jeudi 17 janvier 2013

Parsha Bo – Go

Parasha Bo - Go
Sh'mot 10-1 to 13:16

Yrmeyahu 46:13-28, Romans 12.1-8, 1st Corint.11:20-34
Daniel ben Ya'acov

At the end of this parasha you can see a different approach of the Ten Plagues, by Greg Killian a “Jews” who believe יהושע Messiah in an orthodox way.
The last plagues and the departure from Mytsrayim (Egypt) under the leadership from Moshe will again give us insight about what is going to come upon the all world before the second advent of our Master יהושע Messiah.
As we have now learned in the others Parsaha, we must dig into the Torah and go to the “sod” (mystery) in order to see what יהוה want us to see.
I have written that the children of Israel represent our carnal nature, according what Sha’ul (Paul) teach the Corinthians, but let me explain:
1Co 15:45 and so it has been written, “The first man Aḏam became a living being,” the last Aḏam a life-giving Spirit.
1Co 15:46 the spiritual, however, was not first, but the natural, and afterward the spiritual.
1Co 15:47 the first man was of the earth, earthy; the second Man is the Master from heaven.
1Co 15:48 as is the earthy, so also are those who are earthy; and as is the heavenly, so also are those who are heavenly.
1Co 15:49 and as we have borne the likeness of the earthy, we shall also bear the likeness of the heavenly.
Behind this statement we can see that Sha'ul tells us something very deep. He says that those born under the first Adam were “earthy” and those born under the last Adam are from “heaven” or “spiritual”.
Today you still found both groups on earth, those who follow יהושע in the truth and are “heavenly” or “spiritual” and those who follow the world pattern and are “carnal” because they still walk after the first Adam.
Regeneration takes part only in Messiah. Therefore our forefathers were “carnal”. When we study the Torah we should have that in our mind. Moshe was lead by יהוה and follow him. The Children of Israel followed Moshe and Aharon in the flesh, as we are going to see in the coming Parasha, and will bear the consequence.
The summary is found in the book of Hebrew:
Heb 3:7 Therefore, as the Set-apart Spirit says, “Today, if you hear His voice,
Heb 3:8 do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion, in the day of trial in the wilderness,
Heb 3:9 where your fathers (the children of Israel), tried Me, proved Me, and saw My works forty years.
Heb 3:10 “Therefore I was grieved with that generation, and said, ‘They always go astray in their heart, and they have not known My ways.’
Heb 3:11 “As I swore in My wrath, ‘If they shall enter into My rest...’ ”1 Footnote: 1Ps. 95:7-11.
Heb 3:12 Look out, brothers, lest there be in any of you a wicked heart of unbelief in falling away from the living Elohim,
Heb 3:13 but encourage one another daily, while it is called “Today,” lest any of you be hardened by the deceivableness of sin.
Heb 3:14 for we have become partakers of Messiah (the last Adam) if we hold fast the beginning of our trust firm to the end,

We have here the answer of what יהוה expect from His children. We all know that from those who were older than twenty and born in Mytsrayim, NONE of them, save Kaleb and Yehoshua entered the Promise Land!
We must strive to understand, why יהוה want us to learn Torah. Many brothers and sisters do not make the effort to learn, saying I keep the Shabbat and the feast and it’s OK!
Do you think it’s OK? Well! Time is getting harder and soon the world will become a “boiling iron pot”; on what is your faith built, on “pastor’s teaching, what others tells you, or are you like the Berean (Acts 17:11) eager to seek, if what you learn from others is true?
I encourage you not to stay on man’s doctrine, (mine included) unless you have search the scripture yourself to know if it is true or not.
In the last Parasha we have seen that “pride” (Pharaoh / HaSatan) comes before the fall and favour is given to the humble (Moshe / יהושע) (Ya’acov 4:6, 10, 1st Kefa 5:6)
Let see what Shaul / Paul write and search again to know why or how Sha’ul does knows:
Rom 9:15 For He says to Mosheh, “I shall favour whomever I favour, and I shall have compassion on whomever I have compassion.”
Rom 9:16 So, then, it is not of him who is wishing, nor of him who is running, but of Elohim who shows favour.
Rom 9:17 For the Scripture (Torah) says to Pharaoh, “For this same purpose I have raised you up, to show My power in you, and that My Name be declared in all the earth.”
Rom 9:18 so, then, He favours whom He wishes, and He hardens whom He wishes.
Rom 9:19 Then you shall say to me, “Why does He still find fault? For who has resisted His counsel?”
Rom 9:20 But who are you, O man, to talk back to Elohim? Shall that which is formed say to him who formed it, “Why have you made me like this?”
Rom 9:21 Does not the potter have authority over the clay, from the same lump to make one vessel for value and another not for value?
Now let us see what we find in the book of Yasher chapter 81:
57. and Moses said to Pharaoh, Behold though thou art thy mother's first born, yet fear not,
for thou wilt not die, for YHWH has commanded that thou shalt live, in order to show
thee his great might and strong stretched out arm.
Can you see the parallel in both statements between what Sha’ul says verse 17 and the book of Yasher verse 57?
Remember Sha’ul got his revelation concerning Messiah from Messiah direct:
Gal 1:11 and I make known to you, brothers, that the Good News announced by me is not according to man.
Gal 1:12 for I did not receive it from man, nor was I taught it, but through a revelation of יהושע Messiah.
Gal 1:13 For you have heard of my former way of life in Yehuḏaism,……….
Sha'ul says that the good news he got was not from man. but through revelation of יהושע Messiah.
Verse 13, Sha'ul mentions his former way of life in “Judaism”. This way of life INCLUDES a perfect knowledge of the Torah.
Sha'ul was known to be able to quote the Torah from B’reshit chapter 1, to the last chapter of D’varim, by heart.
If we want also “revelation” we must take time to learn the Torah and trust Abba יהוה to reveal unto us what he want us to know.
Knowledge increase more and more as we are coming closer to the end. If Knowledge increase, counterfeit knowledge increase also. Only if we know ourselves, we will be able to make the difference.
I remember times ago, I read from many so called “teachers” “pastors” “prophets” concerning the revelations they got from “the Lord” (Ba’al) or even pretending from Yahweh. I was confused and had hard time to discern.
When I started to put myself to the Torah study, things became easier and “revelation” also. I don’t pretend to know all things far from me, but I trust יהוה that when the time comes, He will let us know in His word (Torah) what we need to know.
We all need help from other, but this must be in the spirit of love and do not try to take “position”, but serve others to help them to learn also.
In this Parsha remain three plagues:
-  The Locust,
- The killing of the first born.
יהוה tells Moshe that He has made all this with Pharaoh, in order that they relate these events to their children and children’s children. The result of that is that they all may know that only יהוה is Elohim.
Today if you ask people, they will tell you that they believe “G-d” but are not able to tell you more. Do they know the Name of יהוה the Mighty One of Israel, the answer is obvious: NO, they don’t! They follow the doctrines of man, but have no relationship to the living Elohim.
Many time people today will reject the truth because it doesn’t feed with their own tradition or what they believe, their heart is closed to the truth.
Remember Pharaoh (HaSatan) says: “I don’t know יהוה”, he wasn’t in the list of his “gods”. (Book of Yasher chapter 79)
Do you think it is different today for sure it’s not?
They glorify all what is awful, homosexuality, gay, pride, war, power, hedonism (pleasure seeking), reject the truth, go so far to forbid people with laws, to speak the truth. The schools teach children all what is wicked. They make movies to glorify evil and the power of darkness.
יהוה is long suffering but the plagues have now come upon the earth as it was in the time of Moshe, and people make fun of them, they still boast saying that they will find a way out. Since now many years they tell ignorant people all around the world that the “Ozone hole” is the cause of climatic problems.
Now I begin to understand the climatic change which is due to:
- The plagues in these last days
- The change due to the earth course in her galactic position
Have you ever wonder how was it possible for people like Adam, Noach, Methuselah to live almost 1000 years, and we seldom come to pass the mark of one hundred years?
Remember that Abram (Abraham) saw Noach, he went to his place, but he lived One hundred seventy five years!
So called scientist tell and write a lot concerning the age of the earth, the dinosaurs, but none of them explain the course of the earth in the universe. I have asked myself many times about how this could work.
I read one explanation from Yedidah a man who writes midrash and I found it very interesting. First of all I have read many explanations as I have shown in the Parsha Noach and how the water could have fall upon the earth in order to cover the all earth.
Sh’lomo tells us that what was in the beginning (B’reshit), it is what will be in the future (Eccl. 1:9). In other words, we are going to found ourselves in the same place as it was with Noach and before him first and after that in Messiah the last Adam, as it was plan by יהוה to have Eternal life in Paradise.(Gan Eden) This is simple to understand as the earth has been created by יהוה to follow it cycle which will length six thousand years before it comes back to the One thousand Years life span
But let us go back to the Parsha.
We have here two forces which oppose the forces of darkness (Pharaoh) and the light (Moshe), this is a picture of our life in יהושע Messiah.

