Parsha Chukat – Statute
Badmidbar 19 :1 – 22 :1
Shoftim (Judges) 11 :1 – 33, 1st Corint.1:20-31, Yochanan 3:10-21
Parasha “Chukat”, statute is again a beautiful portion from Yehowah’s mouth, how he reveals in hidden form was is to come centuries later.
“Chukat” or “chuqqah”: Strong’s #H2708 חקּה Feminine of H2706, and meaning substantially the same: - appointed, custom, manner, ordinance, site, statute....Feminine form from #H2706 “choq”, from #H2710 “chaqah”: to hack, i.e. engrave, to enact (laws being in stone or metal tablets in primitive time) ...........
Many people have read the scriptures, from b’reshit to revelation and never saw what יהוה has embedded in his word. I have read from so many so called ‘teachers’ or ‘doctors’ of the Torah, and I am amazed about their understanding. Many prefer to debate on the divinity of יהושע Yehoshua, based on human understanding, or other topic, like I read concerning the “godhead”! Divinity which words never appear in the scripture and the misinterpreted “Godhead”!
Godhead: Strong’s #G2304 theios From G2316; godlike (neuter as noun, divinity): - divine, godhead.------- It appears only three time in the Brit HaChadsha (Acts 17:29, Rom. 1:20, Col: 2:9) and is to describe “godlike” or same nature of Elohim.
Col 2:9 ForG3754 inG1722 himG846 dwellethG2730 allG3956 theG3588 fulnessG4138 of theG3588 GodheadG2320 ( same nature or godlike nature) bodily.G4985
We could read: For in him (Yehoshua) dwells all the fullness of the nature of Elohim). For those who have already learn with me from “Eretz Chayim”, the tree of life, the three sefirot from the top are Ketter (will), Chochmah (wisdom), and Binah (understanding) which represent the “triad” Elohim perfect nature (Godhead). The other seven sefirot down to Malchut, the Kingdom which are יהוה “divine” attributes, all be one, “Echad” because they are all inseparably connected with one another.
Once again as we have seen many times, we will look at the natural pointing to the spiritual and discover why it is so important to study the Torah. For the world it is only a book with the account of people who follow a man to deliver them from Egypt, but for those who are in Messiah Yehoshua, it is the power of Elohim to build our faith not in man’s wisdom, but in the Ruach (Spirit) of Elohim:
Jud 1:20 But you, beloved ones, building yourselves up on your most set-apart belief, praying in the Set-apart Spirit (Ruach HaQodesh).
What is the meaning of “praying in the Set Apart Spirit”? In the past I have often thought about this verse and I must admit, it was not clear to me, many times because of the doctrine I receive from many false teachers, saying that the “Holy Spirit” is one entity separated from the Father. You may have heard this: “God the father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit”, making three to be one! This was always amazing to me until I began to study the Torah and got a better understanding. When I say “he was out of mind” does this mean that the mind was separate from the person? Of course not, it is the same and single person, mind and body acting in a way which seems to be out of control. And this you should always have in mind when talking with somebody who want you to believe that the “Holy Spirit” is a person”, Ruach in Hebrew is from the feminine gender so how could the “Ruach” conceive? There is one verse in B’reshit 1:26 which has brought a lot of ink, people writing in their own understanding, but I was never convinced, as for example when Christians says that it was the Father speaking to “Jesus” to make man like they are!
Gen 1:26 And Elohim said, “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness, and let them rule over the fish of the sea, and over the birds of the heavens, and over the livestock, and over all the earth and over all the creeping creatures that creep on the earth.”
This “let us” has caused many headache and trouble among believers….Some have said that Elohim (G-d) was speaking with the “malak”, the messengers (Angels). To oppose this some say that man is not like an angel because they have not the same nature, and this is true, so we have a problem if this us is “US” is not “Jesus” or the “malak”, how can we understand why Elohim say “US”. Let see at this concept, and I don’t say that I am right but to me it seems to be the interpretation, because I don’t believe that Yehoshua was physically with the Father at the creation, the reason been very simple. If Yehoshua was physically with the Father then he should also have to be slain at the creation!
Rev 13:8 andG2532 allG3956 that dwellG2730 uponG1909 theG3588 earthG1093 shall worshipG4352 him,G846 whoseG3739 namesG3686 are notG3756 writtenG1125 inG1722 theG3588 bookG976 of lifeG2222 of theG3588 LambG721 slainG4969 fromG575 the foundationG2602 of the world.G2889 ----- Now you will ask why then this “US”.
We all know that the word “Elohim” is the plural from “Eloah”. Sometime throughout the TaNaK we find the word “Elohim” or the word “Eloah”, unfortunately it disappear in translation, English or French or others.
Here some few examples:
Elohim: (b’reshit 1:1, 1:5, 1:7, and so on throughout the Torah). Ezra calls Him for the first time אלהּ “Eloah” from Ezra 4:26 -7:26, the Chaldean form of “El” the Mighty. The first time we find the singular form of “Elohim” is in the book of Job:
Job 3:4 Let that day be darkness. Let not Eloah from above seek for it, nor let light shine upon it. Job 3:4 Let thatH1931 dayH3117 beH1961 darkness;H2822 let notH408 GodH433 regardH1875 it from above,H4480 H4605 neitherH408 let the lightH5105 shineH3313 uponH5921 it. Job 3:4 Let thatH1931 dayH3117 beH1961 darkness;H2822 let notH408 GodH433 regardH1875 it from above,H4480 H4605 neitherH408 let the lightH5105 shineH3313 uponH5921 it.
Strong’s #H433: אלוהּ Eloah singular form from “Elohim”.
Yob (Job) didn’t make any error, because he also called “Elohim (Yob 1:1, 5, 6, 8, 9,16, 22, 2:1, 3, 9, 10), and many other times after he called him “Eloah”.
Yob used “Eloah” more than 40 times, while using also “El” and “Elohim”..We find also the singular “Eloha” in proverbs one time, in Yehshayahu (Isaiah), and in the book of Daniel...
It seems that the majority of time “Elohim was commonly used. We could go deeper to try to understand why Yob called him “Eloah”, but suffices to say that the majority of time יהוה is called “Elohim” in plural.
This plural is as concerning my understanding, the reason we read B’reshit 1:26, “Let US” make man in our likeness. Because man should also represents in essence, the plurality of Elohim. This may be a bit complicate to understand but Elohim is “Echad” and the word is “Echad” (One) is also a head-breaker for many because it is a compound unity.
Another aspect is that Elohim according to his own word is “male and female”!
Gen 1:27 and Elohim created the man in His image, in the image of Elohim He created him – male and female He created them.
Now following this explanation we see that the woman is taken out of the rib of Adam (B’reshit 2:21-22), thus he separated the “oneness”, “the image of Elohim” and both, man and woman must come together in order to be AGAIN ONE:
Gen 2:24 for this cause a man shall leave his father and mother, and cleave to his wife, and they shall become one flesh.
The deeper explanation has been given us by Sha’ul:
Eph 5:31 “For this cause a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh.”
Eph 5:32 this secret is great, but I speak concerning Messiah and the assembly.
The secret of B’reshit 2:24 is Mashiach and the Assembly! Humm!
Joh 10:30 “I and My Father are one.”1 Footnote: 1See 17:11, 17:21-23…….Although they are “two” in nature!
Joh 10:16 “And other sheep I have which are not of this fold – I have to bring them as well, and they shall hear My voice, and there shall be one flock, one shepherd.1 Footnote: 1Ezek. 34:23, Ezek. 37:24.
Although there are many sheep!....Can you see the compound unity of “Echad”, “One”....This “Echad”, “One” cannot be separated, it is unity and so we can better understand why Elohim say: “Let US” make man in our own image, instead of :”Let me” (Eloha) make man in My image....The other point concerning the “Let US” is as I said before the masculine and feminine nature of Elohim:
Gen 1:27 And Elohim created the man in His image, in the image of Elohim He created him – male and female He created them. -----
This cannot mean man and woman, because Chawah (Eve) was created out of Adam!
When we know that the Ruach is feminine gender, we can understand and we get the confirmation in:
Gen 6:3 And יהוה said, “My Spirit shall not strive with man forever in his going astray. He is flesh, and his days shall be one hundred and twenty years.”
