knew that the waters had receded from the earth. .....
The Spiritual Explanation:  The Olive leaf points to the Olive tree, which is a picture of Israel. The dove, a picture of the Ruach HaQodesh bringing the olive leaf brings good tiding to Noah thus pointing to future events which will come to one of his descendant, Shem! And by consequence the House of Yacov Israel! Discuss it!
The question? Which picture is the raven? Help, the colour of the raven its action, Hint everything start with darkness. !
-(Chanah add- the Creation;Days;Months;We came from darkness in the womb,before we came out;and also we came from darkness before we came to day light of Messiah &so on...) .... Gen 8:12 and he waited yet another seven days and sent out the dove, which did not return to him again. Gen 8:13 and it came to be in the six hundred and first year, in the first month, the first day of the month, that the waters were dried up from the earth. And Noaḥ removed the covering of the ark and looked, and saw the surface of the ground was dry. Gen 8:14 and in the second month, on the twenty-seventh day of the month, the earth was dry. Gen 8:15 and Elohim spoke to Noaḥ, saying, Gen 8:16 “Go out of the ark, you and your wife and your sons and your sons’ wives with you.
Gen 8:17 “Bring out with you every living creature of all flesh that is with you: of birds, of cattle and all creeping creatures that creep on the earth. And let them teem on the earth, and bear and increase on the earth.”Gen 8:18 so Noaḥ went out, and his sons and his wife and his sons’ wives with him,  Gen 8:19 every beast, every creeping creature, and every bird, whatever creeps on the earth, according to their kinds, went out of the ark. Gen 8:20 and Noaḥ built an altar to יהוה, and took of every clean beast and of every clean bird, and offered burnt offerings on the altar. Gen 8:21 and יהוה smelled a soothing fragrance, and יהוה said in His heart, “Never again shall I curse the ground hbecause of man, although the inclination of man’s heart is evil from his youth, and never again smite all living creatures, as I have done,
Gen 8:22 as long as the earth remains, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and winter and summer, and day and night shall not cease.” …………..; Seasons as we know them today came into existence after the flood.  …….. Verse 1 Elohim remembered: Hebrew “zakar” to mark (as to be recognize) that is to remember, Strong’s # H2142, see Mal;3:16-18….. Mal 3:16 Then shall those who fear יהוה speak to one another, and יהוה listen and hear, and a book of remembrance be written before Him, of those who fear יהוה, and those who think upon His Name. Mal 3:17 “And they shall be Mine,” said יהוה of hosts, “on the day that I prepare a treasured possession. And I shall spare them as a man spares his own son who serves him.
Mal 3:18 “Then you shall again see the difference between the righteous and the wrong, between one who serves Elohim and one who does not serve Him. Remembrance: Strong’s H2146 זכרון zikrôn zik-rone'
From H2142; a memento (or memorable thing, day or writing): - memorial, record.   H2142 : Zakar: to remember. Verse 4; The Ark rested in the seventh month on the seventh day of the month……, which is Turkey today
The seventh month is the month of Yom Kippur, the marking of the atonement for the believers through the sacrifice of Messiah. Vayiqra 16:16, Hebr.9:22-23, Rev. 8:2-5.  Verse 7 Noah send a raven. The raven is an unclean animal, representing selfishness. Verse 8 Noah sent a dove. The Hebrew word for dove is the word “Yonah” like the prophet who pictured the Ruach HaQodesh (Set Apart Spirit) among the nations, who was sent to Nineveh. The dove unlike the Raven returned to the Arch. The Dove is a clean animal and a picture for the Ruach HaQodesh who leads us into all truth (Yochan). Joh 16:13 “But when He comes, the Spirit of the Truth, He shall guide you into all the truth. Luk 3:22 and the Set-apart Spirit descended in bodily form like a dove upon Him, and a voice came from heaven saying, “You are My Son, the Beloved, in You I did delight.”
Verse 11. Read Yeshahayahu 11:1, YermeYahu 11:16.   Isa 11:1 and a Rod shall come forth from the stump of Yishai, and a Sprout from his roots shall bear fruit. Jer 11:16יהוה has named you, ‘Green Olive Tree, Fair, of Goodly Fruit.’B’reshit 8:12; He stay another seven days. 8:13 in the first month which is the month of Abiv when the barley is in the ears the water were dried up. 8:14 in the second month the earth was dry. So it was exactly 370 days or one year and ten days.   8:15-22 Elohim told Noah to go out and that He will not again smite the ground anymore. The Hebrew word for “smite” is Strong’s # H 5221 נכה nâkâh naw-kaw'... A primitive root; to strike (lightly or severely, literally or figuratively): beat, cast forth, clap, give [wounds], X go forward, X indeed, kill, make [slaughter], murderer, punish, slaughter, slay (-er, -ing), smite (-r, -ing), strike, be stricken, (give) stripes, X surely, wound.  Here in the sense of punishment…………….
The earth was clean by a gigantic “mikveh” (baptism). The cursed was washed away Noah was born for this purpose (Read Chap. 3:17)
14. and Methuselah called his name Noah, saying, The earth was in his days at rest and free from corruption, and Lamech his father called his name Menachem, saying, This one shall comfort us in our works and miserable toil in the earth, which Elohim had cursed.(Yasher 4:14).......Menachem another name for Noah given to him by his father Lamech...... Gen 9:1 and Elohim blessed Noaḥ and his sons, and said to them, “Bear fruit and increase, and fill the earth. Gen 9:2 “And the fear of you and the dread of you is on every beast of the earth, on every bird of the heavens, on all that creeps on the ground, and on all the fish of the sea – into your hand they have been given. Gen 9:3 Every moving creature that lives is food for you. I have given you all, as I gave the green plants. Gen 9:4 “But do not eat flesh with its life, its blood. Gen 9:5 “But only your blood for your lives I require, from the hand of every beast I require it, and from the hand of man. From the hand of every man’s brother I require the life of man. Gen 9:6 “Whoever sheds man’s blood, by man his blood is shed, for in the image of Elohim has He made man. Gen 9:7 “As for you, bear fruit and increase, bring forth teemingly in the earth and increase in it.” Gen 9:8 and Elohim spoke to Noaḥ and to his sons with him, saying, Gen 9:9And I, see, I establish My covenant with you and with your seed after you, Gen 9:10 and with every living creature that is with you: of the birds, of the cattle, and of every beast of the earth with you, of all that go out of the ark, every beast of the earth. Gen 9:11 “And I shall establish My covenant with you, and never again is all flesh cut off by the waters of the flood, and never again is there a flood to destroy the earth.”
