jeudi 31 janvier 2013

Parsha Yitro – Jethro -

Parsha Yitro – Jethro -
Sh’mot 18:1 – 20:23
YeshaYahu 6:1 – 7:6, 9:5-6,
Mattityahu 5:17-32, 1Kefa 2:4-10
Daniel ben Ya'acov Israel

Before we start to read, I want to stretch out a important principle missed by too many people when reading the Torah. To get the point, we need to ask ourselves what reason יהוה wants us to read again and again the Torah.
The answer to this question will determine our progress and transformation all along the years. Many brethren keeper of the Shabbat say that the reading of the Torah is not so important, it is enough to know the Ten Commandments, the Feast and Kosher law, having more pleasure in vain debate concerning the pronunciation of the name of our heavenly Father and of our Master during Shabbat, or even as I have experienced to enter into philosophical debate concerning "what is leavened or not", “can we travel during Shabbat” and other questions. I say it in all humility theses are vain and unprofitable debate bringing division in the assemblies, because we must always turn to the Torah to get our answer. Concerning the pronunciation of the Names, please read my statement in the Parsha Heading. My point is that if we know the Torah, we will have the right understanding to such questions! The first principle is to accept that the Torah and the Brit Chadasha (N.T) are one single "book" each part having its own goal......
The Torah: The foundation of our belief and overall plan of our heavenly Father besides telling us about the historical facts and life of our forefathers.
The Brit Chadasha: The final revelation of the Torah and its benefit......
I will say it again and again that for those rejecting theses points going their own ways, the result will be like a tree without fruit.  Two thousands years ago, the First disciples of Messiah יהושע walked as Messiah walked, learning Torah during the Shabbat:
Act 15:21 for Moses of old time hath in every city them that preach him, being read in the synagogues every Sabbath day.................
What does it mean "Moshe of old being read in the synagogues every Shabbat"? Moshe was long dead, but present in the midst of the people through the Torah reading every Shabbat.  The two places of gathering was: The synagogue (Matt. 1:29, Luke 4:28, Acts 13:4, 17:10…), and the House of some disciples (Rom.16:5, 1st Corint.16:19, Coloss.4:15, Philem.2), falsely called "Church" instead of Assembly as the Greek word "Ekklesia" means.  During the life of יהושע and after his departure to the Father this was the way to gather during the Shabbat for all those following the Master steps. At the end of the first century, when all disciples were dead, change took place until under Constantine the split between Jews and Christians was established in order to build the Christian belief apart from the true way of life. Everything Jewish was considered to be evil and against Christ (please take notice I don't write Messiah but Christ) at this time called Iessou (not Jes-s).  The Shabbat is the time to learn Torah (divine instruction), the week is the time to apply what we have learn, by meditating day and night on what we have receive during the Shabbat. All those rejecting this reality will not move forward and remain empty of understanding. Today in many assemblies we find leaders who wish to be call Rabbi or Pastor having not the Spirit (Ruach)¸for if they had, they will not go into empty debates and argumentations.  Since the day I started to learn Torah I refused to be called by any name, but Brother. If יהוה want somebody in a position, it is easy to recognize it by his fruits!
QUESTION: How can I recognize somebody's fruits if I don't know the Torah?
Now let us go back to the studying of Torah, for this is the way of life to those that lay hold upon her (Proverbs 3:18). Remember Torah means: instruction...........
We have seen that the Children of Israel left Mitzrayim (Egypt) to go into the Wilderness to serve יהוה not to do whatever seemed good to them. This is the first principle when living the World system to follow יהושע not like Christians do going their own way that is Ephraim's way: 
Hos 7:8 Ephraim, he hath mixed himself among the people; Ephraim is a cake not turned……….Hos 7:11 Ephraim also is like a silly dove without heart: they call to Egypt* (World system today), they go to Assyria*......*
Egypt was the place where all Children of Israel including Ephraim were slaves!
Assyria is the place where Elohim brought the House of Israel into captivity because of their rebellion!
Hos 7:12 when they shall go, I will spread my net* (send disciples with the Torah) upon them; I will bring them down as the fowls of the heaven; I will chastise them, as their congregation hath heard...............*Net a euphemism for Torah.  Hos 7:13 woe unto them! For they have fled from me: destruction unto them! Because they have transgressed against me: though I have redeemed them, yet they have spoken lies against me.
Ephraim also called the House of Israel is the Northern Kingdom who rebelled against יהוה after the split of the Kingdom at Salomon's death (1st King chapters 11-12) . The name Ephraim  comes from the first King of the House of Ysrael who was Yeroboam from the tribe of Ephraim.
Hos 5:3 I know Ephraim, and Israel is not hid from me: for now, O Ephraim, thou committest whoredom, and Israel is defiled.  Hos 5:4 they will not frame their doings to turn unto their Elohim: for the spirit of whoredoms is in the midst of them, and they have not known YHWHHos 5:5 and the pride of Israel doth testify to his face: therefore shall Israel and Ephraim fall in their iniquity*: Judah also shall fall with them....... * Iniquity = transgression of the Torah!
Christianity is built on Ephraim's way, having made their pastors and doctrines. יהוה call Ephraim "a cake not turned" (Hos.7:8), in the Book of Revelation, Yochanan (John) speak of the believers in Laodicea in a similar way Hoshea does, but compare: 
Hos 12:8 and Ephraim said, yet I am become rich, I have found me out substance: in all my labours they shall find none iniquity in me that were sin.  
Rev 3:15 I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot: I would thou wert cold or hot.  Rev 3:16. So then because thou art lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will spew thee out of my mouth  Rev 3:17 because thou sayest, I am rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that thou art wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked: Rev 3:18 I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich; and white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and that the shame of thy nakedness (iniquity) do not appear; and anoint thine eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see..................
During forty years the Children of Israel, both Houses went into the Wilderness because of unbelief and those who were twenty and more when they left Mitzrayim died in the Wilderness! Have you ever asked, what is the connection between the forty years and our life today?  
This is the interpretation: When we study Torah we will see that יהוה commanded the Children of Israel to keep the Yovel (Jubilee) every fifty years. The Yovel was made of seven time seven Shemita years, a period of seven years called rest.(Vayyiqra chapter 25). The Yovel Year is a year of release for all people and was proclaimed by יהושע reading the parasha in the synagogue during Shabbat.
Luk 4:14 and Yehoshua returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee: and there went out a fame of him through all the region round about. Luk 4:15 and he taught in their synagogues, being glorified of all. Luk 4:16 and he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and stood up for to read. Luk 4:17 and there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet Isaiah. And when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was written, Luk 4:18 The Spirit of YHWH is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the broken-hearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,
Luk 4:19 To preach the acceptable year of YHWH. Luk 4:20 and he closed the book, and he gave it again to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were fastened on him. Luk 4:21 and he began to say unto them, this day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears. ...........
The "acceptable year of YHWH" is the Yovel Year! If we make a research we will see that יהושע doesn't quote the full passage from Yeshayahu (Isaiah) but left by side the part: "the day of vengeance of our Elohim", why? The question must be asked, and can only be understand when we know what יהושע was proclaiming! When we study the Yovel (Jubilee) in Vayyiqra chapter 25, we see that it fulfils the requirements from Luke 4:18.  More details will be given when we come to the parasha concerned with the Yovel year.  I want to go back to the forty years in the Wilderness. Those reading the parasha I write since the first chapter of b'reshit will know that when we read the Torah beside the historical record of the life of our forefathers, we learn about our carnal nature, as it is explained by Sha'ul to the brethren in Corinth:
1Co 15:45 and so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam (Yehoshua) was made a quickening spirit.  1Co 15:46 howbeit that was not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural; and afterward that which is spiritual. 1Co 15:47 the first man is of the earth, earthy: the second man is Yehoshua from heaven.
1Co 15:48 as is the earthy, such are they also that are earthy: and as is the heavenly, such are they also that are heavenly.  1Co 15:49 and as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly.
1Co 15:50 Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of YHWH; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption.......