We know that after the flood, יהוה was no more dwelling in man and we will have to wait until Shavuot
30C.E, when Yehoshua went back to the Father, to see
the “Ruach HaQodesh” come to live in
the heart of those following Messiah. A bit more concerning the feminine aspect of the “godhead”:
Pro 3:13 HappyH835 is the manH120 that findethH4672 wisdom (chochmah),H2451 and the manH120 that gettethH6329 understanding (Binah).H8394
Pro 3:14 forH3588 the merchandiseH5504 of it is betterH2896 than the merchandiseH4480 H5505 of silver,H3701 and the gainH8393 thereof than fine gold.H4480 H2742 .
Pro 3:15 She (wisdom)H1931 is more preciousH3368 than rubies:H4480 H6443 and allH3605 the things thou canst desireH2656 are notH3808 to be comparedH7737 unto her.
Pro 3:16 LengthH753 of daysH3117 is in her right hand;H3225 and in her left handH8040 richesH6239 and honour.H3519 ………..
Pro 3:18 She (wisdom)H1931 is a treeH6086 of life (Eretz Chayim)H2416 to them that lay holdH2388 upon her: and happyH833 is every one that retainethH8551 her. ..
Pro 3:19 יהוה H3068 by wisdom (chochma)H2451 hath foundedH3245 the earth;H776 by understandingH8394 hath he establishedH3559 the heavens.H8064....;
Pro 8:1 Doth notH3808 wisdom (chochmah)H2451 cry?H7121 and understandingH8394 put forthH5414 her voice?H6963
Pro 8:2 She (wisdom) standethH5324 in the topH7218 of high places,H4791 byH5921 the wayH1870 in the placesH1004 of the paths.H5410
Wisdom equal Torah
Because man, cannot fully understand the creator:
Job 38:1 Then יהוה answered Iyoḇ out of the whirlwind, and said, …
Job 38:2 “Who is this who darkens counsel by words without knowledge?
Job 38:3 Now gird up your loins like a man, and I ask you, and you answer Me.
Job 38:4 Where were you when I laid the foundations of the earth? Declare, if you have understanding (binah).
Job 38:5 Who set its measurements, if you know? Or who stretched the line upon it?
יהוה goes on to challenge Iyob till chapter 42 to conclude:
Job 42:1 and Iyoḇ answered יהוה and said,: Job 42:2 “You know that You are able to do all, and that no purpose is withheld from You.
Job 42:3 Who is this that hides counsel without knowledge? Therefore I declared but I did not understand matters too marvelous for me, which I did not know.
Job 42:4 Listen, please, and let me speak. I ask You then would You make it known to me?’ Job 42:5 I have heard of You by the hearing of the ear, but now my eye sees You.
Job 42:6 Therefore I despise myself, and repent in dust and ashes.”
Iyob realized that what he knew from Elohim was nothing compared with His majesty. Do not be blind-fooled by those who want to make you believe that they have great knowledge (da’at) because knowledge puffs up (1Co.8:1) but the greatest is LOVE (1st Corint.13:13). It is good to know and to understand, but don’t forget that it is Messiah who give some to be teachers, some to be prophets, some to be shepherd and some to be evangelist with only ONE reason:
Eph 4:12 for the perfecting of the set-apart ones, to the work of service to a building up of the body of the Messiah, .Eph 4:13 until we all come to the unity of the belief and of the knowledge of the Son of Elohim, to a perfect man, to the measure of the stature of the completeness of Messiah,
So a gift doesn’t belong to man but to Him who give it, and you will recognize one who has a gift in his nature, not boasting but teaching with fear and trembling! Torah is not always easy to understand, and we will see now that even today many, especially our brethren from Yehuḏah call this “law”, (mitzvoth of the Red Heifer) the “law that man cannot understand”. We will see that when one is in Messiah and give himself to study, we can see what is behind the “p’shat”, and the literal meaning become more clear . We are now close to the end of the forty years in the wilderness, just before the “remnant” of the Children of Israel enters the promise land. Remember that all those from twenty and above died in the wilderness, save Caleb and Yehoshua! This “midrash” on the “Red heifer” is so deep that we must concentrate ourselves to see what Elohim has done.
It is called the “water for uncleanness”, it is for the cleansing of sin!....Forty years long, the Children of Israel have seen against Elohim, in spite that they swore to do whatever He told them, when standing at Mount Sinai three month after having left Mitzrayim (Egypt):
Exo 19:8 and all the people answered together and said, “All that יהוה has spoken we shall do.”……………………….
We know through the Torah that they didn’t, but rebel against יהוה
The sacrifice of the “Red Heifer” is a sacrifice for the dead that defile those who have touched him or have come in the tent where the dead lies.
Keil and Delitzsch didn’t make the connection to the “sod”, the “Mystery” but explain the reason why the law of the “red heifer” was given, which of course is right in the p’shat, the literal meaning. Do not forget that in the interpretation, the “sod” meaning cannot nullify the literal meaning!
“In order that a consciousness of the continuance of the covenant relation might be kept alive during the dying out of the race that had fallen under the judgment of God, after the severe stroke with which the YHWH had visited the whole nation in consequence of the rebellion of the company of Korah, He gave the law concerning purification from the uncleanness of death, in which first of all the preparation of a sprinkling water is commanded for the removal of this uncleanness (Num_19:1-10); and then, secondly, the use of this purifying water enjoined as an eternal statute (Num_19:10-22). The thought that death, and the putrefaction of death(decease), as being the embodiment of sin, defiled and excluded from fellowship with the holy God, was a view of the fall and its consequences which had been handed down from the primeval age, and which was not only shared by the Israelites with many of the nations of antiquity,...(Note: Vid., Bähr, Symbolik, ii. pp. 466ff.; Sommer, bibl. Abhdll. pp. 271ff.; Knobel on this chapter, and Leyrer in Herzog's Cyclopaedia.)
but presupposed by the laws given on Sinai as a truth well known in Israel; and at the same time confirmed, both in the prohibition of the priests from defiling themselves with the dead, except in the case of their nearest blood-relations (Lev_21:1-6, Lev_21:10-12), and in the command, that everyone who was defiled by a corpse should be removed out of the camp (Num_5:2-4)”......
Keil and Delitzsch argue also concerning the colour of the “Red heifer”. Red been the colour of Judgment, they say also rightly that red is the colour of the blood which is the life of the nefesh (soul) Adam coming from Adama redish.
Keil and Delitzsch have pertinent reflection without making the connection with the “sod” which I will make later, they keep going:
The slaying of this heifer is called חַטָּאת (chatat) a sin-offering, in Num_19:9 and Num_19:17. To remind the congregation that death was the wages of sin:
Rom 6:23 For the wages of sin is death………………………
The antidote to the defilement of death was to be taken from a sin-offering. But as the object was not to remove and wipe away sin as such, but simply to cleanse the congregation from the uncleanness which proceeded from death, the curse of sin, it was necessary that the sin-offering should be modified in a peculiar manner to accord with this special design. The sacrificial animal was not to be a bullock, as in the case of the ordinary sin-offerings of the congregation (Lev_4:14), but a female, because the female sex is the bearer of life (Gen_3:20), a פָּרָה, i.e., lit., the fruit-bringing; and of a red colour, not because the blood-red colour points to sin (as Hengstenberg follows the Rabbins and earlier theologians in supposing), but as the colour of the most “intensive life,” which has its seat in the blood, and shows itself in the red colour of the face (the cheeks and lips); and one “upon which no yoke had ever come,” i.e., whose vital energy had not yet been crippled by labour under the yoke. Lastly, like all the sacrificial animals, it was to be uninjured, and free from faults, inasmuch as the idea of representation, which lay at the foundation of all the sacrifices, but more especially of the sin-offerings, demanded natural sinlessness and original purity, quite as much as imputed sin and transferred uncleanness. Whilst the last-mentioned prerequisite showed that the victim was well fitted for bearing sin, the other attributes indicated the fullness of life and power in their highest forms, and qualified it to form a powerful antidote to death. As thus appointed to furnish a reagent against death and mortal corruption, the sacrificial animal was to possess throughout, viz., in colour, in sex, and in the character of its body, the fullness of life in its greatest freshness and vigour.....
I believe that both are right, the red colour demonstrate sin according to Yeshayahu: ---- Isa 1:18 “Come now, and let us reason together,” says יהוה. “Though your sins are like scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they are red like crimson, they shall be as wool.
The Hebrew word for “red” is:
Strong’s #H119 אדם 'âdam aw-dam'..... To show blood (in the face), that is, flush or turn rosy: - be (dyed, made) red (ruddy)
“Preparation of the Purifying Water. - As water is the ordinary means by which all kinds of uncleanness are removed, it was also to be employed in the removal of the uncleanness of death. But as this uncleanness was the strongest of all religious defilements, fresh water alone was not sufficient to remove it; and consequently a certain kind of sprinkling-water was appointed, which was strengthened by the ashes of a sin-offering, and thus formed into a holy alkali. The main point in the law which follows, therefore, was the preparation of the ashes, and these had to be obtained by the sacrifice of a red heifer”.