Gen 9:12 and Elohim said, “This is the sign of the covenant which I make between Me and you, and every living creature that is with you, for all generations to come:  Gen 9:13 “I shall set My rainbow in the cloud, and it shall be for the sign of the covenant between Me and the earth.  Gen 9:14 “And it shall be, when I bring a cloud over the earth, that the rainbow shall be seen in the cloud,  Gen 9:15 and I shall remember My covenant which is between Me and you and every living creature of all flesh, and never again let the waters become a flood to destroy all flesh.  Gen 9:16And the rainbow shall be in the cloud, and I shall see it, to remember the everlasting covenant between Elohim and every living creature of all flesh that is on the earth.”  Gen 9:17 and Elohim said to Noaḥ, “This is the sign of the covenant which I have established between Me and all flesh that is on the earth.”  Gen 9:18 and the sons of Noaḥ who went out of the ark were Shĕm and Ḥam and Yepheth. And Ḥam was the father of Kenaʽan.  Gen 9:19 These three were the sons of Noaḥ, and all the earth was overspread from them.  Gen 9:20 and Noaḥ, a man of the soil, began and planted a vineyard.  Gen 9:21 and he drank of the wine and was drunk, and became uncovered in his tent.  Gen 9:22 and Ḥam, the father of Kenaʽan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brothers outside.  Gen 9:23 so Shĕm and Yepheth took a garment, laid it on both their shoulders, and went backward and covered the nakedness of their father, but their faces were turned away, and they did not see their father’s nakedness.
Gen 9:24 and Noaḥ awoke from his wine, and he knew what his younger son had done to him,
Gen 9:25 and he said, “Cursed is Kenaʽan, let him become a servant of servants to his brothers.”
Gen 9:26 and he said, “Blessed be יהוה, the Elohim of Shĕm, and let Kenaʽan become his servant.
Gen 9:27 “Let Elohim enlarge Yepheth, and let him dwell in the tents of Shĕm. And let Kenaʽan become his servant.”   Gen 9:28 and Noaḥ lived after the flood three hundred and fifty years.  Gen 9:29 so all the days of Noaḥ were nine hundred and fifty years, and he died.   …….950 =  9x100 + 10x5. Nine is the number for completion of a representation for finality, end, sometimes removal, also judgment. 3+3+3 ou 3X3. The Aleph bet as 22 letters, the Gemetria sum of all 22 letters is 4995 or 5 x 999.
Hundred is 10x10 or the multiplication of the sum of all number. Five : the number for Torah .  Jugement  or finality: B’reshit 5 :5 for Adam’s life, B’reshit 5:8 for Seth’s life, 5:11 for Enosh’s life, 5 :14 for Kenan’s life, 5:20 for Jared’s life, 5:27 for Methuselah’s life. Others examples for finality: 2nd Melachim (King) 17 :6 for Samaria’s captivity, 2nd Melachim (King) 25:1 for Nebuchadnezzar’s march toward Jerusalem. (Greg Killian).
Gen 10:1 and this is the genealogy of the sons of Noaḥ: Shĕm, Ḥam, and Yepheth. And sons were born to them after the flood.   Gen 10:2 The sons of Yepheth: Gomer, and Maḡoḡ, and Maḏai, and Yawan, and Tuḇal, and Mesheḵ, and Tiras.  Gen 10:3 and the sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Toḡarmah.  
Elohim establish His covenant with Noah that neither flesh nor earth shall be destroyed by flood again (verse 11).  In this chapter Elohim gives meat to Noah for food, with the commandment not to eat the blood, saying that blood will be required to those who shed blood;  Lev 17:11 ‘For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your lives, for it is the blood that makes atonement for the life.’
Mat 26:52 Then יהושע said to him, “Return your sword to its place, for all who take the sword shall die by the sword….;
Until these days, during the first millennium, man was vegetarian. How will it be during the Millennium reign of Messiah, will we also be vegetarian?...... Can you tell me why so many wars are done today in the name of “G-d” when Elohim says: “Whoever sheds man’s blood, by man his blood is shed, for in the image of Elohim has He made man.  The reason not to kill is because man is made in the image of Elohim! Today wars are made to make peace can we believe this position of the powerful rulers of the world around the US?
...... 13 The bow in the cloud is the sign of the covenant. It is made of seven colours (divine perfection on earth)
....  19-29 Noah and his three sons: Out of them the all earth will be replenished, from Shem will come Abraham and יהושע. Here we can clearly see the difference in the world population today. Don’t mistake me I don’t say that there is a difference, because all men have sinned. Nevertheless יהושע came first for the house of Ya’acov then for the world.  Verse 20 Noah planted a vineyard and drank of the wine and was drunk. The vineyard is a picture of Israel (YesaYahu 5:1,7).
From Ham will come all the enemies of Israel (cush, Mitzraim which is also called Egypt, Nimrod, Philistine, called today Palestinians read Psalm 83). Out of Yapeth Magog.   We have see that from Ham came the nations from Africa. We know from history that many from among these nations were slaves .......Barnes gives us following explanation concerning Ham: ------ The prophecy consists of two parts - a malediction and a benediction. “Cursed be Kenaan.” A curse Gen_3:14, Gen_3:17; Gen_4:11 is any privation, inferiority, or other ill, expressed in the form of a doom, and bearing, not always upon the object directly expressed, but upon the party who is in the transgression. Thus, the soil is cursed on account of Adam the transgressor Gen_3:17. It is apparent that in the present ease the prime mover was Ham, who is therefore punished in the prospect of a curse resting on his posterity, and especially on a particular line of it. Let us not imagine, however, that the ways of יהוה are not equal in this matter; for Kenaan and his descendants no doubt abundantly deserved this special visitation. And as the other descendants of Ham are not otherwise mentioned in the prophecy, we may presume that they shared in the curse pronounced upon Kenaan. At all events, they are not expressly included in the blessing pronounced on the other two divisions of the human family,(Shem and Yapheth) It is proper to observe, also, that this prediction does not affirm an absolute perpetuity in the doom of Ham or Kenaan. It only delineates their relative condition until the whole race is again brought within the scope of prophecy.... Keil and Delitzsch confirm in their personal commentary/------  “Ham gave his son the name from the obedience which he required, though he did not render it himself. The son was to be the servant (for the name points to servile obedience) of a father who was as tyrannical towards those beneath him, as he was refractory towards those above. The father, when he gave him the name, thought only of submission to his own commands. But the secret providence of God, which rules in all such things, had a different submission in view” (Hengstenberg, Christol. i. 28, transl.). “Servant of servants (i.e., the lowest of slaves, vid., Ewald, §313) let him become to his brethren.” Although this curse was expressly pronounced upon Canaan alone, the fact that Ham had no share in Noah's blessing, either for himself or his other sons, was a sufficient proof that his whole family was included by implication in the curse, even if it was to fall chiefly upon Canaan. And history confirms the supposition. The Canaanites were partly exterminated, and partly subjected to the lowest form of slavery, by the Israelites, who belonged to the family of Shem; and those who still remained were reduced by Solomon to the same condition (1Ki_9:20-21). The Phoenicians, along with the Carthaginians and the Egyptians, who all belonged to the family of Canaan, were subjected by the Japhetic Persians, Macedonians, and Romans; and the remainder of the Hamitic tribes either shared the same fate, or still sigh, like the negroes, for example, and other African tribes, beneath the yoke of the most crushing slavery (European and American).