Sha'ul speaks of two kinds of people, earthy and heavenly or spiritual. He goes farther saying the first was not spiritual but carnal!  The interpretation is this: All those born before Messiah יהושע were carnal people exception for those having been called of יהוה and the Ruach Haqodesh (Set apart Spirit) been upon them and believed Elohim. When יהושע came, those following him received the Ruach HaQodesh at Shavuot (Pentecost) after his departure to the Father (Acts chapter 1-2). Our forefathers were carnal people without faith (trust in YHWH) and thus died in the Wilderness. At this point it is good to mention that the crossing of the Wilderness would have last only few days, but because of disobedience they walked in circle!  The forty years period: The spiritual understanding of this period is that forty years represent forty Yovel or forty time fifty years, in other words two thousands years, the period from the first advent of Messiah to his second coming on the third day (third millennium). The repetition is spoken by King Salomon in the Book of Kohelet (Ecclesiast):
Ecc 1:9 the thing that hath been, it is that which shall be; and that which is done is that which shall be done: and there is no new thing under the sun. Ecc 1:10 is there any thing whereof it may be said, See, this is new? It hath been already of old time, which was before us. .................. It is clear that the way we live now since Messiah came is the same as it was with Moshe and the Children of Israel. Two thousand years with Messiah or forty years with Moshe rebellion is rebellion there is no difference. Christianity as walked in rebellion since almost two thousand years. Who as the Ruach HaQodesh today, let me know if Christians have it?
Act 5:32 and we are his witnesses of these things; and so is also the Holy Spirit, whom Elohim hath given to them that obey him.................
The only group of people to have received the Ruach HaQodesh is those that obey Him!
We can debate on it, but I tell you that we need to search our heart to know if the Ruach dwells in us, because all those rejecting the Torah cannot have the Ruach HaQodesh. You may ask why? Because the Torah IS the Word of Elohim, the Torah IS the Word made flesh, the Torah IS the Truth, if we break the Torah we simply deny Yehovah AND Yehoshua le Living Word! Read Yeshyahu 55:10-11 and compare with Yochanan 1:1-5, 14. Acts:1:9, Rev.19:13 (the Word went back to the Father). It is not so simple because יהוה has sent the Ruach HaQodesh into the all world to convince people. We know by the scriptures that יהוה can use even unbelievers for his purpose.  The purpose of the Ruach HaQodesh:
Joh 16:7 nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you. Joh 16:8 and when he is come, he* (the Ruach HaQodesh) will reprove the world of sin,(breaking the Torah) and of righteousness, and of judgment:
*We should read "she" because the Hebrew word for "Spirit", "Ruach" id feminine gender.
Joh 16:9 of sin, because they believe not on me;(we sin when we don't believe the Word of Elohim, and Yehoshus IS the Word made flesh).
Joh 16:10 of righteousness, because I go to my Father*, and ye see me no more;
* Read: Hoshea 5: 14-15:(Yeshua is the Word made flesh)
Hos 5:14  “For I am like a lion to Ephrayim, and like a young lion to the house of Yehuḏah. I Myself tear them and go, I take them away, and there is no one to deliver.
Hos 5:15  “I (YHWH) shall go, I shall return to My place, until they confess their guilt and seek My face, in their distress diligently search for Me, and say,
Hos 6:1  ‘Come, and let us turn back to יהוה. For He has torn but He does heal us, He has stricken but He binds us up.
Hos 6:2  ‘After two days He shall revive us, on the third day He shall raise us up, so that we live before Him.
Joh 16:11 of judgment, because the prince of this world is judged..............
.יהושע in these words give clearly the purpose of the coming of the Ruach HaQodesh, let it be our meditation to understand the meaning.
Rebellion is always bound to judgment either in the Torah with our forefathers or with us today. Unfortunately people today do not know how יהוה interact within creation because they have never study the Tanak (Torah, Prophets and Writings) thus been unable to discern. We have seen years ago how in one hour thousands of people died in the Tzunami, today we have seen few days ago how more than two hundred thousand people died in an earthquake in Haiti. These are called in the world system nature disasters, but what does יהושע says?
Mat 10:29 are not two sparrows sold for a farthing? And one of them shall not fall on the ground without your Father (knowing it).............
Can you understand, there is nothing happening in this world without our heavenly Father having plan it (known)!
Amo 3:6 Shall a trumpet be blown in the city, and the people not be afraid? shall there be evil in a city, and YHWH hath not done it?
Albert Barnes writes: This is the explanation of the preceding similes: God is the Author of all the calamities which come upon you, and which are foretold by His prophets. The evil of sin is from ourselves; the evil of trouble is from God, whoever be the instruments.
Studying the Tanak we find out that יהוה used wicked people to chastise His people when they rebelled against the Torah. Beware it is not because one nation dictate the law of democracy for the all world that this nation is blessed as it is understood by many Christians. יהוה chose Pharaoh to let the all world know that he alone is the true Elohim:
Rom 9:17 for the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, Even for this same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might shew my power in thee, and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth.
יהוה used the Babylonians, the Assyrians, the Medes, the Greek and the Romans to punish His people. Now let me ask you a question: Do you think it is different today as Christians pretend because they say to be "in the age of grace"?
If you think so, you have needs to explain following verses:
Rev 7:9 after this I beheld, and, lo, a great multitude, which no man could number, of all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues, stood before the throne, and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palms in their hands……………………………………..
Rev 7:14 and I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest and he said to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb............
Do you know who are these people coming out of the great tribulation in order to wash their robe, garment to make them white in the blood of the Lamb? Have you ever asked yourselves who these people came from? You need to enquire, not by men’s doctrine but through the Torah!  Why do I write all these things, what is the relation with our today parahsa? Nothing directly but more as we may think because if we are not able to see the spiritual in the natural we will not be transformed as transformation come only by the renewing of our mind.
Rom 12:1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of YHWH, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto YHWH, which is your reasonable service. Rom 12:2 and be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of YHWH.
To present our bodies a living sacrifice we need to know the Torah in order to know the condition how to approach Elohim when bringing sacrifice. The mind is part of our soul containing our emotion and will. The only way to renew it is to replace older thoughts with the Word of Torah.  To be transform can only come from Torah learning. Now we can go to our today's parasha and see what we can learn.  Please don't forget the Torah speaks about us (you and me)!
The Parasha “Yitro” bring us to the Ten Commandments which is the “Brit”, the contract marriage between יהוה and His people the Children of Israel (carnal man) under Moshe’s leadership.  I had read the first chapter of this parasha many times, without seeing what the relationship between Yitro (Jethro), and the Torah was. The book of Yasher gives us one single point, but do not give much insight into Yitro’s action in the life of the children of Israel. I found an interesting commentary from Keil and Delitzsch which I give back for reflexion:
Exo 18:1-5 
The Amalekites had met Israel with hostility, as the prototype of the heathen who would strive against the people and kingdom of God. But Jethro, the Midianitish priest, appeared immediately after in the camp of Israel, not only as Moses' father-in-law, to bring back his wife and children, but also with a joyful acknowledgement of all that Jehovah had done to the Israelites in delivering them from Egypt, to offer burnt-offerings to the God of Israel, and to celebrate a sacrificial meal with Moses, Aaron, and all the elders of Israel; so that in the person of Jethro the first-fruits of the heathen, who would hereafter seek the living God, entered into religious fellowship with the people of God. As both the Amalekites and Midianites were descended from Abraham, and stood in blood-relationship to Israel, the different attitudes which they assumed towards the Israelites foreshadowed and typified the twofold attitude which the heathen world would assume towards the kingdom of God. (On Jethro, see Exo_2:18; on Moses' wife and sons, see Exo_2:21-22; and on the expression in Exo_18:2, “after he had sent her back,” Exo_4:26.) - Jethro came to Moses “into the wilderness, where he encamped at the mount of God.” The mount of God is Horeb (Exo_3:1); and the place of encampment is Rephidim, at Horeb, i.e., at the spot where the Sheikh valley opens into the plain of er Rahah (Exo_17:1). This part is designated as a wilderness; and according to Robinson (1, pp. 130, 131) the district round this valley and plain is “naked desert,” and “wild and desolate.” The occasion for Jethro the priest to bring back to his son-in-law his wife and children was furnished by the intelligence which had reached him, that Jehovah had brought Israel out of Egypt (Exo_18:1), and, as we may obviously supply, had led them to Horeb. When Moses sent his wife and sons back to Jethro, he probably stipulated that they were to return to him on the arrival of the Israelites at Horeb. For when God first called Moses at Horeb, He foretold to him that Israel would be brought to this mountain on its deliverance from Egypt (Exo_3:12).