It is true that if you go in any place of the world you will see people, even washing themselves with “water”, without knowing that this ritual is kept from the beginning of Adam creation. For example if you go to India, many people go to the Ganges river for water purification.
At this point we should remember Sha’ul’s words:
2Co 3:14 But their minds were hardened, for to this day, when the old covenant is being read, that same veil remains, not lifted, because in Messiah it is taken away. ... 2Co 3:15 But to this day, when Mosheh is being read, a veil lies on their heart. ...2Co 3:16 And when one turns to the Master, the veil is taken away.
The “veil” is the blindness of the heart, which is taken away when one is in Messiah! The question should be asked, why does יהוה ask for a “heifer”? Keil and Delitzsch point to the fact that it is a female, as she brings life, yes we can agree with it, but there is much more in this animal pointing to Yehoshua. In the ordinance of the red heifer, the priest were charged to examine the heifer if they found any fault in the colour, may be some white stain or a cut, or anything which would disqualify the heifer to be taken for the sacrifice. The animal had to be perfect....
……… a red heifer, a perfect one, in which there is no blemish and on which a yoke has never come……
Perfect: Strong’s #H8549 תּמים tâmîym taw-meem'.......From H8552; entire (literally, figuratively or morally); also (as noun) integrity, truth: - without blemish, complete, full, perfect, sincerely (-ity), sound, without spot, undefiled, upright (-ly),
whole......H8552 tâmam taw-mam'.....A primitive root; to complete, in a good or a bad sense, literally or figuratively, transitively or intransitively: - accomplish, cease, be clean [pass-] ed, consume, have done, (come to an, make an) end, fail, come to the full, be all gone, X be all here, be (make) perfect, be spent, sum, be (shew self) upright, be wasted, whole......Blemish: Strong’s #H3971 מאוּם moom
As if passive participle from an unused root probably meaning to stain; a blemish (physical or moral): - blemish, blot, spot. .....
The Heifer must be without blemish: Yehoshua was without blemish:
Joh 19:4 PilateG4091 thereforeG3767 wentG1831 forthG1854 again,G3825 andG2532 saithG3004 unto them,G846 Behold,G2396 I bringG71 himG846 forthG1854 to you,G5213 thatG2443 ye may knowG1097 thatG3754 I findG2147 noG3762 faultG156 (blemish) inG1722 him.G846
Luk 23:14 SaidG2036 untoG4314 them,G846 Ye have broughtG4374 thisG5126 manG444 unto me,G3427 asG5613 one that pervertethG654 theG3588 people:G2992 and,G2532 behold,G2400 I,G1473 having examinedG350 him beforeG1799 you,G5216 have foundG2147 noG3762 faultG158 ( blemish) inG1722 thisG5129 manG444 touching those things whereofG3739 ye accuseG2723 him:G846
Isa 53:9 and He was appointed a grave with the wrong, and with the rich at His death, because He had done no violence, nor was deceit in His mouth1. Footnote: 1See 1 Peter 2:22.
The cow is a clean (without sin) animal, Yehoshua was undefiled: 2Co 5:21 For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, so that in Him we might become the righteousness of Elohim.
The cow was innocent as was Yehoshua: Mat 27:4 saying, “I (Yehuda) have sinned in delivering up innocent blood.” And they said, “What is that to us? You see to it!”
The cow never had a yoke, Yehoshua never had a yoke because he didn’t took part in the world affairs:
Joh 8:23 And He said to them, “You are from below, I am from above. You are of this world, I am not of this world.
Was Yehoshua saying that he is an “alien”? Of course not, he was saying: “I don’t belong to this world system, the one from the rabies and the Romans, the Pharisee and the Sanhedrin. Yehoshua never adhered to any form of worldly governance. During his life on earth he abided by the rules of the Torah. This should be known to those congregations who accept worldly system like to be registered under the form of “religious association” ruled by government’s law in order to avoid to pay taxes and for Christianity to be recognised as “church” or “assembly”, they don’t even see that they have yoked themselves not to the Torah but to the government, think about that.
The cow feed on grass, which is a picture of feeding on the word of the Torah: Rev 9:4 And it was said to them that they shall not harm the grass of the earth, or any green matter, or any tree, but only those men who do not have the seal of Elohim upon their foreheads.
The cow chews the grass and produce milk: Yehoshua is the Torah of life and produced righteousness for those who followed him. Milk is white and is the colour of righteousness:
Rev 19:8 And to her it was given to be dressed in fine linen, clean and white, for the fine linen is the righteousnesses of the set-apart ones. Rev 7:14 And I said to him, “Master, you know.” And he said to me, “These are those coming out of the great distress, having washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.
Yehoshua feed his disciples with the “grass” the Torah:
Joh 15:10 “If you guard (shamar in Hebrew: to hedge around in order to keep and protect from predators like the shepherd) My commands, you shall stay in My love,1 even as I have guarded My Father’s commands and stay in His love. Footnote: 1See 14:15.
The cow was killed outside the camp: Yehoshua suffered outside the camp: Heb 13:11 For the bodies of those beasts whose blood is brought into the Set-apart Place by the high priest for sin, are burned outside the camp.
Heb 13:12 and so יהושע also suffered outside the gate, to set apart the people with His own blood.
And El’azar the priest shall take of the blood with his finger and sprinkle of her blood directly before the tabernacle of the congregation seven times. Seven is the number for divine perfection on earth.
Heb 9:11 But Messiah, having become a High Priest of the coming good matters, through the greater and more perfect Tent (tabernacle) not made with hands, that is, not of this creation, ...Heb 9:12 entered into the Most Set-apart Place once for all, not with the blood of goats and calves, but with His own blood, having obtained everlasting redemption. ....Heb 9:13 For if the blood of bulls and goats and the ashes of a heifer, sprinkling the defiled, sets apart for the cleansing of the flesh, ....Heb 9:14 how much more shall the blood of the Messiah, who through the everlasting Spirit offered Himself unblemished to Elohim, cleanse your conscience (soul) from dead works to serve the living Elohim? ………………………………….Heb 9:22 and, according to the Torah, almost all is cleansed with blood, and without shedding of blood there is no forgiveness. Heb 9:23 It was necessary, then, that the copies of the heavenly ones should be cleansed with these, but the heavenly ones themselves with better slaughter offerings than these.
Heb 9:24 For Messiah has not entered into a Set-apart Place made by hand – figures of the true – but into the heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of Elohim on our behalf, ...Heb 9:25 not that He should offer Himself often, as the high priest enters into the Set-apart Place year by year with blood not his own.
Heb 9:26 for if so, He would have had to suffer often, since the foundation of the world. But now He has appeared once for all at the end of the ages to put away sin by the offering of Himself. ....
Numb.19:5 and shall burn the heifer in his sight, her skin, and her flesh, and her blood, with her dung, shall he burn.....We read what Sha’ul write:
1Co 15:50 NowG1161 thisG5124 I say,G5346 brethren,G80 thatG3754 fleshG4561 andG2532 bloodG129 cannotG1410 G3756 inheritG2816 the kingdomG932 of Elohim;G2316 neitherG3761 doth corruptionG5356 inheritG2816 incorruption.G861
Num 19:6 ‘and the priest shall take cedar wood and hyssop and scarlet, and …Num 19:7 ‘The priest shall then wash his garments, and shall throw them into the midst of the fire burning the heifer….
Now this is the understanding of these verses.
-The burning of the red heifer is the totally annihilation of the body (flesh) for the preparation of what will be part of the “water of cleansing”.
-The cedar wood is a picture of the most precious trees, the righteous is represented by the cedar of Lebanon. Cedar was used to build the Temple....Wood or tree is a picture of man. (Psa 1:3 for he shall be as a tree Planted by the rivers of water………………)
Psa 92:12 The righteous one flourishes like a palm tree, He grows like a cedar in Leḇanon...
2Sa 7:7 “Wherever I have walked with all the children of Yisra’ĕl, have I ever spoken a word to anyone from the tribes of Yisra’ĕl, whom I commanded to shepherd My people Yisra’ĕl, saying, ‘Why have you not built Me a house of cedar?’
1Ki 6:9 So he built the House and completed it, and he panelled the House with beams and boards of cedar.
