TORAH EMETH

jeudi 21 mars 2013

Parsha Vayyikra – and He called


Parsha Vayyikra – and He called
Vayyikra 1 :1 – 5 :19
1st Shmu’el 15 :1-34, Yesha’yahu 43 :21 44 :23,
Hebrew 10 :1-18
Daniel ben Ya'acov Ysrael

The book of Vayyikra brings us to the different sacrifices commanded by Yehowah for the
children of Israel.
  Christians boast and claim that the Torah has been abolished! On the other side, 
  Orthodox Jews pray during the “Shemoneh Esrei”prayer:
“Be favorable,  HaShem, our God toward your people Israel and their prayer and restore the service to the Holy of Holies of your Temple. The Fire-offerings of Israel and their prayers accept with love and favor, and may the service of your people Israel always be favorable to you”.
The first do not care for the Torah, the second cleave to the Torah, and do not see what
Yehowah has done in Messiah Yehoshua.
Extremes are always dangerous. Overzealous has never been a requirement before Yehowah.
The Temple has been destroyed in the year 70 C.E. during the time of Vespasian by Titus who
attacked Jerusalem. From Flavius Josephus “War of the Jews” The destruction of Jerusalem
book 7, chapter 1:
“ 1. NOW as soon as the army had no more people to slay or to plunder, because there
remained none to be the objects of their fury, (for they would not have spared any, had there
remained any other work to be done,) Caesar (that is Titus) gave orders that they should now
demolish the entire city and temple, but should leave as many of the towers standing as were
of the greatest eminency; that is, Phasaelus, and Hippicus, and Mariamne; and so much of
the wall as enclosed the city on the west side. This wall was spared, in order to afford a camp
for such as were to lie in garrison, as were the towers also spared, in order to demonstrate to
posterity what kind of city it was, and how well fortified, which the Roman valour had
subdued; but for all the rest of the wall, it was so thoroughly laid even with the ground by
those that dug it up to the foundation, that there was left nothing to make those that came
thither believe it had ever been inhabited. This was the end which Jerusalem came to by the
  2
madness of those that were for innovations; a city otherwise of great magnificence, and of
mighty fame among all mankind.

Now after having read from Flavius Josephus account, let us read what Yehoshua told his
“talmidin”, disciples:
Mat 24:2 And עשוהי said to them, “Do you not see all these? Truly, I say to you, not one
stone shall be left here upon another, at all, which shall not be thrown down.”
Luk 19:43 “Because days shall come upon you when your enemies shall build a rampart
around you, and surround you and press you on all sides, 
Luk 19:44 and dash you to the ground, and your children within you. And they shall not
leave in you one stone upon another, because you did not know the time of your visitation.”
These words from Yehoshua were fulfilled forty years later. This was the period left to the
Yehudin to make “t’shuva”, to repent. They rejected Yehoshua the one sent by Elohim
although they knew that Messiah would come in the fourth day of creation.
Later around 133 C.E. a man called Simon ben Cosiba, was a great soldier and his name was
later changed by Rabbi Akiba into “Simon bar Kochba” (Simon son of the star).
And declared that he was Messiah!
The rabbis were aware that the Messiah had to be born in the year 4,000 the fourth day of
creation, they decreed that 240 years had to be subtracted from the Jewish calendar.
This was done in order to make it look like Shimon Ben Cosiba was fulfilling some of the
prophecies over the Messiah in Daniel 9:24-27. At the time of the decree, the year changed
from 4133 to 3893 overnight. This is why today when you look at the “Jews calendar) they
write the year 5769 in order to feed with the scriptures.
Simon bar Kochba was killed and never raised from the death.
The day will come when Aba Yehowah will open their eyes and they will recognize that
Yehoshua is Messiah:
Zec 12:10 “And I shall pour on the house of Dawiḏ and on the inhabitants of Yerushalayim a
spirit of favor and prayers. And they shall look on Me (him) whom they pierced, and they
shall mourn for Him as one mourns for his only son. And they shall be in bitterness over
Him as bitterness over the first-born. 

