Parasha Vayera – and appeared -
B’reshit 18 :1 – 22 :24
2nd M’lakhim 4 :1-37, 2nd Kefa 2 :4-11Daniel ben Ya’acov Israel
The former Parasha told us concerning Abraham and the circumcision. The book of Yasher give us some details, for instance that Abraham was suffering the circumcision during three days and in the third days יהוה sent three messengers (angels) (Yasher 18: 4). This is very interesting as we know that there are many doctrines running throughout the world. Some will tell you that the one in the middle was “the L-rd” himself because it is written that “יהוה appeared” to Abraham (B’reshit 18:1). Some others groups say that the three angels are “the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit”, what a non sense.
First of all as we know the Ruach HaQodesh is not a person, and to make יהושע to be present at this time is heresy. יהושע was not pre-incarnated, there is no verses in the Torah teaching pre-incarnation, and I know that soul re-incarnation is taught in some Orthodox Jewish group. We will turn back to these points later. Today in the world we are living, heresy is recurrent among the “churches” in the Christian world. The pastors teach to impress people, not to bring them to the truth.
We have learned in the parasha Noah how races and ethnics group came in the world with Yapeth, Shem and Ham. This week (end of 2009) I saw in TV a man in the US who now comes with a new “proof” of man’s origin. He claims to be able to give proof that every man comes from Africa with “African ancestors”! For that he makes A.D.N. test and has already collected more then 36 000 and now asks all around the world people to submit to this test in order to give the irrefutable proof of his theory. It is really amazing and I believe that many people (I don’t speak from unbelievers) will fall in the “trap”. We have to choose what we believe, יהוה and His Torah or man! Do you know the modern prophets, they are like this man:
Deu 13:1 If there arise among you a prophet, or a dreamer of dreams, and giveth thee a sign or a wonder, Deu 13:2 and the sign or the wonder come to pass, whereof he spake unto thee, saying, Let us go after other elohim, which thou hast not known, and let us serve them; Deu 13:3 Thou shalt not hearken unto the words of that prophet, or that dreamer of dreams: for YHWH your Elohim proveth you, to know whether ye love YHWH your Elohim with all your heart and with all your soul.......
Now let me explain why I quote these verses from D’varim. The man collected 36 000 A.D.N. from more as 6.5 billions people on earth, this mean it is noting, even if he collect one hundred thousand or more one million it still remain a drop! We know that the skin colour has been changed because people have been mingled to one another e.g. Caucasians with Africans or Asian type and other way round, so that today we have different types of populations. The point concerning this man is that he brings people to believe another “elohim” HaSatan the “G-d” of this world and so draw away people from the true, the Torah. I guess that many will fall as they have before believed Darwin’s evolution theory. Look what Luke writes concerning Sha’ul:
Act 17:10 and the brethren immediately sent away Paul and Silas by night unto Berea: who coming thither went into the synagogue of the Jews.
Act 17:11 these were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so......
Have you ever question which “scriptures”, the Bereans were searching? At this time only the “Tanak” (O.T.) was available, no so call “New Testament”, scriptures refers to the Torah, Psalms and Prophets. Are you doing the same when you read from others (including from me), are you opening your own scriptures to see if it so or out of context? The only way to protect ourselves from false doctrine is to search the scriptures and pray to Aba יהוה for understanding! With this in mind let us go back to the parasha.
Vayera: comes from the word: Strong’s#7200 ראה râ'âh raw-aw' written resh, aleph, he. A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively): - advise self, appear, approve, behold, X certainly, consider, discern, (make to) enjoy, have experience, gaze, take heed, X indeed, X joyfully, lo, look (on, one another, one on another, one upon another, out, up, upon), mark, meet, X be near, perceive, present, provide, regard, (have) respect, (fore-, cause to, let) see (-r, -m, one another), shew (self), X sight of others, (e-) spy, stare, X surely, X think, view, visions....... We see here that the word “Vayera” coming from the roots “ra’ah” can also mean “gaze”, “be near”, “perceive”, “thinks”, or even “vision”......
Remember Abraham was in the third day of his circumcision and the pain was still there. Abraham was waiting at the door of his tent. He was handicapped and we can easily imagine that he was “gazing”, “thinking” or even having a “vision” about his circumcision. We see in the Yasher text that the “appearance of יהוה is direct connected with sending three men, which is not so clear in the Torah.
So we could have said: “While Abraham was sitting at the door of his tent in the third day of his pain due to the circumcision, he was “gazing” “thinking” about it, as יהוה sent three men to him, and he lifted up his eyes (removing his mind from thinking) and saw them”. To interpret that the three men to be “the L-rd, the Holy Spirit and Jesus”, is totally nonsense. We are going to see in the book Yasher.(the Just) .
Yasher Chapter 18: * in (-) mine added. 2. and there was not one left whom he did not circumcise, and Abraham and his son Ishmael were circumcised in the flesh of their foreskin; thirteen years old was Ishmael when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. 3. and in the third day Abraham went out of his tent and sat at the door to enjoy the heat of the sun, during the pain of his flesh. 4. and YHWH appeared (in a visions or while Abraham gazed about his circumcision*) to him in the plain of Mamre, and sent three of his ministering angels to visit him, and he was sitting at the door of the tent, and he lifted his eyes and saw, and lo three men were coming from a distance, and he rose up and ran to meet them, and he bowed down to them and brought them into his house. 5. and he said to them, If now I have found favour in your sight, turn in and eat a morsel of bread; and he pressed them, and they turned in and he gave them water and they washed their feet, and he placed them under a tree at the door of the tent.
The writer of the Torah is Moshe, and he understood that יהוה sent three of his “malak” or messenger for a purpose. In the study of angels we can learn that there are different ones. In this group you have the one leading the group and bringing the information to Abraham and you have two others one who are sent to go to Sodom and Gomorra. Angels cannot decide on their own what they will do. They only accomplish what they have been taught. Read:
Psa 103:20 Bless יהוה, you His messengers (malakim), Mighty in power, who do His Word, Listening to the voice of His Word……..
We have also the angels who stand before the throne of יהוה, the one leading יהוה’s army, the Archangels and who have a greater decision’s ability:
Dan 10:5 then I lifted my eyes and looked and saw a certain man dressed in linen, whose loins were girded with gold of Uphaz! Dan 10:7 And I, Dani’ĕl, alone saw the vision, for the men who were with me did not see the vision, but a great trembling fell upon them, and they ran away to hide themselves.
Now see the Hebrew word for vision used in Daniel 10:7: .......
Vision: Strong’s #H4759 מראה mar'âh mar-aw.....Feminine of H4758; a vision; also (causatively) a mirror: - looking glass, vision. ....H4758 mar'eh mar-eh' From H7200; a view (the act of seeing); also an appearance (the thing seen), whether (real) a shape (especially if handsome, comeliness; often plural the looks), or (mental) a vision: - X apparently, appearance (-reth), X as soon as beautiful (-ly), countenance, fair, favoured, form, goodly, to look (up) on (to), look [-eth], pattern, to see, seem, sight, visage, vision......H7200 râ'âh raw-aw'
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively): - advise self, appear, approve, behold, X certainly, consider, discern, (make to) enjoy, have experience, gaze, take heed, X indeed, X joyfully, lo, look (on, one another, one on another, one upon another, out, up, upon), mark, meet, X be near, perceive, present, provide, regard, (have) respect, (fore-, cause to, let) see (-r, -m, one another), shew (self), X sight of others, (e-) spy, stare, X surely, X think, view, visions...........You remember few verses before Abraham:
Gen 18:1 and YHWH appeared (Strong’s H7200 ra’ah*) unto him in the plains of Mamre: and he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day.
So we could read: and יהוה appeared in a vision to Abraham……….
Don’t think I try to do my own doctrine I just put the English text in its right context. It takes time to search dictionary and verses which demonstrate that there are no error in the interpretation. Too long, Christians have made up their own doctrines and put people into bondage, we must now be from those who want to know the truth and not those following man’s doctrine. In Daniel’s text it was a vision, we understand that it was a “messenger” or “angel” (Heb. malak) as the other men couldn’t see the vision. But let us see the difference with simple “messenger” or “angel”. The Archangel has a complete task to accomplish. In the case of Daniel, the archangel comes to explain something to Daniel and later will go because he knows before hand what his mission is.
Dan 10:11 and he said to me, “O Dani’ĕl, man greatly appreciated, understand the words that I speak to you, and stand upright, for I have now been sent to you.” And while he was speaking this word to me, I stood trembling. Dan 10:12 and he said to me, “Do not fear, Dani’ĕl, for from the first day that you set your heart to understand and to humble yourself before your Elohim, your words were heard, and I have come because of your words (the purpose of his visit*). Dan 10:13 “But the head of the rule of Persia withstood me twenty-one days. And see, Miḵa’ĕl, one of the chief heads, came to help me, for I had been left alone there with the sovereigns of Persia. Dan 10:14 “And I have come to make you understand what is to befall your people in the latter days. For the vision is yet for days to come.” Dan 10:15 and when he had spoken such words to me, I turned my face toward the ground and kept silent. ......
The Archangel has been sent to Daniel to make him understand something: To him alone and not to the other men who were with him. Dan 10:20 and he said, “Do you know why I have come to you? And now I return to fight with the head of Persia. And when I have left, see, the head of Greece shall come. ......
We see in the verse 20 that the archangel knows what is ahead, he has the responsibility to watch the heavenly realm, not so simple angels. The most known are Michael (chief of host), Raphael (healing), Gabriel (spiritual knowledge),Samael (judgement or evil), Haniel (grace, mercy); Sandalphon (Guardian spirit); Raziel (revelation), Zaphkiel (contemplation), Zadkiel ( good). These are the archangel standing before יהוה’s throne.
Gen 18:1 and יהוה appeared to him by the terebinth trees of Mamrĕ, while he was sitting in the tent door in the heat of the day.
Gen 18:2 so he lifted his eyes and looked, and saw three men (Hebrew mortals being)standing opposite him. And when he saw them, he ran from the tent door to meet them, and bowed himself to the ground, Gen 18:3 and said, “יהוה*, if I have now found favor in Your eyes, please do not pass Your servant by. …..
* The Hebrew text read adonai (my master) instead of יהוה The tradition to give hospitality was know to Abraham from the time passed with Shem and Ebert and was kept among יהוה’s people:
Jdg 13:15 and Manowaḥ said to the Messenger of יהוה, “Please let us detain You, and prepare a young goat for You.”
Gen 18:4 “Please let a little water be brought, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree. Gen 18:5 “And let me bring a piece of bread and refresh your hearts and then go on, for this is why you have come to your servant.” And they said, “Do as you have said.” ………
.Abraham is well known for his hospitality. Sha’ul teaches something concerning strangers:
Heb 13:2 Do not forget to receive strangers, for by so doing some have unwittingly (not knowing) entertained messengers (angels)....
Messenger is the Hebrew word: “Malak” translated many times “angel” and in the Greek text as “angelos”. ....
Here in the Torah concerning Abraham it is the Hebrew word Strong’s # 376 “iysch” from “enosch” literally “mortal” or “men”.
Abraham saw three men. For him it was clear and we see that they will eat when Abraham invited them to seat and refresh themselves, malak taking man appearance in order to accomplish their task. We know from the book of Yasher that “malak” can take any form, as it is with the bush in fire in the day of Moshe which is also a “malak” (see the midrash concerning Moshe’s call).
There is also a question we can ask: Why did three man appeared to Abraham, when only one was to bring him the message?
The answer may be found in the Torah:
Deut.19:15……….at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established.
Deut.19:15……….at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established.
