lundi 1 octobre 2012

Succoth – Feast of Tabernacles

Succoth – Feast of Tabernacles
Vayikra (Lev.) 22:26-23:44
Z’kharyahu (Zec) 14, 1 M’lakhim 8:2-21
Sh’mot (Ex.)33:12-34:26
Badmidbar (Numb.) 29:26-30:1

One statement must be given concerning the use of the Hebrew letter of the “tetragramatonיהוה instead of the Name. The reason is that I wish to avoid controversy and vain discussion, I let each of the reader follow their own conviction, having my own, I let everybody the possibility to follow their own. I have made my own research and do not come to the same conclusion as the mainstream believers, who themselves are divided. The English translation like the RNKJV that I use sometime give the Name of our heavenly Father “YHWH”and his understandable for those who give value to the Name and reject vehemently as I do the words “Lord” translation from the word “ba’al”. bā´al̀ (בּעל, ba‛al; Βάαλ, Báal, or Βαάλ, Baál): The Babylonian Belu or Bel, “Lord,” was the title of the supreme god among the Canaanites. (ISBE)
Same is with the words “church” and “Christians or Christianity” use by many scholars even among messianic who acknowledge the Torah as been for believers today. When quoting from these scholars for “Church” I rather use the words “Assembly” or the Greek word “Ekklesia”, for the word “Christian”, I use the term “believers”, “disciples”, even the Hebrew term “talmidin”.
Last but not least, I BAN the name “Jesus”, from my vocabulary when even used in scripture I will remove it in order to insert the Name of our Master Yehoshua!
Today in the year 2009, in the Gregorian calendar we start the first day of Succoth, the Feast of Tabernacles during the month September. It amazes me just because September in the Gregorian calendar is the ninth month although its name comes from the Latin “Septe” meaning seven and not nine.
We will go through scriptures and give our best to understand what Elohim want his people to know.
This year the Feats of Succoth fall during September, they were years when Succoth fall during October. Since the time I gave myself to walk in the Torah, I never came across evidence concerning the accuracy of the Hebrew calendar we practice today.
I went through many web sites, some built with great skill, proclaiming to be the most accurate or even some telling the reader that if they don’t believe what they assume to be right you are out of “YHWH Torah”
They are outside great “Pastors, leaders, teachers, and even those boasters” who believe to know everything better and refuse to look at other brothers teaching! All these good people have never make effort to come to the truth in order to bring a simple and genuine way to help believers and enable them without depending on their “internet calendar”, to find out the right timing to celebrate the Feats according to the Torah.
Yehoshua say: “seek and you will find” (Matt.7:7), sometime it takes years before we come to the truth. I have experienced it and I will not offend anybody in the body of Messiah because of all their “garbage" in their self-made theory, some telling, like I understand today that in order to find out the day of the first feast of the year, the “Feats of Unleavened bread” we must look at the barley to be “abib” (in the ear). Some other groups like the “Karaites” explain it also to be the “proof” for the first month of the New Year and that if the Barley is not “abib”, at the time of the New Moon the Feast must be postponed to the next month. These are two of the flagrante error in our days.
In spite of that, I kept searching for the convicting way to calculate the First month without internet and without the “aid” of others.
Tanks to יהוה I came across one paper wrote by Philip Todd Derstine concerning the “Yovel” year (Jubilee), you will say, yes but this has nothing to do with the first month of Unleavened Bread! You’re right, but Philip make use elementary scholars skill to demonstrate how to know and calculate the “beginning” of the First month.
The Roman Catholic Church makes use in its satanic calendar of the “solciste” this is the point when the day is either the shortest in winter or the longest at the end of the spring season. They named these days ceremonial with the “sun rebirth” and dated it the 25th of December and called it “Jesus birthday” and the 21st of June been another satanic feast.

After Constantine, however, the ekklesia endured a 1600-year hiatus (break, gape) from feast-keeping (we are obviously excluding the extraneous pagan festivals of Halloween, Christmas and Easter).  The hegemony of the Catholic Church and its anti-Jewish theology made Sabbath and festival observance very scarce indeed during the Middle Ages and beyond.(Philipp Todd Derstine).
Now how do we come to the accurate calendar?
The right way to determine the Feast of Unleavened Bread will make the others Feast accurate or out of יהוה plan of redemption and thus lead the believers in error, because all others Feast depend on how we determine the starting of the “Feast of Unleavened Bread”
Philipp goes on in his explanation (for a the full text write to me and I will send to you): “when a month begins.  Though the ancient Jews had the ability to pre-calculate lunar conjunctions (the dark phase of the moon, the time when the moon is directly between the earth and the sun), the Talmud, Philo and other ancient historical sources prove that early Judaism used the sighting of the lunar crescent to start the month:[6]  There is almost no disagreement among scholars and historians on this point.”
Philo--Spec. 4:234  Again, are not the periods of the moon, as she advances and retraces her course, from a crescent to a full circle, and again, from a complete orb to a crescent, also measured by an equality of distances?

Philo--Spec. 2:41 The third [festival] is that which comes after the conjunction, which happens on the day of the new moon in each month.
This is the easiest aspect to comprehend.  Yet there are highly intelligent calendar “experts” out there who will tell you that the Bible has left us no instruction on the calendar.  They say, “The Bible does not address the issue of how to determine the calendar…The astronomy of the calendar is simply not written down in the Bible.”[13]  But technically this is not accurate.  The Bible states explicitly when the feast of Sukkot is to occur, and does so in astronomical terms!  Exodus 34:22 says the feast of ingathering (Sukkot or Tabernacles) is to be kept at the equinox:

You shall observe…the feast of ingathering at the turn (Heb.= tkufah) of the year. 
I will add the verse from the KJV in order to confirm Philipp statement:
Exo 34:22 and thou shalt observeH6213 the feastH2282 of weeks,H7620 of the firstfruitsH1061 of wheatH2406 harvest,H7105 and the feastH2282 of ingatheringH614 at the year'sH8141 end.H8622
End: Strong’s #H8622 תּקוּפה teqûphâh   tek-oo-faw',
From H5362; a revolution, that is, (of the sun) course, (of time) lapse: - circuit, come about, end.
This is what is call “Equinox”
Based on this, it is easy to see why Philo repeatedly stated that the Passover and Sukkot occurred AT the equinoxesThat is the way he understood Ex. 34:22.
Philo Placed the Spring and Fall Feasts AT the Equinoxes

We are ready now to examine a bellwether of normative Judaism named Philo. a contemporary of Yehoshua.  To establish his credibility with respect to orthodox Judaism of the First Century, we quote from Alfred Edersheim (himself a 19th C. Jewish Christian), a major authority on ancient Judaism:

[Philo] was a descendant of Aaron, and belonged to one of the wealthiest and most influential families among the Jewish merchants-princes of Egypt.  His brother was the political head of the community in Alexandria; he himself …represented his co-religionists (in a delegation sent to Rome in 40 AD)…for protection from the persecutions consequent on the Jewish resistance to placing statues of the Emperor in their synagogues.[16]

Philo had this to say about the timing of the two great feasts of Judaism:

Decal. 1:1--the greatest festivals, those of the longest duration, at the periods of both the vernal and autumnal equinoxes in each year; appointing two festivals for these two epochs, each lasting seven days…seven days have very appropriately been appointed to the seventh month of each equinox…
Spec. 2:204 The last of all the annual festivals is that which is called the Feast of Tabernacles, having a time at the autumnal equinox.
Flacc. 1:116.  This was the unexampled misfortune which befell Flaccus in the country of which he was governor, being taken prisoner…at the time of his [Flaccus’] arrest, it was the general festival of the Jews at the time of the autumnal equinox, during which it is the custom of the Jews to live in tents.

Philo goes on to mention that all men knew when the equinoxes occurred:
Spec. 4:233  Nature, therefore, has marked out those periods in every year, which are called the equinoxes, from the state of things which exists at that time, namely, the spring and the autumnal equinox, with such distinctness, that even the most illiterate persons are aware of the equality which then exists between the extent of the days and of the night.
There is one more quotation of Philo’s that we wish to explain, since it is cited by Herb Solinski, who could not ignore its importance to the issue at hand: 
Opif. 1:116  The sun, the ruler of the day, makes two equinoxes every year, both in spring and autumn. The spring equinox in the constellation Aries (The Ram), and the autumnal one in Libra(Virgin), gives the most evident demonstration possible of the divine dignity of the number seven. For each of the equinoxes takes place in the seventh month (Tishri and Nisan), and during them [the equinoxes] men are expressly commanded by law to celebrate the greatest and most popular national festivals.
I hope now that these excerpts from Philipp Todd Derstine, will bring more light in understanding how to calculate the Feats of יהוה, in other terms, both Feats, Succoth and The Feats of Unleavened Bread are determined by the Autumn and Spring Equinox.
You will still ask, but Brother Daniel when do this “Equinox” happen? This is a well founded question. The secular scholars will give you the answer:
Spring Equinox: 21st of March
Autumn Equinox: 22nd of September
This means that all Feast calendar outside this date are false and lead sincere believers astray.
As I write before it is worth to study the biblical way how to establish יהוה calendar. Philipp did a very good job!
Yehoshua tells us:
Joh 8:32 and ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.
Once you know how to calculate on your own the calendar you will be free from man’s doctrine and falsehood!
Will you also from now on forget all false man’s doctrine and look on your own for the next Feast starting with Unleavened Bread, or will you still look in internet for a new calendar?
Remember that the first EQUINOX in the year is around March 21st and that the New moon the first day of the month must be before the Equinow and Unleavened Bread after the Equinox.
When you understand that you will never fail to celebrate the Feats of יהוה at their right time, because you will begin to count from the right place.
Now with this in mind we will be able to look at the Feast of Succoth, the Feast of Tabernacle, with the hope that the coming Feats will become a blessing to all those who Love יהוה with all their heart and with all their soul.
The Feats are so important that we should be diligent to study and practice them in our devotion to follow the footsteps of our Master Yehoshua.

The feast of Sukkot marks the last step in the redemption of יהוה’s people in the seventh month of the Hebrew calendar. This time will be a time of great joy when all the saints of יהוה will be gathered from the four winds.