It is important to understand that the “levitical Priesthood” has been put by side at Yehoshua’s
coming and be replaced for a time by the “Melkitzedek Priesthood” given to Messiah
Yehoshua. No Temple, no sacrifice, unfortunately people where more fixed on the Temple
service than Yehoshua.
Mat 12:6 But G1161  I say G3004  unto you, G5213  That G3754  in this place G5602  is G2076  one greater G3187 
than the G3588  temple. G2411  
Let us now return to the Parasha and see what is embedded behind the sacrifices!
In the first five chapters from Vayiqra we see the different sacrifices and offerings required
in order to restore the relationship between the children of Israel and Elohim.
1:11………on the north side of the altar………..the priest shall sprinkle the blood on the altar
all around.
If we refuse as some are doing, to go into the “Pardes” interpretation and claim only the literal
text, we cannot see the greatness and wisdom of Elohim. Everything is behind the letter,
pointing to what Yehoshua will do centuries later.
The north side pictures the place of Judgment:
Jer 1:14 And הוהי said to me, “Out of the north evil is set loose on all the inhabitants of the
land. 
Jer 1:15 “For look, I am calling all the clans of the reigns of the north,” declares הוהי. “And
they shall come and each one set his throne at the entrance of the gates of Yerushalayim,
against all its walls all around, and against all the cities of Yehuḏah. 
Jer 1:16 “And I shall pronounce My judgments against them concerning all their evil,
because they have forsaken Me, burned incense to other mighty ones, and bowed
themselves to the works of their own hands. 
Jer 6:1 “O children of Binyamin, gather yourselves to flee out of the midst of Yerushalayim!
Blow the ram’s horn in Teqowa, and set up a signal-fire in Bĕyth Hakkerem, for evil has been
seen from the north, and great destruction.
Eze 9:2 And look, six men came from the direction of the upper gate, which faces north, each
with his battle-axe in his hand. And one man in their midst was clothed with linen and had
a writer’s ink-horn at his side. And they came in and stood beside the bronze altar. 
Eze 9:5 and to the others He said in my hearing, “Pass on into the city after him and smite,
do not let your eye pardon nor spare. 
Eze 9:6 “Slay to destruction old, young men, maidens and children and women, but do not
come near anyone upon whom is the mark, and begin at My set-apart place.” So they began
with the elders who were in front of the House.
In the study of the “tree of life” the north correspond to “Gewurah” the side of strictness and
judgment the place we found HaSatan, opposite to “chesed”, mercy the place we see
Abraham.
This is why the blood shall be poured out to the altar to make atonement “all around” that is to
point to the all earth, the four corners of the altar pointing to the four corners of the earth,
where centuries later the children of Israel and the children of Yehuda will be scattered.
The blood, it is to make atonement:
Lev 17:11 ‘For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you upon the altar to
make atonement for your lives, for it is the blood that makes atonement for the life.’
This is why it is forbidden to eat blood. This requirement is still valid today and a perquisite
for those turning back to the Torah:
Act 15:14 “Shimʽon has declared how Elohim first visited the gentiles to take out of them a
people for His Name.
Act 15:19 “Therefore I judge that we should not trouble those from among the gentiles who
are turning to Elohim, 
Act 15:20 but that we write to them to abstain from the defilements of idols, and from
whoring, and from what is strangled, and from blood. 1  Footnote:  1 See v.29.
Act 15:29 that you abstain from what is offered to idols, and blood, and what is strangled,
and whoring. 1  If you keep yourselves from these, you shall do well. Be strong! Footnote:
1 See v. 20.
Blood is not limited to eating blood, but this will be explained in another “midrash”
The blood is directly connected to Messiah Yehoshua and his atoning work. It is revealed for
the first time in Abraham’ sacrifice of Itzak when the messenger told him to take the goat in
the place of his son! 
1:13………. the entrails and the legs he washes with water………. and burn it on the
altar……. offering made by fire, a sweet fragrance to.הוהי  
Sacrifices have a deep mystical aspect which cannot easily been understood. Nowadays
entrails are most of the time disgusting to most of the people. It had to be washed with the
legs and brought as an offering by fire. The result of it was a sweet fragrance to Yehowah!
The sacrifices were to be burn and the odor produced was a sweet smell to Yehowah! We
will see also that the fat from animals cannot be eaten and was also to be burn as a sweet
smell unto Yehowah!
  4
First the offering by fire is connected to “judgment” as we have seen that fire and judgment
walk together. 
Can you imagine today when fire is seen in countries, either brought by volcanoes or by
lightning or what they called “accident” and destroy all around.
Here in the sacrifices he fire was the medium use to restore the relationship between the one
who sinned and Yehowah. The final act of the sacrifice was the purification or atonement
accomplished by the act of destruction by fire! It is amazing to me and it seems that sin itself
was completely “annihilated through the fire and after that restoration was accomplished, but
we know from the scriptures that sin under the first covenant was only covered.
This offering was performed by the priest, and not by the one who had sin against Yehowah,
this is another important point as we are going to see later.
Today if you look in the Catholic Church, you will see the parallel, how sins are also brought
to the “priest” by confession, and so hold the people into bondage, depending on the priest
and no more on the atoning work of Yehoshua messiah. The Roman Catholic Church brings
people into their dependency, thus putting Yehoshuah’s work to naught! 
The answer to this great mystical revelation is given us in the Haftorah today:
Heb 10:19 So, brothers, having boldness ( read liberty) to enter into the Set-apart Place by
the blood of עשוהי
Heb 10:20 by a new and living way which He instituted for us, through the veil, that is, His
flesh, 
Heb 10:21 and having a High Priest over the House of Elohim, 
Heb 10:22 let us draw near with a true heart in completeness of belief, having our hearts
sprinkled from a wicked conscience and our bodies washed with clean water. 
Heb 10:23 Let us hold fast the confession of our expectation without yielding, for He who
promised is trustworthy. 
If we accept the doctrine of the Roman Catholic Church or depend on the priest we deny what
Yehoshua has done for us.
The book of Hebrew many scholars believe that it was written by Shaul, see clearly that the
first covenant, the Tanak was pointing to the renewed covenant, the Brit Chadasha, through
Yehoshua Messiah.
Verse 22 we see how the bodies are washed with clean water, which recall the cleansing of
the sacrificed animals who were washed before been burned to bring a sweet smell to
Yehowah. Believers today are washed when they received the Word of Elohim, the Torah
(Eph. 5:26)
The animals were clean animals according to Vayiqra 11. Only the priests were allowed to
bring the sacrifice, this is a non negligible point, because the people were not accepted on
their own they had need of an intercessor, the priest.
Today the work has been finished and as it is written, and we can enter before Yehowah’s
throne through Yehoshua’ sacrifice by faith, without a priest to offer a sacrifice on our behalf.
We have been made priest unto Yehowah through Messiah Yehoshua our high priest:
1Pe 2:9 But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a set-apart nation, a people for a
possession, that you should proclaim the praises of Him who called you out of darkness
into His marvelous light, 
Since the Temple has been destroyed as we have seen before, today’s sacrifices are the
sacrifice of praise through Messiah Yehoshua:
Heb 13:15 Through Him then, let us continually offer up a slaughter offering of praise to
Elohim, that is, the fruit of our lips, 1  giving thanks to His Name. Footnote:  1 Or “bulls of
our lips” - See Hosh. 14:2.
Heb 13:16 and do not forget to do good,  and to share, for with such slaughter offerings
Elohim is well pleased.
Hos 14:2 Take words with you, and return to הוהי. Say to Him, “Take away all crookedness,
and accept what is good, and we render the bulls of our lips 1 . Footnote:  1 Heb. 13:15 - bulls,
referring to offerings
1:14-17…………if the burnt offering……..is of birds……turtledoves or young pigeons………
throw it beside the altar on the east side, into the place for ashes. 
Again we have here a high mystical offering. First of all the turtledove and pigeon: The
Hebrew word is for turtledove, Strong’s #H8449 רותּ tôr tore, tore
Probably the same as H8447; a ring dove, often (figuratively) as a term of endearment: -
(turtle) dove.
Birds: Strong’s#H5775 ףוע ôph ofe
From H5774; a bird (as covered with feathers, or rather as covering with wings), often
collective: - bird, that flieth, flying, fowl.
H5774 ûph oof
A primitive root; to cover (with wings or obscurity); hence (as denominative from H5775) to
fly; also (by implication of dimness) to faint (from the darkness of swooning): - brandish, be
(wax) faint, flee away, fly (away - ), X set, shine forth, weary.
The root from the word “to cover”: You will say what can we see in the root of this word?
Remember first that in the time of the Tabernacle sin were not removed but covered!
The birds were not cut in parts as we can see in the sacrifice ordered by Yehowah to
Abraham:
Gen 15:8 And he said, “Master הוהי, whereby do I know that I possess it?” 
Gen 15:9 And He said to him, “Bring Me a three-year-old heifer, and a three-year-old
female goat, and a three-year-old ram, and a turtledove, and a young pigeon.” 
Gen 15:10 And he took all these to Him and cut them in the middle, and placed each half
opposite the other, but he did not cut the birds
You may ask why the birds were not to be divided. The answer is not obvious and I was
pondering about this fact many years. Today I see this offering directly connected to 
Yehoshua and the Ruach HaQodesh pictured by the dove, I may be wrong, but this is the
close picture I got to the fact that the dove and pigeon were not to be divided, as the Ruach
HaQodesh and Yehowah are One and cannot be divided!
More is to be said that this “burnt offering” is called in Hebrew Strong’s #H5930 .    הלוע .
‛ôlâh o-law', o-law'
Feminine active participle of H5927; a step or (collectively stairs, as ascending); usually a
holocaust (as going up in smoke): - ascent, burnt offering (sacrifice), go up to. See also
H5766. 
H5927 ‛âlâh aw-law'
A primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or active (mount); used in a great variety
of senses, primary and secondary, literally and figuratively: - arise (up). (cause to) ascend up,
at once, break [the day] (up), bring (up), (cause to) burn, carry up, ………..

Who is he that is ascended to the Father is it not Yehoshua, our master who when he went to
the Father sent the Ruach HaQodesh?
Joh 16:7 “But I say the truth to you. It is better for you that I go away, for if I do not go away,
the Helper shall not come to you at all, but if I go, I shall send Him to you. 

Let us see more concerning the dove and pigeon:
Gen 8:20 And Noaḥ built an altar to הוהי, and took of every clean beast and of every clean
bird, and offered burnt offerings on the altar. 
Gen 8:21 And הוהי smelled a soothing fragrance, and הוהי said in His heart, “Never again
shall I curse the ground because of man, although the inclination of man’s heart is evil
from his youth, and never again smite all living creatures, as I have done, 
Here again we found Noach bring an “olah” an offering to ascend before Yehowah.
Itzakq was also to be an “Olah”, burnt offering to Yehowah:
Gen 22:2 And He said, “Take your son, now, your only son Yitsḥaq, whom you love, and go
to the land of Moriyah, and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains which
I command you.”
“Olah” were offering made by fire, animals or birds.
In the case of the pigeon and the turtledove, that particularity was that they were not to be
divided, as the Ruach HaQodesh cannot be divided:
Mat 3:16 And having been immersed, עשוהי went up immediately from the water, and see, the
heavens were opened, and He saw the Spirit of Elohim descending like a dove and coming
upon Him,
Is the Ruach HaQodesh connected with sin?
Joh 16:8 “And having come, He (Ruach HaQodesh) shall reprove 1  the world concerning
sin, 2  and concerning righteousness, and concerning judgment – Footnotes:  1 Or confute
or prove wrong.  2 2 Chr. 24:20, Neh. 9:30, Ezek. 36:27, Mic. 3:8, Acts 28:25-27.