Torah's events are related to one another and therefore, we need patience in our study.
Yitro (Jethro) was related to Moshe through Keturah, Abraham’s second wife, but the inheritance does not come through these children, but through Itzahk. Median was one of the children Keturah had from Abraham after Sarah’s death.
Gen 25:1 Then again Abraham took a wife, and her name was Keturah. Gen 25:2 and she bare him Zimran, and Jokshan, and Medan, and Midian, and Ishbak, and Shuah. .......
The book of Yasher explains that Yitro was serving as priest in Pharaoh’s court, although related to Abraham’s descendants he was a pagan who didn’t know יהוה.
This is confirmed in the book of Yasher.  …………
Yasher Chapter 82:1. and the children of Israel proceeded from Rephidim and they encamped in the wilderness of Sinai, in the third month from their going forth from Egypt.
2. At that time came Reuel (another name for Yitro) the Midianite, the father-in-law of Moses, with Zipporah his daughter and her two sons, for he had heard of the wonders of YHWH which he had done to Israel, that he had delivered them from the hand of Egypt.3. and Reuel came to Moses to the wilderness where he was encamped, where was the mountain of God.4. and Moses went forth to meet his father-in-law with great honor, and all Israel was
with him.5. and Reuel (Yitro) and his children remained amongst the Israelites for many days, and Reuel knew YHWH from that day forward………………
The verse 5 tells us that before this day, Yitro didn’t know יהוה, but only by hearing. This is very important to know, as today many people in the world know about “G-d” but do not know יהוה. (Compare Sh’mot 18:11). We see Keil and Deltzsch explain how יהוה interact in his unsearchable ways between pagans and his children, Ya’acov’s descendants.  It is interesting to know that the name Midian means “strife, contention”!
Yitro didn’t come to plant his tent in Moshe’s camp but remained outside the camp close to the Mount of Elohim Sh’mot.18:5. The Mount of Elohim which is Horeb: 
Exo 3:1 and Mosheh was shepherding the flock of Yithro his father-in-law, the priest of Miḏyan. And he led the flock to the back of the wilderness, and came to Ḥorĕḇ, the mountain of Elohim.
We see in sh’mot 18:2 that Yitro the “priest of midian” (midian= strife) brought back Tsipporah, Moshe’s wife and the two sons Gershon (meaning “because I have been a sojourner in a foreign land) and El’iezer (meaning, El will help). Tzipporah, the name comes from the Hebrew word “tsaphar” meaning “return”.  …..
Could it be in the “sod” (secret, hidden meaning) that יהוה through Yitro's action, unveil what will be later when the “Children of Israel” i.e. Christians who will be like pagans in a foreign land (Gershon), with El’s help (El’iezer) will return (Tsaphar) to יהושע and follow the Torah? At least a remnant of them?
18:7 and Mosheh went out to meet his father-in-law, and bowed down, and kissed him. …..Moshe listen to his Father in law in reverence to his position as the father of Tsipporah. יהושע also has a son listened to His Father (Yochan.5:19-20, 30, 46).  It looks like Yithro was a picture of the coming “pagan priest”, those among Christians, pictured here by “Tsipporah” who will come back to the true worship and the Torah through יהושע Messiah having left the false worship of “Jes-s”? The children are pictured by the mother Tsipporah (Tsaphar/return), the assembly by Gershon and El’iezer (House of Yehudah and House of Israel).  ….
You might be surprised but יהוה’s works are unsearchable: 
Job 5:9 who is doing great and unsearchable deeds, innumerable wonders, .............
We should strive for understanding with an open heart. Christianity follows after men’s tradition and therefore remains blind, because they reject the truth.  May be have you read my midrash on Wisdom which I wrote after having read the Book of Wisdom from Salomon. If it is the case, the book explains that Wisdom doesn't enter every vessel but only those having a clean heart!
Exo 18:11 Now I know that יהוה is greater than all the mighty ones,………..
What a statement! Yithro come to the knowledge of who is יהוה "greater than all mighty ones (g-ds). Do you remember in our former parasha, Yithro was serving at Pharaoh's palace with Balaam and Yob (Job) as we have read in the Book of Yasher. They were used to worship many powerless g-ds but now Yithro came to see the difference. Today all around the world (Egypt) you will find people worshiping and serving g-ds who are powerless unable to defend them, so that they are confused and full of fear when catastrophe overtake them i.e. Roman Catholics who worship statutes and Maria but also many other religions blinded by doctrines of demons and philosophical men's religion like from the Dalaï Lama a Tibetan teacher today honored by many rulers of the world.
Exo 18:12 Then Yithro, the father-in-law of Mosheh, brought a burnt offering and other slaughterings unto Elohim.
It is noteworthy to see that Yithro brought burn offering and slaughtering unto Elohim, although there was no Levitical priesthood at this time. Sacrifices and offerings came with the Torah with Adam
Gen 4:4 and Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat thereof and YHWH had respect unto Abel and to his offering:
Exo 18:20 and thou (Moshe) shalt teach them ordinances and laws (Torah), and shalt shew them the way wherein they must walk, and the work that they must do.
Mat 13:54 and when He (יהושע) had come to His own country, He taught them in their congregation, so that they were astonished and said, “Where did this One get this wisdom and miracles?
 Mar 9:31 for He was teaching His disciples and said to them, “The Son of Adam is being delivered into the hands of men, and they shall kill Him. And having been killed, He shall rise the third day.”  
Luk 19:47 and He was teaching daily in the Set-apart Place (Temple). But the chief priests, and the scribes, and the leaders of the people were seeking to destroy Him,
Joh 7:14 and about the middle of the festival יהושע went up into the Set-apart Place (Temple), and He was teaching.
Exo 18:21 “But you yourself, seek out from all the people able men, who fear Elohim, men of truth, hating unfair gain. And place these over them to be rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens………….
Compare:  Act 6:1 and in those days, when the disciples (taught ones) were increasing, there arose a grumbling against the Heḇrews by the Hellenists (Greeks), because their widows were overlooked in the daily serving. Act 6:2 so the twelve summoned the group of the taught ones and said, “It is not pleasing for us to leave the Word of Elohim and serve tables. Act 6:3Therefore, brothers, seek out from among you seven men who are known to be filled with the Set-apart Spirit (Ruach HaQodesh) and wisdom, whom we shall appoint for this duty, 1Ti 3:1 This is a true saying, If a man desires the office of a bishop*, he desireth a good work...................
* Bishop: G1985 ἐπίσκοπος episkopos  Thayer Definition:
1) An overseer  1a) a man charged with the duty of seeing that things to be done by others are done rightly, any curator, guardian or superintendent  1b) the superintendent, elder, or overseer of a (Assembly)
1Ti 3:2 A bishop then must be blameless*, the husband of one wife*, vigilant, sober, of good behaviour, given to hospitality, apt to teach;...........
* Blameless: G423 ἀνεπίληπτος anepilēptos.  Thayer Definition:
1) Not apprehended, that cannot be laid hold of.  2) That cannot be reprehended, not open to censure, irreproachable
*Husband of one wife. To understand is not as many among believers even in the Messianic movement teach not to be divorced! In the disciples time it was still found people having many wives as it was in the time of the forefathers. With Messiah things had now be brought back to the first intention of the Torah: One man, one wife!
Albert Barnes gives in one of his commentary following:  It is the most obvious meaning of the language, and it would doubtless be thus understood by those to whom it was addressed. At a time when polygamy was not uncommon, to say that a man should “have but one wife” would be naturally understood as prohibiting polygamy.
there was a special propriety in the prohibition, if understood as prohibiting polygamy. It is known that it was extensively practiced, and was not regarded as unlawful. Yet one design of the gospel was to restore the marriage relation to its primitive condition; and though it might not have seemed absolutely necessary to require of every man who came into the (assembly) to divorce his wives, if he had more than one, yet, in order to fix a brand on this irregular practice, it might have been deemed desirable to require of the ministers of the gospel that they should have but one wife. Thus the practice of polygamy would gradually come to be regarded as dishonourable and improper, and the example and influence of the ministry would tend to introduce correct views in regard to the nature of this relation.