We see how far reaching is יהוה word. It amazes me when I see people taking the Torah on the “light shoulder” when we see what our heavenly Father wants us to know.  Today we see people boasting of their “freedome in Christ” rejecting everything instead of humbling themselves in gratefulness and thankfulness.........

Chapter 10 the generation of Noah’s children (see the end of the parsha for explanation with the table of the nations and the chart)..... Gen 10:4 and the sons of Yawan: Elishah and Tarshish, Kittim and Doḏanim.  Gen 10:5 from these the coastland peoples of the nations were separated into their lands, everyone according to his language, according to their clans, into their nations.  Gen 10:6 and the sons of Ḥam: Kush, and Mitsrayim, and Put, and Kenaʽan.  Gen 10:7 and the sons of Kush: Seḇa, and Ḥawilah, and Saḇtah, and Raʽmah, and Saḇteḵa. And the sons of Raʽmah: Sheḇa and Deḏan.  Gen 10:8 and Kush brought forth Nimroḏ, he began to be a mighty one on the earth.  Gen 10:9 He was a mighty hunter before יהוה, therefore it is said, “Like Nimroḏ the mighty hunter before יהוה.”  Gen 10:10 and the beginning of his reign was Baḇel, and Ereḵ, and Akkaḏ, and Kalnĕh, in the land of Shinʽar.  Gen 10:11 from that land he went to Ashshur and built Ninewĕh, and Reḥoḇoth Ir, and Kelaḥ, Gen 10:12 and Resen between Ninewĕh and Kelaḥ, the great city.  Gen 10:13 and Mitsrayim brought forth Luḏim, and Anamim, and Lehaḇim, and Naphtuḥim,  Gen 10:14 and Pathrusim, and Kasluḥim, from whom came the Philistines and Kaphtorim.  Gen 10:15 and Kenaʽan brought forth Tsiḏon his first-born, and Ḥĕth, Gen 10:16 and the Yeḇusite, and the Amorite, and the Girgashite, Gen 10:17 and the Ḥiwwite, and the Arqite, and the Sinite,

Gen 10:18 and the Arwaḏite, and the Tsemarite, and the Ḥamathite. And afterward the clans of the Kenaʽanites were spread abroad. Gen 10:19 And the border of the Kenaʽanites was from Tsiḏon as you go toward Gerar, as far as Azzah, as you go toward Seḏom, and Amorah, and Aḏmah, and Tseḇoyim, as far as Lasha.
Gen 10:20 These were the sons of Ḥam, according to their clans, according to their languages, in their lands, in their nations. Gen 10:21 and also to Shĕm, the father of all the children of Ěḇer, the brother of Yepheth the elder, children were born. Gen 10:22 The sons of Shĕm: Ěylam, and Asshur, and Arpaḵshaḏ, and Luḏ, and Aram. Gen 10:23 and the sons of Aram: Uts, and Ḥul, and Gether, and Mash.  Gen 10:24 and Arpaḵshaḏ brought forth Shelaḥ, and Shelaḥ brought forth Ěḇer.  Gen 10:25 and to Ěḇer were born two sons, the name of one was Peleḡ, for in his days the earth was divided, and his brother’s name was Yoqtan.
Gen 10:26 and Yoqtan brought forth Almoḏaḏ, and Sheleph, and Ḥatsarmaweth, and Yeraḥ,  Gen 10:27 and Haḏoram, and Uzal, and Diqlah, Gen 10:28 and Oḇal, and Aḇima’ĕl, and Sheḇa,  Gen 10:29 and Ophir, and Ḥawilah, and Yoḇaḇ. All these were sons of Yoqtan. Gen 10:30 and their dwelling place was from Mĕysha as you go toward Sephar, a mountain of the east.  Gen 10:31 These were the sons of Shĕm, according to their clans, according to their languages, in their lands, according to their nations.
Gen 10:32 These were the clans of the sons of Noaḥ, according to their generations, in their nations. And from these the nations were divided on the earth after the flood. Gen 11:1 and all the earth had one language1 and one speech. Footnote: 1Hebrew lip  Gen 11:2 and it came to be, as they set out from the east that they found a plain in the land of Shinʽar1, and they dwelt there. Footnote: 1Earlier name for Baḇel
Gen 11:3 and they said to each other, “Come, let us make bricks and bake them thoroughly.” And they had brick for stone, and they had asphalt for mortar.  Gen 11:4 and they said, “Come, let us build ourselves a city, and a tower whose top is in the heavens, and make a name for ourselves, lest we be scattered over all the face of the earth.”  Gen 11:5 then יהוה came down to see the city and the tower which the sons of men had built.  Gen 11:6 and יהוה said, “Look, they are one people and they all have one language, and this is what they begin to do! And now, they are not going to be withheld from doing whatever they plan to do.
Gen 11:7 “Come, let Us go there and confuse their language, so that they do not understand one another’s speech.”  Gen 11:8 and יהוה scattered them from there, over the face of all the earth, and they left off building the city.  Gen 11:9 That is why its name was called Baḇel1, because there יהוה confused the language of all the earth, and from there יהוה scattered them over the face of all the earth. Footnote: 1Baḇel is derived from a verb which means “to confuse". Gen 11:10 This is the genealogy of Shĕm: Shĕm was a hundred years old and brought forth Arpaḵshaḏ, two years after the flood.  Gen 11:11 and after he brought forth Arpaḵshaḏ, Shĕm lived five hundred years, and brought forth sons and daughters.  Gen 11:12 and Arpaḵshaḏ lived thirty-five years, and brought forth Shelaḥ.  Gen 11:13 and after he brought forth Shelaḥ, Arpaḵshaḏ lived four hundred and three years, and brought forth sons and daughters.  Gen 11:14 and Shelaḥ lived thirty years, and brought forth Ěḇer.  Gen 11:15 and after he brought forth Ěḇer, Shelaḥ lived four hundred and three years, and brought forth sons and daughters.  Gen 11:16 and Ěḇer lived thirty-four years, and brought forth Peleḡ.  Gen 11:17 and after he brought forth Peleḡ, Ěḇer lived four hundred and thirty years, and brought forth sons and daughters.  Gen 11:18 and Peleḡ lived thirty years, and brought forth Reʽu.  Gen 11:19 and after he brought forth Reʽu, Peleḡ lived two hundred and nine years, and brought forth sons and daughters.  Gen 11:20 and Reʽu lived thirty-two years, and brought forth Seruḡ.