Lev 1:1 and הוהי called to Mosheh, and spoke to him from the Tent of Meeting, saying, 
Lev 1:2 “Speak to the children of Yisra’ĕl, and say to them, ‘When anyone of you brings an
offering to,הוהי  you bring your offering of the livestock, of the herd or of the flock. 
Lev 1:3 ‘If his offering is a burnt offering of the herd, let him bring a male, a perfect one. Let
him bring it at the door of the Tent of Meeting, for his acceptance before.הוהי  
Lev 1:4 ‘And he shall lay his hand on the head of the burnt offering, and it shall be accepted
on his behalf to make atonement for him. 
Lev 1:5 ‘And he shall slaughter the bull before.הוהי  And the sons of Aharon, the priests, shall
bring the blood and sprinkle the blood all around on the altar which is at the door of the
Tent of Meeting. 
Lev 1:6 ‘And he shall skin the burnt offering and cut it into its pieces. 
Lev 1:7 ‘And the sons of Aharon the priest shall put fire on the altar, and lay the wood in
order on the fire. 
Lev 1:8 ‘And the sons of Aharon, the priests, shall arrange the pieces, with the head and the
fat on the wood which is on the fire on the altar. 
Lev 1:9 ‘But its entrails and its legs he washes with water. And the priest shall burn all of it
on the altar as a burnt offering, an offering made by fire, a sweet fragrance to.הוהי  
Lev 1:10 ‘And if his offering is from the flock, from the sheep or from the goats as a burnt
offering, let him bring a male, a perfect one. 
Lev 1:11 ‘And he shall slaughter it on the north side of the altar before.הוהי  And the sons of
Aharon, the priests, shall sprinkle its blood on the altar all around. 
Lev 1:12 ‘And he shall cut it into its pieces, with its head and its fat, and the priest shall
arrange them on the wood which is on the fire on the altar. 
Lev 1:13 ‘But the entrails and the legs he washes with water. And the priest shall bring it all
and burn it on the altar. It is a burnt offering, an offering made by fire, a sweet fragrance
to.הוהי  
Lev 1:14 ‘And if the burnt offering of his offering to הוהי is of birds, then he shall bring his
offering of turtledoves or young pigeons. 
  7
Lev 1:15 ‘And the priest shall bring it to the altar, and shall wring off its head, and burn it on
the altar, and its blood shall be drained out at the side of the altar. 
Lev 1:16 ‘And he shall remove its crop with its feathers and throw it beside the altar on the
east side, into the place for ashes. 
Lev 1:17 ‘And he shall split it at its wings, but not sever it. And the priest shall burn it on the
altar, on the wood that is on the fire. It is a burnt offering, an offering made by fire, a
sweet fragrance to הוהי
Chapter 2.
We have more sacrifice, please do not forget that in the Torah there are no chapter and verse,
as the Torah is originally written on scrolls.
The grain offering is called “qorban” or “minchah” in Hebrew. Once again Yehowah has
messiah in mind when speaking to Moshe: the fine flour representing the purity of Yehoshua,
the oil which is the unction of the Ruach HaQodesh and frankincense, which is the sweet
flavour of Yehoshua’s life before the Father.
This sacrifice is in remembrance and is also to be burnt on the altar.
Verse 3…the rest of the grain ………is for Aharon and his sons…….
Aharon and his sons was priest, can you see the connection, do you remember what Yehoshua
spoke to the people in Jerusalem on the great last day?
Joh 6:56 “He who eats My flesh and drinks My blood stays in Me, and I in him. 
Joh 6:57 “As the living Father sent Me, and I live because of the Father, so he who feeds on
Me shall live because of Me. 
The bread is always connected to Yehoshua and when Aharon and his sons take part in the
“minchah” it foreshadowed what will be with Messiah Yehoshua and his disciples.
This cake had to be made without leaven, has our Master was without leaven all his life on
earth.
The first offering verse 1, is “qorban”, this is the offering to which Yehoshua refers in:
Mar 7:11 “But you say, ‘If a man says to his father or mother, “Whatever profit you might
have received from me, is Qorban (that is, a gift),” ’

The second offering verse 7-11, is “minchah”, fine flour with oil, and shall not have leaven
and honey add to it. Honey has it has been explained by Nehemiah Gordon is considered as an
agent to bring the dough made with the flour to raise and to be leavened, and therefore were
no more acceptable before Yehowah.
Today (2012) I have discovered the importance of the "fine flour" which is in Hebrew the word "solet" and point directly to the wheat harvest, thus pointing to Mashiach be the First Fruit and the believers the "good seed" of the parable in Matt. 13. (see the midrash on "Counting the Omer".
Verse 13……and season with salt every offering of your grain offering (mincha), and do not
allow the salt of the covenant of your Elohim to be lacking from your grain offering.
Covenants were sealed with salt. Even nowadays you can see some tribes in the desert making
business with salt it is their money to exchange against other goods.
What does this mean: the salt of the covenant shall not be lacking from you “minchah”?
Mar 9:49 “For everyone shall be seasoned with fire and every offering shall be seasoned
with salt. 
Mar 9:50 “Salt is good, but if the salt becomes tasteless, how shall you season it? Have salt
in yourselves, and be at peace among one another.” 
What does Yehoshua was saying to his disciples, are we not to be sacrifice with sweet odour
unto Yehowah?
Rom 12:1 I beseech G3870  you G5209  therefore, G3767  brethren, G80  by G1223  the G3588  mercies G3628  of
Elohim  that ye present G3936  your G5216  bodies G4983  a living G2198  sacrifice, G2378  holy, G40 
acceptable G2101  unto Elohim, G2316  which is your G5216  reasonable G3050  service. G2999 
Eph 5:2 And walk in love, as Messiah also has loved us, and gave Himself for us, a gift and
an offering to Elohim for a sweet-smelling fragrance
 Lev 2:1 ‘and when anyone brings a grain offering to הוהי, his offering is to be of fine flour.
And he shall pour oil on it, and put frankincense on it, 
Lev 2:2 and he shall bring it to the sons of Aharon, the priests, and he shall take from it his
hand filled with fine flour and oil with all the frankincense. And the priest shall burn it as
a remembrance portion on the altar, an offering made by fire, a sweet fragrance to הוהי
Lev 2:3 ‘And the rest of the grain offering is for Aharon and his sons, most set-apart of the
offerings to הוהי by fire. 
Lev 2:4 ‘And when you bring as an offering a grain offering baked in the oven, it is of
unleavened cakes of fine flour mixed with oil, or unleavened thin cakes anointed with
oil. 
Lev 2:5 ‘But if your offering is a grain offering on the griddle, it is of fine flour, unleavened,
mixed with oil. 
Lev 2:6 ‘Divide it into bits and pour oil on it, it is a grain offering. 
Lev 2:7 ‘And if your offering is a grain offering, in a stewing-pot, it is made of fine flour with
oil. 
Lev 2:8 ‘And you shall bring to הוהי the grain offering that is made of these, and shall present
it to the priest, and he shall bring it to the altar. 
Lev 2:9 ‘And the priest shall take from the grain offering a remembrance portion, and burn it
on the altar, an offering made by fire, a sweet fragrance to הוהי
Lev 2:10 ‘And the rest of the grain offering is for Aharon and his sons, most set-apart of the
offerings to הוהי made by fire. 
Lev 2:11 ‘No grain offering which you bring to הוהי is made with leaven, for you do not
burn any leaven or any honey in an offering to הוהי made by fire. 
Lev 2:12 ‘Bring them to הוהי as an offering of the first-fruits, but they are not burned on the
altar for a sweet fragrance. 
Lev 2:13 ‘And season with salt every offering of your grain offering, and do not allow the salt
of the covenant of your Elohim to be lacking from your grain offering. With all your
offerings you bring salt. 
Lev 2:14 ‘And if you bring a grain offering of your first-fruits to הוהי, bring for the grain
offering of your first-fruits green heads of grain roasted on the fire, crushed heads of
new grain. 
Lev 2:15 ‘And you shall put oil on it, and lay frankincense on it. It is a grain offering. 
Lev 2:16 ‘And the priest shall burn the remembrance portion, from its crushed grain and from
its oil, with all the frankincense, an offering made by fire to הוהי
Chapter 3.
Now the “qorban” is a peace offering.
Once again we see how this offering point to Yehoshua: “perfect one” or blameless. The one
bringing the “qorban” of peace shall lay his hands on the head of the offering and slaughter it
at the “door of the Tabernacle”, afterward it is Aharon and his sons who will sprinkle the
blood. The children of Israel didn’t have access to the altar.
3-5. The fat is to be burnt on the altar, a sweet fragrance to Yehowah!
4……the appendage on the liver which he removes with the kidneys. 
Here again we should see something interesting, you have surely read this verse from the
prophet Yrmeyahu:
Jer 17:10 “I, הוהי, search the heart, I try the kidneys, and give every man according to his
ways, according to the fruit of his deeds.
In Hebrew thought the “kidneys” are the center of the mind, that is the inner self.
 7-17. A lamb or a goat, the all fat must be remove and been burnt on the altar as a sweet
fragrance to Yehowah.
The fat was burnt as explained by Keil and Delitzsch after having been brought to the priest
who laid it upon the fire already burning so that the fat “evaporate” and the sweet fragrance
went up to Elohim.
The chapter finish with verse 17:…. you do not eat any fat or any blood.’ ” 
We know that as concerning the blood it is because “life is in the blood”, and how it is with
the fat, that is forbidden to eat?
May be it is the picture of the coming prayers of the saints, sweet savor unto Elohim!
 Lev 3:1  ‘And if that which he presents is a peace offering, if he is bringing it of the herd,
whether male or female, he brings a perfect one before הוהי
Lev 3:2 ‘And he shall lay his hand on the head of his offering, and slaughter it at the door
of the Tent of Meeting. And the sons of Aharon, the priests, shall sprinkle the blood on
the altar all around. 
Lev 3:3 ‘And from the peace offering he shall bring an offering made by fire to הוהי, the fat
that covers the entrails and all the fat that is on the entrails, 
Lev 3:4 and the two kidneys, and the fat that is on them by the loins, and the appendage on
the liver which he removes with the kidneys. 
Lev 3:5 ‘And the sons of Aharon shall burn it on the altar upon the burnt offering, which is
on the wood, which is on the fire, as an offering made by fire, a sweet fragrance to הוהי
Lev 3:6 ‘And if that which he presents is from the flock, for a peace offering to הוהי, male or
female, he brings a perfect one. 
Lev 3:7 ‘If he is bringing a lamb as his offering, then he shall bring it before הוהי
Lev 3:8 and shall lay his hand on the head of his offering, and slaughter it in front of the
Tent of Meeting, and the sons of Aharon shall sprinkle its blood on the altar round
about. 
Lev 3:9 ‘And from the peace offering he shall bring near – as an offering made by fire to הוהי
– its fat, all the fat tail which he removes close to the backbone, and the fat that covers the
entrails and all the fat that is on the entrails, 
Lev 3:10 and the two kidneys and the fat that is on them by the loins, and the appendage on
the liver, which he removes with the kidneys. 
Lev 3:11 ‘And the priest shall burn them on the altar as food, an offering made by fire to
הוהי
Lev 3:12 ‘And if his offering is a goat, then he shall bring it before הוהי
Lev 3:13 and shall lay his hand on its head and slaughter it before the Tent of Meeting. And
the sons of Aharon shall sprinkle its blood on the altar all around. 
Lev 3:14 ‘And from it he shall bring his offering, as an offering made by fire to הוהי, the fat
that covers the entrails and all the fat that is on the entrails, 
Lev 3:15 and the two kidneys and the fat that is on them by the loins, and the appendage on
the liver, which he removes with the kidneys. 
Lev 3:16 ‘And the priest shall burn them on the altar as food, an offering made by fire for a
sweet fragrance. All the fat belongs to הוהי
Lev 3:17 ‘An everlasting law throughout your generations in all your dwellings: you do not
eat any fat or any blood.’ ” 
Chapter 4.
Sins by mistake against any commands of Yehowah!
The King James translates as “through ignorance”. Strong give us following definition:
Strong’s#H7684 הגגשׁ sh e gâgâh sheg-aw-gaw'
From H7683; a mistake or inadvertent transgression: - error, ignorance, at unawares,
unwittingly.
H7683shâgag shaw-gag'
A primitive root; to stray, that is, (figuratively) sin (with more or less apology): -  X also for
that, deceived, err, go astray, sin ignorantly.
We remember what Yochanan say: “sin is the transgression of the Torah” (Yochan:3:4) and
what does he also say:
1Jn 2:1 My little children, I write this to you, so that you do not sin. And if anyone sins, we
have an Intercessor with the Father, עשוהי Messiah, a righteous One.
The concept of sin is often misunderstood and here we should see that what is done by
ignorance was atoned by the blood of a young bull sprinkle before the veil of the Set Apart
place. Like the other offering the fat and the kidney must be removed and burnt to Yehowah.
Concerning the skin, the entrails, the legs verses 11-12, they shall be brought outside the
camp in a clean place and been burnt on fire wood.
Outside the camp, that is outside the presence of Elohim! Now let us see if we can perceive
what the meaning is of, skin, entrails, legs, dung. Here again we found the natual for the
spiritual.
Shaul says: “flesh and blood cannot inherit the Kingdom of Elohim” (1 st  Corint. 15:50). Is not
the skin also a “tent” or dwelling place for the soul (nephesh) of animals, are not entrails and
legs part of blood and flesh? All these pointing to the carnal nature which must be destroyed
before the new nature come!
The Flesh cannot please Elohim, therefore was to be burnt outside the camp, which is outside
Elohim’s presence.
Heb 13:11 for the bodies of those beasts whose blood is brought into the Set-apart Place by
the high priest for sin, are burned outside the camp. 
Heb 13:12 and so עשוהי also suffered outside the gate, to set apart the people with His own
blood. 
Heb 13:13 Let us, then, go to Him outside the camp, bearing His reproach.
Can you see the connection? Halleluyah!