I know that there are many explanations, even from Barnes but I refute all other opposed to what is understood by the teaching of the Torah:
 Gen 2:24 Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife (singular not wives in plural form): and they shall be one flesh.
Mat 19:3 The Pharisees also came unto him, tempting him, and saying unto him, Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife for every cause? Mat 19:4 and he answered and said unto them, Have ye not read, that he which made them at the beginning made them male and female, 
Did יהושע taught differently? Let us read:
Mat 19:5 and said, for this cause shall a man leave father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife: and they twain shall be one flesh? Mat 19:6 Wherefore they are no more twain, but one flesh. What therefore Elohim hath joined together, let not man put asunder. .......
He quoted the Book of B'reshit to confirm יהוה first intention. Divorce was given by Moshe and is not as many pretend a sin! 
Mat 19:8 He saith unto them, Moses because of the hardness of your hearts suffered you to put away your wives: but from the beginning (b’reshit, Genesis) it was not so.
Myself, I have been divorced and know that divorce cause a lot of harm. Ignorance can be the root of many troubles, thanks be to יהוה our Elohim who has removed from us the price of sin (death) through Messiah יהושע! Please do not look at a divorced person with eye of accusation for יהוה is the judge of all man. Divorce is NOT sin!  When we come to Messiah יהושע the past is gone away and we become a new creature! We can ponder over this statement from Sha'ul in 2nd Corinthians:  2Co 5:17 Therefore if any man be in the Messiah, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold all things are become new. ......
Whatever has been in our life before has been blot out through Messiah יהושע!
2Co 5:21 for he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of YHWH in him................
But let us red father:  1Ti 3:3 not given to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre; but patient, not a brawler, not covetous;1Ti 3:4 one that ruleth well his own house, having his children in subjection with all gravity;
1Ti 3:5 (For if a man know not how to rule his own house, how shall he take care of the assembly of YHWH?)
1Ti 3:6 Not a novice, lest being lifted up with pride he fall into the condemnation of the devil.1Ti 3:7 Moreover he must have a good report of them which are without; lest he fall into reproach and the snare of the devil.1Ti 3:8 Likewise must the deacons* be grave, not double tongued, not given to much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre
* Deacon: G1249 διάκονος diakonos.   Thayer Definition:  1) One who executes the commands of another, especially of a master, a servant, attendant, minister.  1a) the servant of a king  1b) a deacon, one who, by virtue of the office assigned to him by the (assembly), cares for the poor and has charge of and distributes the money collected for their use
1Ti 3:9 Holding the mystery of the faith in a pure conscience. 1Ti 3:10 and let these also first be proved; then let them use the office of a deacon, being found blameless.  1Ti 3:11 Even so must their wives be grave, not slanderers, sober, faithful in all things. 1Ti 3:12 Let the deacons be the husbands of one wife, ruling their children and their own houses well. 1Ti 3:13 for they that have used the office of a deacon well purchase to themselves a good degree, and great boldness in the faith which is in the Messiah Yehoshua .1Ti 3:14 These things write I unto thee, hoping to come unto thee shortly:.............
Proving all things, you will be able to know if somebody is a real Elder or deacon or one following the doctrines of men. ............
Chapter 18: Exo 18:1 and Yithro, the priest of Miḏyan, Mosheh’s father-in-law, heard of all that Elohim had done for Mosheh and for Yisra’ĕl His people, that יהוה had brought Yisra’ĕl out of Mitsrayim.
Exo 18:2 and Yithro, Mosheh’s father-in-law, took Tsipporah, the wife of Mosheh – after he had sent her back,
Exo 18:3 and her two sons, of whom the name of one was Gĕreshom, for he said, “I have been a sojourner in a foreign land,” Exo 18:4 and the name of the other was Eliʽezer, for he said, “The Elohim of my father was my help, and delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh.” Exo 18:5 Yithro, Mosheh’s father-in-law, came with his sons and his wife to Mosheh in the wilderness, where he was encamped at the mountain of Elohim. Exo 18:6 and he had said to Mosheh, “I, your father-in-law Yithro, am coming to you with your wife and her two sons with her.” Exo 18:7 and Mosheh went out to meet his father-in-law, and bowed down, and kissed him. And they asked each other about their welfare, and they went into the tent. Exo 18:8 and Mosheh told his father-in-law all that יהוה had done to Pharaoh and to the Mitsrites for Yisra’ĕl’s sake, all the hardship that had come upon them on the way, and how יהוה had delivered them.  Exo 18:9 and Yithro rejoiced for all the good which יהוה had done for Yisra’ĕl, whom He had delivered out of the hand of the Mitsrites. Exo 18:10 and Yithro said, “Blessed be יהוה, who has delivered you out of the hand of the Mitsrites and out of the hand of Pharaoh, and who has delivered the people from under the hand of the Mitsrites.
Exo 18:11 Now I know that יהוה is greater than all the mighty ones, indeed in the matter in which they acted proudly, above them.”
Exo 18:12 Then Yithro, the father-in-law of Mosheh, brought a burnt offering and other slaughterings unto Elohim. And Aharon came with all the elders of Yisra’ĕl to eat bread with the father-in-law of Mosheh before Elohim. Exo 18:13 and it came to be, on the next day, that Mosheh sat to rightly rule the people. And the people stood before Mosheh from morning until evening.
Exo 18:14 and when the father-in-law of Mosheh saw all that he did for the people, he said, “What is this that you are doing for the people? Why do you sit by yourself, and all the people stand before you from morning until evening?” Exo 18:15 and Mosheh said to his father-in-law, “Because the people come to me to seek Elohim. Exo 18:16 “When they have a matter, they come to me, and I rightly rule between one and another, and make known the laws of Elohim and His Torot.(Torot=plural from Torah)”
Exo 18:17 and the father-in-law of Mosheh said to him, “What you are doing is not good. Exo 18:18 “Both you and these people with you shall certainly wear yourselves out. For the matter is too heavy for you. You are not able to do it by yourself. Exo 18:19 “Now listen to my voice. Let me counsel you and Elohim be with you: Stand before Elohim for the people, and you shall bring the matters to Elohim. Exo 18:20 “And you shall enlighten them concerning the laws and the Torot, and show them the way in which they should walk and the work which they do. Exo 18:21 “But you yourself, seek out from all the people able men, who fear Elohim, men of truth, hating unfair gain. And place these over them to be rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens. Exo 18:22 “And they shall rightly rule the people at all times. And it shall be that they bring every great matter to you, but they themselves rightly rule every small matter. So, make it lighter for yourself, for they shall bear with you. Exo 18:23 “If you do this word, and Elohim shall command you, then you shall be able to stand and all this people also go to their place in peace.” Exo 18:24 and Mosheh listened to the voice of his father-in-law and did all that he said.
Exo 18:25 and Mosheh chose able men out of all Yisra’ĕl, and made them heads over the people: rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens. Exo 18:26 and they rightly ruled the people at all times – the hard matters they brought to Mosheh, but they rightly ruled every small matter themselves. Exo 18:27 and Mosheh sent off his father-in-law, and he went away to his own land. ……………
Chapter 19.: This chapter is the time of preparation before entering the “Brit”(marriage contract) with the Elohim of Abraham, Itzahk and Ya’acov. We will see how it points to the time between the first and the second coming of Messiah. Verse 1.The third month the children of Israel had come out of the land of Mitsrayim (Egypt)…….
We know that the number three reflect the completion of the present, past and future, the whole of something. Remember that the day of departure of Egypt was after having take part in the Pesach, the Passover of יהוה. It pictures our redemption through יהושע Messiah’s sacrifice who is the Lamb of Elohim who takes our sins away. This is also the starting point of our walk with יהוה, following יהושע in the obedience of the Torah with the continual rehearsal of יהוה's feast.  They came to the mountain in the third month which is the time of Shavuot fifty days after Pesach.  Verse 2.  For they came out from Rephidim…….