Mat 24:31 “And He shall send His messengers with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together His chosen ones from the four winds, from one end of the heavens to the other.
The Torah came directly from the mouth of Elohim. The Torah has authority over all subsequent scriptures. Anything coming after must not contradict it.
-        ●The Torah also called “Law” in English is the truth:
Psa 119:142 Your righteousness is forever; and Your Torah is truth.
Psa 119:151 You are near, O יהוה, and all Your commands are truth.
Psa 119:160 The sum of Your word is truth, And all Your righteous right-rulings are forever.
            ●The Word, the Torah gives light into our life
Psa 119:130 the opening up of Your words gives light, giving understanding to the simple.
            ●Yehoshua says that the Word is true
Joh 17:17 “Set them apart in Your truth – Your Word is truth.
Shaul / Paul praise the Bereans (Syrian Yehudin):
Act 17:10 and the brethren immediately sent away Paul and Silas by night unto Berea: who coming thither went into the synagogue of the “Jews”.
Act 17:11 these were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures (Torah) daily, whether those things were so.
for verifying his teaching against the Tanak (anachronism for Torah, Prophets and Writings), which gives proof of its authority in determining the truth also 2nd Timothy 3:15-17 and that from a babe you have known the Set-apart Scriptures(Torah), which are able to make you wise for deliverance through belief in Messiah יהושע.
2Ti 3:16 All Scripture is breathed by Elohim and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for setting straight, for instruction in righteousness,
2Ti 3:17 that the man of Elohim might be fitted, equipped for every good work.

D’varim 16

Deu 16:13 Perform the Festival of Booths for seven days after the ingathering from your threshing-floor and from your winepress,
Deu 16:14 and you shall rejoice in your festival, you and your son and your daughter, and your male servant and your female servant, and the Lĕwite, and the stranger and the fatherless and the widow who are within your gates.
Deu 16:15 “For seven days you shall observe a festival to יהוה your Elohim in the place which יהוה chooses, because יהוה your Elohim does bless you in all your increase and in all the work of your hands, and you shall be only rejoicing!
Yochanan speaks also from the winepress, in another way:
Rev 14:18 And another messenger came out from the altar, having authority over the fire, and he cried with a loud cry to him having the sharp sickle, saying, “Send your sharp sickle and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth, because her grapes are ripe.”
Rev 14:19 and the messenger thrust his sickle into the earth and gathered the vine of the earth, and threw it into the great winepress of the wrath of Elohim.
Rev 14:20 and the winepress was trodden outside the city, and blood came out of the winepress, up to the bridles of the horses, for about three hundred kilometres.

                 ● The joy of tabernacles. Succoth is the most joyous of all יהוה’s feast, and one that all nations of the world will be commanded to go up to Yerushalayim  to celebrate during the Messiah’s reign :
Zec 14:16 and it shall be that all who are left from all the gentiles (nations) which came up against Yerushalayim, shall go up from year to year to bow themselves to the Sovereign, יהוה of hosts, and to observe the Festival of Booths (Succoth).
Zec 14:17 and it shall be, that if anyone of the clans of the earth does not come up to Yerushalayim to bow himself to the Sovereign, יהוה of hosts, on them there is to be no rain.
Zec 14:18 and if the clan of Mitsrayim does not come up and enter in, then there is no rain. On them is the plague with which יהוה plagues the gentiles (nations) who do not come up to observe the Festival of Booths.
Zec 14:19 This is the punishment of Mitsrayim and the punishment of all the gentile (nations) that do not come up to observe the Festival of Booths.
The King James Version give us more details concerning the “gentile nations”
Zec 14:16  and it shall come to pass,H1961 that every oneH3605 that is leftH3498 of allH4480 H3605 the nationsH1471 which cameH935 againstH5921 JerusalemH3389 shall even go upH5927 fromH4480 H1767 yearH8141 to yearH8141 to worshipH7812 the King,H4428 YHWHH3068 of hosts,H6635 and to keepH2287 (H853) the feastH2282 of tabernacles.H5521
Zec 14:17 and it shall be,H1961 that whosoH834 will notH3808 come upH5927 ofH4480 H854 all the familiesH4940 of the earthH776 untoH413 JerusalemH3389 to worshipH7812 the King,H4428 YHWHH3068 of hosts,H6635 even uponH5921 them shall beH1961 noH3808 rain.H1653
Zec 14:18 and ifH518 the familyH4940 of EgyptH4714 go not up,H5927 H3808 and comeH935 not,H3808 that have noH3808 rain; there shall beH1961 the plague,H4046 wherewithH834 YHWHH3068 will smiteH5062 (H853) the heathenH1471 thatH834 come not upH5927 H3808 to keepH2287 (H853) the feastH2282 of tabernacles.H5521
Zec 14:19 ThisH2063 shall beH1961 the punishmentH2403 of Egypt,H4714 and the punishmentH2403 of allH3605 nationsH1471 thatH834 come not upH5927 H3808 to keepH2287 (H853) the feastH2282 of tabernacles.H5521
First of all we see that the KJV mention the word “Family” which is right according to the Hebrew word mishpâchâh”. The feast of Succoth is for all Families.
Further to remove confusion I have mark the words “heathen” and “nations”, which according to Strong’s dictionary have the same Hebrew word “goy” also use for “nations”. Thus when reading you should be able to use “nations”  instead of “gentile” that in my eyes is very confusing.

Succoth is associated both with the messianic age and the “Olam Haba”, eternal life.
Succoth is called the feast of Living water, based on this verse from  ZechariYahu:14:8 And in that day it shall be that living waters flow from Yerushalayim1, half of them toward the eastern sea and half of them toward the western sea, in summer as well as in winter.
In the context of verses 16-21:
Succoth related messianic references in the Brit Chadasha (N.T.): Matt. 17, we are told Kefa (Peter) offering to build “booth” (Succoth in Hebrew) when Yehoshua stand with Moshe and EliYahu.
Mat 17:4 Then answered Kepha, and said unto Yehoshua, My master, it is good for us to  be here: if thou wilt, let us make here three tabernacles; one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for EliYah.

We also see people laying out palm branches (Hebrew lulav) before Yehoshua on his entry into Yerushalayim.
The book of Revelation makes also allusion to Succoth:
Rev 7:9 After this I looked and saw a great crowd which no one was able to count, out of all nations and tribes and peoples and tongues, standing before the throne and before the Lamb, dressed in white robes, and palm branches in their hands,
Rev 7:17 because the Lamb who is in the midst of the throne shall shepherd them and lead them to fountains of waters of life. And Elohim shall wipe away every tear from their eyes.”

Succoth is celebrated for seven days. However in Vayikra 23:26 it is mentioned: This extra day is called in Hebrew “Shemini Atzeret (the eight conclusion), a picture of eternity. It represents the “Olam Haba” (world to come) the time after the Millennium reign of Messiah.
At the end of the seven days of the Succoth feast, the holiday of Shimsha Torah (joy of the Torah) takes places, when the last portion of the Torah is read according to tradition.
We can read in the book of Yochanan:
Joh 7:2 and the festival of the Yehuḏim was near, the Festival of Booths.
Joh 7:10 but when His brothers had gone up to the festival, then He also went up, not openly, but as it were in secret.
Joh 7:14 and about the middle of the festival יהושע went up into the Set-apart Place, and He was teaching.
Joh 7:37 and on the last day the great day of the festival, יהושע stood and cried out, saying, “If anyone thirsts, let him come to Me, and let him who believes in Me drink.
Commentary from Jamiesson, Fausset and Brown and from Albert barnes:
the last day, that great day of the feast — the eighth (Lev_23:39). It was a sabbath, the last feast day of the year, and distinguished by very remarkable ceremonies. “The generally joyous character of this feast broke out on this day into loud jubilation, particularly at the solemn moment when the priest, as was done on every day of this festival, brought forth, in golden vessels, water from the stream of Siloah, which flowed under the temple-mountain, and solemnly poured it upon the altar. Then the words of Isa_12:3 were sung, “With joy shall ye draw water out of the wells of Salvation”, and thus the symbolical reference of this act, intimated in Joh_7:39, was expressed” [Olshausen]. So ecstatic was the joy with which this ceremony was performed - accompanied with sound of trumpets - that it used to be said, “Whoever had not witnessed it had never seen rejoicing at all” [Lightfoot].
In the last day - The eighth day of the festival.
That great day - The day of the holy convocation or solemn assembly, Lev_23:36. This seems to have been called the great day:
1.   because of the solemn assembly, and because it was the closing scene.
2.   because, according to their traditions, on the previous days they offered sacrifices for the pagan nations as well as for themselves, but on this day for the Jews only (Lightfoot).
3.   because on this day they abstained from all servile labor Lev_23:39, and regarded it as a holy day.
4.   On this day they finished the reading of the law, which they commenced at the beginning of the feast.
5.   because on this day probably occurred the ceremony of drawing water from the pool of Siloam.
On the last day of the feast it was customary to perform a solemn ceremony in this manner: The priest filled a golden vial with water from the fount of Siloam (see the notes at Joh_9:7), which was borne with great solemnity, attended with the clangor of trumpets, through the gate of the temple, and being mixed with wine, was poured on the sacrifice on the altar. What was the origin of this custom is unknown. Some suppose, and not improbably, that it arose from an improper understanding of the passage in Isa_12:3; “With joy shall ye draw water out of the wells of salvation.” It is certain that no such ceremony is commanded by Moses. It is supposed to be probable that Yehoshua stood and cried while they were performing this ceremony, that he might:
1.   illustrate the nature of his doctrine by this; and,
2.   call off their attention from a rite that was not commanded, and that could not confer eternal life.
Yehoshua used the tradition of the Pharisee to draw back the attention of the people to the real intention of יהוה words we must recall that at this time Israel and Yerushalayim were infected by the polluted doctrine of the Pharisee. Yehoshua came to restore the truth.