Lev 4:1 and הוהי spoke to Mosheh, saying,
Lev 4:2 “Speak to the children of Yisra’ĕl, saying, ‘When a being sins by mistake against
any of the commands of הוהי, which are not to be done, and shall do any of them: 
Lev 4:3 ‘If the anointed priest sins, bringing guilt on the people, then he shall bring to הוהי
for his sin which he has sinned a young bull, a perfect one, as a sin offering, 
Lev 4:4 and he shall bring the bull to the door of the Tent of Meeting before הוהי, and shall
lay his hand on the bull’s head, and slaughter the bull before הוהי
Lev 4:5 ‘And the anointed priest shall take some of the bull’s blood and bring it to the Tent
of Meeting, 
Lev 4:6 and the priest shall dip his finger in the blood and sprinkle some of the blood seven
times before הוהי, in front of the veil of the set-apart place. 
Lev 4:7 ‘And the priest shall put some of the blood on the horns of the altar of sweet incense
before הוהי, which is in the Tent of Meeting, and pour all the blood of the bull at the base
of the altar of the burnt offering, which is at the door of the Tent of Meeting. 
Lev 4:8 ‘Then he takes all the fat of the bull as the sin offering, the fat that covers the entrails
and all the fat which is on the entrails, 
Lev 4:9 and the two kidneys and the fat that is on them by the loins, and the appendage on the
liver, which he removes with the kidneys, 
Lev 4:10 as it was taken from the bull of the peace offering. And the priest shall burn them
on the altar of the burnt offering. 
  11
Lev 4:11 ‘But the skin of the bull, and all its flesh, with its head and legs, its entrails and
dung – 
Lev 4:12 all of the bull – he shall bring outside the camp to a clean place, where the ashes
are poured out, and burn it on wood with fire. Where the ashes are poured out it is
burned. 
Lev 4:13 ‘and if the entire congregation of Yisra’ĕl strays by mistake, and the matter has
been hidden from the eyes of the assembly, and they have done against any of the
commands of הוהי, which are not to be done, and shall be guilty, 
Lev 4:14 when the sin which they have sinned becomes known, then the assembly shall
bring a young bull for the sin, and bring it before the Tent of Meeting. 
Lev 4:15 ‘And the elders of the congregation shall lay their hands on the head of the bull
before הוהי, and the bull shall be slaughtered before הוהי
Lev 4:16 ‘And the anointed priest shall bring some of the bull’s blood to the Tent of Meeting, 
Lev 4:17 and the priest shall dip his finger in the blood and sprinkle it seven times before הוהי,
in front of the veil, 
Lev 4:18 and put some of the blood on the horns of the altar which is before הוהי, which is in
the Tent of Meeting, and pour all the blood at the base of the altar of burnt offering, which
is at the door of the Tent of Meeting. 
Lev 4:19 ‘Then he takes all the fat from it and shall burn it on the altar. 
Lev 4:20 ‘And he shall do with the bull as he did with the bull as a sin offering – so shall he
do it. And the priest shall make atonement for them, and it shall be forgiven them. 
Lev 4:21 ‘And he shall bring the bull outside the camp, and burn it as he burned the first
bull. It is a sin offering for the assembly. 
Lev 4:22 ‘When a ruler sins, and by mistake has done against any of the commands of הוהי
his Elohim which are not to be done, and shall be guilty, 
Lev 4:23 or if his sin which he has sinned is made known to him, then he shall bring as his
offering a buck of the goats, a male, a perfect one. 
Lev 4:24 ‘And he shall lay his hand on the head of the goat, and slaughter it at the place
where they slaughter the burnt offering before הוהי. It is a sin offering. 
Lev 4:25 ‘And the priest shall take some of the blood of the sin offering with his finger, and
shall put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and pour its blood at the base of the
altar of burnt offering, 
Lev 4:26 and burn all its fat on the altar, like the fat of the slaughtering of the peace offering.
And the priest shall make atonement for him for his sin, and it shall be forgiven him. 
Lev 4:27 ‘and if any being of the people of the land sins by mistake by doing against any of
the commands of הוהי which are not to be done, and shall be guilty, 
Lev 4:28 or if his sin which he has sinned shall be made known to him, then he shall bring as
his offering a female goat, a perfect one, for his sin which he has sinned. 
Lev 4:29 ‘And he shall lay his hand on the head of the sin offering, and slaughter the sin
offering at the place of the burnt offering. 
Lev 4:30 ‘And the priest shall take some of its blood with his finger, and shall put it on the
horns of the altar of burnt offering, and pour all the blood at the base of the altar, 
Lev 4:31 then remove all its fat, as fat is removed from the slaughtering of the peace offering.
And the priest shall burn it on the altar for a sweet fragrance to הוהי. And the priest shall
make atonement for him, and it shall be forgiven him. 
Lev 4:32 ‘And if he brings a lamb as his sin offering, he brings a female, a perfect one. 
Lev 4:33 ‘And he shall lay his hand on the head of the sin offering, and slaughter it as a sin
offering at the place where they slaughter the burnt offering. 
  12
Lev 4:34 ‘And the priest shall take some of the blood of the sin offering with his finger, and
shall put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and pour all the blood at the base of
the altar. 
Lev 4:35 ‘Then he removes all its fat, as the fat of the lamb is removed from the slaughtering
of the peace offering. And the priest shall burn it on the altar, according to the offerings
made by fire to הוהי. So the priest shall make atonement for his sin that he has sinned,
and it shall be forgiven him. 