The Hebrew name “Rehidim” means: “rest”, “staying”, or “resting place”.  In the third month the children of Israel (carnal man) came from the “resting place” and camped before the mountain. There Moshe went up to Elohim, to listen what Elohim want him to tell the children of Israel (carnal man). יהושע (the Word) came from the “mountain” of Elohim which is the throne of Elohim to bring the Torah to יהוה’s people. Verse 4. I bore you on eagle’s wings……..
Psa 91:4 He covers you with His feathers, and under His wings you take refuge; His truth is a shield and armour.
Mal 4:2But to you who fear My Name the Sun of Righteousness shall arise with healing in His wings. And you shall go out and leap for joy like calves from the stall.
Rev 12:14 and the woman was given two wings of a great eagle, to fly into the wilderness to her place, where she is nourished for a time and times and half a time, from the presence of the serpent. The question remains, why the eagle, the answer is given us by Moshe? 
Deu 32:11 “As an eagle stirs up its nest, Flutters over its young, Spreading out its wings, taking them up, Bearing them on its wings.
Wings are equal to Yehovah’s protection.  The eagle is a picture of majesty and royalty, the eagle is considered to be the most powerful bird and has no enemy in the bird’s world.  The Talit (fringes) which is wear by the Elohim's people is also said to be like “wings” (Malachi 4:2).
Verses 5-6. if you diligently obey My voice, and shall guard My covenant, then you shall be My treasured possession above all the peoples……….. and you shall be to Me a reign of priests and a set-apart nation……
We see now Elohim giving the conditions of following Him, to become “reign of priest” and a “set apart nation”: obey, guard the Torah. Remember Moshe was commanded to bring the Children of Israel into the wilderness to serve Elohim.  Christians today refuse vehemently to follow the Torah finding excuse in scripture misinterpretation like "we are not under the law", "save by grace" which of course is right but in no case can go against the words spoken by יהושע as for example in Mattityahu 5:17. This is amazing as all the scriptures teach the other way round. Obedience is the demonstration of our faith to יהוה through יהושע Messiah.  We see the confirmation in Kefa’s (Peter) words quoting Moshe:
1Pe 2:9 but you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a set-apart nation, a people for a possession, that you should proclaim the praises of Him who called you out of darkness into His marvellous light,
Kefa says in a present sentence not future. The moment we come to follow יהושע in the truth, which is to walk in the Torah, we become member of the “set apart nation”, יהוה’s possession. This is also what Sha'ul says to the brethren in the book of Ephesians:
Eph 2:13 but now in Messiah יהושע you who once were far off have been brought near by the blood of the Messiah. Eph 2:19 so then you are no longer strangers and foreigners, but fellow citizens with the set-apart ones and members of the household of Elohim,........
The work of Messiah is an everlasting work to restore יהוה’s people into the covenant (Torah)Verse 19:8. all the people answered together and said, “All that יהוה has spoken we shall do.”
The commitment was “all that יהוה has spoken we shall do”. This was binding upon the children of Israel. What do we say when we come to Messiah? Are we coming to do our own will or to follow him in the Torah? 
Joh 14:15 “If you love Me, you shall guard (keep) My commands. 
1Jn 5:3 for this is the love for Elohim, that we guard His commands,1and His commands are not heavy
Verse 9: …..I am coming to you in the thick cloud……..
Why יהוה does came in a thick cloud? The question may be asked because there is a meaning behind it.
The cloud is hiding the full revelation of יהוה!
Act 1:9 and having said this, while they were looking on, He was taken up, and a cloud hid Him from their sight.
The revelation came with יהושע who revealed the Father to those who received him. The cloud is like the veil in the face of Moshe which is removed in Messiah (2nd Corint 3:15-16). Moshe was the forerunner who demonstrated that the carnal man can’t do anything; only through Messiah can we follow יהוה’s will.
Do not think that the brethren from Yehudah are rejected, they are not and they also will be joined into Ya’acov’s family at the appointed time. Today many of them still have the “veil” which will be removed when יהוה will pour out the “spirit of supplication” upon them, which is starting now.........
Verses 10-11.
 יהוה said to Mosheh, “Go to the people and set them apart (Qadosh) today and tomorrow. And they shall wash their garments,………and shall be prepared by the third day. For on the third day יהוה shall come down upon Mount Sinai before the eyes of all the people.
Remember that the Torah is the light to the right understanding of the Brit Chadasha, the “renewed covenant”.
Psa 119:105 Your word is a lamp to my feet And a light to my path................
Now let us see these two verses. Today and tomorrow, these are two days or we can say according to the New Testament eschatology two thousand years. The third day is a picture of the starting of the Millennium reign of Messiah. We have seen that it is very important in order to understand, to look at the wording used by the apostles who were Torah observant. But before we go to the Brit Chadasha (N.T.) let us look what the prophet write:
Hos 6:2After two days He shall revive us, on the third day He shall raise us up, so that we live before Him.
Hoshea spoke for the future, but let us look further what is with the “washing of garments”:
Rev 7:13 and one of the elders responded, saying to me, “Who are these dressed in white robes, and where did they come from?”  Rev 7:14 and I said to him, “Master, you know.” And he said to me, “These are those coming out of the great distress (tribulations), having washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.
Zec 14:1 See, a day shall come for יהוה, and your spoil shall be divided in your midst.
Zec 14:2 and I shall gather all the gentiles (Goyim) to battle against Yerushalayim. and the city shall be taken, the houses plundered, and the women ravished. Half of the city shall go into exile, but the remnant of the people shall not be cut off from the city. Zec 14:3 and יהוה shall go forth, and He shall fight against those gentiles, as He fights in the day of battle. Zec 14:4 and in that day His feet shall stand upon the Mount of Olives, which faces Yerushalayim on the east. And the Mount of Olives shall be split in two, from east to west, a very great valley, and half of the mountain shall move toward the north and half of it toward the south. ………………
Do not make the mistake as many do thinking that יהושע is יהוה and that he will come down for this is not what the scripture teaches. The Kingdom will return to יהוה at the end of the Millennium or at the end of the third day:
The prophet Hoshea was a prophet to Ephraim, the House of Israel he wrote:
Hos 6:1 Come, and let us return unto YHWH: for he hath torn, and he will heal us; he hath smitten, and he will bind us up.Hos 6:2 after two days will he revive us: in the third day he will raise us up, and we shall live in his sight.............
Hoshea prophesized between 743 and 722 B.C. or more then seven hundred years before יהושע's birth! It is more amazing to me when I read the Book of Revelation which describes the time when the people of Elohim will be in יהוה's presence:
Rev 21:3 and I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of YHWH is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and YHWH himself shall be with them, and be their Elohim...................
Have you read: YHWH himself shall be with them…….
So to understand we must read a difficult passage from Aposte Sha'ul to those who shall doubt and think that our Master יהושע is יהוה the Father:
1Co 15:24 then the end, when He (Yehoshua), delivers up the reign to Elohim the Father, when He has brought to naught all rule and all authority and power.  1Co 15:25 For He (יהושע) has to reign until He (Elohim) has put all enemies under His(Yehoshua) feet. 1Co 15:27 For “He (Elohim) has put all under His feet.” But when He (Elohim) says “all are put under Him (Yehoshua),” it is clear that He (Elohim) who put all under Him (Yehoshua) is excepted.  1Co 15:28 and when (after) all are made subject to Him (Yehoshua), then the Son Himself shall also be subject to Him (יהוה) who put all under Him (Yehoshua), in order that Elohim be all in all.  
I hope these verses will now be clear to you, so that you can see that only after יהושע has become subjected to “Him”, the Father יהוה, everything will have been restored as it was at the creation. The timing will be at the end of the Millennium, the third day. We read again:
Rev 21:1 and I saw a renewed heaven and a renewed earth, for the former heaven and the former earth had passed away, and the sea is no more. Rev 21:2 and I, Yoḥanan, saw the set-apart city, renewed Yerushalayim, coming down out of the heaven from Elohim, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. Rev 21:3 and I heard a loud voice from the heaven saying, “See, the Booth of Elohim is with men, and He shall dwell with them, and they shall be His people, and Elohim Himself shall be with them and be their Elohim. ........
Humm! this sound like another passage, but let us read:
Gen 3:8  And they heard the sound of יהוה Elohim walking about in the garden in the cool of the day, and Aḏam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of יהוה Elohim among the trees of the garden.