Succoth is closely linked to the gentiles (nations) salvation as seen in the sacrifice of the seventy bulls as written in:
Num 29:12 ‘And on the fifteenth day of the seventh month you have a set-apart gathering, you do no servile work. And you shall observe a festival to יהוה seven days,
Num 29:13 and you shall bring near a burnt offering, an offering made by fire, a sweet fragrance to יהוה: thirteen young bulls, two rams, fourteen lambs a year old, perfect ones they are,
Num 29:14 and their grain offering: fine flour mixed with oil, three-tenths of an ĕphah for each of the thirteen bulls, two-tenths for each of the two rams,
Num 29:15 and one-tenth for each of the fourteen lambs,
Num 29:16 and one male goat as a sin offering, besides the continual burnt offering, its grain offering, and its drink offering.
Num 29:17 ‘Then on the second day: twelve young bulls, two rams, fourteen lambs a year old, perfect ones,
Num 29:18 and their grain offering and their drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams, and for the lambs, by their number, according to the right-ruling,
Num 29:19 and one male goat as a sin offering, besides the continual burnt offering with its grain offering, and their drink offerings.
Num 29:20 ‘And on the third day eleven bulls, two rams, fourteen lambs a year old, perfect ones,
Num 29:21 and their grain offering and their drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams, and for the lambs, by their number, according to the right-ruling,
Num 29:22 and one goat as a sin offering, besides the continual burnt offering, its grain offering, and its drink offering.
Num 29:23 ‘Then on the fourth day: ten bulls, two rams, fourteen lambs a year old, perfect ones,
Num 29:24 and their grain offering and their drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams, and for the lambs, by their number, according to the right-ruling,
Num 29:25 and one male goat as a sin offering, besides the continual burnt offering, its grain offering, and its drink offering.
Num 29:26 ‘Then on the fifth day: nine bulls, two rams, fourteen lambs a year old, perfect ones,
Num 29:27 and their grain offering and their drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams, and for the lambs, by their number, according to the right-ruling,
Num 29:28 and one goat as a sin offering, besides the continual burnt offering, its grain offering, and its drink offering.
Num 29:29 ‘Then on the sixth day: eight bulls, two rams, fourteen lambs a year old, perfect ones,
Num 29:30 and their grain offering and their drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams, and for the lambs, by their number, according to the right-ruling,
Num 29:31 and one goat as a sin offering, besides the continual burnt offering, its grain offering, and its drink offering.
Num 29:32 ‘Then on the seventh day: seven bulls, two rams, fourteen lambs a year old, perfect ones,

In the Hebrew “gemetria” it is interesting to see the repartition of the bulls’ sacrifices
The First day thirteen bulls are sacrificed!

Thirteen is the number for rebellion according to B’reshit 14:4 Gen 14:4 Twelve years they served Keḏorlaʽomer, and in the thirteenth year they rebelled.
The last day of the sacrifices during the feast, seven bulls are sacrificed. Seven is the number for divine perfection on earth. For יהוה rested on the seventh day! We can see more concerning the number in my midrash on “The Torah and the numbers”
The sacrifices of the seventy bulls is linked to the seventy nations descendant of Noach trough his sons, Ham, Japthet and Shem.(B’reshit chapter 10).
Zecha.14 states that in the millennium, gentiles (goy in Hebrew, meaning nations) will come to Yerushalyim during Succoth and those who will not come will be punished (Zech. 14:9-19).

Hints of Gentiles (Goy, nations) salvation are found throughout the Tanak: B’reshit/Gensis: 12;3, 18:14, 22:18, 26:4
Gen 12:3 “And I shall bless those who bless you, and curse him who curses you. and in you all the clans (nations) of the earth shall be blessed.”
Gen 18:14 “Is any matter too hard for יהוה? At the appointed time I am going to return to you, according to the time of life, and Sarah is to have a son.”
Gen 22:18 “And in your seed all the nations (Goy) of the earth shall be blessed, because you have obeyed My voice.”
26:4 “And I shall increase your seed like the stars of the heavens, and I shall give all these lands to your seed. and in your seed all the nations of the earth shall be blessed,
Isa 45:23I have sworn by Myself, a word has gone out of My mouth in righteousness, and shall not return, so that to Me every knee shall bow, every tongue swear.
Isa 54:1 “Sing, O barren one, you who did not bear! Break forth into singing, and cry aloud, you who have not been in labour! For the children of the deserted one are more than the children of the married woman,” said יהוה. (They are The House of Israel and the House of Yehudah), as we saw Leah the first wife of Ya’acov been fruitful and Rah’el (Rachel) been barren until יהוה open her womb. Later the children of Rachel, Yosef with his children Manasseh and Ephraim became the fullness of the nations, known as the “House of Israel”.
Gen 29:31 and יהוה saw that Lĕ’ah was unloved, and He opened her womb, but Raḥĕl was barren.
Gen 30:19 and Lĕ’ah conceived again and bore Yaʽaqoḇ a sixth son.
Gen 30:22 and Elohim remembered Raḥĕl, and Elohim listened to her and opened her womb.
Gen 30:23 and she conceived, and bore a son, and said, “Elohim has taken away my reproach.”
Gen 30:24 so she called his name Yosĕph, and said, “יהוה has added to me another son.”

Keil and Delitzsch give following explanation on YeshaYahu 54:1  The words are addressed to Jerusalem, which was a counterpart of Sarah in her barrenness at first, and her fruitfulness afterwards (Isa_41:1-3). She is not תֵלֵד לֹא עֲקָרָה (Job_24:21), but יָלָדָה לֹא עֲקָרָה (Jdg_13:2); not indeed that she had never had any children, but during her captivity and exile she had been robbed of her children, and as a holy city had given birth to no more (Isa_49:21). She was shōmēmâh, rendered solitary (2Sa_13:20; the allusion is to her depopulation as a city), whereas formerly she was בְּעוּלָה, i.e., enjoyed the fellowship of Jehovah her husband. But this condition would not last (for Jehovah had not given her a divorce): she was therefore to exult and shout, since the number of children which she would now have, as one desolate and solitary, would be greater than the number of those which she had as a married wife.

Isa 54:2 “Enlarge the place of your tent, and let them stretch out the curtains of your dwellings, spare not. Lengthen your cords, and strengthen your stakes.
Isa 54:3 “For you shall break forth to the right and to the left, and your seed inherit the nations, and make the deserted cities inhabited.
The seed is Messiah as it is written:
Psa 2:7 “I inscribe for a law: יהוה has said to Me, ‘You are My Son, Today I have brought You forth.
Psa 2:8 ‘Ask of Me, and I make the gentiles (nations) Your inheritance, and the ends of the earth Your possession.
Isa 49:6 and He says, “Shall it be a small matter for You to be My Servant to raise up the tribes of Yaʽaqoḇ, and to bring back the preserved ones of Yisra’ĕl? And I shall give You as a light ( Yehoshua) to the gentiles(Goy, nations), to be My deliverance to the ends of the earth!”
Isa 60:1 “Arise, shine, for your light ( Yehoshua)  has come! And the esteem of יהוה has risen upon you.
Isa 60:2 “For look, darkness covers the earth and thick darkness the peoples. But יהוה arises over you, and His esteem is seen upon you.
Isa 60:3 “And the gentiles (nations) shall come to your light (Yehoshua)1, and sovereigns to the brightness of your rising.
Amo 9:11 “In that day I shall raise up the booth of Dawiḏ which has fallen down. And I shall repair its breaches and raises up its ruins. And I shall build it as in the days of old,
“I shall raise up the booth, Succath of David which has fallen dawn, and I shall repai the breaches and raise up its ruins………………
The opinion as concerning the “booth” and the “breaches” are many among scholars. It is of interest to mention that it is only during the reign of King David and after him his son Sh’lomo that the all house of Ya’acov was united. When seeing this fact it will help us to understand the word from the prophet Amos, who was sent to Israelthe all house:
Amo 1:1 The words of Amos, who was among the herdman of Tekoa, which he saw concerning Israel in the days of Uzziah king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash king of Israel, two years before the earthquake.
This make Amos prophecy been around 760 B.C. and therefore during the split of both kingdom, but before Ephraim was sent into exile.