יהוה’s purpose was to deliver the children of Israel (carnal man) in order to serve Him! It is amazing that people today like Antinomians* Christians say to be “free from the law” when יהוה says that the children of Israel, our forefathers should serve Him!
*Antinomians: One who maintains that, under the gospel dispensation, the moral law is of no use or obligation, but that faith alone is necessary to salvation. The sect of Antinomians originated with John Agricola, in Germany, about the year 1535 (ISBE; International Standard Bible Encyclopedia)
The Locust Plague.
Something amazed me, because when we read Vayiqrah 11, we read that Locust are clean and can be eaten!
Locust: Strong’s # H697 ארבּה 'arbeh ar-beh' written aleph, resh,beth,he ( Gemetria: 213)
From H7235; a locust (from its rapid increase): - grasshopper, locust.
H 7235:
BDB Definition:
1) be or become great, be or become many, be or become much, be or become numerous
1a) (Qal)
1a1) to become many, become numerous, multiply (of people, animals, things)
1a2) to be or grow great
1b) (Piel) to make large, enlarge, increase, become many
1c) (Hiphil)
1c1) to make much, make many, have many
1c1a) to multiply, increase
1c1b) to make much to do, do much in respect of, transgress greatly
1c1c) to increase greatly or exceedingly
1c2) to make great, enlarge, do much
2) (Qal) to shoot
The same word is used concerning the name of the locust in Vayiqra, no difference.
Now we also found the Locust in the book of Revelation, let us see:
Rev 9:1 and the fifth messenger sounded, and I saw a star from the heaven which had fallen to the earth. And the key to the pit of the deep was given to it.
Rev 9:2 and he opened the pit of the deep, and smoke went up out of the pit like the smoke of a great furnace. And the sun was darkened, also the air, because of the smoke of the pit.
Rev 9:3 and out of the smoke locusts came upon the earth, and authority was given to them as the scorpions of the earth possess authority.
Rev 9:4 and it was said to them that they shall not harm the grass of the earth, or any green matter, or any tree, but only those men who do not have the seal of Elohim upon their foreheads.
Rev 9:5 and it was given to them that they should not kill them, but to torture them for five months. And their torture was like the torture of a scorpion when it stings a man.
Rev 9:6 and in those days men shall seek death and shall not find it. And they shall long to die, but death shall flee from them.
Yochanan explain in his vision that Locust are coming out of the smoke and will torture those who have not the seal of Elohim upon their forehead.
Locusts are clean flying insect according to Vayyiqra 11. It is written in Revelation that they are commanded: "not harm the grass of the earth, or any green matter, or any tree",
Grass, green matter (greenish) and tree is a picture of righteous people:
Job 5:25 Thou shalt know also that thy seed shall be great, and thine offspring as the grass of the earth.
Psa 1:3 and he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, that bringeth forth his fruit in his season; his leaf also shall not wither; and whatsoever he doeth shall prosper.
Locust are spiritual beings commanded to harm;" only those men who do not have the seal of Elohim upon their foreheads".
Once again we see how spiritual apply for spiritual apply in the Brit Chadasha (Renewed Covenant) in opposition to the natural way from the Torah which stand for our carnal nature.

First we see that this Locust are a plague coming upon the earth during the last days before the coming of יהושע Messiah and will make suffer those who do not follow יהוה Have you the seal of יהוה upon your forehead? Are you walking in the light, the Torah not only keeping the Shabbat and the Feast, much more making all what is in your ability to be transformed by the renewing of your mind, in prayer and supplication? If your answer is yes, then read Psalm 91 and learn it by heart, because it is how it will be with you during the last days when the plagues increase. You will be in the spiritual “Goshen” by faith, under the shadow of His wings.
Goshen in the Torah represents the place of protection it is a Euphemism for those today who are in יהושע
These locusts are not to kill people, but to make them suffer for it is יהוה’s vengeance on those who do not believe.
The Locust torment people five month. Five is the divine number for: Torah (five books Moshe) and for grace (Abraham’s life).
There is only one religion in the world today beside Catholicism which can pretend to be numerous like locust, and that is Islam!
Pharaoh represents the force of darkness in the book of Sh'mot/Exodus and his army the evil spirits coming upon the earth and feels it.
Verse 15 must be read in the light of Revelation 9:4 in order to see the natural for the spiritual.
Exo 10:15 and they (locust) covered the surface of all the land, so that the land was darkened. And they ate every plant of the land and all the fruit of the trees which the hail had left, and no greenness was left on the trees or on the plants of the field, in all the land of Mitsrayim.
Rev 9:4 And it was said to them that they shall not harm the grass of the earth, or any green matter, or any tree, but only those men who do not have the seal of Elohim upon their foreheads
Here we see that now it is the time to pay back those who have done evil, nothing will remain for the wicked.
Many times Grass equals multitude of righteous people fed on the Torah, Trees equal righteous people, those who walk in the Torah (Psalm 1:3)? But let us read further:

The ninth plague: Darkness. 20 - 28.
Once again we will have to go in the spiritual in order to understand. Remember darkness is separated from light (B’reshit 1:4).Darkness represent all what is opposed to Elohim:
Joh 1:4 In Him was life, and the life was the light of men.
Joh 1:5 and the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it.