Gen 18:6 so Aḇraham ran into the tent to Sarah and said, “Hurry, make ready three measures of fine flour, knead it and make cakes.” Gen 18:7 and Aḇraham ran to the herd, took a tender and good calf, gave it to a young man, and he hurried to prepare it. Gen 18:8 and he took curds and milk and the calf which he had prepared, and set it before them, and he stood by them under the tree as they ate. Gen 18:9 and they said to him, “Where is Sarah your wife?” And he said, “See, in the tent.”
Gen 18:10 and He said, “I shall certainly return to you according to the time of life, and see, Sarah your wife is to have a son!” And Sarah was listening in the tent door which was behind him. Gen 18:11 Now Aḇraham and Sarah were old, well advanced in age, and Sarah was past the way of women. Gen 18:12 and Sarah laughed within herself, saying, “After I have grown old, shall I have pleasure, my master being old too?”
The malak’s visit was to announce to Abraham that he will have a son. The reason is easy o understand, because the birth of Itzak will be behind man’s ability, both Abraham and Sarah been out of age to get children. Many times in the Torah יהוה has close the womb of women for a purpose. She (Sarah) laughed within herself! The word is clear in Hebrew it is “qereb” the center, or inner part. How can it be that the messenger knew that Sarah laughed?
Gen 18:13 and יהוה said to Aḇraham, “Why did Sarah laugh, saying, ‘Shall I truly have a child, since I am old?’ Gen 18:14 “Is any matter too hard for יהוה? At the appointed time I am going to return to you, according to the time of life, and Sarah is to have a son.”
Gen 18:15 But Sarah denied it, saying, “I did not laugh,” for she was afraid. And He said, “No, but you did laugh!” …….
Sarah was like many of us today, in spite of believing יהוה and following her husband, she couldn’t imagine a single second to get a child in her old age, and she was limited in her belief.
Keil and Delitzsch give us this comment:
During the meal, at which Abraham stood, and waited upon them as the host, they asked for Sarah, for whom the visit was chiefly intended. On being told that she was in the tent, where she could hear, therefore, all that passed under the tree in front of the tent, the one whom Abraham addressed as Adonai (my Master), and who is called Jehovah in Gen_18:13, said, “I will return to thee (חַיָּה כָּעֵת) at this time, when it lives again” (חַיָּה, reviviscens, without the article, Ges. §111, 2b), i.e., at this time next year; “and, behold, Sarah, thy wife, will (then) have a son.” Sarah heard this at the door of the tent; “and it was behind Him” (Jehovah), so that she could not be seen by Him as she stood at the door. But as the fulfilment of this promise seemed impossible to her, on account of Abraham's extreme age, and the fact that her own womb had lost the power of conception, she laughed within herself, thinking that she was not observed. But that she might know that the promise was made by the omniscient and omnipotent God (El), He reproved her for laughing, saying, “Is anything too wonderful (i.e., impossible) for Jehovah? at the time appointed I will return unto thee,” etc.; and when her perplexity led her to deny it, He convicted her of falsehood. Abraham also had laughed at this promise (Gen_17:17), and without receiving any reproof. For his laughing was the joyous outburst of astonishment; Sarah's, on the contrary, the result of doubt and unbelief, which had to be broken down by reproof, and, as the result showed, really was broken down, inasmuch as she conceived and bore a son, whom she could only have conceived in faith (Heb_11:11)......
Have you also been in a situation were you “laughed” thinking that it was impossible for you to get it or to see what seems impossible? Have you ever dream when you were a child that one day you will be keeping Shabbat and calling upon the Name of יהוה and יהושע? Have you ever thought that יהוה was watching at you since your birth and knew you even before you were born? You see it is not surprising that Sarah was laughing looking at the natural! We can see that the sent “malak” are one in mind with Elohim and do not speak on their own. Further they have divine abilities; man cannot hide anything before them…..
Gen 18:16 and the men rose up from there and looked toward Seḏom (Sodom*), and Aḇraham went with them to send them away. Gen 18:17 and יהוה said, “Shall I hide from Aḇraham what I am doing, …
Here we can read what the prophet says:
Amo 3:7 for the Master יהוה does no matter unless He reveals His secret to His servants the prophets. …….
Was Abraham a prophet?
Gen 20:7 “And now, return the man’s wife (Abraham), for he is a prophet, and let him pray for you and you live. But if you do not return her, know that you shall certainly die you and all that are yours.” Gen 18:18 since Aḇraham is certainly going to become (in the future*) a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him? Blessed is the Hebrew word: Strong’s # 1288 בּרך bârak baw-rak' written beth,resh,kaf (sofit form: at the end of the word)
A primitive root; to kneel; by implication to bless God (as an act of adoration), and (vice-versa) man (as a benefit); also (by euphemism) to curse (God or the king, as treason): - X abundantly, X altogether, X at all, blaspheme, bless, congratulate, curse, X greatly, X indeed, kneel (down), praise, salute, X still, thank.
The large meaning is that because of Abraham behaviour toward Elohim and the future spreading of Abraham’s descendant יהוה will be concern with man destiny. Not because of Buddha or Allah or Krishna or any other “g-ds” The reason of “blessing” is Abraham’s commitment to the TORAH, as we can read in the verse 19. .....
Gen 18:19 “For I have known him, so that he commands his children and his household after him, to guard the way of יהוה, to do righteousness and right-ruling, so that יהוה brings to Aḇraham what He has spoken to him.”
Gen 18:20 and יהוה said, “Because the outcry against Seḏom and Amorah (Sodom and Gomorra) is great, and because their sin is very heavy, Gen 18:21 “I am going down now to see whether they have done altogether according to the outcry against it that has come to Me, and if not, I know.” Gen 18:22 so the men (the three messenger) turned away from there and went toward Seḏom, but יהוה still stood before Aḇraham.
Abraham’s intercession for the righteous:
Gen 18:23 and Aḇraham drew near and said, “Would You also destroy the righteous with the wrong? Gen 18:24 “Suppose there are fifty righteous within the city, would You also destroy the place and not spare it for the fifty righteous that were in it? Gen 18:25 “Far be it from You to act in this way, to slay the righteous with the wrong, so that the righteous should be as the wrong. Far be it from You! Does the Judge of all the earth not do right?” Gen 18:26 and יהוה said, “If I find in Seḏom fifty righteous within the city, then I shall spare all the place for their sakes.” Gen 18:27 And Aḇraham answered and said, “Look, please, I who am but dust and ashes have taken it upon myself to speak to יהוה, Gen 18:28 “Suppose there are five less than the fifty righteous, would You destroy all of the city for lack of five?” And He said, “If I find there forty-five, I do not destroy it.” Gen 18:29 and he spoke to Him yet again and said, “Suppose there are found forty?” And He said, “I would not do it for the sake of forty.”
Gen 18:30 and he said, “Let not יהוה be displeased, and let me speak: Suppose there are found thirty?” And He said, “I would not do it if I find thirty there.” Gen 18:31 and he said, “Look, please, I have taken it upon myself to speak to יהוה: Suppose there are found twenty?” And He said, “I would not destroy it for the sake of twenty.” Gen 18:32 and he said, “Let not יהוה be displeased, and let me speak only this time: Suppose there are found ten?” And He said, “I would not destroy it for the sake of ten.” Gen 18:33 Then יהוה went away as soon as He had ended speaking to Abraham. And Abraham returned to his place.
What about Lot who was living in the midst of these people?
2Pe 2:7 and delivered just Lot, vexed with the filthy conversation of the wicked: --- 2Pe 2:8 (For that righteous man dwelling among them, in seeing and hearing, vexed his righteous soul from day to day with their unlawful deeds;)......
Lot, his wife, his two daughters are four persons, יהוה said that for ten he would not destroy Sodom and Gomorah! Ten represent an assembly of people in Hebrew though. Ten is also the sum of all number, the closest divine action that man can reach on earth; e.g. the Ten Commands. From Lot’s own family is own wife was still hanging on the past and was not able to follow her husband, so that only five remained. Five the number for Grace, Favour but also the number for Torah! The account about Sodom and Gomorra needs more investigation has we are living in the last days. יהוה say that he will destroy Sodom and Gomorra because of their wickedness. The question is to know why and try to compare with our life today. Here again we get help from the book of Yasher who gives us details concerning the people’s life in Sodom and Gomorra in
Chapter 18: .....10. and the men afterward departed and went their ways, to the places to which they were sent. 11. In those days all the people of Sodom and Gomorrah, and of the whole five cities, were exceedingly wicked and sinful against YHWH and they provoked YHWH with their abominations, and they strengthened in aging abominably and scornfully before YHWH, and their wickedness and crimes were in those days great before YHWH. 12. and they had in their land a very extensive valley, about half a day's walk, and in it
there were fountains of water and a great deal of herbage surrounding the water. 13. and all the people of Sodom and Gomorrah went there four times in the year, with their wives and children and all belonging to them, and they rejoiced there with timbrels and dances. 14. and in the time of rejoicing they would all rise and lay hold of their neighbor's wives, and some, the virgin daughters of their neighbors, and they enjoyed them, and each man saw his wife and daughter in the hands of his neighbor and did not say a word. 15. and they did so from morning to night, and they afterward returned home each man to his house and each woman to her tent; so they always did four times in the year. 16. Also when a stranger came into their cities and brought goods which he had purchased with a view to dispose of there, the people of these cities would assemble, men, women and children, young and old, and go to the man and take his goods by force, giving a little to each man until there was an end to all the goods of the owner which he had brought into the land. 17. and if the owner of the goods quarreled with them, saying, What is this work which you have done to me, then they would approach to him one by one, and each would show him the little which he took and taunt(mocked, provoqued) him, saying, I only took that little which thou didst give me; and when he heard this from them all, he would arise and go from them in sorrow and bitterness of soul, when they would all arise and go after him, and drive him out of the city with great noise and tumult.
Is it not a picture of the world today? Let us read what the prophet Yechezk’El who compares the behaviour of Yehudah and Israel calling Sodom “your sister” writes:
Eze 16:48 “As I live,” declares the Master יהוה, “neither your sister Seḏom (Sodom) nor her daughters have done as you and your daughters have done.
Eze 16:49 “See, this was the crookedness of your sister Soḏom: She and her daughter had pride, sufficiency of bread, and unconcerned ease. And she did not help the poor and needy. Eze 16:50 “And they were haughty and did abomination before Me, and I took them away when I saw it.
The prophet Yechzk’el says that the reason יהוה destroyed Sodom and Gomorra, beside sexual immorality was: Pride (haughty):
Pro 16:18 before destruction comes pride, and before a fall a haughty (arrogant*) spirit!
Jas 4:6 but He gives greater favour. Because of this He says, “Elohim resists the proud, but gives favour to the humble.”
Sufficiency of bread and unconcerned ease and she did not help the poor and needy:
Mat 25:41 “He shall then also say to those on the left hand, ‘Go away from Me, accursed ones, into the everlasting fire prepared for the devil and his messengers – Mat 25:42 for I was hungry and you gave me no food, I was thirsty and you gave Me no drink, Mat 25:43 ‘I was a stranger and you did not take me in, was naked and you did not clothe Me, sick and in prison and you did not visit Me.’ Mat 25:44 “Then they also shall answer Him, saying, ‘Master, when did we see you hungry or thirsty or a stranger or naked or sick or in prison, and did not serve You?’ Mat 25:45 “Then He shall answer them, saying, ‘Truly, I say to you, in so far as you did not do it to one of the least of these, you did not do it to Me.’ Mat 25:46 “And these shall go away into everlasting punishment, but the righteous into everlasting life.”
Jas 1:27 Clean and undefiled religion before the Elohim and Father is this: to visit orphans and widows in their affliction, and to keep oneself unstained from the world.