Shemini Atzereth
Deu 14:22 Thou shalt truly tithe all the increase of thy seed, that the field bringeth forth year by year.
Deu 14:23 and thou shalt eat before YHWH thy Elohim, in the place which he shall choose to place his name there, the tithe of thy corn, of thy wine, and of thine oil, and the firstlings of thy herds and of thy flocks; that thou mayest learn to fear YHWH thy Elohim always.
Deu 14:24 and if the way be too long for thee, so that thou art not able to carry it; or if the place be too far from thee, which YHWH thy Elohim shall choose to set his name there, when YHWH thy Elohim hath blessed thee:
Deu 14:25 then shalt thou turn it into money, and bind up the money in thine hand, and shalt go unto the place which YHWH thy Elohim shall choose:
Deu 14:26 and thou shalt bestow that money for whatsoever thy soul lusteth after, for oxen, or for sheep, or for wine, or for strong drink, or for whatsoever thy soul desireth: and thou shalt eat there before YHWH thy Elohim, and thou shalt rejoice, thou, and thine household,
Deu 14:27 and the Levite that is within thy gates; thou shalt not forsake him; for he hath no part nor inheritance with thee.
Deu 14:28 at the end of three years thou shalt bring forth all the tithe of thine increase the same year, and shalt lay it up within thy gates:
Deu 14:29 and the Levite, (because he hath no part nor inheritance with thee,) and the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, which are within thy gates, shall come, and shall eat and be satisfied; that YHWH thy Elohim may bless thee in all the work of thine hands which thou doest.
Deu 15:1 at the end of every seven years thou shalt make a release.(Sh’mitah)
Deu 15:2 and this is the manner of the release: Every creditor that lendeth ought unto his neighbour shall release it; he shall not exact it of his neighbour, or of his brother; because it is called YHWH's release.
Deu 15:3 Of a foreigner thou mayest exact it again: but that which is thine with thy brother thine hand shall release;
Deu 15:4 save when there shall be no poor among you; for YHWH shall greatly bless thee in the land which YHWH thy Elohim giveth thee for an inheritance to possess it:
Deu 15:5 Only if thou carefully hearken unto the voice of YHWH thy Elohim, to observe to do all these commandments which I command thee this day.
Deu 15:6  for YHWH thy Elohim blesseth thee, as he promised thee: and thou shalt lend unto many nations, but thou shalt not borrow; and thou shalt reign over many nations, but they shall not reign over thee.
Deu 15:7 If there be among you a poor man of one of thy brethren within any of thy gates in thy land which YHWH thy Elohim giveth thee, thou shalt not harden thine heart, nor shut thine hand from thy poor brother:
Deu 15:8 but thou shalt open thine hand wide unto him, and shalt surely lend him sufficient for his need, in that which he wanteth.
Deu 15:9 beware that there be not a thought in thy wicked heart, saying, The seventh year, the year of release, is at hand; and thine eye be evil against thy poor brother, and thou givest him nought; and he cry unto YHWH against thee, and it be sin unto thee.
Deu 15:10 Thou shalt surely give him, and thine heart shall not be grieved when thou givest unto him: because that for this thing YHWH thy Elohim shall bless thee in all thy works, and in all that thou puttest thine hand unto.
Deu 15:11 for the poor shall never cease out of the land: therefore I command thee, saying, Thou shalt open thine hand wide unto thy brother, to thy poor, and to thy needy, in thy land.
Deu 15:12 and if thy brother, an Hebrew man, or an Hebrew woman, be sold unto thee, and serve thee six years; then in the seventh year thou shalt let him go free from thee.
Deu 15:13 and when thou sendest him out free from thee, thou shalt not let him go away empty:
Deu 15:14 Thou shalt furnish him liberally out of thy flock, and out of thy floor, and out of thy winepress: of that wherewith YHWH thy Elohim hath blessed thee thou shalt give unto him.
Deu 15:15 and thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in the land of Egypt, and YHWH thy Elohim redeemed thee: therefore I command thee this thing to day.
Deu 15:16 and it shall be, if he say unto thee, I will not go away from thee; because he loveth thee and thine house, because he is well with thee;
Deu 15:17 Then thou shalt take an aul, and thrust it through his ear unto the door, and he shall be thy servant for ever. And also unto thy maidservant thou shalt do likewise.
Deu 15:18 it shall not seem hard unto thee, when thou sendest him away free from thee; for he hath been worth a double hired servant to thee, in serving thee six years: and YHWH thy Elohim shall bless thee in all that thou doest.
Deu 15:19 all the firstling males that come of thy herd and of thy flock thou shalt sanctify unto YHWH thy Elohim: thou shalt do no work with the firstling of thy bullock, nor shear the firstling of thy sheep.
Deu 15:20 Thou shalt eat it before YHWH thy Elohim year by year in the place which YHWH shall choose, thou and thy household.
Deu 15:21 and if there be any blemish therein, as if it be lame, or blind, or have any ill blemish, thou shalt not sacrifice it unto YHWH thy Elohim.
Deu 15:22 Thou shalt eat it within thy gates: the unclean and the clean person shall eat it alike, as the roebuck, and as the hart.
Deu 15:23 Only thou shalt not eat the blood thereof; thou shalt pour it upon the ground as water.
Deu 16:1 Observe the month of the aviv, and keep the passover unto YHWH thy Elohim: for in the month of the aviv YHWH thy Elohim brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.
Deu 16:2 Thou shalt therefore sacrifice the passover unto YHWH thy Elohim, of the flock and the herd, in the place which YHWH shall choose to place his name there.
Deu 16:3 Thou shalt eat no leavened bread with it; seven days shalt thou eat unleavened bread therewith, even the bread of affliction; for thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt in haste: that thou mayest remember the day when thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt all the days of thy life.
Deu 16:4 and there shall be no leavened bread seen with thee in all thy coast seven days; neither shall there any thing of the flesh, which thou sacrificedst the first day at even, remain all night until the morning.
Deu 16:5 Thou mayest not sacrifice the passover within any of thy gates, which YHWH thy Elohim giveth thee:
Deu 16:6 but at the place which YHWH thy Elohim shall choose to place his name in, there thou shalt sacrifice the passover at even, at the going down of the sun, at the season that thou camest forth out of Egypt.
Deu 16:7 and thou shalt roast and eat it in the place which YHWH thy Elohim shall choose: and thou shalt turn in the morning, and go unto thy tents.
Deu 16:8 Six days thou shalt eat unleavened bread: and on the seventh day shall be a solemn assembly to YHWH thy Elohim: thou shalt do no work therein.
Deu 16:9 Seven weeks shalt thou number unto thee: begin to number the seven weeks from such time as thou beginnest to put the sickle to the corn.
Deu 16:10 and thou shalt keep the feast of weeks unto YHWH thy Elohim with a tribute of a freewill offering of thine hand, which thou shalt give unto YHWH thy Elohim, according as YHWH thy Elohim hath blessed thee:
Deu 16:11 and thou shalt rejoice before YHWH thy Elohim, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy manservant, and thy maidservant, and the Levite that is within thy gates, and the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are among you, in the place which YHWH thy Elohim hath chosen to place his name there.
Deu 16:12 and thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in Egypt: and thou shalt observe and do these statutes.
Deu 16:13 Thou shalt observe the feast of tabernacles seven days, after that thou hast gathered in thy corn and thy wine:
Deu 16:14 and thou shalt rejoice in thy feast, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy manservant, and thy maidservant, and the Levite, the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are within thy gates.
Deu 16:15 Seven days shalt thou keep a solemn feast unto YHWH thy Elohim in the place which YHWH shall choose: because YHWH thy Elohim shall bless thee in all thine increase, and in all the works of thine hands, therefore thou shalt surely rejoice.
Deu 16:16 Three times in a year shall all thy males appear before YHWH thy Elohim in the place which he shall choose; in the feast of unleavened bread, and in the feast of weeks, and in the feast of tabernacles: and they shall not appear before YHWH empty:
Deu 16:17 Every man shall give as he is able, according to the blessing of YHWH thy Elohim which he hath given thee.

By far the most prominent of these is the number 7, which is referred to in one way or another in nearly 600 passages in the Bible, as well as in many passages in the Apocrypha and the Pseudepigrapha, and later Jewish literature. Of course the number has its usual numerical force in many of these places, but even there not seldom with a glance at its symbolic significance. The Biblical use of 7 may be conveniently considered under 4 heads: (1) ritual use; (2) historical use; (3) didactic or literary use; (4) apocalyptic use.(ISBE)

The Number Eight (Shemini), the number that point behind the natural:
1Pe 3:20 Which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of YHWH waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, eight souls were saved by water.
Gen 17:12 and he that is eight days old shall be circumcised among you, every man child in your generations, he that is born in the house, or bought with money of any stranger, which is not of thy seed.
Gen 21:4 and Abraham circumcised his son Isaac being eight days old, as Elohim had commanded him.
Num 35:7 So all the cities which ye shall give to the Levites shall be forty and eight (8x6) cities: them shall ye give with their suburbs.
Jdg 3:8 Therefore the anger of YHWH was hot against Israel, and he sold them into the hand of Chushan-rishathaim king of Mesopotamia: and the children of Israel served Chushan-rishathaim eight years.
1Sa 17:12 Now David was the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehemjudah, whose name was Jesse; and he had eight sons: and the man went among men for an old man in the days of Saul.
Luk 2:21 and when eight days were accomplished for the circumcising of the child, his name was called Yehoshua, which was so named of the angel before he was conceived in the womb.
Luk 9:28 and it came to pass about an eight days after these sayings, he took Kepha and John and James, and went up into a mountain to pray.
Joh 20:26 and after eight days again his disciples were within, and Thomas with them: then came Yehoshua, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, Peace be unto you.
Where does the terms “shemini atzeeth” comes from? Tradition:” The rabbis interpreted this verse to mean that Elohim asks all who made a pilgrimage for Sukkot to tarry (atzeret, which comes from the Hebrew root word meaning "to hold back") with Him one additional day. From this, the rabbis concluded that Shemini Atzeret is an independent festival (Eddie Chemney).
Let us now look at the Torah:
Num 29:35 On the eighth day ye shall have a solemn assembly: ye shall do no servile work therein: (RNKJV)
Num 29:35 On the eighthH8066 dayH3117 ye shall haveH1961 a solemn assembly:H6116 ye shall doH6213 noH3808 H3605 servileH5656 workH4399
Eight: Strong’s #H8066 שׁמיני shemı̂ynı̂y shem-ee-nee' From H8083; eight: - eight.
Solemn assembly: Strong’s #H6116 עצרת    ătseret, ats-eh'-reth
From H6113; an assembly, especially on a festival or holiday: - (solemn) assembly (meeting).
So we can summarize “ Shemini Atzeret” the “Solemn assembly in the eight day” the day following the feast of Succoth that brings conclusion to the fall feast starting with the “New moon” (Rosch Chodesh) from the seventh month. This is the real meaning. Tradition has add many others meaning and Eddie Chemney give it in details which you can read hereafter. Now the number eight represent also something special.
According to the “sod” the “mystery” of the Torah we know that the earth as it is now will last for 6000 years and after this period we will enter the “Millennium reign of Messiah” represented by the number “seven” that stand for the day of rest, the “Shabbat”.
Psa 90:4 for a thousand years in thy sight are but as yesterday when it is past, and as a watch in the night.
2Pe 3:8 but, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with YHWH as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.
Six days or six thousand years the time of man on earth
The seventh day or one thousand years the “Millennium reign of Messiah”
The eight day, “Olam Haba”, the world to come or Eternity.
Rev 5:10 and hast made us unto our Elohim kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth.
Rev 20:4 and I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Yehoshua, and for the word of YHWH, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Messiah a thousand years.
2Ti 2:10 Therefore I endure all things for the elect's sakes, that they may also obtain the salvation which is in Yehoshua the Messiah with eternal glory.
2Ti 2:11 It is a faithful saying: For if we be dead with him, we shall also live with him:
2Ti 2:12 If we suffer, we shall also reign with him: if we deny him, he also will deny us:
Mat 25:33 and he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the left.
Mat 25:34 Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world:
Dan 12:2 and many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt.
It is amazing that the last Feast called “Succoth”, the Feast of Tabernacles end the Feats of יהוה while it is during the Exodus from Egypt, that the Children of Israel experienced the life in temporary dwelling place in the wilderness just before they could enter the promise land!
Succoth, also call “booth”, “tent” a temporary dwelling place that indicate that man’s life on earth is a journey designed to lead to a better place the “Olam Haba”, the “World to come”.
2Co 5:1 for we know that if our earthly house of this tabernacle were dissolved, we have a building of Elohim, an house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens.
2Co 5:4 for we that are in this tabernacle do groan, being burdened: not for that we would be unclothed, but clothed upon, that mortality might be swallowed up of life.(RNKJV)
2Co 5:4 for indeed, we who are in this tent groan, being burdened, not because we wish to put it off, but to put on the other, so that what is to die might be swallowed up by life.(Scriptures 1998)
2Pe 1:14 knowing that shortly I must put off this my tabernacle, even as our Master Yehoshua the Messiah hath shewed me.
Rev 21:3 and I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of YHWH is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and YHWH himself shall be with them, and be their Elohim.
At first reading the verse from Revelation has noting to do with the other verses. By looking closer we will see that they are all directly connected.
In the Greek translation we read for Corinthians, Kefa (Peter) and Revelation that one and the same word is used:
2Co 5:4 forG1063(G2532) we that areG5607 inG1722 this tabernacleG4636 do groan,G4727 being burdened:G916 notG3756 for thatG1909 G3739 we wouldG2309 be unclothed,G1562 butG235 clothed upon,G1902 thatG2443 mortalityG2349 might be swallowed upG2666 ofG5259 life.G2222
2Pe 1:14 knowingG1492 thatG3754 shortlyG5031 I mustG2076 put offG595 this myG3450 tabernacle,G4638 evenG2532 asG2531 ourG2257 LordG2962 JesusG2424 ChristG5547 hath shewedG1213 me.G3427
Rev 21:3 andG2532 I heardG191 a greatG3173 voiceG5456 out ofG1537 heavenG3772 saying,G3004 Behold,G2400 theG3588 tabernacleG4633 of GodG2316 is withG3326 men,G444 andG2532 he will dwellG4637 withG3326 them,G846 andG2532 theyG846 shall beG2071 hisG848 people,G2992 andG2532 GodG2316 himselfG848 shall beG2071 withG3326 them,G846 and be theirG848 God.G2316
Strong’s G4633: skēnē skay-nay' Apparently akin to G4632 and G4639; a tent or cloth hut (literally or figuratively): - habitation, tabernacle.
Strong’s G4638: skēnōma skay'-no-mah From G4637; an encampment, that is, (figuratively) the Temple (as God’s residence), the body (as a tenement for the soul): - tabernacle.
Strong’s G4636: skēnos skay'-nos From G4633; a hut or temporary residence, that is, (figuratively) the human body (as the abode of the spirit): - tabernacle.
Now we see that this tabernacle representing the human body is a temporary dwelling place and that at the End of the ages during the Olam Haba, Elohim will dwell among His people.
A beautiful truth reveal by Apostle Sha’ul which many have overlook and therefore keep going in their assumption that Messiah is Elohim the Father, but read attentively then you will know that Yehoshua never pretended to take the place of the Father. I have put in blue a help to avoid confusion:
1Co 15:22 for as in Adam all die, even so in the Messiah shall all be made alive.
1Co 15:23 but every man in his own order: the Messiah the firstfruits; afterward they that are the Messiah's at his coming.
1Co 15:24 then cometh the end (Olam Haba), when he (Yehoshua) shall have delivered up the kingdom to YHWH, even the Father; when he (the Father) shall have put down all rule and all authority and power.
1Co 15:25 for he (Yahsuhua) must reign, till he (the Father) hath put all enemies under his (Yehoshua) feet.
1Co 15:26 The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death.
1Co 15:27 for he (the Father) hath put all things under his feet (Yehoshua). But when he saith, all things are put under him (Yehoshua), it is manifest that he (the Father) is excepted which did put all things under him (Yehoshua).
1Co 15:28 and when all things shall be subdued unto him (Yehoshua), then shall the Son (Yehoshua) also himself be subject unto him (the Father) that put all things under him, that YHWH may be all in all.