The King James says: “comprehend” instead “overcome”. The Greek word is:” katalambanō »
Thayer Definition:
1) to lay hold of
1a) to lay hold of so as to make one’s own, to obtain, attain to, to make one’s own, to take into one’s self, appropriate
Yochanan is speaking here from the “Logos” the Word of Elohim that became flesh. The Word of Elohim is now reality with יהושע.
This is in opposition of the Antinomian Christian doctrine who want יהושע to be Elohim, because they say he is the word and the word was with Elohim. Unfortunately, they reject the word “Logo” has been including Elohim’s thoughts, but when we read Psalm 33 we see otherwise:
Psa 33:6 By the Word (dabar) of יהוה the heavens were made, And all their host by the Spirit (Ruach) of His mouth,
Footnote: 1“The Word” and “the Spirit” are unanimous, with one accord.
In English we read: …… and all their host by the breath (ruach) of his mouth. Or by the speech of יהוה’s word were all created. Where is “Jesus” here?
The plague of darkness indicates the blindness of the people. I want to add a detail from the book of Yasher, which tells us what happen to some of the children of Israel during this plague:
Yasher chapter 81:
36. And Elohim sent darkness upon Egypt, that the whole land of Egypt and Pathros became dark for three days, so that a man could not see his hand when he lifted it to his mouth.
37. At that time died many of the people of Israel (who didn’t had the seal?) who had rebelled against YHWH and who would not hearken to Moses and Aaron, and believed not in them that Elohim had sent them.
38. and who had said, We will not go forth from Egypt lest we perish with hunger in a
desolate wilderness, and who would not hearken to the voice of Moses.

We see that some people among the children of Israel rebel against Elohim by refusing to listen to Moshe and Aharon. The result is that they died in Egypt a picture of the world today. Question: How will it be with those today refusing to follow יהושע and to walk as he walked?
1Jn 2:6 He that saith he abideth in him ought himself also so to walk, even as he walked.

There is a story which is well known concerning the time when Hitler planed to exterminate the “Jews” in Eastern Europe, Poland, Germany and other eastern countries. At this time was a man, unfortunately I forgot his name, I think something like “Jabowsky”, I’m not sure. Anyway he went through Europe among the “Jewish” community to warn them of something evil coming ahead and that they should leave Europe. They refused, even some of them that if he kept telling them to leave they will “cut” his tongue. He organized a plan for “Jews” to leave Poland, but in vain, they refused. The result is well known, millions of them died.
They refused, just because their life was “comfortable” and their business was fine!
Can you see the parallel between the children of Israel and our brothers from Yehudah in Europe?
The plague of darkness length for three days:
Three is also a divine number which point to the Beginning, the middle and the End, past, present and Future.
We should be able to see something.
We all know that Yehoshua will come during the third day:
Hos 6:2After two days He shall revive us, on the third day He shall raise us up, so that we live before Him.
Here the question is to know if darkness has come upon the earth since Messiah went back to the father and the Roman Catholic Church and her daughters from among all the Antinomians Christians Denomination have overtake the believers’ hearts?
We know that during the plague only those who do not believe that Moshe was sent by Elohim died. To believe is demonstrated by our actions. So if we believe יהושע to be sent by יהוה the Father, we will also walk has he walked (1st Yochanan 2:6).
Plague during the last days, do not disappeared but are added to the precedent one, which increase the pressure to the people, and we will see, that like the Mitsrayites (Egyptians) they will not turn from their ways, only some few of them will.
People today, boast, everywhere concerning their knowledge, wisdom, and philosophy, bringing people more and more under bondage. Signs abound like we saw last month of January in France 2009, as in one night 300 000 thousand hectares of forest was destroyed by a hurricane. It was not the first, but people had already “forgotten” and rejoice their “good business” with wood.
I repeat that the word Philosophy is a Greek word compound from two words:
Philo which means “man” or "friend" Sopho which means “wise”
With that in mind read:
1Co 2:5 in order that your belief should not be in the wisdom of men but in the power of Elohim.
1Co 3:19 For the wisdom of this world is foolishness with Elohim. For it has been written, “He catches the wise in their craftiness,”
Don’t let people foolish you with their doctrines, those who do not know the Torah, do not know the truth. When I say to know the Torah, it is to know it through Messiah Yehoshua in the Ruach not after the letter.
Verses 22-23 tell us that darkness covered the all land of Egypt /Mitsrayim but all the children of Israel had light in their dwelling….
Let us see if we can get some insight from these verses,
Dwelling: Strong’s # H4186 משׁב    מושׁב môshâb  môshâb mo-shawb', mo-shawb'
From H3427; a seat; figuratively a site; abstractly a session; by extension an abode (the place or the time); by implication population: - assembly, dwell in, dwelling (-place), wherein (that) dwelt (in), inhabited place, seat, sitting, situation, sojourning.
Light: Strong’s # אור  'ôr ore written Aleph, vav; resh (Gemetria: 216)
From H215; illumination or (concretely) luminary (in every sense, including lightning, happiness, etc.): - bright, clear, + day, light (-ning), morning, sun.
The light we read here “OR” or “ORE” is what we find in B’reshit 1:3 Elohim said, “…Let light come to be,…”1:4…And Elohim separated the light from the darkness…..
In these two verses, the same word “or” or “ore” is used. This is not the Light of the SUN but the spiritual light which is the light of Messiah:
Joh 8:12 Therefore יהושע spoke to them again, saying, “I am the light of the world. He who follows Me shall by no means walk in darkness, but possess the light of life.”
We see the context of the text points to B’reshit 1:3-4, and we can make the connection with our Parsha 10: 22-23, for those who believe Elohim, and the words spoken of Moshe.
Is the light of Messiah in your dwelling, you abode, in order that you will be protected in the plague of darkness?
Verse 25 indicate that the Torah was taught under Moshe’s time as he tells Pharaoh that they must make “sacrifice” to Elohim, remember Abel brought sacrifice to Elohim. How is it possible if the Torah doesn’t exist? The Torah came with the first Adam and was made for ALL men, but after they rejected it, יהוה chose a man (Abraham) who will follow and obey him, and teach his children after him.
I want to compare again the plagues in the book of Sh’mot with the plagues in the book of Revelation:
Exo 10:13 and Moses stretched forth his rod over the land of Egypt, and YHWH brought an east wind upon the land all that day, and all that night; and when it was morning, the east wind brought the locusts.
Exo 10:14 and the locusts went up over all the land of Egypt, and rested in all the coasts of Egypt: very grievous were they; before them there were no such locusts as they, neither after them shall be such.
Exo 10:15 for they covered the face of the whole earth, so that the land was darkened; and they did eat every herb of the land, and all the fruit of the trees which the hail had left: and there remained not any green thing in the trees, or in the herbs of the field, through all the land of Egypt.
Exo 10:21 and YHWH said unto Moses, Stretch out thine hand toward heaven, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, even darkness which may be felt.
Exo 10:22 and Moses stretched forth his hand toward heaven; and there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days:
Exo 10:23 they saw not one another, neither rose any from his place for three days: but all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings.