Gen 11:21 and after he brought forth Seruḡ, Reʽu lived two hundred and seven years, and brought forth sons and daughters. Gen 11:22 and Seruḡ lived thirty years, and brought forth Naḥor.  Gen 11:23 and after he brought forth Naḥor, Seruḡ lived two hundred years, and brought forth sons and daughters.  Gen 11:24 and Naḥor lived twenty-nine years, and brought forth Teraḥ.  Gen 11:25 and after he brought forth Teraḥ, Naḥor lived one hundred and nineteen years, and brought forth sons and daughters.  Gen 11:26 and Teraḥ lived seventy years, and brought forth Aḇram, Naḥor, and Haran. Gen 11:27 and this is the genealogy of Teraḥ: Teraḥ brought forth Aḇram, Naḥor, and Haran. And Haran brought forth Lot.
Gen 11:28 and Haran died before his father Teraḥ in the land of his birth, in Ur of the Chaldeans.
Gen 11:29 and Aḇram and Naḥor took wives: the name of Aḇram’s wife was Sarai, and the name of Naḥor’s wife, Milkah, the daughter of Haran the father of Milkah and the father of Yiskah.
Gen 11:30 and Sarai was barren, she had no child.
Gen 11:31 and Teraḥ took his son Aḇram and his grandson Lot, son of Haran, and his daughter-in-law Sarai, his son Aḇram’s wife, and they went out with them from Ur of the Chaldeans to go to the land of Kenaʽan. And they came to Ḥaran and dwelt there. Gen 11:32 and the days of Teraḥ came to be two hundred and five years, and Teraḥ died in Ḥaran.  ……………… Verse 11:1 to speak one language means to agree with one another  …. Rom 12:16 be of the same mind toward one another. Do not be proud in mind, but go along with the lowly. Do not be wise in your own estimation.     2Co 13:11 for the rest, brothers, rejoice. Be made perfect,1 be encouraged, be of one mind, live in peace. And the Elohim of love and peace shall be with you.
Php 2:2 make my joy complete by being of the same mind, having the same love, one in being and of purpose,
I want to go back to the chapter 10 where we read verse 8 about Nimrod that he was a mighty one in the earth. By reading the book of Yasher we can better understand the nature of Nimrod:  ----- 23. and Cush the son of Ham, the son of Noah, took a wife in those days in his old  age, and she bare a son, and they called his name Nimrod, saying, At that time the sons of men again began to rebel and transgress against God, and the child grew up, and his father loved him exceedingly, for he was the son of his old age. 24. and the garments of skin which God made for Adam and his wife, when they went out of the garden, were given to Cush.
25. for after the death of Adam and his wife, the garments were given to Enoch, the son of Jared, and when Enoch was taken up to God, he gave them to Methuselah, his son. 26. and at the death of Methuselah, Noah took them and brought them to the ark, and they were with him until he went out of the ark. 27. and in their going out, Ham stole those garments from Noah his father, and he took them and hid them from his brothers. 28. and when Ham begat his first born Cush, he gave him the garments in secret, and they were with Cush many days. 29. and Cush also concealed them from his sons and brothers, and when Cush
had begotten Nimrod, he gave him those garments through his love for him, and Nimrod grew up, and when he was twenty years old he put on those garments. 30. and Nimrod became strong when he put on the garments, and God gave him might and strength, and he was a mighty hunter in the earth, yea, he was a mighty hunter in the field, and he hunted the animals and he built altars, and he offered upon them the animals before the Lord.
31. and Nimrod strengthened himself, and he rose up from amongst his brethren, and he fought the battles of his brethren against all their enemies round about. 32. and יהוה delivered all the enemies of his brethren in his hands, and God prospered him from time to time in his battles, and he reigned upon earth. 42. and whilst he was reigning according to his heart's desire, after having conquered all his enemies around, he advised with his counselors to build a city for his palace, and they did so. 43. and they found a large valley opposite to the east, and they built him a large and extensive city, and Nimrod called the name of the city that he built Shinar (Babel), for יהוה had vehemently shaken his enemies and destroyed them. 44. and Nimrod dwelt in Shinar, and he reigned securely, and he fought with his enemies and he subdued them, and he prospered in all his battles, and his kingdom became very great. 45. and all nations and tongues heard of his fame, and they gathered themselves to him, and they bowed down to the earth, and they brought him offerings, and he became
their lord and king, and they all dwelt with him in the city at Shinar, and Nimrod reigned in the earth over all the sons of Noah, and they were all under his power and counsel. 46. And all the earth was of one tongue and words of union, but Nimrod did not go in the ways of YHWH, and he was more wicked than all the men that were before him, from the days of the flood until those days. 47. and he made gods of wood and stone, and he bowed down to them, and he rebelled against YHWH, and taught all his subjects and the people of the earth
his wicked ways; and Mardon his son was more wicked than his father. 48. and every one that heard of the acts of Mardon the son of Nimrod would say, concerning him, From the wicked goeth forth wickedness; therefore it became a proverb in the whole earth, saying, From the wicked goeth forth wickedness, and it was current in the words of men from that time to this.(Yasher Chapter 7)
Chapter 11:6 יהוה says that if people are of one language nothing will be retain from them, which they have imagined to do. Today through the UN (the beast) people from all over the world speak the same language. Only Elohim’s people speak another language. Joh 15:18 “If the world hates you, you know that it hated Me before it hated you. Joh 15:19 “If you were of the world, the world would love its own. But because you are not of the world, but I chose you out of the world, for that reason the world hates you.  
2Pe 3:3 knowing this first: that mockers shall come in the last days with mocking, walking according to their own lusts,
2Pe 3:4 and saying, “Where is the promise of His coming? For since the fathers fell asleep, all continues as from the beginning of creation.” 2Pe 3:5 For they choose to have this hidden from them: that the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of water and in the water, by the Word of Elohim,1Footnote: 1Heb. 11:3.
2Pe 3:6 through which the world at that time was destroyed, being flooded with water.  2Pe 3:7 and the present heavens and the earth are treasured up by the same Word, being kept for fire, to a day of judgment and destruction of wicked men.  
10-32 The generation of Shem. ......Shem was king of Shalem (Hebr.7:1) according to the book of Yasher, he was the son of Noah and all his descendants became the forefathers of Abraham, Itsak and Ya’acov. They were not all righteous. Terah was an idolater established by and servant of Nimrod. At the end of his life Terah took distance from Nimrod by going in Ur in Chaldea but was not able to go further and died in Haran which in Hebrew means: parched. Abram will hear the call of יהוה and follow it. Let us read about the forefathers of Abraham from the book of Yasher:
Chapter 11: 12. At that time died Nahor, son of Serug, in the forty-ninth year of the life of Abram son of Terah.