Something special during Succoth.
Beside the fact that Succoth is the last Feast in the year it is also the end of a cycle which bring blessing and great joy:
Deu 16:13 Thou shalt observe the feast of tabernacles seven days, after that thou hast gathered in thy corn and thy wine:
Deu 16:14 and thou shalt rejoice in thy feast, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy manservant, and thy maidservant, and the Levite, the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are within thy gates.
The corn was an allusion to the spring’s feast for the Barley and the wheat growing in the beginning of the year in the early to the middle of spring.
What is the difference between the spring harvest and the fall harvest?
During spring harvest we see that corn will be gathered. Corn are used to make bread and other useful nutriments they are seldom used in their natural form, even if we know that Yehoshua and his disciples were eating some of them, but it was not the usual way to eat corn, they had to be crushed and grounded into flour to be used.
Between the reaping of the barley in April and the wheat in June, most of the other cereals are reaped.(ISBE)
Not so the Autumnal harvest just before Succoth which bring forth fruits in their final form and can be directly eaten especially the fruits of the wine, which is a picture of the last believers before the second advent of Messiah, while the grain harvest during spring is a picture of the first believers who came to Messiah and died in order to produce!
The Spring Harvest
Joh 4:35 Say not ye, There are yet four months, and then cometh harvest? behold, I say unto you, Lift up your eyes, and look on the fields; for they are white already to harvest.
Messiah the First fruit:
1Co 15:20 but now is the Messiah risen from the dead, and become the first-fruits of them that slept.
The Early believers (spring) called first fruits
Rom 16:5 Likewise greet the assembly that is in their house. Salute my wellbeloved Epaenetus, who is the first-fruits of Achaia unto the Messiah.
Jas 1:18 Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.

The Fall Harvest
Rev 14:15 and another angel came out of the temple, crying with a loud voice to him that sat on the cloud, Thrust in thy sickle, and reap: for the time is come for thee to reap; for the harvest of the earth is ripe.
Rev 14:16 and he that sat on the cloud thrust in his sickle on the earth; and the earth was reaped.
Rev 14:17 and another angel came out of the temple which is in heaven, he also having a sharp sickle.
Rev 14:18 and another angel came out from the altar, which had power over fire; and cried with a loud cry to him that had the sharp sickle, saying, Thrust in thy sharp sickle, and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth; for her grapes are fully ripe.
Rev 14:19 and the angel thrust in his sickle into the earth, and gathered the vine of the earth, and cast it into the great winepress of the wrath of YHWH.
Rev 14:20 and the winepress was trodden without the city, and blood came out of the winepress, even unto the horse bridles, by the space of a thousand and six hundred furlongs.
The wine a picture of Israel
Isa 5:1 Now will I sing to my wellbeloved a song of my beloved touching his vineyard. My wellbeloved hath a vineyard in a very fruitful hill:
Isa 5:2 and he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, and also made a winepress therein: and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes.
Isa 5:7 for the vineyard of YHWH of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.

Succoth Additional from Eddie Chemney

From Yom Kippur to Succoth, not coincidently, the same time period marks the beginning of the construction of Elohim’s Succoth, the Miskhan, the sanctuary in the wilderness
Exo 25:8 “And they shall make Me a Set-apart Place, and I shall dwell in their midst.
Exo 25:9 “According to all that I show you – the pattern of the Dwelling Place and the pattern of all its furnishings – make it exactly so.

When Moshe came down from Mount Sinai with the second set of tablets and according to tradition descended on Yom Kippur, it was seen as a sign of Elohim’s forgiveness of Israel for the sin of the golden calf and as a symbol of the lasting covenant between Elohim and Israel
Exo 24:12 And יהוה said to Mosheh, “Come up to Me on the mountain and be there, while I give you tablets of stone, and the Torah and the command which I have written, to teach them.”
Exo 24:13 and Mosheh arose with his assistant Yehoshua, and Mosheh went up to the mountain of Elohim.
Exo 24:14 and he said to the elders, “Wait here for us until we come back to you. And see, Aharon and Ḥur are with you. Whoever has matters, let him go to them.”
Exo 24:15 and Mosheh went up into the mountain, and a cloud covered the mountain.
Exo 24:16 and the esteem of יהוה dwelt on Mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it for six days. And on the seventh day He called to Mosheh out of the midst of the cloud.
Exo 24:17 and the appearance of the esteem of יהוה was like a consuming fire on the top of the mountain, before the eyes of the children of Yisra’ĕl.
Exo 24:18 aAnd Mosheh went into the midst of the cloud and went up into the mountain. And it came to be that Mosheh was on the mountain forty days and forty nights.

Exo 34:1 and יהוה said to Mosheh, “Cut two tablets of stone like the first ones, and I shall write on these tablets the Words that were on the first tablets which you broke.
Exo 34:2 “and be ready in the morning. Then you shall come up in the morning to Mount Sinai, and present yourself to Me there on the top of the mountain.
Exo 34:27 and יהוה said to Mosheh, “Write these Words, for according to the mouth of these Words I have made a covenant with you and with Yisra’ĕl.”
Exo 34:28 and he was there with יהוה forty days and forty nights. He did not eat bread and he did not drink water. And He wrote on the tablets the Words of the covenant, the Ten Words.

Following day, Moshe relayed Elohim’s instruction for building the “Mishkan”, a dwelling place. Material for this portable structure was collected during the days before Succoth and work was started on it. (Sh’mot chapter 35, 36:1-7).
Why was the mishkan built? The Torah says: “let them make Me a sanctuary that I may dwell among them. Sh’mot 25:8, to establish the relationship between Elohim and Israel. Elohim would dwell among His people.
This physical tabernacle was given by Elohim to teach and instruct us that he desires to live and dwell with His people, by means of the Ruach HaQodesh.
1Co 6:19 Or do you not know that your body is the Dwelling Place of the Set-apart Spirit (Ruach HaQodesh) who is in you, which you have from Elohim, and you are not your own?

            ●Succoth names:
                        The season of our joy
                        The festival of ingathering
                        The feats of the nations
                        The Festival of dedication
                        The Festival of light

Succoth called the season of our joy. One reason of joy is that after the season of repentance and the redemption of Yom Kippur, came the joy of walking with Elohim.
Elohim did promised Moshe of His plan in:
Exo 6:6 “Say, therefore, to the children of Yisra’ĕl, ‘I am יהוה, and I shall bring you out from under the burdens of the Mitsrites, and shall deliver you from their enslaving, and shall redeem you with an outstretched arm, and with great judgments,
Exo 6:7 and shall take you as My people; and I shall be your Elohim. And you shall know that I am יהוה your Elohim who is bringing you out from under the burdens of the Mitsrites.

1●Delivrance from bondage
2●Sanctification by walking in the Torah
3●Redemption and millennium
4●Completion in the world to come

Also four exiles
4●Rome (Edom)

Historically Succoth commemorates the day in the wilderness of Sinai; after coming out of Mitzrayim (Egypt). According the natural laws, the children of Israel should have perished, but were instead divinely protected by Elohim.
Succoth or booth, symbolizes man’s need to depend upon Elohim for his provision of food, water and shelter.
The booth is a physical body which is a temporary dwelling place for our soul and spirit
1Co 6:19 Or do you not know that your body is the Dwelling Place of the Set-apart Spirit (Ruach HaQodesh)who is in you, which you have from Elohim, and you are not your own?
1Co 6:20 For you were bought with a price, therefore esteem Elohim in your body and in your spirit (Ruach),1 which are of Elohim. Footnote: 1See 7:23, 1 Peter 1:18-19.
2Pe 1:14 knowing that the putting off of my tent (booth, tabernacle) is soon, even as our Master יהושע Messiah made clear to me.
We need the washing that the word of Elohim brings to our lives

Eph 5:26 in order to set it apart and cleanse it with the washing of water by the Word,
and the shelter of Elohim’s if se seek him first
Mat 6:31 “Do not worry then, saying, ‘What shall we eat?’ or ‘What shall we drink?’ or ‘What shall we wear?’
Mat 6:32 “For all these the gentiles (Goy, nations) seek for. And your heavenly Father knows that you need all these.
Mat 6:33 “But seek first the reign of Elohim, and His righteousness, and all these matters shall be added to you.