It looks like Adam and Chawah were directly living closer to Elohim presence to hear his voice?

The verse 10 show us clearly that the people of יהוה must be made “set apart” or “Qadosh’ during the two first day or the two thousand years from the coming of יהושע and wash their garments in order to stand in יהוה's presence. יהוה will be among his people on the third day as we read in Revelation 21:3 when יהושע will have turned the Kingdom to the Father. HalleluYah!
Verses 16-20.
These verses must be read in the context of the Brit Chadasha in order to see the whole picture from the natural to the spiritual. We know and understand that יהושע came to reveal the Father to the House of Ya’acov, to those near (Yehudin or Jews) and those far off (Ephraim, the House of Israel). The feasts of יהוה herald the plan of redemption for יהוה’s people. After Pesach we see 50 days later Shavuot also called the Feats of weeks or Pentecost which come from the Greek word “pentekonta” meaning “fifty”. Act 2:2 and suddenly there came a sound from the heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting.  Act 2:3 and there appeared to them divided tongues, as of fire, and settled on each one of them. Act 2:4 and they were all filled with the Set-apart Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them to speak.
This marks the time of the beginning of two days for יהוה’s people to be set apart, and wash their garments, before יהושע comes to establish יהוה’s Kingdom on earth. With Moshe it marks the marriage between יהוה and his people this marriage will be sealed with the acceptance of the “Brit”, the marriage contract (Sh’mot/Ex.24:7), the Ten Commandments, by saying “all that יהוה has spoken, we will do”. Later we will see that they will rebel and reject the “Brit”, the covenant.
Today all followers of יהושע have entered the marriage contract and are bound to follow יהוה’s Torah to the best of their ability. The day Messiah will come back he will take יהוה’s bride as the Bridegroom.
Exo 19:1 In the third month after the children of Yisra’ĕl had come out of the land of Mitsrayim, on this day they came to the Wilderness of Sinai. Exo 19:2 for they set out from Rephiḏim, and had come to the Wilderness of Sinai, and camped in the wilderness. So Yisra’ĕl camped there before the mountain. Exo 19:3 and Mosheh went up to Elohim, and יהוה called to him from the mountain, saying, “This is what you are to say to the house of Yaʽaqoḇ, and declare to the children of Yisra’ĕl:Exo 19:4 ‘You have seen what I did to the Mitsrites, and how I bore you on eagles’ wings and brought you to Myself. Exo 19:5 ‘And now, if you diligently obey My voice, and shall guard My covenant, then you shall be My treasured possession above all the peoples – for all the earth is Mine – Exo 19:6 ‘and you shall be to Me a reign of priests and a set-apart nation.’ Those are the words which you are to speak to the children of Yisra’ĕl.” Exo 19:7 and Mosheh came and called for the elders of the people, and set before them all these words which יהוה commanded him. Exo 19:8 and all the people answered together and said, “All that יהוה has spoken we shall do.” So Mosheh brought back the words of the people to יהוה. Exo 19:9 and יהוה said to Mosheh, “See, I am coming to you in the thick cloud, so that the people hear when I speak with you, and believe you forever.” And Mosheh reported the words of the people to יהוה.
Exo 19:10 and יהוה said to Mosheh, “Go to the people and set them apart today and tomorrow. And they shall wash their garments,
Exo 19:11 and shall be prepared by the third day. For on the third day יהוה shall come down upon Mount Sinai before the eyes of all the people.  Exo 19:12 “And you shall make a border for the people all around, saying, ‘Take heed to yourselves that you do not go up to the mountain or touch the border of it. Whoever touches the mountain shall certainly be put to death. Exo 19:13 ‘Not a hand is to touch it, but he shall certainly be stoned or shot with an arrow, whether man or beast, he shall not live.’ When the trumpet sounds long, let them come near the mountain.” Exo 19:14 and Mosheh came down from the mountain to the people and set the people apart, and they washed their garments. Exo 19:15 and he said to the people, “Be prepared by the third day. Do not come near a wife.” Exo 19:16 and it came to be, on the third day in the morning, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud on the mountain. And the sound of the ram’s horn was very loud, and all the people who were in the camp trembled. Exo 19:17 and Mosheh brought the people out of the camp to meet with Elohim, and they stood at the foot of the mountain.Exo 19:18 and Mount Sinai was in smoke, all of it, because יהוה descended upon it in fire. And its smoke went up like the smoke of a furnace, and all the mountain trembled exceedingly. Exo 19:19 and when the blast of the ram’s horn sounded long and became louder and louder, Mosheh spoke, and Elohim answered him by voice. Exo 19:20 and יהוה came down upon Mount Sinai, on the top of the mountain and יהוה called Mosheh to the top of the mountain, and Mosheh went up.
Exo 19:21 and יהוה said to Mosheh, “Go down, and warn the people, lest they break through unto יהוה to see, and many of them fall.
Exo 19:22 “And let the priests who come near יהוה set themselves apart too, lest יהוה break out against them.”
Exo 19:23 and Mosheh said to יהוה, “The people are not able to come up to Mount Sinai, for You warned us, saying, ‘Make a border around the mountain and set it apart.’ ” Exo 19:24 and יהוה said to him, “Come, go down and then come up, you and Aharon with you. But do not let the priests and the people break through to come up to יהוה, lest He break out against them.”
Exo 19:25 and Mosheh went down to the people and spoke to them.
Chapter 20.: In the original document there is no separation between chapters or verses. We see this chapter start with “and” which demonstrate this sentence is part of the verse 25 from Sh’mot 19. We have now the Ten Commandments as “Brit” (covenant) given to the Children of Israel. These commandments are divided in two parts. יהושע was asked of the Pharisee which of commandments are the greatest, and he answered:
Mat 22:36 “Teacher, which is the great command in the Torah?”
Mat 22:37 and יהושע said to him, “You shall love יהוה your Elohim with all your heart, and with all your being, and with all your mind.’ Mat 22:38 “This is the first and great command. Mat 22:39 “And the second is like it, ‘You shall love your neighbour as yourself.’ Mat 22:40 “On these two commands hang all the Torah and the Prophets.”
Unfortunately, Christianity has made doctrines out of these verses saying that יהושע has reduced the Ten Commandments to two commandments and from this Christians do not have to keep the Torah, or the Shabbat. It is enough to “love” ‘G-d” and to “love” “his neighbor”. This is why among Christians you see so many hypocrites who tell you when you come to their assembly: “brother, sister I love you”! In some congregation you see the Pastor at the entrance door of the “church” waiting for the people and great them with a “love kiss” or shaking hands with “we love you”, we are happy to see you! Of course they all bring good money in the Pastor’s storehouse! You think I am wrong? Is it what יהושע has in mind when he says to “’Love you neighbor as yourself”? Is the love spoken by יהושע the same love as the one in the mouth of Christians and Pastors from Christianity, just read?
1Jn 5:2 by this we know that we love the children of Elohim, when we love Elohim and guard His commands. 1Jn 5:3 For this is the love for Elohim, that we guard His commands,1 and His commands are not heavy,
Yochanan connect the love to the neighbor, the children of Elohim with loving Elohim, demonstrated by guarding the commandments! To love his neighbor is part of the Torah mitzvoth (commandments) it is not a “new Testament commandment”:
Lev 19:18 ‘Do not take vengeance or bear a grudge against the children of your people. And you shall love your neighbour as yourself. I am יהוה.
We see both Yeshua in his famous “Golden Rule” passage of Matthew 7:12, “Therefore all things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them: for this is the law and the prophets.” Paul echoes this concept in Romans 13:8, “Love does not do harm to a neighbour therefore love is the fullness of the Torah.” Love is the foundation and quintessential concept behind the Torah-law of Elohim.(Nathan Lawrence from Hoshana Rabbah). The Torah tells us how to react toward our neighbors in different cases
- To care for one another,  - To avoid to gossip, or not to be a talebearer and many other mitzvoth which are specific to loving our neighbors……………..
To Love יהוה according to the Ten Commandments:
#1- Know that יהוה is alone Elohim and our deliverer from our spiritual Egypt.
#2- Do not make any carved image and do not bow to them (removed from the Roman Catholic Church in their catechism). No statues of any kind or small images to be worship.