13 and in the fiftieth year of the life of Abram son of Terah, Abram came forth from the
house of Noah, and went to his father's house. 14 and Abram knew יהוה, and he went in his ways and instructions, and יהוה his God was with him. 15 and Terah his father was in those days, still captain of the host of king Nimrod, and he still followed strange gods. 16 and Abram came to his father's house and saw twelve gods standing there in their temples, and the anger of Abram was kindled when he saw these images in his father's house. 17 and Abram said, As יהוה liveth these images shall not remain in my father's house;
so shall יהוה who created me do unto me if in three days' time I do not break them all. 18 and Abram went from them, and his anger burned within him. And Abram hastened and went from the chamber to his father's outer court, and he found his father sitting in the court, and all his servants with him, and Abram came and sat before him. 19 and Abram asked his father, saying, Father, tell me where is God who created heaven and earth, and all the sons of men upon earth, and who created thee and me. And Terah answered his son Abram and said, Behold those who created us are all with us in the house. 20 and Abram said to his father, My Master, shew them to me I pray thee; and Terah brought Abram into the chamber of the inner court, and Abram saw, and behold the whole room was full of gods of wood and stone, twelve great images and others less than they without number. 21 and Terah said to his son, Behold these are they which made all thou seest upon earth, and which created me and thee, and all mankind. 22 and Terah bowed down to his gods, and he then went away from them, and Abram, his son, went away with him. 23 and when Abram had gone from them he went to his mother and sat before her, and he said to his mother, Behold, my father has shown me those who made heaven and earth,
and all the sons of men. 24 Now, therefore, hasten and fetch a kid from the flock, and make of it savory meat, that I my bring it to my father's gods as an offering for them to eat; perhaps I may thereby become acceptable to them. 25 and his mother did so, and she fetched a kid, and made savory meat thereof, and brought it to Abram, and Abram took the savory meat from his mother and brought it before his father's gods, and he drew nigh to them that they might eat; and Terah his father, did not know of it. 26 and Abram saw on the day when he was sitting amongst them, that they had no voice, no hearing, no motion, and not one of them could stretch forth his hand to eat. 27 and Abram mocked them, and said, Surely the savory meat that I prepared has not pleased them, or perhaps it was too little for them, and for that reason they would not eat; therefore tomorrow I will prepare fresh savory meat, better and more plentiful than this, in order that I may see the result. 28 and it was on the next day that Abram directed his mother concerning the savory meat, and his mother rose and fetched three fine kids from the flock, and she made of them some excellent savory meat, such as her son was fond of, and she gave it to her son Abram; and Terah his father did not know of it. 29 and Abram took the savoury meat from his mother, and brought it before his father's gods into the chamber; and he came nigh unto them that they might eat, and he placed it before them, and Abram sat before them all day, thinking perhaps they might eat.
30 and Abram viewed them, and behold they had neither voice nor hearing, nor did one of them stretch forth his hand to the meat to eat. 31 and in the evening of that day in that house Abram was clothed with the spirit of God.
32 and he called out and said, Wo unto my father and this wicked generation, whose hearts are all inclined to vanity, who serve these idols of wood and stone which can neither eat, smell, hear nor speak, who have mouths without speech, eyes without sight, ears without hearing, hands without feeling, and legs which cannot move; like them are those that made them and that trust in them. 33 and when Abram saw all these things his anger was kindled against his father, and he hastened and took a hatchet in his hand, and came unto the chamber of the gods, and he broke all his father's gods. 34 and when he had done breaking the images, he placed the hatchet in the hand of the great god which was there before them, and he went out; and Terah his father came home, for he had heard at the door the sound of the striking of the hatchet; so Terah came into the house to know what this was about. 35 and Terah, having heard the noise of the hatchet in the room of images, ran to the room to the images, and he met Abram going out. 36 and Terah entered the room and found all the idols fallen down and broken, and the hatchet in the hand of the largest, which was not broken, and the savory meat which Abram his son had made was still before them. 37 and when Terah saw this his anger was greatly kindled, and he hastened and went from the room to Abram. 38 and he found Abram his son still sitting in the house; and he said to him, What is this work thou hast done to my gods? 39 and Abram answered Terah his father and he said, Not so my Master, for I brought savoury meat before them, and when I came nigh to them with the meat that they might eat, they all at once stretched forth their hands to eat before the great one had put forth his hand to eat. 40 and the large one saw their works that they did before him, and his anger was violently kindled against them, and he went and took the hatchet that was in the house and came to them and broke them all, and behold the hatchet is yet in his hand as thou seest. 41 and Terah's anger was kindled against his son Abram, when he spoke this; and Terah said to Abram his son in his anger, What is this tale that thou hast told? Thou speakest lies to me. 42 Is there in these gods spirit, soul or power to do all thou hast told me? Are they not wood and stone, and have I not myself made them, and canst thou speak such lies, saying that the large god that was with them smote them? It is thou that didst place the hatchet in his hands, and then sayest he smote them all. 43 and Abram answered his father and said to him, And how canst thou then serve these idols in whom there is no power to do any thing? Can those idols in which thou trustiest deliver thee? can they hear thy prayers when thou callest upon them? can they deliver thee from the hands of thy enemies, or will they fight thy battles for thee against thy enemies, that thou shouldst serve wood and stone which can neither speak nor hear?
44 and now surely it is not good for thee nor for the sons of men that are connected with thee, to do these things; are you so silly, so foolish or so short of understanding that you will serve wood and stone, and do after this manner?45 and forget יהוה God who made heaven and earth, and who created you in the earth, and thereby bring a great evil upon your souls in this matter by serving stone and wood? 46 Did not our fathers in days of old sin in this matter, and יהוה God of the universe brought the waters of the flood upon them and destroyed the whole earth?47 and how can you continue to do this and serve gods of wood and stone, who cannot hear, or speak, or deliver you from oppression, thereby bringing down the anger of the God of the universe upon you? 48 Now therefore my father refrain from this, and bring not evil upon thy soul and the souls of thy household. 49 and Abram hastened and sprang from before his father, and took the hatchet from his father's largest idol, with which Abram broke it and ran away. 50 and Terah, seeing all that Abram had done, hastened to go from his house, and he went to the king and he came before Nimrod and stood before him, and he bowed down to the king; and the king said, What dost thou want?

Abram was taught in the way of יהוה by Ebert and Shem since he was a boy: ----- Yasher 9: 6. And Abram was in Noah's house thirty-nine years, and Abram knew יהוה from three years old, and he went in the ways of יהוה until the day of his death, as Noah and his son Shem had taught him; and all the sons of the earth in those days greatly transgressed against יהוה, and they rebelled against him and they served other gods, and they forgot יהוה who had created them in the earth; and the inhabitants of the earth made unto themselves, at that time, every man his god; gods of wood and stone which could neither speak, hear, nor deliver, and the sons of men served them and they became their gods. .......
The book of Yasher is a good help to know more about Adam and the patriarchs as well as the life of Ya’acov’s children as we will see in other parsha.