Chapter 5.
Sins of the hearing the voice of swearing and his witness, or has seen, or has known and does
not reveal……………..touches any unclean matter of a carcass, or unclean creeping
creatures,…….or he touches uncleanness of man……..he shall be guilty…..or speking
rashly with his lips to do evil or good………. he shall confess that in which he has
sinned, 
Now we see tha confession of sin must be done 
Strong’s #H3034 הדי yâdâh yaw-daw'
A primitive root; used only as denominative from H3027; literally to use (that is, hold out) the
hand; physically to throw (a stone, an arrow) at or away; especially to revere or worship
(with extended hands); intensively to bemoan (by wringing the hands): - cast (out), (make)
confess (-ion), praise, shoot, (give) thank (-ful, -s, -sgiving).
Is it what the Catholic Priest says the people should “confess” to the priest?
1Jn 1:9 If we confess our sins, He (Yehowah) is trustworthy and righteous to forgive us the
sins and cleanse us from all unrighteousness.
The concept here is different, we don’t go to a priest but to Yehowah through the atonement
blood of Yehoshua and ask for forgiveness. No man can forgive sin to another, but we can
confess our sin to one another:
Jas 5:16 Confess your trespasses to one another, and pray for one another, so that you are
healed
That’s not sometime so easy to come to a brother or a sister and confess our trespasses
(transgression of the Torah), but it brings healing!
Let us see why Ya’acov was speaking of “trespasses”:
Lev 5:15 “When a being commits a trespass, and has sinned by mistake against the set-apart
matters of הוהי, then he shall bring to הוהי as his guilt offering a ram, a perfect one, from the
flock, with your valuation in sheqels of silver according to the sheqel of the set-apart place, as
a guilt offering. 
Trespass: Strong’s #H4604 לעמ ma‛al mah'-al
From H4608; treachery, that is, sin: - falsehood, grievously, sore, transgression, trespass, X
very.
Trespasses in the Greek text for Ya’acov:
Strong’s #G3900 paraptōma par-ap'-to-mah
From G3895; a side slip (lapse or deviation), that is, (unintentional) error or (wilful)
transgression: - fall, fault, offence, sin, trespass.
We can see that Ya’acov is speaking according to the Torah.
I want to add some explanation I read from Keil and Delitzsch which bring more light in some
verses:
Lev 5:14-19  
(Ch. 5:14-6:7)
  13
(Note: In the original the division of verses in the Hebrew text is followed; but we have
thought it better to keep to the arrangement adopted in our English version. - Tr.)
The Trespass-Offerings. - These were presented for special sins, by which a person had
contracted guilt, and therefore they are not included in the general festal sacrifices. Three
kinds of offences are mentioned in this section as requiring trespass-offerings. The first
is, “if a soul commit a breach of trust, and sin in going wrong in the holy gifts of Jehovah.”
לַעָמ, lit., to cover, hence ליִעְמ the cloak, over-coat, signifies to act secretly, unfaithfully,
especially against Jehovah, either by falling away from Him into idolatry, by which the
fitting honour was withheld from Jehovah (Lev_26:40; Deu_32:51; Jos_22:16), or by
infringing upon His rights, abstracting something that rightfully belonged to Him. Thus in
Jos_7:1; Jos_22:20, it is applied to fraud in relation to that which had been put under the ban;
and in Num_5:12, Num_5:27,it is also applied to a married woman's unfaithfulness to her
husband: so that sin was called לַעַמ, when regarded as a violation of existing rights. “The
holy things of Jehovah” were the holy gifts, sacrifices, first-fruits, tithes, etc., which were
to be offered to Jehovah, and were assigned by Him to the priests for their revenue (see
Lev_21:22). אָטָח with ןִמ is constructio praegnans: to sin in anything by taking away from
Jehovah that which belonged to Him. הָגָגְׁשִּב, in error (see Lev_4:2): i.e., in a forgetful or
negligent way. Whoever sinned in this way was to offer to YHWH as his guilt (see Lev_5:6)
a ram from the flock without blemish for a trespass-offering (lit., guilt-offering), according to
the estimate of Moses, whose place was afterwards taken by the officiating priest (Lev_27:12;
Num_18:16). םיִלָקְׁש ףֶסֶּכ “money of shekels,” i.e, several shekels in amount, which Abenezra
and others have explained, no doubt correctly, as meaning that the ram was to be worth more
than one shekel, two shekels at least. The expression is probably kept indefinite, for the
purpose of leaving some margin for the valuation, so that there might be a certain proportion
between the value of the ram and the magnitude of the trespass committed (see Oehler ut sup.
p. 645). “In the holy shekel:” see Exo_30:13. At the same time, the culprit (guilty person)
was to make compensation for the fraud committed in the holy thing, and add a fifth (of
the value) over, as in the case of the redemption of the first-born, of the vegetable tithe, or of
what had been vowed to God (Lev_27:27, Lev_27:31, and Lev_27:13, Lev_27:15,
Lev_27:19). The ceremony to be observed in the offering of the ram is described in Lev_7:1.
It was the same as that of the sin-offerings, whose blood was not brought into the holy place,
except with regard to the sprinkling of the blood, and in this the trespass-offering resembled
the burnt-offerings and peace-offerings.
The second case (Lev_5:17-19), from its very position between the other two, which both
refer to the violation of rights, must belong to the same category; although the sin is
introduced with the formula used in Lev_4:27 in connection with those sins which were to be
expiated by a sin-offering. But the violation of right can only have consisted in an invasion
of Jehovah's rights with regard to Israel, and not, as Knobel supposes, in an invasion of the
rights of private Israelites, as distinguished from the priests; an antithesis of which there is not
the slightest indication. This is evident from the fact, that the case before us is linked on to the
previous one without anything intervening; whereas the next case, which treats of the
violation of the rights of a neighbour, is separated by a special introductory formula. The
expression, “and wist it not,” refers to ignorance of the sin, and not of the divine
commands; as may be clearly seen from Lev_5:18 : “the priest shall make an atonement for
him concerning his error, which he committed without knowing it.” The trespass-offering was
the same as in the former case, and was also to be valued by the priest; but no compensation is
mentioned, probably because the violation of right, which consisted in the transgression of
one of the commands of God, was of such a kind as not to allow of material compensation.
The third case (Lev_6:1-7) is distinguished from the other two by a new introductory
formula. The sin and unfaithfulness to Jehovah are manifested in this case in a violation
  14
of the rights of a neighbour. “If a man deny to his neighbour (שֵׁחִּכ with a double ב obj., to
deny a thing to a person) a pikkadon (i.e., a deposit, a thing entrusted to him to keep,
Gen_41:36), or דָי תֶמוּשְּׂת, “a thing placed in his hand” (handed over to him as a pledge) “or
לֵזָּג, a thing robbed” (i.e., the property of a neighbour unjustly appropriated, whether a
well, a field, or cattle, Gen_21:25; Mic_2:2; Job_24:2), “or if he have oppressed his
neighbour” (i.e., forced something from him or withheld it unjustly, Lev_19:13; Deu_24:14;
Jos_12:8; Mal_3:5), “or have found a lost thing and denies it, and thereby swears to his lie”
(i.e., rests his oath upon a lie), “on account of one of all that a man is accustomed to do to sin
therewith:” the false swearing here refers not merely to a denial of what is found, but to all
the crimes mentioned, which originated in avarice and selfishness, but through the false
swearing became frauds against Jehovah, adding guilt towards God to the injustice done to
the neighbour, and requiring, therefore, not only that a material restitution should be
made to the neighbour, but that compensation should be made to God as well. Whatever
had been robbed, or taken by force, or entrusted or found, and anything about which a man
had sworn falsely (Lev_6:4, Lev_6:5), was to be restored “according to its sum” (cf.
Exo_30:12; Num_1:2, etc.), i.e., in its full value; beside which, he was to “add its fifths” (on
the plural, see Ges. §87, 2; Ew. §186 e), i.e., in every one of the things abstracted or
withheld unjustly the fifth part of the value was to be added to the full amount (as in
Lev_5:16). “To him to whom it (belongs), shall he give it”    ָמְׁשאַ      וֹת      םוֹיְּב: in the day when he
makes atonement for his trespass, i.e., offers his trespass-offering. The trespass (guilt) against
Jehovah was to be taken away by the trespass-offering according to the valuation of the priest,
as in Lev_5:15, Lev_5:16, and Lev_5:18, that he might receive expiation and forgiveness on
account of what he had done.
If now, in order to obtain a clear view of the much canvassed difference between the sin-
offerings and trespass-offerings, 
(Note: For the different views, see Bähr's Symbolik; Winer's bibl. R. W.; Kurtz on Sacrificial
Worship; Riehm, theol. Stud. und Krit. 1854, pp. 93ff.; Rinck, id. 1855, p. 369; Oehler in
Herzog's Cycl.)
we look at once at the other cases, for which trespass-offerings were commanded in the law;
we find in Num_5:5-8 not only a trespass against Jehovah, but an unjust withdrawal of
the property of a neighbour, clearly mentioned as a crime, for which material
compensation was to be made with the addition of a fifth of its value, just as in Lev_5:2-7
of the present chapter. So also the guilt of a man who had lain with the slave of another
(Lev_19:20-22) did not come into the ordinary category of adultery, but into that of an
unjust invasion of the domain of another's property; though in this case, as the crime could not
be estimated in money, instead of material compensation being made, a civil punishment
(viz., bodily scourging) was to be inflicted; and for the same reason nothing is said about the
valuation of the sacrificial ram. Lastly, in the trespass-offerings for the cleansing of a leper
(Lev_14:12.), or of a Nazarite who had been defiled by a corpse (Num_6:12), it is true we
cannot show in what definite way the rights of Jehovah were violated (see the explanation of
these passages), but the sacrifices themselves served to procure the restoration of the persons
in question to certain covenant rights which they had lost; so that even here the trespass-
offering, for which moreover only a male sheep was demanded, was to be regarded as a
compensation or equivalent for the rights to be restored. From all these cases it is perfectly
evident, that the idea of satisfaction for a right, which had been violated but was about to be
restored or recovered, lay at the foundation of the trespass-offering, 
(Note: Even in the case of the trespass-offering, which those who had taken heathen wives
offered at Ezra's instigation (Ezr_10:18.), it had reference to a trespass (cf. vv. 2 and 10), an
act of unfaithfulness to Jehovah, which demanded satisfaction.