The divine order declares that after judgment (Yom Kippur), comes Succoth
Isa 4:4 When יהוה has washed away the filth of the daughters of Tsiyon, and rinsed away the blood of Yerushalayim from her midst, by the spirit of judgment and by the spirit of burning,
Isa 4:5 then יהוה shall create above every dwelling place of Mount Tsiyon, and above her assemblies, a cloud and smoke by day and the shining of a flaming fire by night, for over all the esteem shall be a covering,
Isa 4:6 and a booth for shade in the daytime from the heat, for a place of refuge, and for a shelter from storm and rain.

The commandment to rejoice at this time is given in:
Deu 16:13 “Perform the Festival of Booths for seven days after the ingathering from your threshing-floor and from your winepress,
Deu 16:14 and you shall rejoice in your festival, you and your son and your daughter, and your male servant and your female servant, and the Lĕwite, and the stranger and the fatherless and the widow who are within your gates.
Deu 16:15 “For seven days you shall observe a festival to יהוה your Elohim in the place which יהוה chooses, because יהוה your Elohim does bless you in all your increase and in all the work of your hands, and you shall be only rejoicing!

Daniel added: We can see the clear connection between rejoicing in the natural and the spiritual. The children of Israel (carnal man) were to rejoice “after the ingathering from the threshing floor (grain) and from the winepress (grapes)”
This mean the harvest was abundant great blessing because of obedience to יהוה’s Torah. This foreshadows the ingathering of the last harvest at Yom Kippur when Messiah will come to judge the nations. The Believers will rejoice because for those who are in Messiah this will be the time of “ingathering”.
The First harvest was after Yehoshua’s departure to the Father at Shavuot/Pentecost during the time of the Apostles. They were called “First Fruits” which is represented by the harvest of the barley and the wheat.
Today our rejoicing is the rehearsal for what is to come. We should always remember that the end is like the beginning. (Eccl. 1:9)
Further with Eddie:
The scriptures tell us that the “Word” became flesh: Yochanan 1:14.
יהוה presence was demonstrated by Yehoshua during his first coming.
Yeshayahu 4:2 speaks of the fruits of the earth and those who have escaped. Succoth is known as the festival of ingathering and the fruit harvest.
Isa 4:2 In that day the Branch (Yehoshua) of יהוה shall be splendid and esteemed. And the fruit of the earth shall be excellent and comely for the escaped ones1 of Yisra’ĕl.

In Revelation 7:9-17 we can see those who have come through the great tribulation period, and who become part of Elohim’s people during this time period.
We have here a picture of the apostate “church” repenting during the tribulation.
Rev. 7:15 they “dwell” with them.
The Greek word is “skenos”  tabernacle, booth, shelter, or covering.
This word is used in Yochanan 1:14, speaking of Yehoshua dwelling among us at his first coming.
Notice, the protection provided in Rev. 7:16 correspond to YeshaYahu 4:5-6
Rev 7:16 “They shall hunger no more, neither thirst any more, neither shall the sun strike them, nor any heat,
Rev 21:4 “And Elohim shall wipe away every tear from their eyes, and there shall be no more death, nor mourning, nor crying. And there shall be no more pain, for the former matters have passed away.”
Isa 4:5 then יהוה shall create above every dwelling place of Mount Tsiyon, and above her assemblies, a cloud and smoke by day and the shining of a flaming fire by night, for over all the esteem shall be a covering,
Isa 4:6 and a booth for shade in the daytime from the heat, for a place of refuge, and for a shelter from storm and rain.

And the fountain of living water in Revelation 7:17 and 21:4 in YeshaYahu 4:3. Those who are called Qadosh, Holy, are the same people as in Zech. 14:20.

The Hebrew word for tabernacle is Sukkath. It means: booth, a pavilion or tent. The Greek word is “skene” which has the same meaning as the greek word “skaynos”.
let’s look how it is used in the Brit Chadasha.
            - Yehoshua tabernacled (Succoth) among us (Yochanan 1:14)
            - Kefa spoke about his body been a tent (booth) 2nd Kefa 1:13-14
- The Apostle Shaul told us that earthly bodies are earthly house or tabernacle (2nd Cor.5:1-5)
- The tabernacle of Moshe was a tent of habitation (Acts 7:14, heb.9:2-8)
- Abraham, Isaac, Ya’acov lived in tabernacles, tents (Heb.11:8-9);
- The tabernacle of David was a tent of dwelling place (Acts 15:16, Amos 9:11)
- Yehoshua entered the temple on the feast of Succoth (Yochanan 7:2, 27-29).
- The scriptures speaks of a heavenly tabernacle (heb.8:1-2, Rev.13:6, 15:5) This tabernacle will come to earth (Rev. 21:1-3)
- Yehoshua the true tabernacle of Elohim (heb. 9:11)

Prophetically the tabernacle points toward the future, the messianic age and the world to come (Olam aba) when Yahuwah will dwell among His people.
the Sukkath is supposed to remind us that we are but stranger and pilgrims on the earth.
Heb. 11:8-10, 13-16, B’reshit 23:3-4, 47:9, 1st Chronicle 29:10,15, Psalm 39:12, 119:19, 1st Kefa 1:17, 2:11

At the coming of Messiah we will receive a new and heavenly body, a glorified body: 1st Cor. 15:39-44, 51-57, 1st Tessal. 4:15-18
Succoth as like the other feast has an agricultural element; which is the final ingathering of harvest products before the coming winter. It is called in Hebrew “Hag Ha Asif” the feast of ingathering at the end of the year.
Exo 23:16 and the Festival of the Harvest, the first-fruits of your labours which you have sown in the field; and the Festival of the Ingathering at the outgoing of the year, when you have gathered in the fruit of your labours from the field.
Succoth is the time when the produce of the field, nuts and vineyard are harvested, and brought to the warehouse or storeroom for grain
Threshing floor, wine and olive presses are full to capacity. Weeks and months  of toil and sweat put into the soil have been rewarded. The farmers feel happy (Malachi 3:10-11) and rejoice.
-        Hachnasat Orechim. The Mitzvat (commandment) of hospitality. There is a tradition in Judaism of inviting (ushpizin), symbolic guest each day to join the family in the sukkath. These honorary guests are Abraham, Isaac, Ya’acov, Yaseph, Moshe, Aaron, and David. One is invited each day.
-        Halacha: Succoth is called the feast of ingathering. Yehoshua told us that the harvest represent the end of the age (Olam Azeh)
Mat 13:39 and the enemy who sowed them is the devil. And the harvest is the end of the age, and the reapers are the messengers.
Rev 14:15 And another messenger came out of the Dwelling Place, crying with a loud voice to the One sitting on the cloud, “Send Your sickle and reap, because the hour has come for You to reap, because the harvest of the earth is ripe.”
Joe 3:13 “Put in the sickle, for the harvest has grown ripe. Come, go down, for the winepress is filled, the vats overflow, for their evil is great.”

The harvest refers to people have accepted Messiah and live.
Mat 9:35 And יהושע went about all the cities and villages, teaching in their congregations, and proclaiming the Good News of the reign, and healing every disease and every bodily weakness among the people.
Mat 9:36 and having seen the crowds, He was moved with compassion for them, because they were weary and scattered, as sheep having no shepherd.
Mat 9:37 Then He said to His taught ones (talmidin, disciples), “The harvest truly is great, but the workers are few.
Mat 9:38 “Pray then that the Master of the harvest would send out workers to His harvest.”

Luk 10:1  And after this the Master appointed seventy others, and sent them two by two ahead of Him into every city and place where He Himself was about to go.
Luk 10:2 Then He said to them, “The harvest indeed is great, but the workers are few, therefore pray the Master of the harvest to send out workers into His harvest.
Joh 4:35 “Do you not say, ‘There are still four months (Daniel added: the four month are between Shavuot/Pentecost and Yom Kippur), and the harvest (This is the last harvest after Yom Kippur before the Feats of Succoth) comes’? See, I say to you, lift up your eyes and see the fields, for they are white for harvest – already!
Joh 4:36 “He who is reaping receives a reward, and gathers fruit for everlasting life, so that both he who is sowing and he who is reaping rejoice together.
Joh 4:37 “For in this the word is true, ‘One sows and another reaps.’
Joh 4:38 “I sent you to reap that for which you have not laboured. Others ( Daniel added: The prophets) have laboured, and you have entered into their labours.”
Rev 14:14 And I looked and saw a white cloud, and sitting on the cloud was One like the Son of Aḏam, having on His head a golden crown, and in His hand a sharp sickle.
Rev 14:15 And another messenger came out of the Dwelling Place, crying with a loud voice to the One sitting on the cloud, “Send Your sickle and reap, because the hour has come for You to reap, because the harvest of the earth is ripe.”
Rev 14:16 and the One sitting on the cloud thrust in His sickle on the earth, and the earth was reaped.
Rev 14:17 and another messenger came out of the Dwelling Place which is in the heaven, and he too held a sharp sickle.
Rev 14:18 And another messenger came out from the altar, having authority over the fire, and he cried with a loud cry to him having the sharp sickle, saying, “Send your sharp sickle and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth, because her grapes are ripe.”

Daniel added: We see that there are two different actions between verses 14-16 and the verse 17-18. They are two groups of people who are “harvested”. The one for everlasting life ‘verses14-16, the other for the wrath of Elohim verses17-18.
Elohim is gathering both Yahudah and Ephraim and those of the nations who accept Messiah and have become partaker of the household of Elohim (Ephesians  2:19)
Most of people on the earth have not accepted Messiah as saviour and are in the valley of decision
Joe 3:13 “Put in the sickle, for the harvest has grown ripe. Come, go down, for the winepress is filled, the vats overflow, for their evil is great.”
Joe 3:14 Crowds, crowds in the valley of decision! For the day of יהוה is near in the valley of decision.

●Feast of dedication Sh’lomo dedicated the Temple (Beit HaMikdash) during Succoth (1st  King 3).