Isa 54:1 “Sing, O barren one, you who did not bear! Break forth into singing, and cry aloud, you who have not been in labour! For the children of the deserted one are more than the children of the married woman,” said יהוה.  Isa 54:2 “Enlarge the place of your tent, and let them stretch out the curtains of your dwellings, spare not. Lengthen your cords, and strengthen your stakes.  Isa 54:3 “For you shall break forth to the right and to the left, and your seed inherit the nations, and make the deserted cities inhabited.  Isa 54:4 “Do not fear, for you shall not be put to shame, nor hurt, you shall not be humiliated. For the shame of your youth you shall forget, and not remember the reproach of your widowhood any more.  Isa 54:5 “For your Maker is your husband, יהוה of hosts is His Name, and the Set-apart One of Yisra’ĕl is your Redeemer. He is called the Elohim of all the earth.  Isa 54:6 “For יהוה has called you like a woman forsaken and grieved in spirit, like a wife of youth when you were refused,” declares your Elohim.  Isa 54:7 “For a little while I have forsaken you, but with great compassion I shall gather you.  Isa 54:8 “In an overflow of wrath I hid My face from you for a moment, but with everlasting kindness I shall have compassion on you,” said יהוה, your Redeemer.  Isa 54:9 “For this is the waters of Noaḥ to Me, in that I have sworn that the waters of Noaḥ would never again cover the earth, so have I sworn not to be wroth with you, nor to rebuke you.
Isa 54:10 “For though the mountains be removed and the hills be shaken, My kindness is not removed from you, nor is My covenant of peace shaken,” said יהוה, who has compassion on you.  Isa 54:11 “O you afflicted one, tossed with storm, and not comforted, see, I am setting your stones in antimony, and shall lay your foundations with sapphires,  Isa 54:12 and shall make your battlements of rubies, your gates of crystal, and all your walls of precious stones,  Isa 54:13 and all your children taught by יהוה, and the peace of your children great.  Isa 54:14 “In righteousness you shall be established – far from oppression, for you shall not fear, and far from ruin, for it does not come near you.  Isa 54:15 “See, they shall indeed assemble, but not because of Me. Whoever shall assemble against you falls for your sake!  Isa 54:16 “See, I Myself have created the blacksmith who blows the coals in the fire, who brings forth an instrument for his work. And I have created the waster to destroy.  Isa 54:17 “No weapon formed against you shall prosper, and every tongue which rises against you in judgment you shall prove wrong. This is the inheritance of the servants of יהוה, and their righteousness from Me,” declares יהוה.  Isa 55:1 “Oh everyone who thirsts, come to the waters. And you who have no silver, come, buy and eat. Come, buy wine and milk without silver and without price.  Isa 55:2Why do you weigh out silver for what is not bread, and your labour for what does not satisfy? Listen, listen to Me, and eat what is good, and let your being delight itself in fatness.  Isa 55:3 “Incline your ear, and come to Me. Hear, so that your being lives. And let Me make an everlasting covenant with you, the trustworthy kindnesses of Dawiḏ.  Isa 55:4 “See, I have given Him as a witness to the people, a Leader and a Commander for the people.  Isa 55:5 “See, a nation you do not know you shall call, and a nation who does not know you run to you, because of יהוה your Elohim, and the Set-apart One of Yisra’ĕl, for He has adorned you.”   55:1 Compare:
 Joh 4:14 but whoever drinks of the water I give him shall certainly never thirst. And the water that I give him shall become in him a fountain of water springing up into everlasting life.”   
55:2 Read:   Mat 11:28 “Come to Me, all you who labour and are burdened, and I shall give you rest.
The prophet YehshaYahu is bringing comfort to the people by telling them that the day will come that Messiah will be reveal chapter 53. He let the people know that it is not finished with Israel; hope is still there because יהוה is merciful. He takes Noah covenant as proof, because every one knows about the covenant. The day will come when the all world will recognize יהוה’s people, those who are called by His Name and walk in Messiah’s footsteps.  Who is the deserted one or desolate as the KJV says?  Read: Isa 62:4 No longer are you called “Forsaken,” and no longer is your land called “Deserted.” But you shall be called “Ḥephtsiḇah,” and your land “Married,” for יהוה shall delight in you, and your land be married…… This is Israel!
Hos 1:10 “Yet the number of the children of Yisra’ĕl shall be as the sand of the sea, which is not measured nor counted. And it shall be in the place where it was said to them, ‘You are not My people,’ they shall be called, ‘You are the sons of the living Ěl.’... Hos 1:11 “And the children of Yehuḏah and the children of Yisra’ĕl shall be gathered together, and appoint for themselves one head, and shall come up out of the earth, for great is the day of Yizreʽĕl! .....
1Pe 3:18 Because even Messiah once suffered for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, to bring you to Elohim, having been put to death indeed in flesh but made alive in the Spirit,..... 1Pe 3:19 in which also He went and proclaimed unto the spirits in prison,  1Pe 3:20 who were disobedient at one time when the patience of Elohim waited in the days of Noaḥ, while the ark was being prepared, in which a few, that is, eight beings, were saved through water, 1Pe 3:21 which figure now also saves us: immersion – not a putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward Elohim – through the resurrection of יהושע Messiah, 1Pe 3:22 who, having gone into heaven, is at the right hand of Elohim, messengers and authorities and powers having been subjected to Him.

The patience of Elohim last for a time period of 120 revolutions of time or Yovel years. After that all the wicked will be destroyed and righteousness will run the earth under יהושע Messiah, until He gives over the Kingdom to Elohim!
1Co 15:24 then the end, when He(יהושע)delivers up the reign to Elohim the Father, when He has brought to naught all rule and all authority and power. 1Co 15:25 For He has to reign until He has put all enemies under His feet. 1Co 15:26 The last enemy to be brought to naught is death.
1Co 15:27 for “He (Yehowah) has put all under His feet.” But when He says “all are put under Him,” it is clear that He (Yehowah) who put all under Him (Yeshua) is excepted. 1Co 15:28 And when all are made subject to Him (Yeshua), then the Son Himself shall also be subject to Him (Yehowah) who put all under Him, in order that Elohim be all in all.

Descendants of Shem Yapheth and Ham
Order of the Three Races: -----Notwithstanding that the sons of Noah are here (Gen_10:1) and elsewhere mentioned in the order Shem, Ham and Japheth (Gen_5:32; Gen_6:10), and Ham was apparently the youngest (see HAM), the Table begins (Gen_10:2) with Japheth, enumerates then the descendants of Ham (Gen_10:6), and finishes with those of Shem (Gen_10:21). This order in all probability indicates the importance of each race in the eyes of the Hebrews, who as Semites were naturally interested most in the descendants of Shem with whom the list ends. This enabled the compiler to continue the enumeration of Shem's descendants in Gen_11:12 immediately after the verses dealing with the building of the Tower of Babel and the Confusion of Tongues.