Now in the book of revelation:

Rev 9:1 and the fifth messenger sounded, and I saw a star from the heaven which had fallen to the earth. And the key to the pit of the deep was given to it.
Rev 9:2 and he opened the pit of the deep, and smoke went up out of the pit like the smoke of a great furnace. And the sun was darkened, also the air, because of the smoke of the pit.
Rev 9:3 and out of the smoke locusts came upon the earth, and authority was given to them as the scorpions of the earth possess authority.
Rev 9:4 and it was said to them that they shall not harm the grass of the earth, or any green matter, or any tree, but only those men who do not have the seal of Elohim upon their foreheads.
Rev 9:5 and it was given to them that they should not kill them, but to torture them for five months. And their torture was like the torture of a scorpion when it stings a man.
Rev 9:6 and in those days men shall seek death and shall not find it. And they shall long to die, but death shall flee from them.
Can you see the parallel, darkness and Locusts? In both cases the Locusts torment the people, but only those having not the seal of Elohim on their foreheads (9:4) the children of Elohim are not harmed! In Sh’mot the Locust eat every herb of the land, and all the fruit of the trees which the hail had left: and there remained not any green thing in the trees, or in the herbs of the field, through all the land of Egypt, but not in the book of Sh’mot!
If we understand the words of Messiah we can see that those who do not follow him walk in darkness:
Joh 8:12 Therefore יהושע spoke to them again, saying, “I am the light of the world. He who follows Me shall by no means walk in darkness, but possess the light of life.”

Exo 10:1 and יהוה said to Mosheh, “Go in to Pharaoh, for I have hardened his heart and the hearts of his servants, so that I show these signs of Mine before him,
Exo 10:2 and that you relate in the hearing of your son and your son’s son what I have done in Mitsrayim, and My signs which I have done among them. And you shall know that I am יהוה.”
Exo 10:3 And Mosheh and Aharon came in to Pharaoh and said to him, “Thus said יהוה Elohim of the Heḇrews, ‘Till when shall you refuse to humble yourself before Me? Let My people go, so that they serve Me.
Exo 10:4 ‘Or else, if you refuse to let My people go, see, tomorrow I am bringing locusts within your borders.
Exo 10:5 ‘And they shall cover the surface of the land, so that no one is able to see the land. And they shall eat the rest of what has escaped, which remains to you from the hail, and they shall eat every tree which grows up for you out of the field.
Exo 10:6 ‘And they shall fill your houses, and the houses of all your servants, and the houses of all the Mitsrites, which neither your fathers nor your fathers’ fathers have seen, since the day that they were on the earth to this day.’ ” Then he turned and went out from Pharaoh.
Exo 10:7 and Pharaoh’s servants said to him, “Till when would this one be a snare to us? Let the men go, so that they serve יהוה their Elohim. Do you not yet know that Mitsrayim is destroyed?”
Exo 10:8 and Mosheh and Aharon were brought back to Pharaoh, and he said to them, “Go, serve יהוה your Elohim. Who are the ones that are going?”
Exo 10:9 and Mosheh said, “We are going with our young and our old, with our sons and our daughters, with our flocks and our herds we are going, for we have a festival to יהוה.”
Exo 10:10 and he said to them, “Let יהוה be with you as I let you and your little ones go! Watch, for evil is before your face!
Exo 10:11 “Not so! You men go now, and serve יהוה, for that is what you desired.” And they were driven out from the presence of Pharaoh.
Exo 10:12 And יהוה said to Mosheh, “Stretch out your hand over the land of Mitsrayim for the locusts to come upon the land of Mitsrayim, and eat every plant of the land – all that the hail has left.”
Exo 10:13 And Mosheh stretched out his rod over the land of Mitsrayim, and יהוה brought an east wind on the land all that day and all that night. Morning came, and the east wind brought the locusts.
Exo 10:14 and the locusts went up over all the land of Mitsrayim and settled within all the borders of Mitsrayim, very grievous. There had never been locusts like them before, nor would there again be like them.
Exo 10:15 and they covered the surface of all the land, so that the land was darkened. And they ate every plant of the land and all the fruit of the trees which the hail had left, and no greenness was left on the trees or on the plants of the field, in all the land of Mitsrayim.
Exo 10:16 Pharaoh then called for Mosheh and Aharon in haste, and said, “I have sinned against יהוה your Elohim and against you.
Exo 10:17 “And now, please forgive my sin only this once, and pray to יהוה your Elohim, that He would only turn away this death from me.”
Exo 10:18 and he went out from Pharaoh and prayed to יהוה.
Exo 10:19 and יהוה turned a very strong west wind, which took the locusts away and blew them into the Sea of Reeds. Not one locust was left within all the border of Mitsrayim.
Exo 10:20 However, יהוה hardened the heart of Pharaoh, and he did not let the children of Yisra’ĕl go.
Exo 10:21 and יהוה said to Mosheh, “Stretch out your hand toward the heavens, and let there be darkness over the land of Mitsrayim, even a darkness which is felt.”
Exo 10:22 and Mosheh stretched out his hand toward the heavens, and there was thick darkness in all the land of Mitsrayim for three days.
Exo 10:23 They did not see one another, nor did anyone rise from his place for three days, while all the children of Yisra’ĕl had light in their dwellings.
Exo 10:24 and Pharaoh called to Mosheh and said, “Go, serve יהוה, only leave your flocks and your herds behind. Let your little ones go with you too.”
Exo 10:25 But Mosheh said, “You yourself are to provide us with slaughterings and burnt offerings, to prepare for יהוה our Elohim.
Exo 10:26 “and our livestock are to go with us too, not a hoof is to be left behind, for we have to take some of them to serve יהוה our Elohim, and we ourselves do not know with what we are to serve יהוה until we come there.”
Exo 10:27 However, יהוה hardened the heart of Pharaoh, and he would not let them go.
Exo 10:28 and Pharaoh said to him, “Get away from me! Watch yourself and see my face no more, for in the day you see my face you die!”
Exo 10:29 and Mosheh said, “You have spoken rightly – never again do I see your face!”