#3- Do not bring the name of יהוה to naught. All around the world Christianity call “Lord”, “G-d”, “Jesus” the Jews say “HaShem”, the Muslim “Alah” In the Philippines “Gineo” in France they say “Seigneur” which is like “Signore” but do not sanctify the Name of יהוה.
#4- Keep the Shabbat. To keep Shabbat it is from sunset to sunset. Many congregations have a “look like Shabbat” but do what they want. There is some denomination today that leaves the Shabbat day to turn to the “Sunday worship”, joining themselves to the Roman Catholic ecumenist movement.
We found the foundation of love in the Second part of the Ten Commandments from number 5 to number 10. ….To love his neighbor as ourselves in the P'shat (literal) level
#5- Respect your Father and mother (double meaning literal and spiritual)
#6- Do not murder
#7- Do not commit adultery
#8- Do not steal
#9- Do not bear false witness
#10- Do not covet
All the rest is expounded in the Torah.
The Roman Catholic Church has removed the third Commandments and made the Tenth in two parts.
They didn’t remove the keeping of the day of rest, the Shabbat, because in their crookedness, they changed the Shabbat day, the seven day to the “Sunday” worship, under Constantine in 325 C.E.  The fifth commandment, to love his father and mother has been misunderstood by many. This does not make somebody slave from parents who will not recognize יהוה or יהושע and go after Christianity or other “g-ds”. The word used here in Hebrew is the word “kabad” which mean to show respect as it is given in the “scripture” translation.  To respect our parents is to speak of them with respect, not to gossip against them or bring story against them. It doesn’t mean that we have to do what they tell us if they reject the Torah! We have the example of Abraham who left is family at יהוה’s command. Terah, Abraham’s father was an idolater and Abraham left him……
Jos 24:2 and Yehoshua (son of Nun) said to all the people, “Thus said יהוה Elohim of Yisra’ĕl, ‘Long ago your fathers dwelt beyond the River – Teraḥ, the father of Aḇraham and the father of Naḥor. And they served other mighty ones. Jos 24:3So I took your father Aḇraham from beyond the River, and caused him to go through all the land of Kenaʽan, and multiplied his offspring and gave him Yitsḥaq.
 Abram rebuked his father for idolatry as we can read in the book of Yasher. …….
Today the all world has turned to their “g-ds” mammon and many others.
Verses 18-19: The people were afraid because of their carnal nature; they were not ready and turned to Moshe as a mediator. This is very interesting as we can read from יהושע
Gal 3:19 Why, then, the Torah? It was added because of transgressions, until the Seed should come to whom the promise was made. And it was ordained through messengers in the hand of a mediator. (Moshe)...1Ti 2:5 For there is one Elohim,1 and one Mediator between Elohim and men, the Man Messiah יהושע. .Once again we see the parallel between Moshe and יהושע, the first was the mediator for the Children of Israel (carnal man) and the second the mediator of the promise.
 Heb 9:15 and because of this He (יהושע) is the Mediator of a (re)new(ed) covenant, so that, death having taken place for redemption of the transgressions under the first covenant, those who are called might receive the promise of the everlasting inheritance.
Ten Commandments:  Exo 20:1 and Elohim spoke all these Words, saying, Exo 20:2 “I am יהוה your Elohim, who brought you out of the land of Mitsrayim, out of the house of slavery.  Exo 20:3 “You have no other mighty ones against My face.
Exo 20:4 “You do not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of that which is in the heavens above, or which is in the earth beneath, or which is in the waters under the earth, Exo 20:5 you do not bow down to them nor serve them. For I, יהוה your Elohim am a jealous Ěl, visiting the crookedness of the fathers on the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me, Exo 20:6 but showing kindness to thousands, to those who love Me and guard My commands.
Exo 20:7 “You do not bring1 the Name of יהוה your Elohim to naught, for יהוה does not leave the one unpunished who brings His Name to naught. Footnote: 1Or lift up, or take.  Exo 20:8 “Remember the Sabbath day, to set it apart. Exo 20:9 “Six days you labour, and shall do all your work,  Exo 20:10 but the seventh day is a Sabbath1 of יהוה your Elohim. You do not do any work – you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates. Footnote: 1There are other Sabbaths, but this is the weekly Sabbath. Exo 20:11 “For in six days יהוה made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore יהוה blessed the Sabbath day and set it apart. Exo 20:12 “Respect your father and your mother, so that your days are prolonged upon the soil which יהוה your Elohim is giving you. Exo 20:13 “You do not murder. Exo 20:14 “You do not commit adultery. Exo 20:15 “You do not steal.
Exo 20:16 “You do not bear false witness against your neighbour. Exo 20:17 “You do not covet your neighbour’s house, you do not covet your neighbour’s wife, nor his male servant, nor his female servant, nor his ox, nor his donkey, or whatever belongs to your neighbour.” Exo 20:18 and all the people saw the thunders, the lightning flashes, the sound of the ram’s horn, and the mountain smoking. And the people saw it, and they trembled and stood at a distance, Exo 20:19 and said to Mosheh, “You speak with us and we hear, but let not Elohim speak with us, lest we die.” Exo 20:20 and Mosheh said to the people, “Do not fear, for Elohim has come to prove you, and in order that His fear be before you, so that you do not sin.”  Exo 20:21 So the people stood at a distance, but Mosheh drew near the thick darkness where Elohim was. Exo 20:22 and יהוה said to Mosheh, “Say this to the children of Yisra’ĕl: ‘You yourselves have seen that I have spoken to you from the heavens. Exo 20:23You do not make besides Me mighty ones of silver, and you do not make mighty ones of gold for yourselves.
In the Haftorah we see the prophet Yeshayahu who is also afraid, having “seen” יהוה Zebaoth as he was in a vision. He is also chosen of יהוה to talk to the people. Here a commentary from Natan Lawrence from Hoshana Rabbah.
Some commentators believe that Isaiah saw his vision while in the Temple in Jerusalem, which does not explain why or how he was allowed in there (Soncino Pentateuch), while others say that he was only shown a vision (similar to the vision of Ezekiel) of the Merkavah or the heavenly court where the angels pay homage to Elohim (ArtScroll Chumash). ....1 6:1, In the year that king Uzziah died. Uzziah was the king of Judah who imperiously marched into YHVH’s Temple (hekal) and profaned it when he illegally offered incense therein—something only the priests were allowed to do. YHVH immediately struck him with leprosy. He remained a leper until the day of his death (2 Chr 26:16–23). It was after this sordid desecration of the Temple that Isaiah had his vision, which marked the beginning of his forty-odd-year-long ministry.   2 6:4, The house was filled with smoke. The Hebrew word for smoke is ashan/IAG/ayin-shin-nun sofit (Strong’s H6227) and derives from a root word (Strong’s H6225, same Hebrew spelling) meaning “to fume, to be angry, furious or wroth.” The ArtScroll Chumash states that this was a sign to Isaiah from YHVH that the Kingdom of Judah was going downhill toward destruction and exile (p. 1155). Although Yotham, Uzziah’s son, was a righteous king who reigned for 16 years, Ahaz, his son, was another corrupt and idolatrous king for which words of rebuke were not long in coming from the lips of Isaiah. From Isaiah 6:1 to 7:1, sixteen, years pass, and no mention is made of Yotham. YHVH expresses his anger in the Temple vision, than begins to speak about a spiritually hard-hearted people who refuse to see, listen or comprehend the error of their ways. As a result, their enemies would soon afterwards ravage their land and take them into captivity (6:8–13), but there is no mention of Yotham and the short interlude of this righteous king. Why was this not worthy of mention? Despite being a righteous king (2 Chr 27:2), did much really change spiritually in the land of Judah? Can a leader of a nation, although professing to be a Bible-believing and “God-fear­ing” man, be in reality vapid and vacuous, lacking in real fruits of righteousness as evidence of his claims? Is our nation in this place right now? .......Is YHVH fuming over the state of our so-called “Christian” nations that has all but turned its back on YHVH—from the church houses, to the state house, to the court house all the way to the house of Congress and the White House? Furthermore, what foreign elements are beginning to a take over our land, culture and religion today in this nation so that Bible-believing and YHVH-fearing individuals are becoming strangers in their own land?  3. Despite the wickedness of Ahaz, YHVH still gave him ample opportunity to repent and to acknowledge the Creator’s involvements in the affairs of men. Is YHVH presently giving our “Christian” nation, and perhaps even the nation of Israel, that same opportunity before he “lowers the boom” of his judgment on us—or is this just the idle speculation a fringe element of folks who are obsessed with end-time prophetic and apocalyptic scenarios and who take Bible prophecy too seriously?   4 Though judgment was (is) coming upon Judah (America and Israel?), YHVH through the prophet Isaiah gives a message of hope, restoration and redemption through his Messianic prophecies that follow. Read the rest of Isaiah chapter seven, along with portions of chapters eight and nine and identify the prophetic Messianic passages found therein and relate them to Yeshua.