4. Extent of Each: ---- The numbers of the descendants of each son of Noah, however, probably bear witness to the compiler's knowledge, rather than their individual importance in his eyes. Thus, the more remote and less known race of Japheth is credited with 14 descendants only (7 sons and 7 grandsons), while Ham has no less than 29 descendants (4 sons, 23 grandsons, and 2 great-grandsons), and Shem the same (5 sons, 5 grandsons, 1 great-grandson, and 20 remoter descendants to the 6th generation). Many of the descendants of Shem and Ham, however, are just as obscure as the descendants of Japheth. How far the relationship to the individual sons of Noah is to be taken literally is uncertain. The earlier names are undoubtedly those of nations, while afterward we have, possibly, merely tribes, and in chapter 11 the list develops into a genealogical list of individuals.
5. Sons of Japheth: --- It is difficult to trace a clear system in the enumeration of the names in the Table. In the immediate descendants of Japheth (Gen_10:2), Gomer, Magog, Tubal and Mesech, we have the principal nations of Asia Minor, but Madai stands for the Medes on the extreme East, and Javan (the Ionians) for the Greeks (? and Romans) on the extreme West (unless the Greeks of Asia Minor were meant). Gomer's descendants apparently located themselves northward of this tract, while the sons of Javan extended themselves along the Mediterranean coastlands westward, Tarshish standing, apparently, for Spain, Kittim being the Cyprians, and Rodanim the Rhodians.  My comments: France, Germany, UK, Spain, Italy Switzerland, Greece, and other eastern countries, descendants from Yapheth before they were intermingled with the House of Israel , Ephraim beginning in 721 B.C.E.????
6. Sons and Descendants of Ham: ---- Coming to the immediate descendants of Ham (Gen_10:6), the writer begins with those on the South and then goes northward in the following order: Cush or Ethiopia, Mizraim or Egypt, Phut (better Put, the Revised Version (British and American)) by the Red Sea, and lastly Canaan - the Holy Land - afterward occupied by the Israelites. The sons of Cush, which follow (Gen_10:7), are apparently nationalities of the Arabian coast, where Egyptian influence was predominant. These, with the sons of Raamah, embrace the interior of Africa as known to the Hebrews, and the Arabian tract as far as Canaan, its extreme northern boundary. The reference to Babylonia (Nimrod) may be regarded as following not unnaturally here, and prominence is given to the district on account of its importance and romantic history from exceedingly early times. Nevertheless, this portion (Gen_10:8-12) reads like an interpolation, as it not only records the foundation of the cities of Babylonia, but those of Assyria as well - the country mentioned lower down (Gen_10:22) among the children of Shem.
7. Further Descendants of Ham: ---- The text then goes back to the West again, and enumerates the sons of Mizraim or Egypt (Gen_10:13), mostly located on the southeastern and eastern shores of the Mediterranean. These include the “Libyans in the narrowest sense” (Lehabim), two districts regarded as Egyptian (Naphtuhim and Pathrusim), the Casluhim from whom came the Philistines, and the Caphtorim, probably not the Cappadocians of the Targums, but the island of Crete, “because such a large island ought not to be wanting” (Dillmann). The more important settlements in the Canaanitish sphere of influence are referred to as the sons of Canaan (Gen_10:15) - Sidon, Heth (the Hittites), the Jebusites (who were in occupation of Jerusalem when the Israelites took it), the Amorites (whom Abraham found in Canaan), and others. Among the sons of Canaan are, likewise, the Girgashites, the Arkites and Sinites near Lebanon, the Arvadites of the coast, and the Hamathites, in whose capital, Hamath, many hieroglyphic inscriptions regarded as records of the Hittites or people of Heth have been found. It is possibly to this occupation of more or less outlying positions that the “spreading abroad” of the families of the Canaanites (Gen_10:18) refers. In Gen_10:19 the writer has been careful to indicate “the border of the Canaanites,” that being of importance in view of the historical narrative which was to follow; and here he was evidently on familiar ground.
8. Sons of Shem: -- In his final section - the nations descended from Shem (Gen_10:21) - the compiler again begins with the farthest situated - the Elamites - after which we have Asshur (Assyria), to the Northwest; Arpachshad (? the Chaldeans), to the West; Lud (Lydia), Northwest of Assyria; and Aram (the Aramean states), South of Lud and West of Assyria. The tribes or states mentioned as the sons of Aram (Uz, Hul, Gether and Mash), however, do not give the names with which we are familiar in the Old Testament (Aram Naharaim, Aram Zobah, etc.), and have evidently to be sought in different positions, indicating that they represent an earlier stage of their migrations. With regard to their positions, it has been suggested that Uz lay in the neighborhood of the Hauran and Damascus; Hul near the Sea of Galilee; and that Mash stands for Mons Masius. This last, however, may have been the land of Mas, West of Babylonia.
9. Further Descendants of Shem: -- Only one son is attributed to Arpachshad, namely, Shelah (shālaḥ, shelaḥ, Gen_10:24), unidentified as a nationality. This name should, however, indicate some part of Babylonia, especially if his son, Eber, was the ancestor of the Hebrews, who were apparently migrants from Ur (Mugheir) (see ABRAHAM; UR OF THE CHALDEES). Though Peleg, “in whose days the land was divided,” may not have been an important link in the chain, the explanatory phrase needs notice. It may refer to the period when the fertilizing watercourses of Babylonia - the “rivers of Babylon” (Psa_137:1) - were first constructed (one of their names was pelegh), or to the time when Babylonia was divided into a number of small states, though this latter seems to be less likely. Alternative renderings for Selah, Eber and Peleg are “sending forth” (Bohlen), “crossing” (the Euphrates), and “separation” (of the Joktanites) (Bohlen), respectively.
The Babylonian geographical fragment 80-6-17, 504 has a group explained as Pulukku, perhaps a modified form of Peleg, followed by (Pulukku) ša êbirti, “Pulukku of the crossing”, the last word being from the same root as Eber. This probably indicates a city on one side of the river (? Euphrates), at a fordable point, and a later foundation bearing the same name on the other side.  Reu, Serug, and Nahor, however, are regarded generally as place-names, and Terah as a personal name (the father of Abram, Nahor and Haran). From this point onward the text (Gen_11:27) becomes the history of the Israelite nation, beginning with these patriarchs.
1. Position in Noah's Family: His Name: --- The eldest son of Noah, from whom the Jews, as well as the Semitic (“Shemitic”) nations in general have descended. When giving the names of Noah's three sons, Shem is always mentioned first (Gen_9:18; Gen_10:1, etc.); and though “the elder” in “Shem the brother of Japheth the elder” (Gen_10:21 margin) is explained as referring to Shem, this is not the rendering of Onkelos. His five sons peopled the greater part of West Asia's finest tracts, from Elam on the East to the Mediterranean on the West. Though generally regarded as meaning “dusky” (compare the Assyr-Babylonian sâmu - also Ham - possibly = “black,” Japheth, “fair”), it is considered possible that Shem may be the usual Hebrew word for “name” (shēm), given him because he was the firstborn - a parallel to the Assyr-Babylonian usage, in which “son,” “name” (šumu) are synonyms (W. A. Inscriptions, V, plural 23, 11, 29-32abc).