Mat 19:21 יהושע said to him, “If you wish to be perfect, go, sell what you have and give to the poor, and you shall have treasure in heaven. and come, follow Me.”
Luk 14:13 “But when you give a feast, invite poor ones, crippled ones, lame ones, blind ones, Luk 14:14 and you shall be blessed, because they do not have to repay you. For you shall be repaid at the resurrection of the righteous.”
Rom 15:26 for it pleased those from Makedonia and Achaia to make some contribution for the poor among the set-apart ones who are in Yerushalayim.
Gal 2:10 only that we might remember the poor, which I myself was eager to do.
These are few examples from the scripture concerning the poor and needy. Now the question is to know what the world or let us say the “rich nations” of the world are doing today. Behind the mask of a “fake generosity“, they put a burden to the poor and oppress the needy. Their actions are only on purpose: to “steal” the wealth, the natural riches from countries which need help for development. If we look carefully at what happened to Sodom and Gomorrah, do you think it will be again in our days? We see in the European Union a raising wall against strangers especially those from countries who have real need for help. In France we now have discussion concerning Afghans coming illegal (without papers) trying to reach the U.K. in Calais north France. The difficulty for them is to find a ship to cross the Chanel to reach Dover in the U.K. Most of them remain in Calais and when the French police make a control those having no paper are put in detention before been send back to Afghanistan where a coalition of wealthy nations make war against the so call “terrorism” the Talibans.
Ecc 1:9 What has been is what shall be, what has been done is what shall be done, and there is no new matter under the sun. Ecc 1:10 is there a matter of which it is said, “See, this is new”? It was here already, long ago. ........
The nations are warned long ago, but they mock and despise the truth, therefore judgment will come, as it was under Sodom and Gomorra. Remember יהוה told Noach that the world will not be destroyed anymore by water! Sodom and Gomorra were destroyed by fire. Fire is a picture of judgment.
Isa 66:15 “For look, יהוה comes with fire; and with His chariots, like a whirlwind to render His displeasure with burning, and His rebuke with flames of fire. Isa 66:16 “For by fire and by His sword (Torah*) יהוה shall judge all flesh, and the slain of יהוה shall be many –
Zep 1:18 Neither their silver nor their gold shall be able to deliver them in the day of the wrath of יהוה. And by the fire of His jealousy all the earth shall be consumed, for He makes a sudden end of all those who dwell in the earth. Zep 3:8 “Therefore wait for Me,” declares יהוה, “until the day I rise up for plunder. For My judgment is to gather nations, to assemble reigns, to pour out on them My rage, all my burning wrath. For by the fire of My jealousy all the earth shall be consumed.
2Pe 3:10 but the day of YHWH will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up.
Rev 8:7 and the first messenger sounded, and there came to be hail and fire mixed with blood, and they were thrown to the earth. And a third of the trees were burned up, and all green grass was burned up. Rev 9:18 a third of mankind was killed (more than two billions people*) by these three plagues, by the fire and the smoke and the sulphur which came out of their mouths.
Rev 14:10 he also shall drink of the wine of the wrath of Elohim, which is poured out undiluted into the cup of His wrath. And he shall be tortured with fire and sulphur before the set-apart messengers and before the Lamb. ........
We read in the book of Revelation that people die from hail, fire, smoke and sulphur. The word for Sulphur in Hebrew has been translated with brimstone now let us look at dictionary from scholars like Fausset: --- Brimstone - gaphrith, related to gopher wood, and so expressing any inflammable substance, as sulphur, which burns with a suffocating smell. It is a mineral found in quantities on the shores of the Dead Sea. It was the instrument used in destroying Sodom and Gomorrah, the adjoining cities of the plain (Gen_19:24), for divine miracle does not supersede the use of God's existing natural agents, but moves in connection with them. An image of every visitation of God's vengeance on the ungodly, especially of the final one (Deu_29:23; Job_18:15; Psa_11:6; Isa_34:9; Eze_38:22; Rev_19:20; Rev_20:10; Rev_21:8).
Similar we find from Strong: gophrı̂yth gof-reeth'.....Probably feminine of H1613; properly cypress resin; by analogy sulphur (as equally inflammable): - brimstone......
Also from Easton’s dictionary: --- Brimstone - An inflammable mineral substance found in quantities on the shores of the Dead Sea. The cities of the plain were destroyed by a rain of fire and brimstone (Gen_19:24, Gen_19:25). In Isa_34:9 allusion is made to the destruction of these cities. This word figuratively denotes destruction or punishment (Job_18:15; Isa_30:33; Isa_34:9; Psa_11:6; Eze_38:22). It is used to express the idea of excruciating torment in Rev_14:10; Rev_19:20; Rev_20:10........
But if we carefully read the Torah we find out that this brimstone or Sulphur came from heaven:
Gen 19:24 then YHWH rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from YHWH out of heaven; Gen 19:25 and he overthrew those cities, and all the plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground. ....
Keil and Delitzsch claim also the idea that Brimstone came from heaven: --- The words are to be understood quite literally, as meaning that brimstone and fire, i.e., burning brimstone, fell from the sky, even though the examples of burning bituminous matter falling upon the earth which are given in Oedmann's vermischte Sammlungen (iii. 120) may be called in question by historical criticism. By this rain of fire and brimstone not only were the cities and their inhabitants consumed, but even the soil, which abounded in asphalt, was set on fire, so that the entire valley was burned out and sank, or was overthrown (הָפַךְ) i.e., utterly destroyed, and the Dead Sea took its place.......
What can we conclude out of this? Could it be that this rain of brimstone was a mighty rain of meteor coming from the outer space? And so could it be in the near future to the world as we know that many scientists have found out that meteorites and comets are running in the outer space for some of them been a “danger” for the world. The only point they gaze upon is when! We can see in these few verses that there is no difference between Sodom and Gomorra and the punishment of the wicked. As it has been so will it be, in a near future. Today those who boast of their power will have to see the wrath of יהוה.
2Pe 2:6 and having reduced to ashes the cities of Seḏom and Amorah(Gomorrah) condemned them to destruction having made them an example to those who afterward would live wickedly, ......
Do not worry for יהוה will protect his people. (read Psalm 91 which is the promise for the Qadosh Ones during the great tribulations)....
Gen 19:24 then YHWH rained…………..from YHWH out of heaven. .......
This verse is many times used by Christians to demonstrate that the first יהוה is the Father in heaven and the second is “Jesus”. Is it really so? We must discipline ourselves when reading the Torah and not run through it like a book, if we want the Ruach HaQodesh (Set Apart Spirit) to help us to see. We have read in Chapter 18:1 that יהוה appeared “ra’ah” (in a vision) to Abraham and that right after that Abraham see three men coming to him. In the Book of Yasher two of these messengers are sent to Sodom and Gomorrah to look for Lot. The other one was sent for the sole purpose to announce to Abraham that he will have a son, read carefully:
Gen 18:9 and they said (three messengers) unto him, Where is Sarah thy wife? And he said, Behold, in the tent. Gen 18:10 and he said (one messenger) I will certainly return unto thee according to the time of life; and, lo, Sarah thy wife shall have a son. And Sarah heard it in the tent door, which was behind him.......
Two messengers (M'lakhim/angels) went to bring Judgement to Sodom and Gomorrah, the other one went back to heavens. Messengers send to specifics works are also called by the Name יהוה ......
Exo 23:20 behold, I send an Angel before thee, to keep thee in the way, and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared. Exo 23:21 beware of him, and obey his voice, provoke him not; for he will not pardon your transgressions: for my name is in him. ....
Why two messenger, not one? ---- The answer may be:
Deu 19:15 ………………………….. at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established.
Let us introduce the story of Lot with an account of the book of Yasher chapter 19:
37. for a traveller came into the city of Admah to abide there all night, with the intention of going home in the morning, and he sat opposite the door of the house of the young woman's father, to remain there, as the sun had set when be had reached that place; and the young woman saw him sitting by the door of the house. 38. and he asked her for a drink of water and she said to him, Who art thou? and he said to her, I was this day going on the road, and reached here when the sun set, so I will abide here all night, and in the morning I will arise early and continue my journey. 39. and the young woman went into the house and fetched the man bread and water to eat and drink. 40. and this affair became known to the people of Admah, and they assembled and brought the young woman before the judges, that they should judge her for this act. 41. and the judge said, The judgment of death must pass upon this woman because she transgressed our law, and this therefore is the decision concerning her.
42. And the people of those cities assembled and brought out the young woman, and anointed her with honey from head to foot, as the judge had decreed, and they placed her before a swarm of bees which were then in their hives, and the bees flew upon her and stung her that her whole body was swelled. 43. and the young woman cried out on account of the bees, but no one took notice of her or pitied her, and her cries ascended to heaven.
44. and YHWH was provoked at this and at all the works of the cities of Sodom, for they had abundance of food, and had tranquillity amongst them, and still would not sustain the poor and the needy (remember what Yechzk’el write*), and in those days their evil doings and sins became great beforeYHWH. 45. and YHWH sent for two of the angels that had come to Abraham's house, to destroy Sodom and its cities. 46. and the angels rose up from the door of Abraham's tent, after they had eaten and drunk, and they reached Sodom in the evening, and Lot was then sitting in the gate of Sodom, and when he saw them he rose to meet them, and he bowed down to the ground. ---
Gen 19:1 and the two messengers came to Seḏom in the evening, and Lot was sitting in the gate of Seḏom. And when Lot saw them, he rose up to meet them, and he bowed himself with his face toward the ground, Gen 19:2 and he said, “Look, please my masters, please turn in to your servant’s house and spend the night, and wash your feet, and rise early and go your way.” And they said, “No, but let us spend the night in the open square.” .........
Lot was raised by Abraham before he separated himself from him, and knew ho to behave toward strangers. Who is Lot to today? Was he not a relative to Abraham, I mean blood relative, descendants of Terah Abraham’s father through Haran Abraham’s brother (see the chart at the end of the parasha). Lot got two sons from his own daughters Moab and Benammi where we get the Moabites and the Ammonites. Was not Ruth a Moabite, was she not married to Boaz (see the chart at the end of the parasha) from Yehuda the father of Obed the father of Jesse the father of David from whom our Master יהושע was the descendant?
Read what Kefa write concerning Lot:
2Pe 2:7 and rescued righteous Lot, who was oppressed with the indecent behaviour of the lawless. 2Pe 2:8 (for day after day that righteous man, dwelling among them, tortured his righteous being by seeing and hearing their lawless works), 2Pe 2:9 then יהוה knows how to rescue the reverent ones from trial and to keep the unrighteous unto the Day of Judgment to be punished, …….
Kefa write that Lot was a righteous man who dwelt among wicked people. Is it not like the house of Israel today, living among wicked people?
Gen 19:3 but he (lot) urged them strongly, and they turned in to him and came into his house. And he made them a feast, and baked unleavened bread, and they ate. Gen 19:4 before they lay down, the men of the city, the men of Seḏom, both old and young, all the people from every part, surrounded the house. Gen 19:5 and they called to Lot and said to him, “Where are the men who came to you tonight? Bring them out to us, and let us ‘know’ them.” Gen 19:6 so Lot went out to them through the doorway, and shut the door behind him,
Gen 19:7 and said, “Please, my brothers, do not do evil! Gen 19:8 “Look, please, I have two daughters who have not known a man. Please, let me bring them out to you, and do to them as you wish, only do no deed to these men, because they have come under the shadow of my roof.” Gen 19:9 but they said, “Stand back!” And they said, “This one came in to sojourn, and should he always judge? Now we are going to treat you worse than them.” So they pressed hard against the man Lot, and came near to break down the door.
Gen 19:10 but the men reached out their hands and pulled Lot into the house with them, and shut the door.