  15
Lev 5:1  ‘And when a being sins in that he has heard the voice of swearing, and is a witness,
or has seen, or has known, but does not reveal it, he shall bear his crookedness. 
Lev 5:2 ‘Or when a being touches any unclean matter, or the carcass of an unclean beast, or
the carcass of unclean livestock, or the carcass of unclean creeping creatures, and it has
been hidden from him, he is unclean and guilty. 
Lev 5:3 ‘Or when he touches uncleanness of man, any of his uncleanness by which he is
unclean, and it has been hidden from him, when he shall know it, then he shall be guilty. 
Lev 5:4 ‘Or when a being swears, speaking rashly with his lips to do evil or to do good,
whatever it is that a man swears rashly with an oath, and it has been hidden from him,
when he shall know it, then he shall be guilty of one of these. 
Lev 5:5 ‘And it shall be, when he is guilty of one of these, that he shall confess that in which
he has sinned, 
Lev 5:6 and shall bring his guilt offering to הוהי for his sin which he has sinned, a female from
the flock, a lamb or a female goat as a sin offering. And the priest shall make atonement
for him, for his sin. 
Lev 5:7 ‘And if he is unable to bring a lamb, then he shall bring to הוהי, he who has sinned,
two turtledoves or two young pigeons, one for a sin offering and the other for a burnt
offering. 
Lev 5:8 ‘And he shall bring them to the priest, who shall bring near that which is for the sin
offering first, and wring off its head from its neck, but not sever it. 
Lev 5:9 ‘And he shall sprinkle some of the blood of the sin offering on the side of the altar,
and the rest of the blood shall be drained out at the base of the altar. It is a sin offering. 
Lev 5:10 ‘And he shall prepare the second as a burnt offering according to the right-ruling,
and the priest shall make atonement for him, for his sin which he has sinned, and it shall
be forgiven him. 
Lev 5:11 ‘But if he is unable to bring two turtledoves or two young pigeons, then he who
sinned shall bring for his offering one-tenth of an ĕphah of fine flour as a sin offering. He
puts no oil on it, nor does he put any frankincense on it, for it is a sin offering. 
Lev 5:12 ‘And he shall bring it to the priest, and the priest shall take his hand filled with it as
a remembrance portion, and burn it on the altar according to the offerings made by fire
to הוהי. It is a sin offering. 
Lev 5:13 ‘And the priest shall make atonement for him, for his sin that he has sinned in any
of these, and it shall be forgiven him. And it shall be the priest’s, like a grain offering.’ ” 
Lev 5:14 And הוהי spoke to Mosheh, saying, 
Lev 5:15 “When a being commits a trespass, and has sinned by mistake against the set-apart
matters of הוהי, then he shall bring to הוהי as his guilt offering a ram, a perfect one, from
the flock, with your valuation in sheqels of silver according to the sheqel of the set-apart
place, as a guilt offering. 
Lev 5:16 “And he shall make good for the sin that he has done against that which is set-
apart, and shall add one-fifth to it and give it to the priest. And the priest shall make
atonement for him with the ram of the guilt offering, and it shall be forgiven him. 
Lev 5:17 “And when any being sins, and has done what is not to be done, against any of the
commands of הוהי, though he knew it not, yet he shall be guilty and shall bear his
crookedness. 
Lev 5:18 “Then he shall bring to the priest a ram, a perfect one, from the flock, with your
valuation, as a guilt offering. And the priest shall make atonement for his mistake he
committed unintentionally, though he did not know it, and it shall be forgiven him – 
Lev 5:19 it is a guilt offering, he was truly guilty before הוהי.” 