Isa 6:1 In the year that Sovereign Uzziyahu died, I saw יהוה sitting on a throne, high and lifted up, and the train of His robe filled the Hĕḵal (Temple). Isa 6:2 above it stood seraphim. Each one had six wings: with two he covered his face, with two he covered his feet, and with two he flew.
Isa 6:3 and one cried to another and said, “Set-apart, set-apart, set-apart is יהוה of hosts; all the earth is filled with His esteem!” Isa 6:4 and the posts of the door were shaken by the voice of him who cried out, and the house was filled with smoke. Isa 6:5 and I said, “Woe to me, for I am undone! Because I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips – for my eyes have seen the Sovereign, יהוה of hosts.” Isa 6:6 and one of the seraphim flew to me, having in his hand a live coal which he had taken with the tongs from the altar.
Isa 6:7 and he touched my mouth with it, and said, “See, this has touched your lips; your crookedness is taken away, and your sin is covered.” Isa 6:8 and I heard the voice of יהוה, saying, “Whom do I send, and who would go for Us?” And I said, “Here am I! Send me.”
Isa 6:9 and He said, “Go, and you shall say to this people, ‘Hearing, you hear, but do not understand; and seeing, you see, but do not know.’ Isa 6:10 “Make the heart of this people fat, and their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and shall turn and be healed.”
Isa 6:11 Then I said, “יהוה, until when?” And He answered, “Until the cities are laid waste and without inhabitant, and the houses are without a man, and the land is laid waste, a ruin, Isa 6:12 and יהוה has removed men far away, and the forsaken places be many in the midst of the land. Isa 6:13 “But still, there is a tenth part in it, and it shall again be for a burning, like a terebinth tree and like an oak, whose stump remains when it is cut down. The set-apart seed is its stump!” Isa 7:1 and it came to be in the days of Aḥaz son of Yotham, son of Uzziyahu, sovereign of Yehuḏah, that Retsin sovereign of Aram and Peqaḥ son of Remalyahu, sovereign of Yisra’ĕl, went up to Yerushalayim to fight against it, but could not prevail against it. Isa 7:2 and it was reported to the house of Dawiḏ, saying, “Aram has set up camp in Ephrayim.” And his heart and the heart of his people were moved as the trees of the forest are moved with the wind. Isa 7:3 and יהוה said to Yeshayahu, “Go out now to meet Aḥaz, you and She’ar-Yashuḇ your son, at the end of the channel of the upper pool, on the highway of the Launderer’s Field,
Isa 7:4 and say to him, ‘Take heed, and be calm; do not fear or be faint-hearted for these two stubs of smoking firebrands, for the fierce displeasure of Retsin and Aram, and the son of Remalyahu.
Isa 7:5 ‘Because Aram, Ephrayim, and the son of Remalyahu have plotted evil against you, saying,
Isa 7:6 “Let us go up against Yehuḏah and tear it apart, and break it open for ourselves, and set a sovereign over them, the son of Taḇe’ĕl.”
Isa 9:5 for every boot of one trampling in tumult, and coat rolled in blood, shall be used for burning and fuel of fire.
Isa 9:6 for a Child shall be born unto us, a Son shall be given unto us, and the rule is on His shoulder. And His Name is called Wonder, Counsellor, Strong Ěl, Father of Continuity, Prince of Peace.
9:6 The Hebrew read: Pele yoez el Gibbor abid ad sar shalom (masoretic text) meaning: That is wonderful in counsel is El the mighty the everlasting Father the ruler of peace.
Read so it is not so easy to take this verse to be prophetic for (Jesus) even if it is possible but not as to be G-d!

5:17 “Do not think that I came to destroy the Torah or the Prophets.1 I did not come to destroy but to complete. Footnote: 1The Law and the Prophets is a term used for the pre-Messianic Scriptures.
Mat 5:18 “For truly, I say to you, till the heaven and the earth pass away, one jot or one tittle shall by no means pass from the Torah till all be done.1 Footnote: 1Lk. 16:17.
Mat 5:19 “Whoever, then, breaks one of the least of these commands, and teaches men so, shall be called least in the reign of the heavens; but whoever does and teaches them, he shall be called great in the reign of the heavens.
Mat 5:20 “For I say to you, that unless your righteousness exceeds that of the scribes and Pharisees,1 you shall by no means enter into the reign of the heavens. Footnote: 1Mt. 15:3-9, Mk. 7:7-13, John 7:19, Acts 7:53, Rom. 2:23-27, Gal. 6:13.
Mat 5:21 “You heard that it was said to those of old, ‘You shall not murder,’ and whoever murders shall be liable to judgment.
Mat 5:22 “But I say to you that whoever is wroth with his brother without a cause shall be liable to judgment. And whoever says to his brother, ‘Raka!’ shall be liable to the Sanhedrin. But whoever says, ‘You fool!’ shall be liable to fire of Gehenna.
Mat 5:23 “If, then, you bring your gift to the altar, and there remember that your brother holds whatever against you,
Mat 5:24 leave your gift there before the altar, and go, first make peace with your brother, and then come and offer your gift.
Mat 5:25 “Be well-minded with your opponent, promptly, while you are on the way with him, lest your opponent deliver you to the judge, and the judge to the officer, and you be thrown into prison.
Mat 5:26 “Truly, I say to you, you shall by no means get out of there till you have paid the last penny.
Mat 5:27 “You heard that it was said to those of old, ‘You shall not commit adultery.’
Mat 5:28 “But I say to you that everyone looking at a woman to lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart.
Mat 5:29 “And if your right eye causes you to stumble, pluck it out and throw it away from you. For it is better for you that one of your members perish, than for your entire body to be thrown into Gehenna.
Mat 5:30 “And if your right hand causes you to stumble, cut it off and throw it away from you. For it is better for you that one of your members perish, than for your entire body to be thrown into Gehenna.
Mat 5:31 “And it has been said, ‘Whoever puts away his wife, let him give her a certificate of divorce.’
Mat 5:32 “But I say to you that whoever puts away his wife, except for the matter of whoring,1 makes her commit adultery. And whoever marries a woman who has been put away commits adultery. Footnote: 1Mt. 19:9, Dt. 24:1.

1Pe 2:4 Drawing near to Him, a living Stone – rejected indeed by men, but chosen by Elohim and precious –
1Pe 2:5 you also, as living stones, are being built up, a spiritual house, a set-apart priesthood, to offer up spiritual slaughter offerings acceptable to Elohim through יהושע Messiah.
1Pe 2:6 Because it is contained in the Scripture, “See, I lay in Tsiyon a chief corner-stone, chosen, precious, and he who believes on Him shall by no means be put to shame.”1 Footnote: 1Isa. 28:16.
1Pe 2:7 This preciousness, then, is for you who believe; but to those who are disobedient, “The stone which the builders rejected has become the chief corner-stone,”1 Footnote: 1Ps. 118:22.
1Pe 2:8 and “A stone of stumbling and a rock that makes for falling,”1 who stumble because they are disobedient2 to the Word, to which they also were appointed. Footnotes: 1Isa. 8:14. 2See John 3:36, Heb. 3:18.
1Pe 2:9 But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a set-apart nation, a people for a possession, that you should proclaim the praises of Him who called you out of darkness into His marvellous light,
1Pe 2:10 who once were not a people, but now the people of Elohim; who had not obtained compassion, but now obtained compassion.

May יהוה bless you through Messiah יהושע as you keep the Torah of life finding delight to follow the Commandments.