The temple had become the centre of life for the Yehudin! You will say, brother Daniel what is the connection with Yehoshua:
Mat 12:6 “But I say to you that in this place there is One greater than the Set-apart Place (Temple).
Hyssop is a small bush, used for cleansing a sign of humility, it is also to figure the littleness of man stature:
Lev 14:52 “He shall thus cleanse the house with the blood of the bird and the running water and the live bird, and with the cedar wood, and with the hyssop, and with the scarlet,
David after having sin with Bethsheba wrote Psalm 51:
Psa 51:7 Cleanse me with hyssop, and I am clean; Wash me, and I am whiter than snow.....
Joh 19:29 A bowl of sour wine stood there, and they filled a sponge with sour wine, put it on hyssop, and held it to His mouth. ...............
-Scarlet the colour of sin:
Isa 1:18 “Come now, and let us reason together,” says יהוה. “Though your sins are like scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they are red like crimson, they shall be as wool….
Rev 17:3 And he carried me away in the Spirit into the wilderness. And I saw a woman sitting on a scarlet beast (the beast is full of sins) covered with names of blasphemy, having seven heads and ten horns.
Rev 17:4 And the woman was dressed in purple( kingship) and scarlet (sin), and adorned with gold and precious stones and pearls, holding in her hand a golden cup filled with abominations and the filthiness of her whoring,1 Footnote: 1Jer. 51:7.
Yehoshua was loaded with the sins of the people as “King of the Yehudin”
Mat 27:27 Then the soldiers of the governor took יהושע into the court and gathered the entire company of soldiers around Him. Mat 27:28 and having stripped Him, they put a scarlet robe on Him. …Mat 27:29 and plaiting a crown of thorns, they put it on His head, and a reed in His right hand. And they kneeled down before Him and mocked Him, saying, “Greetings, Sovereign (king) of the Yehuḏim!”
Have you ever wonder why Yehoshua was called “King of the Yehudin”, is he not also King of all Israel? Yes he is, but at the time he was crucified, as it is today, The House of Yehuda and the House of Israel, Ephraim were separated, therefore “King of the Yehudin”. Remember After Shlomo we had King Reoboam for Yehuḏah and King Yeroboam for The House of Israel!
Now we will go in a deeper step in the mystery of the Torah….The priest who proceeded to the sacrifices was made unclean by the sacrifice and had needs to wash himself because he was unclean until the evening.
Those touching the dead were declared unclean for seven day!
Scarlet is also a sign of the final redemption which is demonstrated in the book of Yehoshua: --- Jos 2:12 “And now, please swear to me (Rahab) by יהוה, since I have shown you kindness, that you also show kindness to my father’s house, and shall give me a true token, … Jos 2:13 and shall spare my father, and my mother, and my brothers, and my sisters, and all that they have, and shall deliver our lives from death.” ..Jos 2:14 And the men said to her, “Our lives for yours, if you do not expose this matter of ours, then it shall be, when יהוה has given us the land, that we shall treat you in kindness and truth.” Jos 2:15 So she (Rahab) let them down by a rope through the window, for her house was on the city wall and she dwelt on the wall. Jos 2:16 and she said to them, “Go to the mountain, lest the pursuers come upon you. And you shall hide there three days, until the pursuers have returned, and afterwards go on your way.” …Jos 2:17 and the men said to her, “We are released from this oath of yours which you have made us swear, ..Jos 2:18 unless, when we come into the land, you bind this line of scarlet cord in the window through which you let us down, and unless you bring your father, and your mother, and your brothers, and all your father’s household to your own home.
This is a picture of the final redemption of Ephraim in the last days when Yehoshua will come with his angels on the third day.
Num 19:17-18.To approach the red heifer during the sacrifice made the people who approached it unclean. The ashes mixed with running water and the ashes of the red heifer sprinkled on people made them clean.
Consider this: Husbands love your wives, even as Messiah also loved the “kahal” (assembly), and gave himself for it. That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word (Torah), (Eph.5:25-26).
Heb 10:22 let us draw near with a true heart in completeness of belief, having our hearts sprinkled from a wicked conscience and our bodies washed with clean water.
Unlike the priest when we come to Yehoshua Messiah, he cleanses us and make acceptable to יהוה through his own sacrifice.
Sinners are called “dead”
Col 2:13 and you, being dead in your trespasses1 and the uncircumcision of your flesh, He has made alive together with Him, having forgiven you all trespasses,
Eph 2:1 And you were dead in trespasses and sins,1 Footnote: 1v.5 and 5:14, Mt. 8:22,
Rom 8:10 And if Messiah is in you, the body is truly dead on account of sin, but the Spirit is life on account of righteousness. ---- The body that is the flesh, the carnal man, the one we see in the Torah rebelling against יהוה and Moshe his anointed.....
From Keil and Deliztsch a beautiful explanation:
He shall purify himself ... the third day — The necessity of applying the water on the third day is inexplicable on any natural or moral ground; and, therefore, the regulation has been generally supposed to have had a typical reference to the resurrection, on that day, of Messiah, by whom His people are sanctified; while the process of ceremonial purification being extended over seven days, was intended to show that sanctification is progressive and incomplete till the arrival of the eternal Sabbath. Every one knowingly and presumptuously neglecting to have himself sprinkled with this water was guilty of an offense which was punished by excommunication.
Let sse if we can find confirmation in the Tanak:
Hoshea 6: 1 Come, and let us return unto YHWH: for he hath torn, and he will heal us; he hath smitten, and he will bind us up. 2 After two days will he revive us: in the third day he will raise us up, and we shall live in his sight. 3 Then shall we know, if we follow on to know YHWH: his going forth is prepared as the morning; and he shall come unto us as the rain, as the latter and former rain unto the earth.
We have seen that the “water” is the word, the Torah we receive through and in Messiah Yehoshua, who cleanse us................................
Before concluding I want to show another beautiful point concerning the building of the Temple, the Tabernacle and the Spiritual House build by Yehoshua HaMashiach, as we have read:
2Sa 7:7 “Wherever I have walked with all the children of Yisra’ĕl, have I ever spoken a word to anyone from the tribes of Yisra’ĕl, whom I commanded to shepherd My people Yisra’ĕl, saying, ‘Why have you not built Me a house of cedar?’ ” ’1Ki 6:9 So he built the House and completed it, and he panelled the House with beams and boards of cedar.
We also read concerning the Tabernacle:
Exo 26:15 “And for the Tabernacle you shall make the boards of acacia wood, standing up.
Exo 26:16 “Ten cubits is the length of a board, and a cubit and a half the width of each board,
Exo 26:17 two tenons in each board for binding one to another. Do the same for all the boards of the Dwelling Place.
Exo 26:18 “And you shall make the boards for the Dwelling Place, twenty boards for the south side,
Exo 26:19 and make forty sockets of silver under the twenty boards, two sockets under each of the boards for its two tenons.
Now the connection with the work of Mashiach building the Assembly:
Eph 2:20 having been built upon the foundation of the emissaries and prophets, יהושע Messiah Himself being chief corner-stone,
Eph 2:21 in whom all the building, being joined together, grows into a set-apart Dwelling Place(Temple) in יהוה
Can you see the connection between:
-And who we are in Mashiach Yeshua!
There is more to learn in the parasha T’rumah
Last point: What is the difference between the Red Heifer and other sins?
Num 19:9 ‘And a clean man shall gather up the ashes of the heifer, and shall place them outside the camp in a clean place. And they shall be kept for the congregation of the children of Yisra’ĕl for the water for uncleanness, it is for cleansing from sin.
What was the purpose of “cleansing of sin” through the Red Heifer?
Exo 30:10 “And Aharon shall make atonement upon its horns once a year with the blood of the sin offering of atonement – once a year he makes atonement upon it throughout your generations. It is most set-apart to יהוה.”
Exo 32:30 and it came to be on the next day that Mosheh said to the people, “You, you have sinned a great sin. And now I am going up to יהוה – if I might atone for your sin.”
Moshe went to Yehowah to atone for their sin, but many were plagued and died!
Lev 4:13 ‘and if the entire congregation of Yisra’ĕl strays by mistake, and the matter has been hidden from the eyes of the assembly, and they have done against any of the commands of יהוה, which are not to be done, and shall be guilty,
Lev 4:14 when the sin which they have sinned becomes known, then the assembly shall bring a young bull for the sin, and bring it before the Tent of Meeting.
Lev 4:20 ‘and he shall do with the bull as he did with the bull as a sin offering – so shall he do it. And the priest shall make atonement for them, and it shall be forgiven them.