  16
Haftorah
The Haftorah reflect what is the consequences of obeying without understanding in eth life of
Saul.
Saul was the first king chosen of Elohim to lead His people, I messed up mightily by
following his own way. Yehowah sent the prophet Shmu’el to help him. Shmu’el was well
know and his notoriety was also well know, so that Saul had only to do what Shmu’el told
him. 
The Famous sentence is known until today: “to obey is better than an offering, to heed is
better than the fat of rams., For rebellion is as the sin of divination, and stubbornness is
as wickedness and idolatry. Because you have rejected the word of הוהי, He also does
reject you as sovereign.” 
Saul was looking at his position and listen more to the people than to Elohim, we can compare
with Kefa in the time he was confronted with the rulers, elders, and scribes of Jerusalem:
Act 4:18 And they called them and commanded them not to speak at all nor to teach in the
Name of עשוהי
Act 4:19 But Kĕpha and Yoḥanan answering them, said, “Whether it is right in the sight of
Elohim to listen to you more than to Elohim, you judge. 1  Footnote:  1 See 5:29.
Kefa was unlike Saul was not looking is own interest, he had nothing to win save to be with
Messiah and to serve him.
Shmu’el finished the work commanded to Saul and killed the King of the Amalekites.

The Prophet Yesha’Yahu is also talking to the descendants of Ya’acov remind them of the
Torah disobedience:
Isa 43:23 “You have not brought Me the sheep for your burnt offerings, nor have you
esteemed Me with your slaughterings. I have not caused you to serve with grain
offerings, nor wearied you with incense. 
Isa 43:24 “You have not bought Me sweet cane with silver, nor have you satisfied Me with
the fat of your slaughterings. You have only burdened Me with your sins, you have
wearied Me with your crookednesses. 
Verse 27….. Your first father sinned,
In spite of that Yesh’yahu recall the love of Yehowah for Ya’acov and make promise of hope:
Isa 44:1  “But now hear, O Yaʽaqoḇ My servant, and Yisra’ĕl whom I have chosen……… 

Isa 44:3 ‘For I pour water on the thirsty, and floods on the dry ground. I pour My Spirit on
your seed, and My blessing on your offspring, 
Isa 44:4 and they shall spring up among the grass like willows by streams of water.’ 
Isa 44:5 “One says, ‘I belong to הוהי; another calls himself by the name of Yaʽaqoḇ;
another writes with his hand, ‘Unto הוהי,’ and names himself by the name of Yisra’ĕl. 
The prophet goes on to encourage the people:
Isa 44:21 “Remember these matters, O Yaʽaqoḇ, and Yisra’ĕl, for you are My servant! I
have formed you, you are My servant, O Yisra’ĕl, do not forget Me! 
Isa 44:22 “I shall wipe out your transgressions like a cloud, and your sins like a mist.
Return to Me, for I shall redeem you.” 
Isa 44:23 Sing, O heavens, for הוהי shall do it! Shout, O depths of the earth! Break forth into
singing, O mountains, forest, and every tree in it! For הוהי shall redeem Yaʽaqoḇ, and
make Himself clear in Yisra’ĕl. 
Israel as one and Yehuda and the House of Israel, have struggled to keep the Torah. The
House of Israel has been scattered in the four corners of the earth, lost his identity until this
time, that we begin to see some returning to the Torah in T’shuvah and truth.
  17
Yehuda has rejected Yehoshua, but in spite of that has always kept the Torah after the letter
and therefore found himself in bondage.
The time will come soon when the words spoken by the prophets of old will come to pass and
Yehuda and Ephraim will walk together as one nation (Yechezk’el 37).


1Sa 15:1  And Shemu’ĕl said to Sha’ul, “הוהי sent me to anoint you sovereign over His
people, over Yisra’ĕl. And now, listen to the voice of the words of הוהי
1Sa 15:2 “Thus said הוהי of hosts, ‘I shall punish Amalĕq for what he did to Yisra’ĕl, how he
set himself against him on the way when he came up from Mitsrayim. 
1Sa 15:3 ‘Now go, and you shall smite Amalĕq and put under the ban all that he has, and you
shall not spare them, and put to death from man to woman, from infant to nursing child,
from ox to sheep, from camel to donkey.’ ” 
1Sa 15:4 Then Sha’ul summoned the people and mustered them in Tela’im, two hundred
thousand foot soldiers and ten thousand men of Yehuḏah. 
1Sa 15:5 And Sha’ul came to a city of Amalĕq, and lay in wait in the wadi. 
1Sa 15:6 And Sha’ul said to the Qĕynites, “Go, turn aside, come down from among the
Amalĕqites, lest I destroy you with them. For you did show kindness to all the children of
Yisra’ĕl when they came up out of Mitsrayim.” So the Qĕynites turned aside from the
midst of the Amalĕqites. 
1Sa 15:7 and Sha’ul smote the Amalĕqites, from Ḥawilah all the way to Shur, which is
before Mitsrayim. 
1Sa 15:8 and he caught Aḡaḡ sovereign of the Amalĕqites alive, and put under the ban all
the people with the edge of the sword. 
1Sa 15:9 But Sha’ul and the people spared Aḡaḡ and the best of the sheep, and the cattle,
and the fatlings, and the lambs, and all that was good, and would not put them under
the ban. But all goods despised and worthless, that they put under the ban. 
1Sa 15:10 and the word of הוהי came to Shemu’ĕl, saying, 
1Sa 15:11 “I am grieved that I have set up Sha’ul as sovereign, for he has turned back from
following Me, and has not performed My words.” And it displeased Shemu’ĕl, and he
cried to הוהי all night. 
1Sa 15:12 And Shemu’ĕl rose early in the morning to meet Sha’ul, and it was told to
Shemu’ĕl, saying, “Sha’ul went to Karmel, and see, he set up a monument for himself,
then turned and passed over, and went down to Gilgal.” 
1Sa 15:13 And Shemu’ĕl came to Sha’ul, and Sha’ul said to him, “Blessed are you of הוהי! I
have performed the word of הוהי.” 
1Sa 15:14 But Shemu’ĕl said, “What then is this bleating of the sheep in my ears, and the
lowing of the cattle which I hear?” 
1Sa 15:15 And Sha’ul said, “They have brought them from Amalĕq, because the people
spared the best of the sheep and the cattle, to slaughter to הוהי your Elohim. And the rest
we have put under the ban.” 
1Sa 15:16 And Shemu’ĕl said to Sha’ul, “Wait, and let me declare to you what הוהי said to me
last night.” And he said to him, “Speak.” 
1Sa 15:17 And Shemu’ĕl said, “Though you were little in your own eyes, were you not head
of the tribes of Yisra’ĕl? And did not הוהי anoint you sovereign over Yisra’ĕl?  
1Sa 15:18 “And הוהי sent you on the way, and said, ‘Go, and you shall put under the ban the
sinners, the Amalĕqites, and fight against them until they are consumed.’ 
1Sa 15:19 “And why did you not obey the voice of הוהי, but swooped down on the spoil, and
did evil in the eyes of הוהי?” 
  18
1Sa 15:20 And Sha’ul said to Shemu’ĕl, “I did obey the voice of הוהי, and I went on the way
on which הוהי sent me, and brought back Aḡaḡ sovereign of Amalĕq, and I put Amalĕq
under the ban. 
1Sa 15:21 “But the people took of the spoil, of the sheep and cattle, the best of that which
should have been put under the ban, to slaughter to הוהי your Elohim in Gilgal.” 
1Sa 15:22 Then Shemu’ĕl said, “Does הוהי delight in burnt offerings and slaughterings, as in
obeying the voice of הוהי? Look, to obey is better than an offering, to heed is better than
the fat of rams. 
1Sa 15:23 “For rebellion is as the sin of divination, and stubbornness is as wickedness and
idolatry. Because you have rejected the word of הוהי, He also does reject you as
sovereign.” 
1Sa 15:24 And Sha’ul said to Shemu’ĕl, “I have sinned, for I have transgressed the
command of הוהי and your words, because I feared the people and listened to their voice. 
1Sa 15:25 “And now, please pardon my sin, and return with me, and let me bow myself to
הוהי.” 
1Sa 15:26 But Shemu’ĕl said to Sha’ul, “I do not return with you, for you have rejected the
word of הוהי, and הוהי does reject you from being sovereign over Yisra’ĕl.” 
1Sa 15:27 And as Shemu’ĕl turned around to go away, Sha’ul seized the edge of his robe, and
it tore. 
1Sa 15:28 And Shemu’ĕl said to him, “הוהי has torn the reign of Yisra’ĕl from you today, and
has given it to a neighbour of yours, better than you. 
1Sa 15:29 “Moreover, the Eminence of Yisra’ĕl does not lie nor relent. For He is not a man,
that He should relent.” 
1Sa 15:30 Then he said, “I have sinned. But esteem me now, please, before the elders of my
people and before Yisra’ĕl, and return with me, and I shall bow myself to הוהי your
Elohim.”
1Sa 15:31 And Shemu’ĕl turned back after Sha’ul, and Sha’ul bowed himself to הוהי
1Sa 15:32 And Shemu’ĕl said, “Bring Aḡaḡ sovereign of the Amalĕqites here to me.” So
Aḡaḡ came to him delightedly, and Aḡaḡ said, “Truly, the bitterness of death has turned
aside.” 
1Sa 15:33 And Shemu’ĕl said, “As your sword bereaved women, let your mother be bereaved
among women too.” Shemu’ĕl then hewed Aḡaḡ to pieces before הוהי in Gilgal. 
1Sa 15:34 And Shemu’ĕl went to Ramah, while Sha’ul went up to his house at Giḇʽah of
Sha’ul. 