Gen 19:11 Then they struck the men who were at the doorway of the house with blindness, both small and great, and they wearied themselves to find the door. Gen 19:12 And the men said to Lot, “Have you anyone else here? A son-in-law, and your sons, and your daughters, and whomever you have in the city – bring them out of this place! Gen 19:13 “For we are going to destroy this place, because the cry against them has grown great before the face of יהוה, and יהוה has sent us to destroy it.” …Sin calls for Judgment! ---- Rev 17:1 and one of the seven messengers who had the seven bowls came and spoke with me, saying to me, “Come, I shall show you the judgment of the great whore sitting on many waters. Rev 18:5 “Because her sins have piled up to reach the heaven, and Elohim has remembered her unrighteousnesses. Rev 18:8 “Because of this her plagues shall come in one day: death and mourning and scarcity of food. And she shall be burned up with fire, because יהוה Elohim who judges her is mighty. ….
How is it today with the sins of the nations of the world, do they reach to heavens with sexual immorality, homosexuality, abortion, gambling, rejecting to help the poor and needy, making ‘g-ds’ in sport like “nike” and Olympic games which were under the Romans emperors making place for pagans feats all around the world, Christmas and Easter, following “mammon” the “g-d” of money, rejecting the Shabbat to adapt the Sunday after the Roman Catholic satanic worship, and there is much more? Today unfortunately, the eyes of people are dimmed by lack of understanding and rejecting of the truth. HaSatan sprays his doctrine “does Elohim has said?” around like gangrene in the flesh. People cannot discern anymore and only few faithful ones are aware of what is coming ahead. Parents do not teach anymore the children in godly ways, children have no more respect for parents. Family values have been destroyed by Satan’s agents ruling the world. Immorality is promoted in TV, movies, music and other forms. I explained in the former Parasha Lech Lecha how now Governments offer free full HD TV technique to every household in Europe and U.S in order to manipulate the mind of people and make them addicted to their doctrines. ……………..
Gen 19:14 and Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law, who had married his daughters, and said, “Get up, get out of this place, for יהוה is going to destroy this city!” But to his sons-in-law he seemed to be as one joking. Gen 19:15 and when morning dawned, the messengers urged Lot to hurry, saying, “Get up, take your wife and your two daughters who are here,(the virgins not the married ones*) lest you be consumed in the punishment of the city.”
Gen 19:16 and while he loitered, the men took hold of his hand, and his wife’s hand, and the hands of his two daughters, יהוה having compassion on him, and they brought him out and set him outside the city.
Gen 19:17 and it came to be, when they had brought them outside, that he said, “Escape for your life! Do not look behind you nor stay anywhere in the plain. Escape to the mountains, lest you be consumed.”
Gen 19:18 and Lot said to them, “Oh no, יהוה! Gen 19:19 “Look, please, your servant has found favor in your eyes, and you have increased your kindness which you have shown me by saving my life, but I am unable to escape to the mountains, lest calamity overtake me and I die. Gen 19:20 “Look, please, this city is near enough to flee to, and it is small. Please let me escape there – is it not a small matter – and let my life be saved?” Gen 19:21 and He said to him, “Look, I have favored you concerning this matter also, without overthrowing this city for which you have spoken. Gen 19:22 “Hurry, escape there. For I am not able to do any deed until you arrive there.” So the name of the city was called Tsoʽar (heb. insignificant, ignoble). Gen 19:23 the sun had risen upon the earth when Lot entered Tsoʽar. Gen 19:24 and יהוה rained sulphur and fire on Seḏom and Amorah, from יהוה out of the heavens. Gen 19:25 so He overthrew those cities, and all the plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and what grew on the ground. Gen 19:26 but his wife looked back from behind him, and she became a post of salt. Gen 19:14............... But to his sons-in-law he seemed to be as one joking. …….
The sons in law were not acquainted with Lot traditions, they were stranger to the Torah and their mind was limited to the warning. The were “in between” on one sight Lot and his daughter on the other side they were raise in the midst of the pagan Sodomites. Is this not a warning how to claim to the Torah and follow those having more experiences and understanding? What will you do when the messenger will come to gather יהוה’s people, will you be able to recognize the call or will you look back to the former system in which you have been grown up? It’s time to let behind every worldly tradition and even those from our family who refuse vehemently to listen to the truth, having chosen the doctrines of Satan. Let us go back to the story and see what יהוה want us to know. As we saw before this is a scenario of what will happen in the near future to the wicked. Unfortunately this study reveals that many of those who have been called will also perish in the day of wrath, because they will not “believe”. But let us see and understand the warning:
--- In the Household of Lot there were also some from among Sodom and Gomorra who were married to Lot daughters. The Torah doesn’t give so many details how many daughters Lot had. The Book of Yasher makes details clear and shows that some of Lot’s daughter remained in Sodom when the messengers told Lot to go away, only two of them followed there were the two virgins lot wanted to give to the sodomites, the others daughters were married with sodomites. This was the reason why Lot’s wife looked back and became a pillar of salt: -----
51. Then YHWH rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah and upon all these cities brimstone and fire from YHWH out of heaven. 52. and he overthrew these cities, all the plain and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground; and Ado the wife of Lot looked back to see the destruction of the cities, for her compassion was moved on account of her daughters who remained in Sodom, for they did not go with her. 53. and when she looked back she became a pillar of salt, and it is yet in that place unto this day. 55. and Lot and two of his daughters that remained with him fled and escaped to the cave of Adullam, and they remained there for some time.
With this we can see what יהושע says:
Mat 10:34 “Do not think that I have come to bring peace on earth. I did not come to bring peace but a sword, Mat 10:35 for I have come to bring division, a man against his father, a daughter against her mother, and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law – Mat 10:36 and a man’s enemies are those of his own household;......
In the first reading it seems to be out of context, but if we read carefully we will see that it is not so far. In the time of Lot, The sons in law married to Lot daughters but rejected the instruction from Lot they didn’t followed him and Lot daughters followed pagans ways. This is what יהושע is saying, some will follow him other will not. Some of Lot’s daughters were adopting the tradition of their husband from Sodom and Gomorra and the price was that they were destroyed with the wicked. Do you think it is different today? I have seen people calling themselves followers of “the L-rd” and marrying Catholics or even unbelievers. Lot’s wife has a heart which was still half in the world and half after her husband:
Luk 9:62 but יהושע said to him, “No one, having put his hand to the plough, and looking back, is fit for the reign of Elohim.” Luk 14:26 “If anyone comes to Me and does not hate his father and mother, and wife, and children, and brothers, and sisters, and his own life too, he is unable to be My taught one.
Gen 19:27 and Aḇraham arose early in the morning and went to the place where he had stood before יהוה, Gen 19:28 and he looked toward Seḏom and Amorah, and toward all the land of the plain. And he looked and saw the smoke of the land which went up like the smoke of a furnace. Gen 19:29 Thus it came to be, when Elohim destroyed the cities of the plain, that Elohim remembered Aḇraham, and sent Lot out of the midst of the overthrow, when He overthrew the cities in which Lot had dwelt. Gen 19:30 and Lot went up out of Tsoʽar and dwelt in the mountains, and his two daughters were with him, for he was afraid to dwell in Tsoʽar. And he and his two daughters dwelt in a cave. Gen 19:31 and the first-born said to the younger, “Our father is old, and there is no man on the earth to come in to us, as is the way of all the earth. Gen 19:32 “Come, let us make our father drink wine and lie with him, so that we preserve the seed of our father.” Gen 19:33 so they made their father drink wine that night. And the first-born went in and lay with her father, and he was not aware of it when she lay down or when she arose. Gen 19:34 and it came to be on the next day that the first-born said to the younger, “See, I lay with my father last night. Let us make him drink wine tonight as well, and you go in and lie with him, so that we keep the seed of our father.” Gen 19:35 so they made their father drink wine that night as well. And the younger arose and lay with him, and he was not aware of it when she lay down or when she arose. Gen 19:36 Thus both the daughters of Lot became pregnant by their father. Gen 19:37 and the first-born bore a son and called his name Mo’aḇ, he is the father of the Mo’aḇites to this day. Gen 19:38 and the younger, she also bore a son and called his name Ben-Ammi, he is the father of the children of Ammon to this day. ….
Many years was I asking myself what is the meaning of Lot’s daughter sleeping with their father? I knew that the situation was so, but I overlook something. Can you today by reading these verses explain why the daughters slept with their fathers? Here the explanation: The confirmation is given us hundreds of years later:……Tamar:
Gen 38:13 and it was told Tamar, saying, Behold thy father in law goeth up to Timnath to shear his sheep.
Gen 38:14 and she put her widow's garments off from her, and covered her with a vail, and wrapped herself, and sat in an open place, which is by the way to Timnath; for she saw that Shelah was grown, and she was not given unto him to wife. Gen 38:15 When Judah saw her, he thought her to be an harlot; because she had covered her face. Gen 38:16 and he turned unto her by the way, and said, Go to, I pray thee, let me come in unto thee; (for he knew not that she was his daughter in law.) And she said, What wilt thou give me, that thou mayest come in unto me? Gen 38:24 and it came to pass about three months after, that it was told Judah, saying, Tamar thy daughter in law hath played the harlot; and also, behold, she is with child by whoredom. And Judah said, Bring her forth, and let her be burnt. Gen 38:25 When she was brought forth, she sent to her father in law, saying, By the man, whose these are, am I with child: and she said, Discern, I pray thee, whose are these, the signet, and bracelets, and staff. Gen 38:26 and Judah acknowledged them, and said, She hath been more righteous than I; because that I gave her not to Shelah my son. And he knew her again no more.......
Rth 4:5 and Boʽaz said, “On the day you buy the field from the hand of Naʽomi, you shall also acquire Ruth the Mo’aḇitess, the wife of the dead, to raise up the name of the dead on his inheritance.” .........Rth 4:10 “And also, Ruth the Mo’aḇitess, the wife of Maḥlon, I have acquired as my wife, to raise up the name of the dead on his inheritance, so that the name of the dead should not be cut off from among his brothers and from the gate of his place. You are witnesses today.” Rth 4:13 and Boʽaz took Ruth and she became his wife. And he went in to her, and יהוה granted her conception, and she bore a son. Rth 4:17 and the women her neighbours gave it a name, saying, There is a son born to Naomi; and they called his name Obed: he is the father of Jesse, the father of David......
Now where is the relation with Lot’s daughter account, do you know? Lot like Tamar and Ruth didn’t had any descendant especially boys to raise his name for the coming generation so that if the daughter had married to other men, Lot descendants were eradicate at this point! The same reason was with Tamar and also with Boaz who married Ruth. It is the man who carries the chromosome (seed) who will determine the sex of the baby. Women have only “Y Chromosom”, man carry the “x Chromosm” who determine the sex. יהוה had already in his mind what will be with Lot but also with Tamar and Judah and with Boaz!.......
1) If Lot didn’t got a child from the eldest virgin daughter, Ruth the Moabite were not born.
2) If Tamar didn’t slept with her father in law Judah, Boaz were not born and so neither King David. What seems to be incest or even immoral to us today was a divine way for יהושע to come! Something is also of interest, the question can be raised:
Why did Lot two virgin daughters slept with their father, they could had wait for others men?
The book of Yasher gives us the answer:
Chapter 19: 57. And Lot and his two daughters remained in the cave, and they made their father drink wine, and they lay with him, for they said there was no man upon earth that could raise up seed from them, for they sought that the whole earth was destroyed.