The last Plague of the first born:
Before we look at the plague, let us look at the Hebrew word for “First born”, if we can get more understanding.
First born, Strong’s # 1060 בּכור bekôr bek-ore'
From H1069; firstborn; hence chief: - eldest (son), first-born (-ling).
H1069. bâkar baw-kar'
A primitive root; properly to burst the womb, that is, (causatively) bear or make early fruit (of woman or tree); also (as denominative from H1061) to give the birthright: - make firstborn, be firstling, bring forth first child (new fruit).
H1061. בּכּוּר  bikkûr bik-koor'
From H1069; the first fruits of the crop: - first fruit (-ripe [figuratively), hasty fruit.
Now we get understanding as we see that the word “First born” is directly linked to the Hebrew word “bikkur” which we found in the feats of the “First fruit” HaBikkurin”, which point to Yehoshua Messiah.
Mat 1:25 but knew her not until she gave birth to her Son, the first-born. And he called His Name יהושע.
Rom 8:29 because those whom He knew beforehand, He also ordained beforehand to be conformed to the likeness of His Son, for Him to be the first-born among many brothers.
Col 1:15 who is the likeness of the invisible Elohim, the first-born of all creation.
Col 1:18 And He is the Head of the body, the assembly, who is the beginning, the first-born from the dead, that He might become the One who is first in all.
Heb 12:23 to the entire gathering and assembly of the first-born having been enrolled in heaven, and to Elohim the Judge of all, and to the spirits of righteous men made perfect,
We see in this few verses the extension of the “First-born” meaning, pertaining to יהושע Messiah.
Redemption: The price paid by the “First-born”

Now we have seen that since Adam, the first born have a predominant place in יהוה’s eyes. They have not always honoured this position has with Reuben who lost his first right birth to Ephraim, or Ya’acov who took Esau’s birth right.
Before the last plague, יהוה gave favour to the children of Israel in order that they spoiled the Egyptians in gold and silver.
Somewhere it is written the wealth of the sinner is stored up for the righteous:
Pro 13:22 A good man leaves an inheritance to his children’s children, But the wealth of the sinner is stored up for the righteous.
Sin is the transgression of the Torah (1st Yoch. 3:4).
Let us see why does יהוה gives favour to the children of Israel before they leave Mitsrayim:
Yasher 81
59. and all the Egyptians sent the Israelites forth, with great riches, sheep and oxen and
precious things, according to the oath of YHWH between him and our Father Abraham.
60. and the children of Israel delayed going forth at night, and when the Egyptians came to
them to bring them out, they said to them, Are we thieves, that we should go forth at
61. and the children of Israel asked of the Egyptians, vessels of silver, and vessels of gold,
and garments, and the children of Israel stripped the Egyptians.
When does יהוה promised Abram / Abraham that he will give wealth to his descendants?
Gen 15:13 And He said to Aḇram, “Know for certain that your seed are to be sojourners in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them, and they shall afflict them four hundred years.
Gen 15:14 “But the nation whom they serve I am going to judge, and afterward let them come out with great possessions.
This is a prophetic word of what will happen when יהוה will judge the world and establish His Kingdom. The righteous will inherit the earth and all what belongs to יהוה. So be patient the day is coming all will be changed to our favour.
Psa 24:1 The earth is YHWH's, and the fulness thereof; the world, and they that dwell therein.
This includes all pagans and their wealth!

Verse 6 Read
Amo 5:16 Therefore יהוה Elohim of hosts, יהוה, said this, “There is wailing in all open squares, and in all the streets they say, ‘Alas! Alas!’ and shall call the farmer to mourning, and skilled lamenters to wailing.
Amo 5:17 “And in all vineyards there is wailing, for I pass through your midst,” said יהוה.
Amo 5:18 Woe to you who are longing for the day of יהוה! What does the day of יהוה mean to you? It is darkness, and not light,

Verses 8-10. יהוה will do as he said and nothing can change it. Unless we repent sincerely we are lost and fall under condemnation.
Pro 16:4 יהוה has made all for His purpose, and also the wicked for the day of evil.
Pro 16:18 Before destruction comes pride, and before a fall a haughty spirit!
Pro 16:25 There is a way that seems right to a man, but its end is the way of death
"so that you know that יהוה makes distinction between Mitsrayim and Yisra’ĕl.’
One of the purpose of the plagues was that the all world Egypt see that יהוה make a difference between His people, the Children of Israel and those from among the pagan world.(verse 7 below)
Jewish commentator make a rapprochement between the ten plagues of Egypt and the Ten Steps of Creation in the first chapter of B'reshit (see the attached midrash from Greg Killian)
These Ten Plagues are also directly connected to the plagues in the book of Revelation.
Exo 11:1 and יהוה said to Mosheh, “I am bringing yet one more plague on Pharaoh and on Mitsrayim. After that he is going to let you go from here. When he lets you go, he shall drive you out from here altogether.
Exo 11:2 “Speak now in the hearing of the people, and let every man ask from his neighbour and every woman from her neighbour, objects of silver and objects of gold.”
Exo 11:3 and יהוה gave the people favour in the eyes of the Mitsrites. And the man Mosheh was very great in the land of Mitsrayim, in the eyes of Pharaoh’s servants and in the eyes of the people.
Exo 11:4 and Mosheh said, “Thus said יהוה, ‘About midnight I am going out into the midst of Mitsrayim,
Exo 11:5 and all the first-born in the land of Mitsrayim shall die, from the first-born of Pharaoh who sits on his throne, even to the first-born of the female servant who is behind the handmill, and all the first-born of cattle.
Exo 11:6 ‘And there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Mitsrayim, such as has never been or ever be again.
Exo 11:7 ‘But against any of the children of Yisra’ĕl no dog shall move its tongue, against man or against beast, so that you know that יהוה makes distinction between Mitsrayim and Yisra’ĕl.’
Exo 11:8 “And all these servants of yours shall come down to me and bow down to me, saying, ‘Get out, you and all the people at your feet!’ And after that I shall go out.” And he went out from Pharaoh in great displeasure.
Exo 11:9 But יהוה said to Mosheh, “Pharaoh is not going to listen to you, in order to multiply My wonders in the land of Mitsrayim.”
Exo 11:10 and Mosheh and Aharon did all these wonders before Pharaoh, however, יהוה hardened the heart of Pharaoh, and he did not let the children of Yisra’ĕl go out of his land.