Lev 4:21 ‘And he shall bring the bull outside the camp, and burn it as he burned the first bull. It is a sin offering for the assembly.
Now let us compare with Sha’ul:
Heb 9:13 for if the blood of bulls and goats and the ashes of a heifer (red heifer), sprinkling the defiled, sets apart for the cleansing of the flesh,
Heb 9:14 how much more shall the blood of the Messiah, who through the everlasting Spirit offered Himself unblemished to Elohim, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living Elohim?
Heb 9:15 and because of this He is the Mediator of a renewed covenant, so that, death having taken place for redemption of the transgressions under the first covenant, those who are called might receive the promise of the everlasting inheritance.
Can you see now what the Red Heifer was heralding?
The water of the red Heifer was only for the cleansing of the flesh, while the work of Yehoshua is for the removing of sin from our soul!
Num 19:1-20 and יהוה spoke to Mosheh and to Aharon, saying, … Num 19:2 “This is a law of the Torah which יהוה has commanded, saying, ‘Speak to the children of Yisra’ĕl, that they bring you a red heifer, a perfect one, in which there is no blemish and on which a yoke has never come. Num 19:3 ‘And you shall give it to Elʽazar the priest, and he shall bring it outside the camp, and shall slaughter it before him. Num 19:4 ‘And Elʽazar the priest shall take some of its blood with his finger, and sprinkle some of its blood seven times toward the front of the Tent of Meeting. Num 19:5 ‘And the heifer shall be burned before his eyes – he burns its hide, and its flesh, and its blood, and its dung. Num 19:6 ‘And the priest shall take cedar wood and hyssop and scarlet, and Num 19:7 ‘The priest shall then wash his garments, and shall throw them into the midst of the fire burning the heifer. bathe his body in water, and afterward come into the camp, but the priest is unclean until evening. Num 19:8 ‘And he who is burning it washes his garments in water, and shall bathe his body in water, and is unclean until evening. Num 19:9 ‘And a clean man shall gather up the ashes of the heifer, and shall place them outside the camp in a clean place. And they shall be kept for the congregation of the children of Yisra’ĕl for the water for uncleanness, it is for cleansing from sin. Num 19:10 ‘And he who gathers the ashes of the heifer shall wash his garments, and is unclean until evening. And it shall be a law forever to the children of Yisra’ĕl and to the stranger who sojourns in their midst. Num 19:11 ‘He who touches the dead of any human being is unclean for seven days. Num 19:12 ‘He is to cleanse himself with the water on the third day, and on the seventh day he is clean. But if he does not cleanse himself on the third day, then on the seventh day he is not clean. Num 19:13 ‘Anyone who touches the dead of a human being, and does not cleanse himself, defiles the Dwelling Place of יהוה. and that being shall be cut off from Yisra’ĕl. He is unclean, for the water for uncleanness was not sprinkled on him, his uncleanness is still upon him. Num 19:14 ‘this is the Torah when a man dies in a tent: All who come into the tent and all who are in the tent are unclean for seven days, Num 19:16 ‘Anyone in the open field who touches someone slain by a sword or who has died, or a bone of a man, or a grave, is unclean for seven days. Num 19:17 ‘And for the unclean being they shall take some of the ashes of the heifer burnt for cleansing from sin, and running water shall be put on them in a vessel. ..Num 19:18 ‘And a clean man shall take hyssop and dip it in the water, and shall sprinkle it on the tent, and on all the vessels, and on the beings who were there, or on the one who touched a bone, or the slain, or the dead, or a grave. Num 19:19 ‘And the clean one shall sprinkle the unclean on the third day and on the seventh day. And on the seventh day he shall cleanse himself, and shall wash his garments and bathe in water, and shall be clean in the evening. Num 19:20 ‘But the man who is unclean and does not cleanse himself, that being shall be cut off from among the assembly, because he has defiled the set-apart place of יהוה – water for uncleanness has not been sprinkled on him, he is unclean.
Num 19:21 ‘And it shall be a law for them forever. And the one who sprinkles the water for uncleanness washes his garments. And the one who touches the water for uncleanness is unclean until evening. Num 19:22 ‘And whatever the unclean being touches is unclean. And the being who touches it is unclean until evening.’ ”
---- ….and Myriam died…..
She died four month before Aharon in the fortieth year in the first month....
Num 33:38 Then Aharon the priest went up to Mount Hor at the command of יהוה, and died there in the fortieth year after the children of Yisra’ĕl had come out of the land of Mitsrayim, on the first day of the fifth month……..
Num 20:2 Now there was no water…………………………..and the people contend with Mosh….
Remember it was in rephidim that the Children of Israel (carnal man) complained because there was no water to drink (Sh’mot 17). Moshe reply; “why do you tempt Elohim”.........Elohim commanded Moshe to take his rod and to smite the rock and the water would come out of it. The place was called “Massah” (temptation) and “Meribah” (strife, chiding) (Sh’mot 17:6-7)
This time Elohim tell Moshe to speak to the rock and the water will come out. Moshe was angry with the Children of Israel (carnal man) and instead to speak to the rock, he takes his rod and smite it twice.....Sha’ul tells us that the Rock” was a euphemism for Messiah: ---- 1Co 10:4 and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed, and the Rock was Messiah......
Once again, this is another place where unlearned Christian will give you a proof that “Jesus” was really in the wilderness with Moshe!.... Many years I struggled with this two passages from Sh’mot and Badmidbar, the two times Moshe was confronted with the Rock and the second time instead of speaking he smote again the rock and was told by יהוה that he and Aharon didn’t believe Him and didn’t sanctified Him before the Children of Israel, and therefore will not enter the promise land......
I was amazed, because I didn’t saw the spiritual aspect of the Torah and couldn’t imagine that Moshe couldn’t enter the promise land. Is יהוה a tyrant or is He unjust? For sure He is not. One day I read from a brother, I unfortunately forgot the name, but nevertheless from him I got the understanding of this beautiful hidden truth, which I give with my own words.
Sha’ul explain in 1st Corinthians 10 that the “Rock was Messiah”. Twice the Children of Israel complained having no water to drink....Messiah (the first rock from Sh’mot) came the first time and died (Moshe smite the first Rock) for us to give us the water of life, the Ruach HaQodesh bringing us to the Torah, the living water:
Joh 16:13 “But when He comes, the Spirit of the Truth, He shall guide you into all the truth. For He shall not speak from Himself, but whatever He hears He shall speak, and He shall announce to you what is to come.
The second time Moshe was commanded to speak to the “Rock”, but he smote it and the water came out. The punishment was because he and Aharon didn’t sanctify Elohim before the Children of Israel (carnal man).
Question: Can Messiah die a second time? For sure not, because he lives forever:
Rev 1:18 ……….And I became dead, and see, I am living forever and ever.......
Messiah cannot die a second time. He gives us living water by faith. Moshe by speaking to the Rock would have demonstrated faith in Elohim, but because he also was in the flesh, and followed after the flesh he smote the “Rock” thus spiritually “killed” Messiah (the Rock) a second time!
Num 20:4 Why have you brought up the assembly of יהוה into this wilderness, that we and our livestock should die here?
Verses 14-22......The Children of Israel walked through the land of Edom (Esau the brother of Ya’acov was called Edom) who refused to let them pass through the land. It is say by scholars that today Edom represent Rome, we may think about that. Once again remember water has to do spiritually with “Torah”.
Edom shall become desolation:
Jer 49:7 Concerning Eḏom: Thus said יהוה of hosts, “Is there no more wisdom in Tĕman (descendant from Esau)? Has counsel been lost to those with understanding? Has their wisdom vanished?
Jer 49:8 “Flee, turn back, dwell in the depths, O inhabitants of Deḏan! For I shall bring the calamity of Ěsaw (Edom) upon him, the time that I shall punish him. Jer 49:9 “If grape-gatherers came to you, would they not leave some gleaning grapes? Even thieves by night would destroy only until they had enough!