This is why it is only when Moshe gave the Torah that it was forbidden for a man to uncover the nakedness of his sister:
Lev 18:9 The nakedness of thy sister, the daughter of thy father, or daughter of thy mother, whether she be born at home, or born abroad, even their nakedness thou shalt not uncover. Deu 27:22 Cursed be he that lieth with his sister, the daughter of his father, or the daughter of his mother. And all the people shall say, so be it.
Lev 18:11 The nakedness of thy father's wife's daughter, begotten of thy father, she is thy sister, thou shalt not uncover her nakedness. ......
Everything done for the sake of heaven is not sin. We see that from the time of Moshe such action were no more possible. Lot was born before Moshe, Tamar also and for Boaz he took Ruth to raise a descendant to Mahlon a Yehudin. One question can also be raised: Why did the children of lot’s daughter, Moab and Ammon became enemies to the children of Israel? It is the mother responsibility to teach her children the way of the Torah! You may be surprised but let us read:
Prov.6:20 my son keep the commandments (heb.mitzvat) of thy Father and the Torah of thy mother….
The father sustained the family he is the one working in the field, while the mother at home teach Torah to the children. In the case of Moab and Ammon, their mothers the daughters of Lot were grown up in a pagan surrounding influenced by their traditions. We see the same with Ishmael and his mother Hagar the Egyptian.....
The book of Yasher chapter 20 gives us following information: 1. And at that time Abraham journeyed from the plain of Mamre, and he went to the land of the Philistines, and he dwelt in Gerar; it was in the twenty-fifth year of Abraham's
being in the land of Canaan, and the hundredth year of the life of Abraham, that he came to Gerar in the land of the Philistines ....
Abraham was in the land of the Philistines which will become the enemy from יהוה’s people.
יהוה will always protect those who walk in the righteous way of the Torah following יהושע with all their heart. Not only will he protect them but will afflict the wicked on their behalf. This story is very interesting as Abimelech didn’t knew that Sarah was Abraham’s wife, but his bad attitude, to take to himself whatever was pleasing to him, bring him into trouble with יהוה. There is also one passage verse 17 which is similar to what happened to Yob: Job 42:8 and now, take seven bulls and seven rams, and go to My servant Iyoḇ, and offer up a burnt offering for yourselves. And let My servant Iyoḇ pray for you – for I accept him – lest I punish you; because you have not spoken of Me what is right, as did My servant Iyoḇ.”
After Abraham prayed for Abimelech, יהוה opened the womb of his wife and all the household and she could bear children. Abraham spoke the true to Abimelech, Sarah was really his sister (b’reshit 20:12)
Gen 20:1 and Aḇraham set out from there to the land of the South, and dwelt between Qaḏĕsh and Shur, and stayed in Gerar. Gen 20:2 and Aḇraham said concerning Sarah his wife, “She is my sister.” And Aḇimeleḵ sovereign of Gerar sent and took Sarah. Gen 20:3 but Elohim came to Aḇimeleḵ in a dream by night, and said to him, “See, you are a dead man because of the woman whom you have taken, for she is a man’s wife.” . Yasher 20: 12. as at evening time, before men lie down to rest, the king was sitting upon his throne,
and a deep sleep fell upon him, and he lay upon the throne and slept till morning. 13. and he dreamed that an angel of YHWH came to him with a drawn sword in his hand, and the angel stood over Abimelech, and wished to slay him with the sword, and the king was terrified in his dream, and said to the angel, In what have I sinned against thee that thou comest to slay me with thy sword? 14. and the angel answered and said to Abimelech, Behold thou diest on account of the woman which thou didst yesternight bring to thy house, for she is a married woman, the wife of Abraham who came to thy house; now therefore return that man his wife, for she is his wife; and shouldst thou not return her, know that thou wilt surely die, thou and all belonging to thee. 15. and on that night there was a great outcry in the land of the Philistines, and the inhabitants of the land saw the figure of a man standing with a drawn sword in his hand, and he smote the inhabitants of the land with the sword, yea he
continued to smite them. 16. and the angel of YHWH smote the whole land of the Philistines on that night,
and there was a great confusion on that night and on the following morning. 17. and every womb was closed, and all their issues, and the hand ofYHWH was upon them on account of Sarah, wife of Abraham, whom Abimelech had taken.18. and in the morning Abimelech rose with terror and confusion and with a great
dread, and he sent and had his servants called in, and he related his dream to them, and the people were greatly afraid. Gen 20:4 However, Aḇimeleḵ had not come near her, and he said, “יהוה, would You slay a righteous nation also? Gen 20:5 “Did he not say to me, ‘She is my sister’? And she, even she herself said, ‘He is my brother.’ In the integrity of my heart and in the innocence of my hands I have done this.” Gen 20:6 and Elohim said to him in a dream, “Yea, I know that you did this in the integrity of your heart, and so I kept you from sinning against Me. For this reason I did not let you touch her. Gen 20:7 “And now, return the man’s wife, for he is a prophet, and let him pray for you and you live. But if you do not return her, know that you shall certainly die, you and all that are yours.” Gen 20:8 so Aḇimeleḵ rose early in the morning, and called all his servants, and spoke all these words in their hearing. And the men were greatly frightened. Gen 20:9 and Aḇimeleḵ called Aḇraham and said to him, “What have you done to us? In what have I sinned against you, that you have brought on me and on my reign a great sin? You have done matters to me that should not be done.”
Gen 20:10 and Aḇimeleḵ said to Aḇraham, “What did you have in view, that you have done this matter?”
Gen 20:11 and Aḇraham said, “Only because I said to myself, the fear of Elohim is not in this place, and they shall kill me for the sake of my wife. Gen 20:12 “And yet, she is truly my sister. She is the daughter of my father, but not the daughter of my mother, and she became my wife. Gen 20:13 “And it came to be, when Elohim caused me to wander from my father’s house, that I said to her, ‘This is your kindness that you should do for me: in every place, wherever we go, say of me, “He is my brother.” ’ ” Gen 20:14 Then Aḇimeleḵ took sheep, and cattle, and male and female servants, and gave them to Aḇraham. And he returned Sarah his wife to him. Gen 20:15 and Aḇimeleḵ said, “See, my land is before you, dwell wherever it is good in your eyes.” Gen 20:16 and to Sarah he said, “See, I have given your brother a thousand pieces of silver. See, it is to you a covering of eyes before all who are with you and before all others, and you are cleared before everyone.” Gen 20:17 and Aḇraham prayed to Elohim, and Elohim healed Aḇimeleḵ, and his wife, and his female servants, so they bore children, Gen 20:18 for יהוה had closed up all the wombs of the house of Aḇimeleḵ because of Sarah, Aḇraham’s wife. ……
Again following the book of Yasher will help to understand Abraham’s life and those who were around him at this time. You may be surprised to see that we found Terah, Abraham’s father as well as Shem and Eber who were direct descendants from Noach as we can read: 4. and the child grew up and he was weaned, and Abraham made a great feast upon the day that Isaac was weaned. 5. and Shem and Eber and all the great people of the land, and Abimelech king of the Philistines, and his servants, and Phicol, the captain of his host, came to eat and drink and rejoice at the feast which Abraham made upon the day of his son Isaac's being weaned.
6. also Terah, the father of Abraham, and Nahor his brother, came from Haran, they and all belonging to them, for they greatly rejoiced on hearing that a son had been born to Sarah. 7. and they came to Abraham, and they ate and drank at the feast which Abraham made upon the day of Isaac's being weaned. 8. and Terah and Nahor rejoiced with Abraham, and they remained with him many days in the land of the Philistines. 9. At that time Serug the son of Reu died, in the .........
So we understand that the recalling of Abraham’s life is not chronological but much more build on events has Moshe has been inspired by the Ruach HaQodesh.
Gen 21:1 and יהוה visited Sarah as He had said, and יהוה did for Sarah as He had spoken.
Gen 21:2 So Sarah conceived and bore Aḇraham a son in his old age, at the appointed time of which Elohim had spoken to him. Gen 21:3 and Aḇraham called the name of his son who was born to him, whom Sarah bore to him, Yitsḥaq. Gen 21:4 and Aḇraham circumcised his son Yitsḥaq when he was eight days old, as Elohim had commanded him. Gen 21:5 and Aḇraham was one hundred years old when his son Yitsḥaq was born to him. Gen 21:6 and Sarah said, “Elohim has made me laugh, and everyone who hears of it laughs with me.” Gen 21:7 and she said, “Who would have said to Aḇraham that Sarah would nurse children? For I have borne him a son in his old age.” Gen 21:8 and the child grew and was weaned, and Aḇraham made a great feast on the day that Yitsḥaq was weaned. Gen 21:9 and Sarah saw the son of Haḡar the Mitsrite, whom she had borne to Aḇraham, mocking. Gen 21:10 so she said to Aḇraham, “Drive out this female servant and her son, for the son of this female servant shall not inherit with my son, with Yitsḥaq.” Gen 21:11 and the matter was very evil in the eyes of Aḇraham because of his son.
Gen 21:12 but Elohim said to Aḇraham, “Let it not be evil in your eyes because of the boy and because of your female servant. Whatever Sarah has said to you, listen to her voice, for in Yitsḥaq your seed is called.
The book of Yasher explain about Ishmael, this we should always remember as today the arabs are the descendants from Ishmael and would try to destroy the seed of Itzak: 11. and Ishmael the son of Abraham was grown up in those days; he was fourteen years old when Sarah bare Isaac to Abraham. 12. and God was with Ishmael the son of Abraham, and he grew up, and he learned to use the bow and became an archer. 13. and when Isaac was five years old he was sitting with Ishmael at the door of the tent. 14. and Ishmael came to Isaac and seated himself opposite to him, and he took the bow and drew it and put the arrow in it, and intended to slay Isaac. 15. and Sarah saw the act which Ishmael desired to do to her son Isaac, and it grieved her exceedingly on account of her son, and she sent for Abraham, and said to him, Cast out this bondwoman and her son, for her son shall not be heir with my son, for thus did he seek to do unto him this day. 16. and Abraham hearkened to the voice of Sarah, and he rose up early in the morning, and
he took twelve loaves and a bottle of water which he gave to Hagar, and sent her away with her son, and Hagar went with her son to the wilderness, and they dwelt in the wilderness of Paran with the inhabitants of the wilderness, and Ishmael was an archer, and he dwelt in the wilderness a long time. .....
We see that Yasher explain the reason why Sarah asked Abraham to send Ishmael away. The Torah doesn’t give any information and thus, many pastors have made up stories all out of mind……
Gen 21:13 “And of the son of the female servant I also make a nation, because he is your seed.” Gen 21:14 and Aḇraham rose early in the morning, and took bread and a skin of water, which he gave to Haḡar, putting it on her shoulder, also the boy, and sent her away. And she left and wandered in the Wilderness of Be’ĕrsheḇa. Gen 21:15 and the water in the skin was used up, and she placed the boy under one of the shrubs. Gen 21:16 and she went and sat down about a bowshot away, for she said, “Let me not see the death of the boy.” And she sat opposite him, and lifted her voice and wept. Gen 21:17 and Elohim heard the voice of the boy, and the messenger of Elohim called to Haḡar from the heavens, and said to her, “What is the matter with you, Haḡar? Do not fear, for Elohim has heard the voice of the boy where he is. Gen 21:18 “Arise, lift up the boy and hold him with your hand, for I make a great nation of him.” Gen 21:19 and Elohim opened her eyes, and she saw a well of water. And she went and filled the skin with water, and gave the boy a drink. Gen 21:20 and Elohim was with the boy, and he grew and dwelt in the wilderness, and became an archer. Gen 21:21 and he dwelt in the Wilderness of Paran, and his mother took a wife for him from the land of Mitsrayim. ……
The book of Yasher gives again more details concerning Ishmael: 17. and he and his mother afterward went to the land of Egypt, and they dwelt there, and
Hagar took a wife for her son from Egypt, and her name was Meribah. 18. and the wife of Ishmael conceived and bare four sons and two daughters, and Ishmael and his mother and his wife and children afterward went and returned to the wilderness. 19. and they made themselves tents in the wilderness, in which they dwelt, and they continued to travel and then to rest monthly and yearly. 20. and God gave Ishmael flocks and herds and tents on account of Abraham his father, and the man increased in cattle. 21. and Ishmael dwelt in deserts and in tents, traveling and resting for a long time, and he did not see the face of his father ......