SHEM ---2. History, and the Nations Descended from Him: --- Shem, who is called “the father of all the children of Eber,” was born when Noah had attained the age of 500 years (Gen_5:32). Though married at the time of the Flood, Shem was then childless. Aided by Japheth, he covered the nakedness of their father, which Ham, the youngest brother, had revealed to them; but unlike the last, Shem and Japheth, in their filial piety, approached their father walking backward, in order not to look upon him. Two years after the Flood, Shem being then 100 years old, his son Arpachshad was born (Gen_11:10), and was followed by further sons and daughters during the remaining 500 years which preceded Shem's death. Noah's prophetic blessing, on awakening from his wine, may be regarded as having been fulfilled in his descendants, who occupied Syria (Aramaic), Palestine (Canaan), Chaldea (Arpachshad), Assyria (Asshur), part of Persia (Elam), and Arabia (Joktan). In the first three of these, as well as in Elam, Canaanites had settled (if not in the other districts mentioned), but Shemites ruled, at some time or other, over the Canaanites, and Canaan thus became “his servant” (Gen_9:25, Gen_9:26). The tablets found in Cappadocia seem to show that Shemites (Assyrians) had settled in that district also, but this was apparently an unimportant colony. Though designated sons of Shem, some of his descendants (e.g. the Elamites) did not speak a Semitic language, while other nationalities, not his descendants (e.g. the Canaanites), did
HAM -- 1. The Youngest Son of Noah : ---- The youngest son of Noah, from whom sprang the western and southwestern nations known to the Hebrews. His name first occurs in Gen_5:32, where, as in Gen_6:10 and elsewhere, it occupies the second place. In Gen_9:18 Ham is described as “the father of Canaan,” to prepare the reader for Gen_9:25-27, where Noah, cursing Ham for having told Shem and Japheth of his nakedness, refers to him as Canaan. On account of this, it has been suggested that “Canaan” stood originally in all the passages where the three brothers are spoken of, and that this was later changed to “Ham,” except in the verses containing the curse. It seems more likely, however, that the name “Canaan” is inserted prophetically, as Noah would not desire to curse his son (Ham), but only one branch of that son's descendants, who were later the principal adversaries of the Hebrews.
2. Ham as a Nationality --- The name given, in Psa_105:23, Psa_105:17; Psa_106:22 (compare Psa_78:51), to Egypt as a descendant of Ham, son of Noah. As Shem means “dusky,” or the like, and Japheth “fair,” it has been supposed that Ham meant, as is not improbable, “black.” This is supported by the evidence of Hebrew and Arabic, in which the word ḥāmam means “to be hot” and “to be black,” the latter signification being derived from the former.
3. Meaning of the Word --- That Ham is connected with the native name of Egypt, Kem, or, in full pa ta' en Kem, “the land of Egypt,” in Bashmurian Coptic Kheme, is unlikely, as this form is probably of a much later date than the composition of Gen, and, moreover, as the Arabic shows, the guttural is not a true kh, but the hard breathing h, which are both represented by the Hebrew ḥētȟ.
4. The Nations Descending from Ham --- Of the nationalities regarded as descending from Ham, none can be described as really black. First on the list, as being the darkest, is Cush or Ethiopia (Gen_10:6), after which comes Micrayim, or Egypt, then Puṭ or Libyia, and Canaan last. The sons or descendants of each of these are then taken in turn, and it is noteworthy that some of them, like the Ethiopians and the Canaanites, spoke Semitic, and not Hamitic, languages - Seba (if connected with the Sabeans), Havilah (Yemen), and Sheba, whose queen visited Solomon. Professor Sayce, moreover, has pointed out that Caphtor is the original home of the Phoenicians, who spoke a Semitic language. The explanation of this probably is that other tongues were forced upon these nationalities in consequence of their migrations, or because they fell under the dominion of nationalities alien to them. The non-Sem Babylonians, described as descendants of Nimrod (Merodach), as is welI known, spoke Sumerian, and adopted Semitic Babylonian only on account of mingling with the Semites whom they found there. Another explanation is that the nationalities described as Hamitic - a parallel to those of the Semitic section - were so called because they fell under Egyptian dominion. This would make the original Hamitic race to have been Egyptian and account for Ham as a (poetical) designation of that nationality. Professor F. L. Griffith has pointed out that the Egyptian Priapic god of Panopolis (Akhmim), sometimes called Menu, but also apparently known as Khem, may have been identified with the ancestor of the Hamitic race - he was worshipped from the coast of the Red Sea to Coptos, and must have been well known to Egypt's eastern neighbors. He regards the characteristics of Menu as being in accord with the shamelessness of Ham as recorded in Gen_9:20
YAPTHETH --- This name, in Gen_9:27, seems to be explained by the phrase “may God make wide (yapht, the American Standard Revised Version “enlarge”) for Japheth,” where yapht and Japheth are represented by the same consonants, but with different vowel-points. The root of yapht is pāthāh, “to make wide.” This etymology, however, is not universally accepted, as the word-play is so obvious, and the association of Japheth with Shem (“dark”) and Ham (“black”) suggests a name on similar lines - either gentilic, or descriptive of race. Japheth has therefore been explained as meaning “fair,” from yāphāh, the non-Sem and non-Hamitic races known to the Jews being all more or less whiteskinned. The Targum of Onkelos agrees with the English Versions of the Bible, but that of Jonathan has “God shall beautify Japheth,” as though from yāphāȟ.
2. His Descendants --- The immediate descendants of Japheth were seven in number, and are represented by the nations designated Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Mesech, and Tiras; or, roughly, the Armenians, Lydians, Medes, Greeks, Tibarenians, and Moschians, lthe last, Tiras, remaining still obscure. The sons of Gomer (Ashkenaz, Riphath and Togarmah) were all settled in the West Asian tract; while the sons of Javan (Elisah, Tarshish, Kittim and Dodanim or Rodanim) occupied the Mediterranean coast and the adjacent islands.
3. His Place Among the Sons of Noah --- In Gen_9:27, as in other passages, Japheth occupies the 3rd place in the enumeration of the sons of Noah, but he is really regarded as the 2nd son, Ham being the youngest. In the genealogical table, however (Gen_10:1), the descendants of Japheth are given first, and those of Shem last, in order to set forth Semitic affinities at greater length. Though this would seem to indicate that the fair races were the least known to the Jews, it implies that the latter were well disposed toward them, for Japheth was (ultimately) to dwell in the tents of Shem, and therefore to take part in Shem's spiritual privileges.
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