Jer 49:10 “But as for Me, I shall make Ěsaw (Edom) bare. I shall uncover his hiding places, so that he is unable to conceal himself. His seeds is ravaged, his brothers and his neighbours, and he is no more. …Jer 49:11 “Leave your fatherless children, let Me keep them alive. And let your widows trust in Me.” ..Jer 49:12 For thus said יהוה, “See, those whose judgment was not to drink of the cup have certainly drunk. And are you the one to go unpunished? You shall not go unpunished, but certainly drink of it. Jer 49:13 “For I have sworn by Myself,” declares יהוה, “that Botsrah is to become a ruin, a reproach, a waste, and a curse, and all its cities become everlasting wastes.” Jer 49:14 I have heard a report from יהוה, and an envoy has been sent to the nations, “Gather together, come against her, and rise up to battle! …Jer 49:15 “For look, I shall make you small among nations, despised among men. Jer 49:16 “The dread for you, the pride of your heart, has deceived you, O you who dwell in the clefts of the rock, holding the height of the hill! Though you make your nest as high as the eagle, from there I bring you down,” declares the Master. .. Jer 49:17 “And Eḏom shall be a ruin, everyone who passes by it is astonished and whistles at all its plagues. ..Jer 49:18 “As in the overthrow of Seḏom and Amorah and their neighbouring cities,” declares יהוה, “No one shall dwell there, nor would a son of man sojourn in it. Jer 49:19 “See, he comes up like a lion from the Yardĕn jungle against the home of the strong. But in an instant I shall make him run away from her. And who is the Chosen One, to appoint over her? For who is like Me? And who summons Me? And who is that Shepherd who stands before Me?”
Jer 49:20 Therefore hear the counsel of יהוה which He has counselled concerning Eḏom, and the purposes He has purposed concerning the inhabitants of Tĕman: the least of the flock shall drag them away! He shall make their pasture a waste before them! Jer 49:21 The earth shall be shaken at the noise of their fall. There is an outcry! Its noise is heard at the Sea of Reeds. Jer 49:22 See, like an eagle he flies up, and spreads his wings over Botsrah. And the heart of the mighty men of Eḏom in that day shall be like the heart of a woman in her pain……….Edom will suffer the vengeance of יהוה
Eze 25:12 ‘Thus said the Master יהוה, “Because of what Eḏom has done against the house of Yehuḏah by taking vengeance, so that they became very guilty, and they have taken vengeance on them,” .. Eze 25:13 therefore thus said the Master יהוה, “I shall stretch out My hand against Eḏom, and I shall cut off man and beast from it and lay it waste – from Tĕman even to Deḏan they shall fall by the sword. …Eze 25:14 “And I shall lay My vengeance on Eḏom by the hand of My people Yisra’ĕl. And they shall do in Eḏom according to My displeasure and according to My wrath. So they shall know My vengeance,” declares the Master יהוה.
יהוה will bring down Edom…
Oba 1:1 The vision of Oḇaḏyah: This is what the Master יהוה said concerning Eḏom. We have heard a report from יהוה, and a messenger has been sent among the nations, saying, “Arise, and let us rise up against her for battle!” .Oba 1:2 “See, I have made you small among the nations, you are greatly despised. ..Oba 1:3 “The pride of your heart has deceived you, you who dwell in the clefts of the rock, whose dwelling is high, who say in your heart, ‘Who shall bring me down to the ground (read again what Yrmeyahu write chapter 49:16)?’………..Oba 1:6 “How Ěsaw shall be searched out! His hidden treasures shall be sought out! ... Oba 1:7 “All your allies read "brith" confederacy Psalm83) shall send you forth to the border, your friends shall deceive you and overpower you. They make your bread a snare under you, without you discerning it! ... Oba 1:8 “In that day,” declares יהוה, “I shall destroy the wise men from Eḏom, and discernment from the mountains of Ěsaw! …….
Who is Edom today, or the Edomites? Remember Esau, that is Edom, was the brother of Ya’acov, so that Edom today is the brother of the Children of Israel! Esau knew about יהוה but went his own way, marrying Canaanites women, Esau knew from his father how he should behave before Elohim, but chose to follow his own way. He also married the daughter of Ishmael trying to please his father….Who “married” Ishmael today? Is not Ishmael the Arabs, descendants from Ishmael, blessed by יהוה but outside the promise?
Then let me know if Edom today is not “married” in a kind of carnal “agreement” with Ishmael to get favor from them (Crude Oil and riches)! We can easily see the US and other countries like Europe where the Children of Israel have been scattered “flirting” with the Arabs, France, UK, in particular beside US. Who are those at the head of our countries, are they not from Edom, Esau? And try to make Israel fall into the hands of the Palestinians?
For some יהוה seem not to come, but it is an error to think that יהוה will forget, unless people repent, judgment will come:
2Pe 3:9 יהוה is not slow in regard to the promise, as some count slowness, but is patient toward us, not wishing that any should perish but that all should come to repentance.1 Footnote: 11 Tim. 2:4. ….. יהוה is waiting for repentance, but when the time comes, Judgment will take place and no man will escape from those who have not repented……..
Num 20:1-29 And the children of Yisra’ĕl, all the congregation, came into the Wilderness of Tsin in the first month, and the people stayed in Qaḏĕsh. And Miryam died there and was buried there. Num 20:3 and the people contended with Mosheh and spoke, saying, “If only we had died when our brothers died before יהוה! ..Num 20:6 Then Mosheh and Aharon went from the presence of the assembly to the door of the Tent of Meeting, and they fell on their faces. And the esteem of יהוה appeared to them. Num 20:7 and יהוה spoke to Mosheh, saying, --- Num 20:8 “Take the rod and assemble the congregation, you and your brother Aharon. And you shall speak to the rock before their eyes, and it shall give its water. And you shall bring water for them out of the rock and give drink to the congregation and their livestock.” .. Num 20:10 And Mosheh and Aharon assembled the assembly before the rock. And he said to them, “Hear now, you rebels, shall we bring water for you out of this rock?” ..Num 20:11 Then Mosheh lifted his hand and struck the rock twice with his rod. And much water came out, and the congregation and their livestock drank. ..Num 20:12 but יהוה spoke to Mosheh and to Aharon, “Because you did not believe Me, to set Me apart in the eyes of the children of Yisra’ĕl, therefore you do not bring this assembly into the land which I have given them.” …Num 20:14 And Mosheh sent messengers from Qaḏĕsh to the sovereign of Eḏom. “This is what your brother Yisra’ĕl said, ‘You know all the hardship that has befallen us, ..Num 20:18 But Eḏom said to him, “You do not pass over through me, lest I come out against you with the sword.” … Num 20:19 And the children of Yisra’ĕl said to him, “We shall go by the highway, and if I or my livestock drink any of your water, then I shall pay for it. Let me only pass over on foot, without a word.” Num 20:20 But he said, “You do not pass over.” And Eḏom came out against them with many men and with a strong hand. ..Num 20:21 So when Eḏom refused to let Yisra’ĕl pass over through his border, Yisra’ĕl turned away from him. Num 20:24 “Aharon is to be gathered to his people, for he is not to enter the land which I have given to the children of Yisra’ĕl, because you rebelled against My mouth at the water of Meriḇah. Num 20:29 and when all the congregation saw that Aharon was dead, all the house of Yisra’ĕl wept for Aharon, thirty days.
Verses 4-9.The people became impatient and spoke against Elohim and against Moshe:
How is it today with us, walking in our own spiritual wilderness, looking at Messiah Yehoshua, are we murmuring and complaining? יהוה sent fiery serpents among the people, and they bit them and many from the Children of Israel died. יהוה commanded Moshe to make a serpent of bronze and to put it on a pole in order that those who will look at it when bitten, they should live.
First of all we have learned in the construction of the Tabernacle that bronze is a metal representing “imperfection a mix of different material”, the serpent is an amazing picture as it is an image of HaSatan. ……
Rev 12:9 And the great dragon was thrown out, that serpent of old, called the Devil and Satan, who leads all the world astray. He was thrown to the earth, and his messengers were thrown out with him. .......
The image is used by Yehoshua when speaking to the Yehudin:
Joh 3:14 “And as Mosheh lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so the Son of Aḏam has to be lifted up,.. Joh 3:15 so that whoever believe in Him should not perish but possess everlasting life.
Yehoshua taking it as an euphemism to his death, doesn’t compare himself to the serpent, but uses the fact to look at the serpent as the act of faith (trust/emunah) which will be asked of the believers when Yehoshua will be glorified.
Eternal life comes by looking at Yehoshua the goal of our faith (Rom.10:4) and putting our trust in him...
The Children of Israel (carnal man) who were bitten and looked at the brass serpent were kept alive. This demonstrated their faith:trust in the word of יהוה... We should be aware, every time we read the Torah that the Torah point to Messiah and His deliverance from the influence of the carnal man (Children of Israel). We pray asking aba יהוה to help us to see behind the letter. The commandments are a lamp and the Torah is light, and reproof of instruction are the way of life (Prov.6:23).
Please take time to read the beautiful explanation from Jamiesson, Fausset and Brown in the Haftorah concerning the Brass Serpent...........