The problem with Ishamel is that although he was Abraham’s son, he was raised by his mother an Egyptian (Ham), who still had Egyptians traditions. We see it when she went to look for an Egyptian woman to marry Ishmael. Ishamel wife had other traditions which were not so after Elohim’s teaching: 22. and in some time after, Abraham said to Sarah his wife, I will go and see my son Ishmael, for I have a desire to see him, for I have not seen him for a long time. 23. and Abraham rode upon one of his camels to the wilderness to seek his son Ishmael, for he heard that he was dwelling in a tent in the wilderness with all belonging to him. 24. and Abraham went to the wilderness, and he reached the tent of Ishmael about noon, and he asked after Ishmael, and he found the wife of Ishmael sitting in the tent with her children, and Ishmael her husband and his mother were not with them. 25. and Abraham asked the wife of Ishmael, saying, Where has Ishmael gone? and she said, He has gone to the field to hunt, and Abraham was still mounted upon the camel, for he would not get off to the ground as he had sworn to his wife Sarah that he would not get off from the camel. 26. and Abraham said to Ishmael's wife, My daughter, give me a little water that I may drink, for I am fatigued from the journey. 27. and Ishmael's wife answered and said to Abraham, We have neither water nor bread, and she continued sitting in the tent and did not notice Abraham, neither did she ask him who he was. 28. but she was beating her children in the tent, and she was cursing them, and she also cursed her husband Ishmael and reproached him, and Abraham heard the words of
Ishmael's wife to her children, and he was very angry and displeased.
29. and Abraham called to the woman to come out to him from the tent, and the woman came and stood opposite to Abraham, for Abraham was still mounted upon the camel. 30. and Abraham said to Ishmael's wife, When thy husband Ishmael returneth home say these words to him, 31. a very old man from the land of the Philistines came hither to seek thee, and thus was his appearance and figure; I did not ask him who he was, and seeing thou wast not here he spoke unto me and said, When Ishmael thy husband returneth tell him thus did this man say, When thou comest home put away this nail of the tent which thou hast placed here, and place another nail in its stead. 32. and Abraham finished his instructions to the woman, and he turned and went off on the camel homeward. 33. and after that Ishmael came from the chase he and his mother, and returned to the tent, and his wife spoke these words to him, 34. a very old man from the land of the Philistines came to seek thee, and thus was his appearance and figure; I did not ask him who he was, and seeing thou wast not at home he said to me, When thy husband cometh home tell him, thus saith the old man, Put away the nail of the tent which thou hast placed here and place another nail in its stead. 35. and Ishmael heard the words of his wife, and he knew that it was his father, and that his wife did not honour him. 36. and Ishmael understood his father's words that he had spoken to his wife, and Ishmael hearkened to the voice of his father, and Ishmael cast off that woman and she went away. 37. and Ishmael afterward went to the land of Canaan, and he took another wife and he brought her to his tent to the place where he then dwelt.
The “nail” was the bad wife which was to be removed before she corrupt the all house.
Gen 21:22 And it came to be at that time that Aḇimeleḵ and Piḵol, the commander of his army, spoke to Aḇraham, saying, “Elohim is with you in all that you do. Gen 21:23 “And now, swear to me by Elohim, not to be untrue to me, to my offspring, or to my descendants. Do to me according to the kindness that I have done to you and to the land in which you have dwelt.” Gen 21:24 and Aḇraham said, “I swear.” Gen 21:25 And Aḇraham reproved Aḇimeleḵ because of a well of water which Aḇimeleḵ’s servants had seized. Gen 21:26 and Aḇimeleḵ said, “I do not know who has done this deed. Neither did you inform me, nor did I hear until today.” Gen 21:27 so Aḇraham took sheep and cattle and gave them to Aḇimeleḵ, and the two of them made a covenant. Gen 21:28 and Aḇraham set seven ewe lambs of the flock by themselves. Gen 21:29 and Aḇimeleḵ asked Aḇraham, “What are these seven ewe lambs which you have set by themselves?” Gen 21:30 and he said, “Take these seven ewe lambs from my hand, to be my witness that I have dug this well.” Gen 21:31 so he called that place Be’ĕrsheḇa, because the two of them swore an oath there. Gen 21:32 Thus they made a covenant at Be’ĕrsheḇa. And Aḇimeleḵ rose with Piḵol, the commander of his army, and they returned to the land of the Philistines. Gen 21:33 and he planted a tamarisk tree in Be’ĕrsheḇa, and there called on the Name of יהוה, the Everlasting Ěl. Gen 21:34 and Aḇraham sojourned in the land of the Philistines many days.
Yasher: the servants of Abraham dug wells of water, and Abraham and all belonging to him dwelt by the water, and the servants of Abimelech king of the Philistines heard the report that Abraham's servants had dug wells of water in the borders of the land. 5. and they came and quarreled with the servants of Abraham, and they robbed them of
the great well which they had dug. 6. and Abimelech king of the Philistines heard of this affair, and he with Phicol the captain of his host and twenty of his men came to Abraham, and Abimelech spoke to Abraham concerning his servants, and Abraham rebuked Abimelech concerning the well of which his servants had robbed him.7. and Abimelech said to Abraham, As YHWH liveth who created the whole earth, I did not hear of the act which my servants did unto thy servants until this day. 8. and Abraham took seven ewe lambs and gave them to Abimelech, saying, Take these, I pray thee, from my hands that it may be a testimony for me that I dug this well.
9. and Abimelech took the seven ewe lambs which Abraham had given to him, for he had also given him cattle and herds in abundance, and Abimelech swore to Abraham concerning the well, therefore he called that well Beersheba, for there they both swore concerning it. 10. and they both made a covenant in Beersheba, and Abimelech rose up with Phicol the captain of his host and all his men, and they returned to the land of the Philistines, and Abraham and all belonging to him dwelt in Beersheba and he was in that land a long
time.11. and Abraham planted a large grove in Beersheba, and he made to it four gates facing the four sides of the earth, and he planted a vineyard in it, so that if a traveller came to Abraham he entered any gate which was in his road, and remained there and ate and drank and satisfied himself and then departed.
Abimelech was scarred by Abraham after what happened with Sarah.
Wells have a particular meaning in the Torah. First of all in the literal sense they were absolutely needed to provide water for the people living there and also for their cattle. Wells of water have also a spiritual meaning. To dig to get water is also a euphemism of searching the water of the Torah. You may think that I have too much fantasy, just read!
Isa 12:3 and you shall draw water with joy from the wells of salvation.
Joh 4:6 and Yaʽaqoḇ’s fountain (well) was there. So יהושע, being wearied from the journey, was sitting thus at the fountain (well). It was about the sixth hour. Joh 4:7 a woman of Shomeron came to draw water. יהושע said to her, “Give Me to drink.”
Joh 4:10 יהושע answered and said to her, “If you knew the gift of Elohim, and who it is who says to you, ‘Give Me to drink,’ you would have asked Him, and He would have given you living water.” …..
Again we understand that from the beginning wells are directed to water and to salvation, first of all from starving, and in the spiritual way from becoming dry. For information in case of confusion concerning Terah, Abraham’s father we can read in the book of Yasher (The righteous):
33. and Terah died in that year, that is in the thirty-fifth year of the birth of Isaac son of Abraham.
34. and the days of Terah were two hundred and five years, and he was buried in Haran. .....This is the place told by Moshe when he wrote the Torah (B’reshit 11:32) which recall the genealogy from Abram.
Gen 22:1 and it came to be after these events that Elohim tried (heb.nasah, to put to the test) Aḇraham, and said to him, “Aḇraham!” And he said, “Here I am.” Gen 22:2 and He said, “Take your son, now, your only son Yitsḥaq, whom you love, and go to the land of Moriyah, and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains which I command you.” Gen 22:3 and Aḇraham rose early in the morning and saddled his donkey, and took two of his young men with him, and Yitsḥaq his son. And he split the wood for the burnt offering, and arose and went to the place which Elohim had commanded him. Gen 22:4 and on the third day Aḇraham lifted his eyes and saw the place from a distance. Gen 22:5 so Aḇraham said to his young men, “Stay here with the donkey while the boy and I go over there and worship, and come back to you.” Gen 22:6 and Aḇraham took the wood of the burnt offering and laid it on Yitsḥaq his son. And he took the fire in his hand, and a knife, and the two of them went together. Gen 22:7 and Yitsḥaq spoke to Aḇraham his father and said, “My father!” And he said, “Here I am, my son.” And he said, “See, the fire and the wood! But where is the lamb for a burnt offering?” Gen 22:8 and Aḇraham said, “My son, Elohim does provide for Himself the lamb for a burnt offering.” And the two of them went together. Gen 22:9 and they came to the place which Elohim had commanded him, and Aḇraham built an altar there and placed the wood in order. And he bound Yitsḥaq his son and laid him on the altar, upon the wood. Gen 22:10 and Aḇraham stretched out his hand and took the knife to slay his son, Gen 22:11 but the Messenger of יהוה called to him from the heavens and said, “Aḇraham, Aḇraham!” And he said, “Here I am.” Gen 22:12 and He said, “Do not lay your hand on the boy, nor touch him. For now I know that you fear Elohim, seeing you have not withheld your son, your only son, from Me.” Gen 22:13 and Aḇraham lifted his eyes and looked and saw behind him a ram caught in a bush by its horns, and Aḇraham went and took the ram and offered it up for a burnt offering instead of his son.
Gen 22:14 and Aḇraham called the name of the place, ‘יהוה Yireh,’ as it is said to this day, “On the mountain יהוה provides.” Gen 22:15 and the Messenger of יהוה called to Aḇraham a second time from the heavens,
Gen 22:16 and said, “By Myself I have sworn, declares יהוה, because you have done this, and have not withheld your son, your only son, Gen 22:17 that I shall certainly bless you, and I shall certainly increase your seed as the stars of the heavens and as the sand which is on the seashore, and let your seed possess the gate of their enemies. Gen 22:18 “And in your seed all the nations of the earth shall be blessed, because you have obeyed My voice.” Gen 22:19 Then Aḇraham returned to his young men, and they rose up and went together to Be’ĕrsheḇa. And Aḇraham dwelt at Be’ĕrsheḇa. Gen 22:20 and it came to be after these events that it was reported to Aḇraham, saying, “See, Milkah too has borne children to your brother Naḥor: Gen 22:21 “Uts his first-born, and Buz his brother, and Qemu’ĕl the father of Aram,
Gen 22:22 and Keseḏ, and Ḥazo, and Pildash, and Yiḏlaph, and Bethu’ĕl.” Gen 22:23 and Bethu’ĕl brought forth Riḇqah. These eight Milkah bore to Naḥor, Aḇraham’s brother. Gen 22:24 and his concubine, whose name was Re’uwmah, also bore Teḇaḥ, and Gaḥam, and Taḥash, and Maʽaḵah. ……
This chapter is the foundation of יהוה teaching us that the promise for us was done long ago. Abraham in this midrash plays the role of Aba יהוה, Itzak plays the role of יהושע and the burnt offering is what we will found again and again in the Torah. When sacrifices will be instituted . First of all the sacrifice will take place on mount “Moriah” or MoriYah which means: “seen of Yah”. We so learn that יהוה will have his “eyes” fixed on Abraham’s action.