●Feast of nations. Succoth will be celebrated during the millennium, the messianic age: Zechar. 14:16-18. Elohim promised in B’reshit 12:3 that all families of the earth should be blessed through Abraham’s seed. From Abraham, Elohim would raise people, Israel to be a blessing to the nation. That promise was fulfilled through Yehoshua as Messiah as it is stated in Galatian
Gal 3:14 in order that the blessing of Aḇraham might come upon the nations in Messiah יהושע, to receive the promise of the Spirit through belief.
Gal 3:16 But the promises were spoken to Aḇraham, and to his Seed. He does not say, “And to seeds,” as of many, but as of one, “And to your Seed,” who is Messiah.
Gal 3:19 Why, then, the Torah? It was added because of transgressions, until the Seed should come to whom the promise was made. And it was ordained through messengers in the hand of a mediator.
The greatest evangelism in history will be by the 144 000 anointed ones from the tribes of Israel proclaiming the gospel (bazaar) of the Kingdom of heaven.
Rev 14:1  And I looked and saw a Lamb standing on Mount Tsiyon, and with Him one hundred and forty-four thousand, having His Father’s Name1 written upon their foreheads. Footnote: 1Some texts read: having His Name and His Father’s Name.
Rev 14:2 and I heard a voice out of the heaven, like the voice of many waters, and like the voice of loud thunder, and I heard the sound of harpists playing their harps.
Rev 14:3 and they sang a renewed song before the throne, and before the four living creatures, and the elders. And no one was able to learn that song except the hundred and forty-four thousand who were redeemed from the earth.(Daniel added: This song is the Torah)
Rev 14:4 they are those who were not defiled with women, for they are maidens (Daniel: virgin, Shaul speaking to the believers in Corinth read:2Co 11:2 For I am jealous for you with a jealousy according to Elohim. For I gave you in marriage to one husband to present you as an innocent maiden/virgin to Messiah. This was coming from Vaiyqra Lev 21:10 ‘And the high priest (Yehoshua) among his brothers, on whose head the anointing oil was poured and who is ordained to wear the garments………Lev 21:13 and he shall take a wife in her virginity).
Rev.14:4….They are those following the Lamb wherever He leads them on. They were redeemed from among men, being first-fruits to Elohim and to the Lamb.
Rev 14:5 and in their mouth was found no falsehood, for they are blameless before the throne of Elohim.
Rev 14:6 and I saw another messenger flying in mid-heaven, holding the everlasting Good News to announce to those dwelling on the earth, even to every nation and tribe and tongue and people,
Rev 14:7 saying with a loud voice, “Fear Elohim and give esteem (Glopry) to Him, because the hour of His judgment (Yom Kippur) has come. And worship Him who made the heaven and the earth, and sea, and fountains of water.”
 A mysterious pattern is given in Badmidbar 29:12-35 with the sacrifices of the seventy bullocks during the week of Succoth.
Seventy Bullocks were offered on the altar. The connection of the seventy bullocks to the seventy nations is taken from D’varim, 32:8, B’reshit 46:27 and Sh’mot 1:1-5.
Once again the association of the nations of the world to Succoth is found in Zechar. 14:16-19.
Another fascinating thing about the sacrifices during Succoth is that the offerings when grouped or counted, their number always remain divisible by seven.
During the week they are 182 sacrifices (70 bullocks, 14 rams, 98 lambs,). 182 divided by seven is 26.
Rabbi Ed Needle gives this detail the gemetria for the Tetragramaton YHWH is 26. yod 10, He 5, vav 6, He 5, equal: 26
The Gemetria for Ya’acov is 182.
The number 182 is 26 X 7.
The number 7 indicate divine perfection on earth (B’reshit 2:1-2) It is the final “tikkun”, restauration of all things as it is written in Acts
Act 3:20 and that He sends יהושע Messiah, pre-appointed for you,
Act 3:21 whom heaven needs to receive until the times of restoration of all matters, of which Elohim spoke through the mouth of all His set-apart prophets since of old.

Hoshana Rabbah the Eight day
The Great salvation
It is the eight day of the feast of the tabernacles. It has some spiritual rituals and custom, that makes the day more like a full festival day.
Lev 23:36 ‘For seven days you bring an offering made by fire to יהוה. On the eighth day there shall be a set-apart gathering for you, and you shall bring an offering made by fire to יהוה. It is a closing festival, you do no servile work.
The most important are:
The circling of the altar seven times instead of once while carrying the four species and reciting the Hoshana prayer (Judaism tradition)
            The beating of willow which sound like the wind (Ruach/spirit) an image of the Ruach HaQodesh.
In Yochanan 7:37-38 Yehoshua is speaking of the coming of the Ruach HaQodesh.
      At this time of Succoth,
YeshaYahu 12:3 and you shall draw water with joy from the fountains of deliverance.” Was often quoted
The water drawing ceremony took on a new dimension of meaning when Yehoshua attended the feast of Succoth, on the seventh day of the feast during Hoshana Rabba , the great salvation. During this day the priest circled the altar seven times (Psalm 118:25) and the cry “save now” was repeated seven times.
Yehoshua statement in Yochanan 7:37-39 was said on Hoshana Rabba.
      In the scriptures there is a link between water and the outpouring of the Ruach HaQodesh. Yehoshua told the woman at the well to drink of living water (Yoch. 4:7-14, Matt 5:6. YeshaYahu 44:3 links the pouring out of Elohim’ Ruach/Spirit. Also in Ya’El (Joel) 2:23,28, Acts 2:1-4, 14-17 and Yechezk’El 39:22,27-29. Water and the Spirit (Ruach ) are connected in Psalm (Tehillim) 42:1-4, Zechar. 13:1, Rev. 7:17.
Rain was a prominent feature part of the feast of Succoth, as rain is part of the full and rich harvest. The rain represents the outpouring of the Ruach HaQodesh, according to the prophet Ya’El when Elohim would rain His Spirit/Ruach upon all flesh.
● Festivals of Light. (Light of the Temple). The illumination of the Temple (Beit HaMikdash) at the end of the first day according to tradition, the priest and the levites went down to the court of the women. Four enormous golden candlesticks were set up. Each candlestick 50 cubits eight (around 22meters) with four golden bowls placed upon them and four ladders resting against each.
Four youth of priestly descend stood at the top of the ladders holding jar containing.5 gallons of pure olive oil.
The light emanating from the four candlesticks was so bright that it is written in the mishna that there was no courtyard in Yerushalayim that was not lit up with light.
Halacha: The light represent the shekina glory (Elohim’s presence) that once filled the Temple (1st King 8:10-11) Ezekiel 43:5. During this time the temple was thought of as “the light of the world” see Yochanan 8:12.
-        Israel: A light (witness) to the nations. Israel was chosen to be Elohim’s light to the world: D’varim 7:6-8 compare  Yoch: 8:12, 1:4,5,9, 3:19, 9:5, 12: 35-36, Prov. 6:23, B’reshit 1:3-4,14,15, Matt:5:14.
-        Elohim wanted a people out of the world whom he could use and work through, to show His glory to the world.
-        Isarel was to be a witness to the world: YeshaYahu 43:1,10,12,14, Luke 24:44-49, Acts 1:1-8.
-        Israel as a corporate nation failed in her mission. Not only were the people disobedient, to the commandment of Elohim, but they also did not become light to the world. On the contrary, the world as a corporate people hated the “jewish” people.
Isarel remains Elohim’s chosen people (Rom. 11:25-29) and still has a role to play in the world to come (Rom. 11:12,15). The message of Messiah for the nations is spoken by the prophet
YeshYahu 62:1-5 For Tsiyon’s sake I am not silent, and for Yerushalayim’s sake I do not rest, until her righteousness goes forth as brightness, and her deliverance as a lamp that burns.
Isa 62:2 and the nations (Goy, gentiles) shall see your righteousness and all sovereigns your esteem. And you shall be called by a new name, which the mouth of יהוה designates.
Isa 62:3 and you shall be a crown of comeliness in the hand of יהוה, and a royal head-dress in the hand of your Elohim.
Isa 62:4 No longer are you called “Forsaken,” and no longer is your land called “Deserted.” But you shall be called “Ḥephtsiḇah,” and your land “Married,” for יהוה shall delight in you, and your land been married.
Isa 62:5 for as a young man marries a maiden, so shall your sons marry you. And as the bridegroom rejoices over the bride, so shall your Elohim rejoice over you.

Yerushalayim will be the spiritual focal point of the world and this time been Israel’s “golden age” during the messianic age, because the prince of Yerushalayim Yehoshua, the prince of peace, will reign from Yerushalayim. (YeshaYahu 2:24, 52:9-10, 62:7-8, Micah 4:1-3, Psalm 102:18-21, 125:1-2.
The day is coming when a restored and renewed Israel will once again be light to the nations.
The prophet Hoshea tell us that the coming of Messiah will be as the former and later rain (Hoshea 6:3) Yehoshua was born during the fall feast, and died at his first coming during the first month on the sacred calendar.
Rain speaks also of revival, restoration and returning to Elohim (T’shuvah in Hebrew).
Elohim has already declared that He would pour out His Ruach during the seventh month which is a spiritual picture of the end of age (Olam Azeh). So far have we seen only shower of blessing (Yechezk’el 34:26);
Believers shall call upon Yahuwah and ask of him to send the rain on the people of the earth (Zechar. 10:1, Ask יהוה for rain in the time of the latter rain, יהוה who makes storm clouds. And He gives them showers of rain, the plants in the field to everyone.
Psalm 46:4 A river whose streams Make glad the city of Elohim, The set-apart dwelling of the Most High.
Psa 65:9 You have visited the earth and watered it, You greatly enrich it; The river of Elohim is filled with water; You provide their grain, For so You have prepared it.
Psa 65:10 Its ridges have been filled, Its furrows have been deepened, You make it soft with showers, you bless its growth.
Jer 5:23 ‘But this people has a backsliding and rebellious heart, they have turned aside and gone away.
Jer 5:24 ‘And they do not say in their heart, “Let us now fear יהוה our Elohim, who gives rain, both the former and the latter, in its season. He guards for us the appointed weeks of the harvest.”
Jer 31:10 “Hear the word of יהוה, O gentiles (Goy, nations), and declare it in the isles afar off, and say, ‘He who scattered Yisra’ĕl gathers him, and shall guard him as a shepherd his flock.’
Jer 31:11 “For יהוה shall ransom Yaʽaqoḇ, and redeem him from the hand of one stronger than he.
Jer 31:12 “And they shall come in and shall sing on the height of Tsiyon, and stream to the goodness of יהוה, for grain and for new wine and for oil, and for the young of the flock and the herd. And their being shall be like a well-watered garden, and never languish again.
Jer 31:13 “Then shall a maiden rejoice in a dance, and young men and old, together. And I shall turn their mourning to joy, and shall comfort them, and shall make them rejoice from their sorrow,
Jer 31:14 and shall fill the being of the priests with fatness. And My people shall be satisfied with My goodness,” declares יהוה.
The fullness of this feast will be experienced at the coming of Messiah Yehoshua when he will reign during the messianic age, called Athid Lavo in Hebrew eschatology.
May Yahuwah bless those who seek him diligently through Yehoshua HaMoschiach; Amen!