Chapter 12; the plan of salvation for the Future generation
Verse 2.This month shall be unto you the beginning of months (plural) of the year to you. No error, this month is the first month of the Hebrew calendar, its name is found chapter 13:4 (Aviv / Abib).
The word Abib is a Hebrew word meaning; to be tender, green, we will later see that it has to do with agricultural grows in Eretz (land) Israel, pointing to the plan of salvation.
We will found now symbols in number and name. This was not understood by most of the children of Israel as it is not today among the “Jews” who do not recognize יהושע as Messiah.
In this place I want also to mention that contrary to what is taught even among messianic believers there is no name in the Hebrew Calendar! Names have been add during the Babylonian Captivity, some of the month having Babylonians name (Tamuz, the name of pagan deity,) Tishrei,and others……
3. In the ten of the month…… a lamb for a house. Ten is a divine number which indicate the sum of all number. It is a divine decree. The number Ten represent the closest that man can reach to approach יהוה in the natural world. It is a number that set limits for the natural: Ten Commandments, Ten plagues, ten times they rebel in the wilderness Ten times Laban abused Ya'acov, Ten fingers in the hands……
A lamb for a House:
1Pe 1:18 knowing that you were redeemed from your futile way of life inherited from your fathers, not with what is corruptible, silver or gold,
1Pe 1:19 but with the precious blood of Messiah, as of a lamb unblemished and spotless,
Redeem: Strong’s# H6299 פּדה pâdâh
BDB Definition:
1) to ransom, redeem, rescue, deliver
1a) (Qal) to ransom
1b) (Niphal) to be ransomed
1c) (Hiphil) to allow one to be ransomed
1d) (Hophal) redeemed
The price to pay for somebody, for we cannot redeem ourselves it is יהוה Elohim who chose the way to redeem us:
Psa 49:6 Those who are trusting in their riches, and who are boasting in their great wealth?
Psa 49:7 A brother does not redeem anyone at all, Neither give to Elohim a ransom for him;
Verse 5.Your lamb shall be without blemish……..
1Pe 1:18 knowing that you were redeemed from your futile way of life inherited from your fathers, not with what is corruptible, silver or gold,
1Pe 1:19 but with the precious blood of Messiah, as of a lamb unblemished and spotless,
Three times Pilate confirms that יהושע is blameless.
Joh 18:38 Pilate said to Him, “What is truth?” And when he had said this, he went out again to the Yehuḏim, and said to them, I find no guilt in Him
Joh 19:4 and Pilate went outside again, and said to them, “See, I am bringing Him out to you, to let you know that I find no guilt in Him.”
Joh 19:6 So when the chief priests and officers saw Him, they shouted, saying, “Impale! Impale!” Pilate said to them, “You take Him and impale Him, for I find no guilt in Him.”

Verse 6. and you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month…..
There is exactly four day, from the moment to choose the lamb and the day to kill it. Read between Mattityahu chapter 21 and the day יהושע is arrested and put to death in chapter 27:46, there are exactly four days!
Joh 1:29 On the next day Yoḥanan saw יהושע coming toward him, and said, “See, the Lamb of Elohim who takes away the sin of the world!
Joh 12:1 accordingly יהושע, six days before the Passover, came to Bĕyth Anyah, where Elʽazar was, who had died, whom He raised from the dead.
Joh 12:12 On the next day a great crowd who had come to the festival, when they heard that יהושע was coming to Yerushalayim,
……..Shall kill it in the evening. The Hebrew read: “between the two evenings.
Verse 7. and they shall take of the blood and strike it ……. on the upper door post of the House, where they eat it…..
We are the house where Elohim dwells by His Ruach and the entrance of this house is the heart.
1Pe 2:5 Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to YHWH by Yehoshua the Messiah.

Verse 7. and they shall take the blood and strike it ……..
Blood is the symbol for life:
Spiritual application:
When we accept to follow יהושע not as Christians preach but give ourselves to walk as he walked, following the Torah with our best ability, we apply His blood on us the house taking part in His Passover. This is the first step of our redemption, coming out of our spiritual Egypt, controlled by HaSatan (Pharaoh).

Verse 8. and they shall eat the flesh on that night, roasted in fire – with unleavened bread and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.
Joh 6:53 יהושע therefore said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Aḏam and drink His blood, you possess no life in yourselves.
Lev 17:11For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your lives, for it is the blood that makes atonement for the life.’
Act 20:28Therefore take heed to yourselves and to all the flock, among which the Set-apart Spirit has made you overseers, to shepherd the assembly of Elohim which He has purchased with His own blood
Heb 9:14 how much more shall the blood of the Messiah, who through the everlasting Spirit offered Himself unblemished to Elohim, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living Elohim?
Col 1:14 in whom we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of sins,
Verse 9. …but roasted with fire
Fire pictures here judgement:
2Pe 3:7 and the present heavens and the earth are treasured up by the same Word, being kept for fire, to a day of judgment and destruction of wicked men.
Jud 1:7 Even as Seḏom (Sodom) and Amorah ( Gomohre) and the cities around them in a similar way to these, having given themselves over to whoring and gone after strange flesh, are set forth as an example, undergoing judicial punishment of everlasting fire.
Rev 20:14 and the death and the grave were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death
Jer 29:21 Thus saith YHWH of hosts, the Elohim of Israel, of Ahab the son of Kolaiah, and of Zedekiah the son of Maaseiah, which prophesy a lie unto you in my name; Behold, I will deliver them into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon; and he shall slay them before your eyes;
Jer 29:22 and of them shall be taken up a curse by all the captivity of Judah which are in Babylon, saying, YHWH make thee like Zedekiah and like Ahab, whom the king of Babylon roasted in the fire;

Fire is also a picture of spiritual refiner.
Mal 3:2 “And who is able to bear the day of His coming, and who is able to stand when He appears? For He is like the fire of a refiner, and like the soap of a launderer.
Mat 3:11 “I indeed immerse you in water unto repentance, but He who is coming after me is mightier than I, whose sandals I am not worthy to bear. He shall immerse you in the Set-apart Spirit and fire.
Fire here means going through tribulations as Sha'ul writes to the believers in Corinth!
1Co 3:13 each one’s work shall be revealed, for the day shall show it up, because it is revealed by fire. And the fire shall prove the work of each one, what sort it is.
1Co 3:14 if any man's work abide which he hath built thereupon, he shall receive a reward.
1Co 3:15 if any man's work shall be burned, he shall suffer loss: but he himself shall be saved; yet so as by fire.