First we are going to look again in the book of Yasher if we can glean some complementary information: 40. and Isaac the son of Abraham was growing up in those days, and Abraham his father taught him the way of YHWH to know YHWH, and YHWH was with him. 41. and when Isaac was thirty-seven years old, Ishmael his brother was going about with him in the tent. 42. and Ishmael boasted of himself to Isaac, saying, I was thirteen years old when YHWH spoke to my father to circumcise us, and I did according to the word of YHWH which
he spoke to my father, and I gave my soul unto YHWH, and I did not transgress his word which he commanded my father. 43. and Isaac answered Ishmael, saying, Why dost thou boast to me about this, about a little bit of thy flesh which thou didst take from thy body, concerning which YHWH commanded thee? 44. as YHWH liveth, the God of my father Abraham, if YHWH should say unto my father, Take now thy son Isaac and bring him up an offering before me, I would not refrain but I would joyfully accede to it. 45. and YHWH heard the word that Isaac spoke to Ishmael, and it seemed good in the sight of YHWH, and he thought to try Abraham in this matter........
It may sound a bit “story” reading this verses, but if you look carefully in the Tanak there is another story which sound similar in the reaction of יהוה when man speak to fast:
Jdg 11:29 And the Spirit of יהוה came upon Yiphtaḥ, and he passed through Gilʽaḏ and Menashsheh, and passed through Mitspeh of Gilʽaḏ. And from Mitspeh of Gilʽaḏ he passed on toward the children of Ammon. Jdg 11:30 And Yiphtaḥ made a vow to יהוה, and said, “If You give the children of Ammon (lot’s descendants*) into my hands, Jdg 11:31 then it shall be that whatever comes out of the doors of my house to meet me, when I return in peace from the children of Ammon, shall belong to יהוה, and I shall offer it up as a burnt offering.” Yiptah was very quick making a vow:
Jdg 11:32 Yiphtaḥ then passed on toward the children of Ammon to fight against them, and יהוה gave them into his hands. Jdg 11:33 and he smote them from Aroʽĕr as far as Minnith, twenty cities, and to Aḇĕl Keramim, with a very great slaughter. Thus the children of Ammon were humbled before the children of Yisra’ĕl.
יהוה gave him the victory: Now Yipthah must fulfill his vow to יהוה Jdg 11:34 and Yiphtaḥ came to his house at Mitspah, and saw his daughter coming out to meet him with timbrels and dancing. Now except for her he had neither son nor daughter. Jdg 11:35 and it came to be, when he saw her, that he tore his garments, and said, “Oh my daughter! You have brought me very low, and you are among those who trouble me! And I, I have given my word to יהוה, and I am unable to turn back.” Jdg 11:36 and she said to him, “My father, if you have given your word to יהוה, do to me according to what has gone out of your mouth, because יהוה has taken vengeance for you upon your enemies, the children of Ammon.” Jdg 11:37 and she said to her father, “Let this be done for me: let me alone for two months, and let me go and wander on the mountains and bewail my maidenhood, my friends and I.” ..This is a very amazing story but, and we should have wisdom when binding ourselves to יהוה, for he will ask us to do whatever we have vow to him. ….Yasher: 46. and the day arrived when the sons of God came and placed themselves before YHWH, and Satan also came with the sons of Elohim before YHWH.
47. and YHWH said unto Satan, Whence comest thou? and Satan answered YHWH and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it. 48. and YHWH said to Satan, What is thy word to me concerning all the children of the earth? and Satan answered YHWH and said, I have seen all the children of the earth who serve thee and remember thee when they require anything from thee. 49. and when thou givest them the thing which they require from thee, they sit at their ease, and forsake thee and they remember thee no more.
50. Hast thou seen Abraham the son of Terah, who at first had no children, and he served thee and erected altars to thee wherever he came, and he brought up offerings upon them, and he proclaimed thy name continually to all the children of the earth. 51. and now that his son Isaac is born to him, he has forsaken thee, he has made a great feast for all the inhabitants of the land, and YHWH he has forgotten. 52. for amidst all that he has done he brought thee no offering; neither burnt offering nor peace offering, neither ox, lamb nor goat of all that he killed on the day that his son was weaned. 53. even from the time of his son's birth till now, being thirty-seven years, he built no altar before thee, nor brought any offering to thee, for he saw that thou didst give what he
requested before thee, and he therefore forsook thee. 54. and YHWH said to Satan, Hast thou thus considered my servant Abraham? for there is none like him upon earth, a perfect and an upright man before me, one that feareth Elohim and avoideth evil; as I live, were I to say unto him, Bring up Isaac thy son before me, he
would not withhold him from me, much more if I told him to bring up a burnt offering before me from his flock or herds. 55. and Satan answered YHWH and said, Speak then now unto Abraham as thou hast said, and thou wilt see whether he will not this day transgress and cast aside thy words. .....
We see the similarity with the book of Yob when HaSatan come before יהוה:
Job 1:6 and the day came to be that the sons of Elohim came to present themselves before יהוה, and Satan also came among them. Job 1:7 and יהוה said to Satan, “From where do you come?” And Satan answered יהוה and said, “From diligently searching in the earth, and from walking up and down in it.” Job 1:8 and יהוה said to Satan, “Have you considered My servant Iyoḇ, that there is none like him on the earth, a perfect and straight man, one who fears Elohim and turns aside from evil?” …
.Satan is called the “accuser of the brethren” By the way, it is said that the book of Yob is the oldest book of the scriptures.
Rev 12:10 And I heard a loud voice saying in the heaven, “Now have come the deliverance and the power and the reign of our Elohim,1 and the authority of His Messiah, for the accuser of our brothers, who accused them before our Elohim day and night, has been thrown down.......
It was HaSatan job until he was cast down from יהוה’s presence. Now the sacrifice of Itzak as we read in the book of Yasher is not when he was a little baby has many Christians will tell you. Itzak was thirty seven years old and for sure was willing to become the sacrifice. That gives a clear meaning of יהושע who gave his life for us. יהושע says:
Mat 20:28 even as the Son of Aḏam did not come to be served, but to serve,1 and to give His life as a ransom for many.”.
Joh 11:50 neither do you consider that it is better for us that one man die for the people than that the entire nation should perish.”
Joh 11:51 But he did not say this from himself, but being high priest that year he prophesied that יהושע was about to die for the nation,
1Ti 2:6 who gave Himself a ransom for all, to be witnessed in its own seasons,
Tit 2:14 who gave Himself for us,………..
Itzak is the for-runner of the perfect offering. יהושע of Nazareth who gave his life for us. It is interesting to read that the Yehudin of יהושע time knew that one had to die for the nation (Yochan; 11:50-51)...
Yasher Itzak sacrifice: --- 14. and in the morning Sarah selected a very fine and beautiful garment from those garments which she had in the house, that Abimelech had given to her. 15. and she dressed Isaac her son therewith, and she put a turban upon his head, and she enclosed a precious stone in the top of the turban, and she gave them provision for the road, and they went forth, and Isaac went with his father Abraham, and some of their servants accompanied them to see them off the road. 16. and Sarah went out with them, and she accompanied them upon the road to see them off, and they said to her, Return to the tent. 17. and when Sarah heard the words of her son Isaac she wept bitterly, and Abraham her husband wept with her, and their son wept with them a great weeping; also those who went with them wept greatly. 18. and Sarah caught hold of her son Isaac, and she held him in her arms, and she embraced him and continued to weep with him, and Sarah said, Who knoweth if after this day I shall ever see thee again? 19. and they still wept together, Abraham, Sarah and Isaac, and all those that accompanied them on the road wept with them, and Sarah afterward turned away from her son, weeping bitterly, and all her men servants and maid servants returned with her to the tent.
The Torah doesn’t give any information concerning those who went with Abraham. The book of Yasher gives the details:
21. and Abraham took two of his young men with him, Ishmael the son of Hagar and
Eliezer his servant, and they went together with them, and whilst they were walking in the road the young men spoke these words to themselves, 22. and Ishmael said to Eliezer, Now my father Abraham is going with Isaac to bring him up for a burnt offering to YHWH, as He commanded him. 23. Now when he returneth he will give unto me all that he possesses, to inherit after him, for I am his first born.
It is very interesting that Ishmael is not concerned about his brother Itzak but much more about the heritage. If we read more we can see that Eliezer is also concerned with heritage and think to see an opportunity to inherit Abraham. We know it will not be so, because יהוה wanted it another way.
Back to the book of Yasher: ---- 41. and on the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes and saw the place at a distance which God had told him of. 42. and a pillar of fire appeared to him that reached from the earth to heaven, and a cloud of glory upon the mountain, and the glory of YHWH was seen in the cloud. 43. and Abraham said to Isaac, My son, dost thou see in that mountain, which we perceive
at a distance, that which I see upon it? 44. and Isaac answered and said unto his father, I see and lo a pillar of fire and a cloud, and the glory of YHWH is seen upon the cloud. 45. and Abraham knew that his son Isaac was accepted before YHWH for a burnt offering. 46. and Abraham said unto Eliezer and unto Ishmael his son, Do you also see that which we see upon the mountain which is at a distance? 47. and they answered and said, We see nothing more than like the other mountains of the earth. and Abraham knew that they were not accepted before YHWH to go with them, and Abraham said to them, Abide ye here with the ass whilst I and Isaac my son will go to yonder mount and worship there before YHWH and then return to you. 48. and Eliezer and Ishmael remained in that place, as Abraham had commanded....
In this we understand better how the scene was going on for each of those taking part in this action. Abraham was fully devoted to יהוה and knew that if יהוה ask him to slain his son, he was able to raise him from the dead. You will say how do we know?
Gen 22:5 So Aḇraham said to his young men, “Stay here with the donkey while the boy and I go over there and worship, and come back to you.” There is no mention of Abraham coming back alone!
43. And Abraham said to Isaac, My son, dost thou see in that mountain, which we perceive at a distance, that which I see upon it? 44. And Isaac answered and said unto his father, I see and lo a pillar of fire and a cloud, and the glory of YHWH is seen upon the cloud. 45. And Abraham knew that his son Isaac was accepted before YHWH for a burnt offering.
46. And Abraham said unto Eliezer and unto Ishmael his son, Do you also see that which
we see upon the mountain which is at a distance? 47. And they answered and said, We see nothing more than like the other mountains of the earth. And Abraham knew that they were not accepted before YHWH to go with them, and Abraham said to them, Abide ye here with the ass whilst I and Isaac my son will go to yonder mount and worship there before YHWH and then return to you.
Gen 22:6 And Aḇraham took the wood of the burnt offering and laid it on Yitsḥaq his son .
Joh 19:17 And bearing His (Yehoshua) stake (wood), He went out to the so-called Place of a Skull, which is called in Heḇrew, Golgotha,
The burnt offering: Strong’s # H5930 עולה עלה ‛ôlâh o-law', o-law'written Ayin,lamed,he. Feminine active participle of H5927; a step or (collectively stairs, as ascending); usually a holocaust (as going up in smoke): - ascent, burnt offering (sacrifice), go up to. See also H5766.
H5927 âlâh aw-law' A primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or active (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literally and figuratively: - arise (up). (cause to) ascend up, at once, break [the day] (up), bring (up), (cause to) burn, carry up, cast up, + shew, climb (up), (cause to, make to) come (up), cut off, dawn, depart, exalt, excel, fall, fetch up, get up, (make to) go (away, up), grow (over), increase, lay, leap, levy, lift (self) up, light, [make] up, X mention, mount up, offer, make to pay, + perfect, prefer, put (on), raise, recover, restore, (make to) rise (up), scale, set (up), shoot forth (up), (begin to) spring (up), stir up, take away (up), work. ......