Isa 43:21 this people I have formed for Myself, let them relate My praise. 
Isa 43:22 “But you have not called on Me, O Yaʽaqoḇ, for you have been weary of Me, O
Yisra’ĕl. 
Isa 43:23 “You have not brought Me the sheep for your burnt offerings, nor have you
esteemed Me with your slaughterings. I have not caused you to serve with grain
offerings, nor wearied you with incense. 
Isa 43:24 “You have not bought Me sweet cane with silver, nor have you satisfied Me with
the fat of your slaughterings. You have only burdened Me with your sins, you have
wearied Me with your crookednesses. 
Isa 43:25 “I, I am He who blots out your transgressions for My own sake, and remember
your sins no more. 
Isa 43:26 “Remind Me, let us enter into judgment, together; relate, that you might be
declared right. 
Isa 43:27 “Your first father sinned, and your interpreters have transgressed against Me. 
  19
Isa 43:28 “So I have profaned the chief ones of the set-apart place, and I have delivered up
Yaʽaqoḇ to the curse, and Yisra’ĕl to scorn. 
Isa 44:1  “But now hear, O Yaʽaqoḇ My servant, and Yisra’ĕl whom I have chosen. 
Isa 44:2 Thus said הוהי who made you and formed you from the womb, who helps you, ‘Do
not fear, O Yaʽaqoḇ My servant, and Yeshurun 1 , whom I have chosen. Footnote:  1 A
poetical title for Yisra’ĕl, meaning the Straight One or the Upright One. This poetical title
is also found in Dt. 32:15, 33:5 & 33:26.
Isa 44:3 ‘For I pour water on the thirsty, and floods on the dry ground. I pour My Spirit on
your seed, and My blessing on your offspring, 
Isa 44:4 and they shall spring up among the grass like willows by streams of water.’ 
Isa 44:5 “One says, ‘I belong to הוהי; another calls himself by the name of Yaʽaqoḇ;
another writes with his hand, ‘Unto הוהי,’ and names himself by the name of Yisra’ĕl. 
Isa 44:6 “Thus said הוהי, Sovereign of Yisra’ĕl, and his Redeemer, הוהי of hosts, ‘I am the
First and I am the Last, besides Me there is no Elohim.
Isa 44:7 ‘And who is like Me? Let him call and declare it, and lay it before Me, since I
appointed the everlasting people. And the events that are coming and those that do come,
let them declare these to them. 
Isa 44:8 ‘Do not fear, nor be afraid. Have I not since made you hear, and declared it? You
are My witnesses. Is there an Eloah besides Me? There is no other Rock, I know not
one.’ ” 
Isa 44:9 Those who make an idol, all of them are emptiness, and their delights do not profit.
And they are their own witnesses; they neither see nor know, so that they are put to
shame. 
Isa 44:10 Who would form a mighty one or cast an idol that is of no value? 
Isa 44:11 See, all his companions are ashamed, and the workmen, they are but men. Let them
all be gathered together, let them stand up, let them fear, let them be put to shame,
altogether. 
Isa 44:12 The craftsman in iron with the tools works one in the coals, and fashions it with
hammers, and works it with the strength of his arms. Even so, he shall be hungry, and has
no strength; he drinks no water and is weary. 
Isa 44:13 The carpenter stretches out his rule, he outlines it with chalk; he fashions it with a
plane, and he outlines it with the compass, and makes it like the figure of a man,
according to the comeliness of a man, to remain in the house. 
Isa 44:14 He cuts down cedars for himself, and takes cypress and oak, which he raised among
the trees of the forest. He has planted a pine, and the rain nourishes it. 
Isa 44:15 And it shall be for a man to burn, for he takes some of it and warms himself. He
also kindles it and shall bake bread. He also makes a mighty one and bows himself to it –
has made it a carved image and falls down before it. 
Isa 44:16 Half of it he shall burn in the fire; with this half he eats meat. He roasts a roast,
and is satisfied. He also warms himself and says, “Aha, I am warm, I have seen the fire.” 
Isa 44:17 And the rest of it he makes into a mighty one, his carved image. He falls down
before it and worships, prays to it and says, “Deliver me, for you are my mighty one.” 
Isa 44:18 They do not know nor understand, for He has smeared their eyes from seeing,
and their hearts from understanding. 
Isa 44:19 and no one recalls it to his heart, nor is there knowledge nor understanding to
say, “I have burned half of it in the fire, and I have also baked bread on its coals; I have
roasted meat and eaten it. And shall I make the rest of it an abomination? Should I fall
down before a log of wood?” 
Isa 44:20 Feeding on ashes, a deceived heart turns him aside, and he does not deliver his
being, nor says, “Is there not a lie in my right hand?” 
  20
Isa 44:21 “Remember these matters, O Yaʽaqoḇ, and Yisra’ĕl, for you are My servant! I
have formed you, you are My servant, O Yisra’ĕl, do not forget Me! 
Isa 44:22 “I shall wipe out your transgressions like a cloud, and your sins like a mist.
Return to Me, for I shall redeem you.” 
Isa 44:23 Sing, O heavens, for הוהי shall do it! Shout, O depths of the earth! Break forth into
singing, O mountains, forest, and every tree in it! For הוהי shall redeem Yaʽaqoḇ, and
make Himself clear in Yisra’ĕl. 


Heb 10:1  For the Torah, having a shadow of the good matters to come, and not the image
itself of the matters, was never able to make perfect those who draw near with the same
slaughter offerings which they offer continually year by year. 
Heb 10:2 Otherwise, would they not have ceased to be offered? Because those who served,
once cleansed, would have had no more consciousness of sins. 
Heb 10:3 But in those offerings is a reminder of sins year by year. 
Heb 10:4 For it is impossible for blood of bulls and goats to take away sins. 
Heb 10:5 Therefore, coming into the world, He says, “Slaughtering and meal offering You
did not desire, but a body You have prepared for Me. 
Heb 10:6 “In burnt offerings and offerings for sin You did not delight. 1  Footnote:  1 Ps. 40:6,
7.
Heb 10:7 “Then I said, ‘See, I come – in the roll of the book it has been written concerning
Me – to do Your desire, O Elohim.’ ”
Heb 10:8 Saying above, “Slaughter and meal offering, and burnt offerings, and offerings for
sin You did not desire, nor delighted in,” which are offered according to the Torah, 
Heb 10:9 then He said, “See, I come to do Your desire, O Elohim.” He takes away the first to
establish the second. 
Heb 10:10 By that desire we have been set apart through the offering of the body of עשוהי
Messiah once for all. 
Heb 10:11 And indeed every priest stands day by day doing service, and repeatedly offering
the same slaughter offerings which are never able to take away sins. 
Heb 10:12 But He, having offered one slaughter offering for sins for all time, sat down at
the right hand of Elohim, 
Heb 10:13 waiting from that time onward until His enemies are made a footstool for His feet.
Heb 10:14 For by one offering He has perfected for all time those who are being set apart. 
Heb 10:15 And the Set-apart Spirit also witnesses to us, for after having said before, 
Heb 10:16 “This is the covenant that I shall make with them after those days, says הוהי,
giving My laws into their hearts, and in their minds I shall write them,” 1  Footnote:  1 Jer.
31:33, Heb. 8:8-12.
Heb 10:17 and, “Their sins and their lawlessnesses I shall remember no more.” 
Heb 10:18 Now where there is forgiveness of these, there is no longer a slaughter offering
for sin.  

Aucun commentaire:

Enregistrer un commentaire