Num 21:1 And the sovereign of Araḏ, the Kenaʽanite, who dwelt in the South, heard that Yisra’ĕl was coming on the way to Atharim, and he fought against Yisra’ĕl and took some of them captive.
Num 21:2 Then Yisra’ĕl made a vow to יהוה, and said, “If You deliver this people into my hand indeed, then I shall put their cities under the ban.” Num 21:5 and the people spoke against Elohim and against Mosheh, “Why have you brought us up out of Mitsrayim to die in the wilderness? For there is no food and no water, and our being loathes this light bread.”
Num 21:6 and יהוה sent fiery serpents among the people, and they bit the people. And many of the people of Yisra’ĕl died.
Num 21:7 Then the people came to Mosheh, and said, “We have sinned, for we have spoken against יהוה and against you. Pray to יהוה to take away the serpents from us.” So Mosheh prayed on behalf of the people. Num 21:8 And יהוה said to Mosheh, “Make a fiery serpent, and set it on a pole. And it shall be that everyone who is bitten, when he looks at it, shall live.” Num 21:9 So Mosheh made a bronze serpent, and put it on a pole. And it came to be, if a serpent had bitten anyone, when he looked at the bronze serpent, he lived. Num 22:1 and the children of Yisra’ĕl set out and camped in the desert plains of Mo’aḇ beyond the Yardĕn of Yeriḥo.
The Haftorah gives us inside on Yiphtah the Gil’adite a descendant from Gilad and Israelite the son of an adulterous woman, which was the reason why the other sons throw him out of the house. The life bring sometime strange situation across our way. Instead to have let everything in יהוה’s hand they took the matter in their own way and years later were facing problems. The only way they found was to go for Yiphtah to deliver them! Yiphtah was very confident and make a vow to יהוה with consequence, if we read further we see that the first person he met at the entrance of his house was his own daughter! What can we learn? Discuss the consequences of making vow lightly, should we not be wise and keep our tongue?.. On the other side, the elder from Israel didn’t sought יהוה but went directly look for Yiptah who saw the possibility to recover his past position! What is interesting is that Yiptah do not recal in his own abilty before Israel's enemies rather remind them of what they did to Moshe and the Children of Israel, and that it was Yehowah who gave them into their hands.
I would like to point at an actual situation when reading following verses:
Jdg 11:26 ‘While Yisra’ĕl dwelt in Ḥeshbon and its villages, and in Aroʽĕr and its villages, and in all the cities along the banks of Arnon, for three hundred years, why did you not recover them within that time? Jdg 11:27 ‘So I have not sinned against you, but you are doing me evil by fighting against me. Let יהוה the Judge, judge today between the children of Yisra’ĕl and the children of Ammon.’ ” Jdg 11:28 But the sovereign of the children of Ammon did not listen to the words which Yiphtaḥ sent him. ………
Today if we observe Israel, we will see that the Palestinians claim a land and try to get this land with the help of the world. The land of Israel was desolate for many centuries and nobody claimed it; neither Arabs nor Palestinians. All of the sudden, the Palestinians claim this land as their position?
Yiphtah say: יהוה will be judge between the Children of Israel and the children of Ammon, and so will be also between Israel and the Palestinians!... Now look at that, are we not from the House of Israel, like Yiphtah children of adulteress and what does Sha’ul says: --- 1Co 1:26 For look at your calling, brothers, that there were not many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble. ..1Co 1:27 But Elohim has chosen the foolish matters of the world to put to shame the wise, and Elohim has chosen the weak of the world to put to shame the strong. ..1Co 1:28 And Elohim has chosen the low-born of the world (you and me) and the despised, and the ones that are not, that He might bring to naught the ones that are, ---- Halleluyah!
Are we not like Yiptach offspring from an adulterous woman, the House of Ysrael? But Yehowah called us!
Yiptach the Gileadite was a descendant from Mannashe, the son from Yoseph, son of Ya’acov!
This is יהוה answer to the wise of this world!
Joh 3:10 יהושע answered and said to him, “Are you the teacher of Yisra’ĕl, and do not know this?
Nicodemus was a teacher, a Torah Master and was not able to understand what Yehoshua was saying:
We read from Jamesson, Fausset and Brown commentary:
master — “teacher.” The question clearly implies that the doctrine of regeneration is so far disclosed in the Old Testament that Nicodemus was culpable in being ignorant of it. Nor is it merely as something that should be experienced under the Gospel that the Old Testament holds it forth - as many distinguished critics allege, denying that there was any such thing as regeneration before Messiah. For our Master’s proposition is universal, that no fallen man is or can be spiritual without a regenerating operation of the (Holy Ghost) Ruach HaQodesh, Set apart Spirit, and the necessity of a spiritual obedience under whatever name, in opposition to mere mechanical services, is proclaimed throughout all the Old Testament....Joh 3:12
earthly things — such as regeneration, the gate of entrance to the kingdom of God on earth, and which Nicodemus should have understood better, as a truth even of that more earthly economy to which he belonged.
heavenly things — the things of the new and more heavenly evangelical economy, only to be fully understood after the effusion of the Spirit from heaven through the exalted Savior.
From Jamiesson, Fausset and Brown:
Joh 3:14-16 “And as Mosheh lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so the Son of Aḏam has to be lifted up,…………………………………..
And as Moses, etc. — Here now we have the “heavenly things,” as before the “earthly,” but under a veil, for the reason mentioned in Joh_3:12. The crucifixion of Messiah is twice after this veiled under the same lively term - “uplifting,” Joh_8:28; Joh_12:32, Joh_12:33. Here it is still further veiled - though to us who know what it means, rendered vastly more instructive - by reference to the brazen serpent. The venom of the fiery serpents, shooting through the veins of the rebellious Israelites, was spreading death through the camp - lively emblem of the perishing condition of men by reason of sin. In both cases the remedy was divinely provided. In both the way of cure strikingly resembled that of the disease. Stung by serpents, by a serpent they are healed. By “fiery serpents” bitten - serpents, probably, with skin spotted fiery red [Kurtz] - the instrument of cure is a serpent of brass or copper, having at a distance the same appearance. So in redemption, as by man came death, by Man also comes life - Man, too, “in the likeness of sinful flesh” (Rom_8:3), differing in nothing outward and apparent from those who, pervaded by the poison of the serpent, were ready to perish. But as the uplifted serpent had none of the venom of which the serpent-bitten people were dying, so while the whole human family were perishing of the deadly wound inflicted on it by the old serpent, “the Second Man,” who arose over humanity with healing in His wings, was without spot or wrinkle, or any such thing. In both cases the remedy is conspicuously displayed; in the one case on a pole, in the other on the (cross) stake, to “draw all men unto Him” (Joh_12:32). In both cases it is by directing the eye to the uplifted Remedy that the cure is effected; in the one case the bodily eye, in the other the gaze of the soul by “believing in Him,” as in that glorious ancient proclamation - “Look unto me and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth,” etc. (Isa_45:22). Both methods are stumbling to human reason. What, to any thinking Israelite, could seem more unlikely than that a deadly poison should be dried up in his body by simply looking on a reptile of brass? Such a stumbling-block to the Jews and to the Greeks foolishness was faith in the crucified Nazarene as a way of deliverance from eternal perdition. Yet was the warrant in both cases to expect a cure equally rational and well grounded. As the serpent was God’s ordinance for the cure of every bitten Israelite, so is Messiah for the salvation of every perishing sinner - the one however a purely arbitrary ordinance, the other divinely adapted to man’s complicated maladies. In both cases the efficacy is the same. As one simple look at the serpent, however distant and however weak, brought an instantaneous cure, even so, real faith in the Master Yehoshua, however tremulous, however distant - be it but real faith - brings certain and instant healing to the perishing soul. In a word, the consequences of disobedience are the same in both. Doubtless many bitten Israelites, galling as their case was, would reason rather than obey, would speculate on the absurdity of expecting the bite of a living serpent to be cured by looking at a piece of dead metal in the shape of one - speculate thus till they died. Alas! is not salvation by a crucified Redeemer subjected to like treatment? Has the offense of the cross” yet ceased? (Compare 2Ki_5:12).....Jdg 11:1 and Yiphtaḥ the Gilʽaḏite was a mighty brave one, but he was the son of a whore. And Gilʽaḏ brought forth Yiphtaḥ. ...Jdg 11:2 and the wife of Gilʽaḏ bore sons. And when his wife’s sons grew up, they drove Yiphtaḥ out, and said to him, “You shall not have an inheritance in the house of our father, for you are the son of another woman.”..Jdg 11:3 And Yiphtaḥ fled from his brothers and dwelt in the land of Toḇ. And worthless men banded together with Yiphtaḥ and went out with him. ...Jdg 11:4 and it came to be, some time later, that the children of Ammon fought against Yisra’ĕl. .... Jdg 11:5 And it came to be, when the children of Ammon fought against Yisra’ĕl, that the elders of Gilʽaḏ went to bring Yiphtaḥ out of the land of Toḇ.