We see that the brunt offering carry the idea of going up! Where if not to the throne of יהוה! It is used literally and figuratively: the idea is that when the sacrifice is burning it brings a sweet odour to יהוה. This will be later transformed after יהושע sacrifice in sacrifice of praise, the fruits of lips proclaiming his Qadosh name (Hebr)....
Exo 29:25 “Then you shall take them from their hands and burn them on the altar as a burnt offering, as a sweet fragrance before יהוה. It is an offering made by fire to יהוה. The angel stopped Abraham, because the time was not yet come. Remember יהוה speaks the End from the beginning and the life of the patriarch are the pattern of what יהוה will do because of what he promised to Abraham, the friend of Elohim.......
Keil and delitzsch give us an interesting comment:
But Abraham brought his reason into captivity to the obedience of faith. He did not question the truth of the word of God, which had been addressed to him in a mode that was to his mind perfectly infallible (not in a vision of the night, however, of which there is not a syllable in the text), but he stood firm in his faith, “accounting that god was able to raise him up, even from the dead” Heb_11:19). Without taking counsel with flesh and blood, Abraham started early in the morning (Gen_22:3, Gen_22:4), with his son Isaac and two servants, to obey the divine command; and on the third day (for the distance from Beersheba to Jerusalem is about 20 1/2 hours; Rob. Pal. iii. App. 66, 67) he saw in the distance the place mentioned by God, the land of Moriah, i.e., the mountainous country round about Jerusalem. The name מֹרִיָּה, composed of the Hophal partic. of רָאָה and the divine name יה, an abbreviation of יְהֹוָה (lit., “the shown of Jehovah,” equivalent to the manifestation of Jehovah), is no doubt used proleptically in Gen_22:2, and given to the mountain upon which the sacrifice was to be made, with direct reference to this event and the appearance of Jehovah to Abraham there. This is confirmed by Gen_22:14, where the name is connected with the event, and explained in the fuller expression Jehovah-jireh. On the ground of this passage the mountain upon which Solomon built the temple is called הַמֹּרִיָּה with reference to the appearance of the angel of YHWH to David on that mountain at the threshing-floor of Araunah (2Sa_24:16-17), the old name being revived by this appearance.....
Heb 11:17 By belief, Aḇraham, when he was tried, offered up Yitsḥaq, and he who had received the promises offered up his only brought-forth son,
Heb 11:18 of whom it was said, “In Yitsḥaq your seed shall be called,” Heb 11:19 reckoning that Elohim was able to raise even from the dead, from which he received him back, as a type. .....
Let us conclude with the words from the book of Yasher which bring us to glean how our forefathers were full of faith in יהוה. This faith was imparted from Noach to Shem, to Eber and then to Abraham and Itzak:
50. and when they were going along Isaac said to his father, Behold, I see here the fire and wood, and where then is the lamb that is to be the burnt offering before YHWH? 51. And Abraham answered his son Isaac, saying, YHWH has made choice of thee my son, to be a perfect burnt offering instead of the lamb. 52. and Isaac said unto his father, I will do all that YHWH spoke to thee with joy and cheerfulness of heart. 53. and Abraham again said unto Isaac his son, Is there in thy heart any thought or counsel concerning this, which is not proper? tell me my son, I pray thee, O my son conceal it not from me.
54. and Isaac answered his father Abraham and said unto him, O my father, as YHWH liveth and as thy soul liveth, there is nothing in my heart to cause me to deviate either to the right or to the left from the word that he has spoken to thee. 55. Neither limb nor muscle has moved or stirred at this, nor is there in my heart any
thought or evil counsel concerning this. 56. but I am of joyful and cheerful heart in this matter, and I say, Blessed is YHWH who has this day chosen me to be a burnt offering before Him. 57. and Abraham greatly rejoiced at the words of Isaac, and they went on and came together to that place that YHWH had spoken of.
Is it not amazing when we see also the same struggle יהושע went through when asking the Father in the garden of Gethsemane if the cup could pass from him? He knew that he had to experience dead in order to see resurrection!
When Abraham brought Itzakh to the Mount Moriah, he was not a little “baby” as taught in Christianity, Itzakh was 37 seven years old and able to say No!.....HALELLUYAH! Abraham was tested ten times! How it is with us, have you counted how many times יהוה has tested you? Have you kept the faith in spite of trials and temptations? There is many who could learn that nothing happen by coincidence but by the perfect will of יהוה for those who love him..
Everything happens in His time, after His perfect will, remember what the first wife from Ishmael did to Abraham when he came to visit his son, she despised her, but the second behaved in a good manner. Now let us look at the Shunnamite woman: 2Ki 4:1 and a certain woman of the wives of the sons of the prophets cried out to Elisha, saying, “Your servant my husband is dead, and you know that your servant feared יהוה. And the lender has come to take my two sons to be his slaves.” 2Ki 4:2 and Elisha said to her, “What should I do for you? Inform me, what do you have in the house?” And she said, “Your female servant has none at all in the house except a pot of oil.” 2Ki 4:3 and he said, “Go, borrow vessels from everywhere, from all your neighbors, empty vessels, do not get a few. 2Ki 4:4 “And when you have come in, you shall shut the door behind you and your sons. Then pour it into all those vessels, and set aside the filled ones.” 2Ki 4:5 so she went from him and shut the door behind her and her sons, who brought the vessels to her, and she poured it out. 2Ki 4:6 and it came to be, when the vessels were filled, that she said to her son, “Bring me another vessel.” But he said to her, “There is not another vessel.” And the oil ceased. 2Ki 4:7 so she went and informed the man of Elohim, and he said, “Go, sell the oil and pay your debt. And you and your sons live on the rest.” 2Ki 4:8 and it came to be on a day that Elisha went to Shunĕm, where there was a prominent woman, and she urged him to eat some food. And it came to be, as often as he passed by, that he turned in there to eat some food. 2Ki 4:9 and she said to her husband, “Look, I know that this is a set-apart man of Elohim, who passes by us continually. 2Ki 4:10 “Please, let us make a small upper room on the wall, and let us put a bed for him there, and a table and a chair and a lampstand. And it shall be, whenever he comes to us, let him turn in there.” 2Ki 4:11 and it came to be on a day that he came there, and he turned in to the upper room and lay down there. 2Ki 4:12 and he said to Gĕḥazi his servant, “Call this Shunammite woman.” So he called her, and she stood before him. 2Ki 4:13 and he said to him, “Please say to her, ‘Look, you have gone to all this trouble for us. What is there to be done for you? Should I speak on your behalf to the sovereign or to the commander of the army?’ ” And she answered, “I am dwelling among my own people.” 2Ki 4:14 and he said, “What then is to be done for her?” And Gĕḥazi answered, “Well, she has no son, and her husband is old.” 2Ki 4:15 and he said, “Call her.” So he called her, and she stood in the doorway. 2Ki 4:16 and he said, “About this time next year you shall embrace a son.” And she said, “No, my master, man of Elohim, do not lie to your female servant!” 2Ki 4:17 and the woman conceived, and bore a son when the appointed time had come, of which Elisha had spoken to her. 2Ki 4:18 and the child grew. And it came to be on a day that he went out to his father, to the reapers, 2Ki 4:19 and he said to his father, “My head, my head!” And he said to a servant, “Take him to his mother.” 2Ki 4:20 so he took him and brought him to his mother, and he sat on her knees till noon, and died. 2Ki 4:21 and she went up and laid him on the bed of the man of Elohim, and shut the door on him, and went out. 2Ki 4:22 and she called to her husband, and said, “Please send me one of the young men and one of the donkeys, so that I hurry to the man of Elohim and return.”
2Ki 4:23 and he said, “Why are you going to him today? It is neither the New Moon nor the Sabbath.” And she said, “It is well!” 2Ki 4:24 and she saddled the donkey and said to her servant, “Drive and go, do not slow down, except I speak to you.” 2Ki 4:25 and she went, and came to the man of Elohim at Mount Karmel. And it came to be, when the man of Elohim saw her at a distance, that he said to his servant Gĕḥazi, “See, the Shunammite woman. 2Ki 4:26 “Please run now to meet her, and say to her, ‘Is it well with you? Is it well with your husband? Is it well with the child?’ ” And she answered, “It is well.” 2Ki 4:27 and she came to the man of Elohim at the hill, and she caught him by the feet, but Gĕḥazi came near to push her away. But the man of Elohim said, “Leave her alone, for her being is bitter in her, and יהוה has hidden it from me, and has not revealed it to me.” 2Ki 4:28 and she said, “Did I ask a son of my master? Did I not say, ‘Do not deceive me’?” 2Ki 4:29 and he said to Gĕḥazi, “Gird up your loins, and take my staff in your hand, and go. When you meet anyone, do not greet him, and when anyone greets you, do not answer him. And you shall lay my staff on the face of the child.” 2Ki 4:30 and the mother of the child said, “As יהוה lives, and as your being lives, I do not leave you.” And he rose and followed her. 2Ki 4:31 and Gĕḥazi went on ahead of them, and laid the staff on the face of the child. But there was no voice and there was no hearing, so he went back to meet him, and reported to him, saying, “The child has not awakened.” 2Ki 4:32 and Elisha came into the house and saw the child was dead, lying on his bed, 2Ki 4:33 and he went in, and shut the door behind the two of them, and prayed to יהוה. 2Ki 4:34 And he went up and lay on the child, and put his mouth on his mouth, and his eyes on his eyes, and his hands on his hands, and stretched himself out on the child, and the flesh of the child became warm. 2Ki 4:35 and he returned and walked back and forth in the house, then went up and stretched himself out on him. And the child sneezed seven times, and the child opened his eyes.
2Ki 4:36 and he called Gĕḥazi and said, “Call this Shunammite.” So he called her. And she came in to him, and he said, “Pick up your son.” 2Ki 4:37 then she went in and fell at his feet, and bowed herself to the ground, and picked up her son and went out. ……
Kefa/Peter gives a strong warning, reminding that יהוה doesn’t change and we should learn from the Torah. How foolish is it today when we see the nations boasting in their wealth. יהוה is bringing signs to make them aware that the judgment is near, but they keep their way, so that יהוה’s righteous judgment will come. Are you like Abraham, opening your door to the stranger in order to share with them the goodness of Elohim, or do you walk in a selfish way, too busy with yourselves?
2Pe 2:4 For if Elohim did not spare the messengers who sinned, but sent them to Tartaros, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be kept for judgment, 2Pe 2:5 and did not spare the world of old, but preserved Noaḥ, a proclaimer of righteousness, and seven others, bringing in the flood on the world of the wicked,
2Pe 2:6 and having reduced to ashes the cities of Seḏom and Amorah (Gomorrah) condemned them to destruction – having made them an example to those who afterward would live wickedly, 2Pe 2:7 and rescued righteous Lot, who was oppressed with the indecent behaviour of the lawless1 Footnote: 1The Greek word here, and in 3:17, is athesmos (not the usual one, anomos) but it also means “lawless.”2Pe 2:8 (for day after day that righteous man, dwelling among them, tortured his righteous being by seeing and hearing their lawless works), 2Pe 2:9 then יהוה knows how to rescue the reverent ones from trial and to keep the unrighteous unto the day of judgment, to be punished, 2Pe 2:10 and most of all those walking after the flesh in filthy lust and despising authority – bold, headstrong, speaking evil of esteemed ones, 2Pe 2:11 whereas messengers who are greater in strength and power do not bring a slanderous accusation against them before the Master. …..
May יהוה bless you and keep as you keep the way following our Master Yehsua.