Verse 11.
When salvation comes there is no time to waste, but to take part in haste.
Verse 12.Salvation comes for the children of Israel, before Judgement comes upon the land of Mitsrayim (Egypt) which is a picture of the world today, with its “gods", mammon and self glory.
Verse 13.
Mat 26:27 and taking the cup, and giving thanks, He gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you.
Mat 26:28 “For this is My blood, that of the renewed covenant, which is shed for many for the forgiveness of sins.
“a token” Hebrew “owth”, a mark, a sign, Strong’s # H2142.
Verse 14.  
Memorial: Strong’s # H2145 “zakar” from H2142, to mark, to remember.
Ordinance: Hebrew “chuqqahappointed, custom, manner from H2726 “choq”, an appointed time.
For ever: Strong’s H5769 “Olam” the vanishing point, time out of mind, perpetual, without end.
Verses 15-20. Unleavened bread.
Nowadays many discussions are raised concerning what is leavened, and what is not. Many sincere believers in a form of “philosophy” take it out of context and lose the meaning. In this particular context it is question of BREAD and the dough without leaven, and NOTHING ELSE.
To add to it is against the Torah (D’varim 4:2). The bread is a picture of יהושע, the bread of life (Yochanan 6:48,51), the leaven a picture of sin (1st Cor. 5:5-8, Luke 12:1)
If we understand what Elohim reveals what will be in Messiah, we will grasp the deeper meaning and stop to play on word which is not required. The central point here is unleavened BREAD, which means that as soon as we have been partaker of the blood of Messiah יהושע (the lamb) we are commanded to eat the bread of Life (messiah) and be careful to let our leaven (sins) behind us in Mitsrayim (Egypt).
They left Egypt. Seven days shall they eat bread without leaven and remove their habitation from any rest of leaven.
First of all the children of Israel (carnal man) left Egypt and lived in tents. Tent is a picture of our body which is also called a tent:
2Pe 1:14 knowing that the putting off of my tent is soon, even as our Master יהושע Messiah made clear to me.
Tent:Strong’s# H168 “Ohel” a covering, dwelling place, tabernacle, tent.
Seven is the number for divine perfection on earth. All is accomplished in the number seven.
Verse 18. on the 14th at even. 14 = 7 x 2. Two been the number for division as it is until this day between Yehudah and Ephraim, until the one and twenty (21 = 7 x 3 = past, present, future).
If you got to Christianity, people will tell you that it’s not possible to live without sin, but let us look what the scriptures say:

1Jn 3:6 Everyone staying in Him does not sin. Everyone sinning has neither seen Him nor known Him.1 Footnote: 1See 2:4 & 3 John v. 11.
1Jn 2:4 the one who says, “I know Him,” and does not guard His commands, is a liar, and the truth is not in him.
1Jn 3:9 Everyone having been born of Elohim does not sin, because His seed stays in him, and he is powerless to sin, because he has been born of Elohim.
Who is right? For sure the scriptures who say that those born in Elohim DO NOT SIN,
For sin is the transgression of the Torah!
The lintel and the door post are made of wood. Wood is a material use as euphemism to the mortal nature of our body which decease. When we “pass” under the blood of Messiah, we pass from death to eternal life, if we continue to the end.
Verse 23. “And יהוה shall pass on to smite the Mitsrites, and shall see the blood on the lintel and on the two doorposts, and יהוה shall pass over the door and not allow the destroyer to come into your houses to smite you.
The Hebrew word for “destroyer” is the word Strong’s #H7843 shâchath in the primary sense of decay, cast off, corrupt. It seems that the Egyptians, who have not applied the blood, will be destroyed forever.
Verse 29-30. When יהוה smote the first-born the Mistsrayites were sleeping. They didn’t take very seriously Moshe’s warning. Today it is the same people laugh and even mock the scriptures.
Verse 34.Here we see the relation between the dough for making bread and the leaven, there is no other item mentioned but the dough.
Verse 35. compare:
Pro 13:22 a good man leaves an inheritance to his children’s children, but the wealth of the sinner is stored up for the righteous.
Verse 37.
 They journeyed from Ramses to Succoth …..
Ramses: Ra-mes, "child of Ra" the sun god (Fausset), also called Goshem. The Egyptians called themselves "children of Ra" front the earliest times, even "Mizraim" may be from Mis-ra.

Succoth is a Hebrew word meaning “booth”. From now on, the children of Israel will move from place to place on their journey to the promise land. Succoth is also a word describing the human body which is a dwelling place for the “spirit man”.
About six hundred thousand on foot, beside children ….
Six is the number directly connected to man, as man was created on the six day. Six is Seven the number for divine perfection, minus one, the number for יהוה. So we can say that man without יהוה is imperfect.
Verse 38…..and a mixed multitude went also with them……..
Mixed: Strong’s # H6154 ערב    ערב  ‛êreb  ‛ereb ay'-reb, eh'-reb
The second form used in 1Ki_10:15 with the article prefixed); from H6148; the web (or transverse threads of cloth); also a mixture, (or mongrel race): - Arabia, mingled people, mixed (multitude), woof.
Let us see what the book of Yasher says:
Yasher chapter 81.
49. and Bathia the daughter of Pharaoh went forth with the king on that night to seek
Moses and Aaron in their houses, and they found them in their houses, eating and
drinking and rejoicing with all Israel.
50. and Bathia said to Moses, Is this the reward for the good which I have done to thee,
who have reared thee and stretched thee out, and thou hast brought this evil upon me
and my father's house?
51. and Moses said to her, Surely ten plagues did YHWH bring upon Egypt; did any evil
accrue to thee from any of them? did one of them affect thee? and she said, No.
52. and Moses said to her, Although thou art the first born to thy mother, thou shalt not die,
and no evil shall reach thee in the midst of Egypt.
53. and she said, What advantage is it to me, when I see the king, my brother, and all his
household and subjects in this evil, whose first born perish with all the first born of
57. and Moses said to Pharaoh, Behold though thou art thy mother's first born, yet fear not,
for thou wilt not die, for YHWH has commanded that thou shalt live, in order to show
thee his great might and strong stretched out arm.
62. and Moses hastened and rose up and went to the river of Egypt, and brought up from
thence the coffin of Joseph and took it with him.
63. The children of Israel also brought up, each man his father's coffin with him, and each
man the coffins of his tribe
Many Egyptians having seen the power of Elohim joined themselves to the children of Israel to escape destruction. Salvation is open to everyone who joins himself to the house of Ya’acov and not to the “church”. The only condition is to keep the Torah, as we are going to see later.
Verse 39. And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they had brought out of Mitsrayim……
A picture of believers who leave the world system and leave everything behind, having put on the new man;
Verse 40….And the sojourn of the children of Yisra’ĕl who lived in Mitsrayim was four hundred and thirty years.
Yasher 81:3. And the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in the land of Egypt in hard labor, was two hundred and ten years.
4. and at the end of two hundred and ten years, YHWH brought forth the children of
Israel from Egypt with a strong hand.
It seems to be a big difference. Moshe write 430 Years while in the Book of Yasher we read 210!
To understand we shall know that the Book of Yahser counted the year of sojourning in Egypt from the day Ya’acov went to Yospeh, while Moshe count the years since the promise was made to Abraham.
Let us look at the number.
430= 4+3+0 = 7 divine number for perfect completion on earth. We also have 100 x 4 + 10 x 3= 430.
Four is the number for change and trial, for test.
210= 70 x 3.
70 = 10 x 7.
All number work together for divine application.
Verse 43-51. ….. there shall no stranger eat thereof…….
Stranger: Strong’s # H5236 נכר  nêkâr nay-kawr'
From H5234; foreign, or (concretely) a foreigner, or (abstractly) heathendom: - alien, strange (+ -er).
The condition to take part was: servants bought for money and circumcised no foreigner and hired servant.
The Passover is strictly for the Children of Israel. It is amazing to see today in Christian congregation, at least once a month, people having their tradition of the “mass”, because they don’t know what
יהוה expect from his children, they follow what has been
created by the Roman Catholic Church.
Exo 12:46 In one house shall it be eaten; thou shalt not carry forth ought of the flesh abroad out of the house; neither shall ye break a bone thereof.