Yehoshua and Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah

Etanim/Tishrei 22, Shemini Atzeret, and Etanim/Tishrei 23, Simchat Torah, in ancient times were considered one long day and celebrated on Tishrei 22. Simchat Torah is a celebration of rejoicing in the Torah.
As it is written in John (Yochanan) 7:37, "In the last day, that great day of the feast [of Sukkot]...." This day would be known as Hoshana Rabbah, or Tishrei 21. In John (Yochanan) 8:1-2, it is written, "Yehoshua went unto the mount of Olives. And early in the morning He came again into the temple, and all the people came unto Him; and He sat down, and taught them." This is the next day after Hoshana Rabbah, the day attached to Sukkot called Shemini Atzeret. Once again, in ancient times that day was also called Simchat Torah, the rejoicing in the Torah. So, in John (Yochanan) 8:5, we see Yehoshua, the author of the Torah, is questioned about the Torah on the day referred to as "the rejoicing in the Torah"

The Spiritual Understanding of Shemini Atzeret/Simchat Torah

In Deuteronomy (Devarim) 31:9-13, at the Feast of Sukkot (Tabernacles), you are to read the Torah. The seventh year is called the year of release (Sh’mitah) (Deuteronomy [Devarim] 31:10); all debts are to be forgiven at this time (Exodus [Shemot] 21:2; Leviticus [Vayikra] 25:1-4; Deuteronomy [Devarim] 15:1-12; Jeremiah [Yermiyahu] 34:8-22). The seven years are a picture of the 7,000-year plan of Elohim (Psalm [Tehillim] 90:4; 2 Peter 3:8). The seventh year is the year of release and is a picture of the seventh day or the Messianic age, the Millennium, or the Athid Lavo. Yehoshua referred to this in both Isaiah (Yeshayahu) 61:1-3 and Luke 4:16-21. The phrase, "liberty to the captives" in Isaiah (Yeshayahu) 61:1, speaks of the year of release. Yehoshua is saying, in essence, "I am that release. Trust in Me and you will be free."
In the days of Yehoshua, there was a seven-year cycle of reading the Torah. In years one through three, the people would read from the Torah, the prophets and the writings. In years three through six, they would start over. In year seven, they would read from them all. While reading, the priest would stand on a podium (bema) and give the understanding and teaching (Nehemiah 8:1-12). This was done during the Feast of Sukkot (Tabernacles) (Nehemiah 8:2,13-14,18).
In the future, we will experience the real Simchat Torah during the time Elohim judges the believers in the Messiah according to the lives they lived on this earth. At that time, when we hear the truth of the Bible and understand Elohim 's Word, we will cry when we see how we have failed to keep and follow the Bible and Elohim 's truths. But Elohim will say, "Do not sorrow, for the joy of Yehowah is your strength" (see Nehemiah [Nechemiah] 8:9-10). At this time, we will not be going through the rehearsal (miqra) of the festival, but we will be experiencing the "season of our joy," the time of the Messianic kingdom on earth. The reading, teaching, and understanding of the Torah will be at its height during the Messianic age, the Millennium. In Isaiah (Yeshayahu) 2:1-5 and Micah (Michah) 4:1-5, Yehoshua, the Messiah, the author and teacher of the Torah, will teach all the peoples of the earth the ways of the Torah.

Rain and Dew: ( Geshem and Tal: A Prayer for Rain )

On the festival of Shemini Atzeret, the Musaf, the additional service on this day, begins with a special prayer for rain (geshem). The reason for these special prayers is understandable enough (if you have lived in the land of Israel). The winter months in the Holy Land are the rain season, and the entire life of the country depends on rain. If the rains come down in their due season and in sufficient quantity, the rich soil will produce abundant crops and fruits; if not, the country is doomed to famine and starvation. During the summer months, there is no rain; it's the dry season. During these rainless months, the earth would have been completely parched, the top soil would have turned into dust and been blown away by the wind, and the land would have turned into barren desert -- were it not for the dew that settles on the cool soil during the hours of the night, drenching the ground with the soft moisture which we know as dew and which sparkles in the early rays of the sun like pearls. Thus, the rain in the winter and the dew in the summer are vitally needed to sustain life.
Spiritual Application (Halacha). Because this chapter concludes the festivals, we will review the spiritual significance of the festivals to the individual believer in the Messiah and how they relate to his life. Therefore, at this time, we can conclude with the spiritual significance of the fall festivals, especially Sukkot, Shemini Atzeret, and Simchat Torah.
 Elohim designed the agricultural and weather seasons in Israel to parallel the life of every believer in Yehoshua who seeks to love Him and serve Him with all his heart. With this in mind, let us examine how this is true.
Every time a person receives Yehoshua the Messiah as his own Savior, he spiritually experiences Passover (Pesach). He is to flee Egypt (Mitzrayim; the world's evil system and ways); trust (emunah) in the Messiah, the Lamb of Elohim; and allow Yehoshua to be the doorpost of his heart. As believers, we are then to seek to live holy lives before Elohim and experience Unleavened Bread (Hag HaMatzah). Just as Yehoshua rose from the dead, we are to consider our former ways dead to us and experience the newness of life in the Messiah. Once we do this, we can be immersed (baptized) in the Holy Spirit (Ruach HaKodesh) and have the power of Elohim (the anointing) in our lives. Spiritually, we have experienced the spring harvest of Israel in our lives. When we accept Mashiach (The Living Word) into our hearts and lives, He begins to teach us the Bible and show us how much He loves us, and we begin to grow in the knowledge of Him.
At that time, Elohim will begin to take us on a spiritual journey through the wilderness of life. Spiritually, we will begin to experience the dry summer season of Israel. Many things in our lives will not go the way we expect them to or how we trust Elohim for them to go. In the process of experiencing life's bitter disappointments and struggles, if we keep our eyes upon Elohim, He will take us from Passover (Pesach) to Shavuot (Pentecost). There He will reveal His ways and His Word, the Bible, in a deeper and more progressive way. By keeping our eyes on the Messiah through life's struggles, Elohim will not only reveal His Word, the Bible, to us in a greater way, but He also will refine our faith like fine flour, just as was done to the wheat during the days of counting the omer between Passover (Pesach) and Shavuot (Pentecost). Meanwhile, if we put our entire trust (emunah) in Yehoshua while on our spiritual journey in the wilderness of life as Elohim refines our faith and reveals Himself to us in a greater way, then our spiritual journey will not end in the wilderness of life (Hallelujah!). Instead Elohim will take us forward to spiritually experience the fall festivals and our spiritual promised land.
It is when we spiritually experience the fall festivals -- especially the Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot), Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah -- and enter into our spiritual promised land that Elohim will anoint our lives for Him in an awesome way, as we live and serve Him, and we will then experience the greatest joy in our entire lives. Joy unspeakable! But we will experience not only joy, but also dancing, praise, victory, peace, and the power of Elohim in our lives. Spiritually, we will be experiencing the fall harvest of Israel. The rain in the Bible speaks of two things: the great outpouring of the Holy Spirit (Ruach HaKodesh) and an in-depth understanding of Yehoshua and His Word, the Bible, in our lives. Both the anointing of the Holy Spirit (Ruach HaKodesh) and great knowledge of spiritual truths will be present in our lives in order that we may accomplish the purpose Elohim has for every one of our lives. Therefore, we have the anointing of Elohim upon our lives so we may help to do our part to build up the Body of Messiah to full maturity and to establish the Kingdom of Elohim on earth until we come to that day when we will rule and reign with the Messiah, the King of kings and Master of Masters on earth during the Messianic age, the Millennium, and for all eternity.

Messianic Fulfillment and Understanding

When Elohim created man and put him in the Garden of Eden (Gan Eden), the Garden of Eden was like paradise, Heaven, or the world to come, known in Hebrew as the olam haba. However, man sinned and as a result, both man and the earth was diminished in comparison to the original glory and beauty in which it was created. As a result, Elohim laid out a 7,000-year plan to restore both man and the earth back to the glory and majesty of the Garden of Eden (Gan Eden). The Messiah was to play a central role in this redemption.
In Hosea 6:3 and Joel 2:23, the Scriptures tell us that the coming of the Messiah Yehoshua will be like the rain. As previously discussed, in Israel there are the spring rains that are in the form of dew and showers, and the fall rains that make up the great rainy season. In His wisdom, Elohim gave the weather season in Israel to teach about the coming of the Messiah. Just as there are mainly spring rains and fall rains in Israel, Elohim designed for two comings of the Messiah. During the first coming of the Messiah, the Messiah would fulfil the role of Messiah ben Joseph, the suffering Messiah. During His second coming, the Messiah would fulfil the role of Messiah ben David, the King Messiah. Those who would receive the Messiah in the season of His first coming would, spiritually, be like the spring rains in Israel and Elohim would pour out His Holy Spirit (Ruach HaKodesh) upon all people at this time. However, the greatest number of people who would accept the Messiah would be during the season of the fall rains in Israel, which speaks of the Messiah's second coming. The greatest outpouring of the Holy Spirit (Ruach HaKodesh) would be at this time as well.
This great outpouring of the Holy Spirit (Ruach HaKodesh) and the knowledge of the Messiah on earth, will reach their greatest height during the Messianic age, the Millennium, and continuing into eternity. This is what the fall rains in Israel are spiritually all about and are why Elohim instructed the people to pray for rain during the festival season of Sukkot including Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah. After all, Sukkot (Tabernacles) and Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah were given to us by Elohim to instruct us what life would be like during the Messianic age and all eternity when the knowledge of the Messiah and the Spirit of Elohim will cover the earth as the waters cover the sea, as prophesied in the Book of Zechariah. For Yehoshua the Messiah is both the Former and Latter Rain and the Teacher of Righteousness (Hosea [Hoshea] 6:3; Joel [Yoel] 2:23; Psalm [Tehillim] 72:6; 84:5-6; John [Yochanan] 3:2; Isaiah [Yeshayahu] 55:10-12). How glorious it will be to live with the Messiah during those days! This is the essence of the festivals of Yehowah! 

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