Jdg 11:6 And they said to Yiphtaḥ, “Come, and you shall be our commander, and let us fight against the children of Ammon.” .... Jdg 11:7 But Yiphtaḥ said to the elders of Gilʽaḏ, “Did you not hate me, and drive me from my father’s house? Why have you come to me now when you are in trouble?” Jdg 11:8 And the elders of Gilʽaḏ said to Yiphtaḥ, “That is the reason we have turned to you, that you shall go with us and fight against the children of Ammon, and be our head over all the inhabitants of Gilʽaḏ.” Jdg 11:9 and Yiphtaḥ said to the elders of Gilʽaḏ, “If you take me back home to fight against the children of Ammon, and יהוה gives them to me, am I to be your head?” Jdg 11:10 and the elders of Gilʽaḏ said to Yiphtaḥ, “יהוה is witness between us, if we do not do according to your words.” Jdg 11:11 Then Yiphtaḥ went with the elders of Gilʽaḏ, and the people set him over them, as head and commander. And Yiphtaḥ spoke all his words before יהוה in Mitspah. Jdg 11:12 and Yiphtaḥ sent messengers to the sovereign of the children of Ammon, saying, “What is between you and me, that you have come to fight against me in my land?”Jdg 11:13 and the sovereign of the children of Ammon said to the messengers of Yiphtaḥ, “Because Yisra’ĕl took my land when they came up out of Mitsrayim, from the Arnon as far as the Yabboq, and to the Yardĕn. And now, give back those lands in peace.” Jdg 11:14 but Yiphtaḥ again sent messengers to the sovereign of the children of Ammon,
Jdg 11:15 and said to him, “This is what Yiphtaḥ said, ‘Yisra’ĕl did not take the land of Mo’aḇ, nor the land of the children of Ammon. Jdg 11:16 ‘For when they came up from Mitsrayim, and Yisra’ĕl walked through the wilderness as far as the Sea of Reeds and came to Qaḏĕsh, Jdg 11:17 then Yisra’ĕl sent messengers to the sovereign of Eḏom, saying, “Please let me pass over, through your land.” But the sovereign of Eḏom would not listen. And they also sent to the sovereign of Mo’aḇ, but he refused, so Yisra’ĕl stayed at Qaḏĕsh.
Jdg 11:18 ‘Then they went through the wilderness and around the land of Eḏom and the land of Mo’aḇ, and came to the east side of the land of Mo’aḇ, and encamped beyond Arnon. But they did not enter the border of Mo’aḇ, for Arnon was the border of Mo’aḇ. Jdg 11:19 ‘And Yisra’ĕl sent messengers to Siḥon sovereign of the Amorites, sovereign of Ḥeshbon, and Yisra’ĕl said to him, “Please let us pass over, through your land into our place.” Jdg 11:20 ‘But Siḥon did not trust Yisra’ĕl to pass over through his border, and Siḥon gathered all his people together, and they encamped in Yahats, and fought against Yisra’ĕl. Jdg 11:21 ‘And יהוה Elohim of Yisra’ĕl gave Siḥon and all his people into the hand of Yisra’ĕl, and they smote them. So Yisra’ĕl took possession of all the land of the Amorites, the inhabitants of that land. Jdg 11:22 ‘Thus they took possession of all the border of the Amorites, from Arnon to the Yabboq and from the wilderness to the Yardĕn. Jdg 11:23 ‘And now, יהוה Elohim of Yisra’ĕl has driven out the Amorites from before His people Yisra’ĕl, should you then possess it? Jdg 11:24 ‘Whatever Kemosh your mighty one gives you to possess, do you not possess it? And all that which יהוה our Elohim takes possession of before us, we possess.
Jdg 11:25 ‘and now are you any better than Balaq son of Tsippor, sovereign of Mo’aḇ? Did he ever strive against Yisra’ĕl? Did he ever fight against them? Jdg 11:26 ‘While Yisra’ĕl dwelt in Ḥeshbon and its villages, and in Aroʽĕr and its villages, and in all the cities along the banks of Arnon, for three hundred years, why did you not recover them within that time? Jdg 11:27 ‘So I have not sinned against you, but you are doing me evil by fighting against me. Let יהוה the Judge, judge today between the children of Yisra’ĕl and the children of Ammon.’ ” Jdg 11:28 But the sovereign of the children of Ammon did not listen to the words which Yiphtaḥ sent him. Jdg 11:29 And the Spirit of יהוה came upon Yiphtaḥ, and he passed through Gilʽaḏ and Menashsheh, and passed through Mitspeh of Gilʽaḏ. And from Mitspeh of Gilʽaḏ he passed on toward the children of Ammon. Jdg 11:30 And Yiphtaḥ made a vow to יהוה, and said, “If You give the children of Ammon into my hands, Jdg 11:31 then it shall be that whatever comes out of the doors of my house to meet me, when I return in peace from the children of Ammon, shall belong to יהוה, and I shall offer it up as a burnt offering.” Jdg 11:32 Yiphtaḥ then passed on toward the children of Ammon to fight against them, and יהוה gave them into his hands. Jdg 11:33 and he smote them from Aroʽĕr as far as Minnith, twenty cities, and to Aḇĕl Keramim, with a very great slaughter. Thus the children of Ammon were humbled before the children of Yisra’ĕl. ---- 1Co 1:20 Where is the wise? Where is the scholar? Where is the debater of this age? Has not Elohim made foolish the wisdom of this world? ..1Co 1:21 For since, in the wisdom of Elohim, the world through wisdom did not know Elohim, it pleased Elohim through the foolishness of preaching to save those who believe. ..1Co 1:22 And since Yehuḏim ask a sign, and Greeks seek wisdom,
1Co 1:23 yet we proclaim Messiah impaled, to the Yehuḏim a stumbling-block and to the Greeks foolishness,
1Co 1:24 but to those who are called – both Yehuḏim and Greeks – Messiah the power of Elohim and the wisdom of Elohim. ..1Co 1:25 For the foolishness of Elohim is wiser than men, and the weakness of Elohim is stronger than men. .. 1Co 1:26 For look at your calling, brothers, that there were not many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble. ...1Co 1:27 But Elohim has chosen the foolish matters of the world to put to shame the wise, and Elohim has chosen the weak of the world to put to shame the strong.
1Co 1:28 And Elohim has chosen the low-born of the world and the despised, and the ones that are not, that He might bring to naught the ones that are, 1Co 1:29 so that no flesh should boast in His presence.
1Co 1:30 and of Him you are in Messiah יהושע, who became for us wisdom from Elohim, righteousness also, and set-apartness and redemption, 1Co 1:31 that, as it has been written, “He who boasts, let him boast in יהוה.”
Joh 3:10 יהושע answered and said to him, “Are you the teacher of Yisra’ĕl, and do not know this?
Joh 3:11 “Truly, truly, I say to you, We speak what We know and witness what We have seen, and you do not receive Our witness. Joh 3:12 “If you do not believe when I spoke to you about earthly matters, how are you going to believe when I speak to you about the heavenly matters? Joh 3:13 “And no one has gone up into the heaven except He who came down from the heaven – the Son of Aḏam. Joh 3:14 “And as Mosheh lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so the Son of Aḏam has to be lifted up, Joh 3:15 so that whoever is believing in Him should not perish but possess everlasting life. Joh 3:16 “For Elohim so loved the world that He gave His only brought-forth Son, so that everyone who believes in Him should not perish but possess everlasting life. Joh 3:17 “For Elohim did not send His Son into the world to judge the world, but that the world through Him might be saved. Joh 3:18 “He who believes in Him is not judged, but he who does not believe is judged already, because he has not believed in the Name of the only brought-forth Son of Elohim. Joh 3:19 “And this is the judgment, that the light has come into the world, and men loved the darkness rather than the light, for their works were wicked. Joh 3:20 “For everyone who is practicing evil matters hates the light and does not come to the light, lest his works should be exposed.
Joh 3:21 “But the one doing the truth comes to the light, so that his works are clearly seen, that they have been wrought in Elohim.”
May Yehowah Elohim bless you as you keep the way, following Yehoshua HaMashiach in the Torah!