Neither shall you break a bone thereof.....
Psa 34:20 He is guarding all his bones; Not one of them is broken.
Joh 19:33 but when they came to יהושע and saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs.
Joh 19:36 for this took place in order for the Scripture to be filled: “Not one of His bones shall be broken.
Do you think יהוה do not watch over His word?

Verse 49 “There is one Torah for the native-born and for the stranger who sojourns among you.”
After reading this verse it seems amazing to me how Christianity proclaim everywhere the Torah to be abolished saying “we are not under the law”, “we are free from the law”
Let us read what יהושע say:
Mat 19:16 and see, one came and said to Him, “Good Teacher, what good shall I do to have everlasting life?”
Mat 19:17 And He said to him, “Why do you call Me good? No one is good except One – Elohim. But if you wish to enter into life, guard the commands.
Joh 14:15 “If you love Me, you shall guard My commands.

Chapter 13.
Abib the first month represents the month of deliverance. יהושע died on the 14th between the two evenings, to fulfil what is written concerning him.
Luk 24:44 and He (יהושע) said to them, “These are the words which I spoke to you while I was still with you, that all have to be filled that were written in the Torah of Mosheh and the Prophets and the Psalms concerning Me.”
Luk 24:45 then He opened their minds to understand the Scriptures,
Mat 5:17 “Do not think that I came to destroy the Torah or the Prophets.1 I did not come to destroy but to complete.
Verse 5…….a land that flow with milk and honey …….
יהוה will now lead the children of Israel to the Land of His choice. Milk is a euphemism for the Torah:
Heb 5:12 for indeed, although by this time you ought to be teachers, you need someone to teach you again the first elements of the Words of Elohim. And you have become such as need milk and not solid food.
Heb 5:13 for everyone partaking of milk is inexperienced in the word of righteousness, for he is a babe.
1Pe 2:2 as newborn babes, desire the unadulterated milk of the Word, in order that you grow by it,
1Co 3:2 I fed you with milk and not with solid food, for until now you were not able to receive it, and even now you are still not able,
Honey represents the sweetness of the Torah.
Psa 19:10 More desirable than gold, Than much fine gold; And sweeter than honey and the honeycomb.
Psa 81:16He would feed them with the finest of wheat; and with honey from the rock I would satisfy you.”
The “rock” an euphemism for יהוה and by derivative the Torah (D’varim 32:4,18,30).
Deu 32:3 Because I will publish the name of YHWH: ascribe ye greatness unto our Elohim.
Deu 32:4 He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: An El of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he.
Deu 32:18 Of the Rock that begat thee thou art unmindful, and hast forgotten El that formed thee.

Verse9. ….and it shall be a sign unto thee upon thine hand and for a memorial between thine eyes.
The hand represents the actions of life and the eyes or between the eyes is “ketter” the will of man.
It shall be a sign unto thee!
Sign: Strong’s # H226 “Owth”, a flag, a signal, a mark, a token.
This word is used many times by יהוה to “mark” is children. Read:
Exo 31:13And you, speak to the children of Yisra’ĕl, saying, ‘My Sabbaths you are to guard, by all means, for it is a sign (owth)1 between Me and you throughout your generations, to know that I, יהוה, am setting you apart. Footnote: 1The only sign of יהוה setting us apart, the only sign of the everlasting covenant, is His Sabbaths, one of them being the seventh day Sabbath. This is repeated in Ezek. 20:12 & 20.
Exo 31:14And you shall guard the Sabbath, for it is set-apart to you. Everyone who profanes it shall certainly be put to death, for anyone who does work on it, that being shall be cut off from among his people.
Exo 31:15Six days work is done, and on the seventh is a Sabbath of rest, set-apart to יהוה. Everyone doing work on the Sabbath day shall certainly be put to death.
Exo 31:16and the children of Yisra’ĕl shall guard the Sabbath, to observe the Sabbath throughout their generations as an everlasting covenant.
Exo 31:17 Between Me and the children of Yisra’ĕl it is a sign forever. For in six days יהוה made the heavens and the earth, and on the seventh day He rested and was refreshed.’ ”
Deu 6:8 and shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes.
Now compare with what Yochanan writes concerning the “beast”:
Rev 13:16 and he cause all, both small and great, and rich and poor, and free and slave, to be given a mark (sign) upon their right hand or upon their foreheads,
Rev 13:17 and that no one should be able to buy or sell except he that has the mark (sign) or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.
Can you see the difference between יהוה’s children and the children of the wicked one?
13:2. We found the explanation verse 15:
Exo 13:15 ‘And it came to be, when Pharaoh was too hardened to let us go, that יהוה killed every first-born in the land of Mitsrayim, both the first-born of man and the first-born of beast. Therefore I am slaughtering to יהוה every male that open the womb, but every first-born of my sons I ransom.’
The first-born belongs to יהוה! Are you belonging to יהוה also? Yes you are:
Heb 12:23 to the entire gathering and assembly of the first-born having been enrolled in heaven, and to Elohim the Judge of all, and to the spirits of righteous men made perfect,
Rom 8:29 because those whom He knew beforehand, He also ordained beforehand to be conformed to the likeness of His Son, for Him to be the first-born among many brothers.
If you are in Messiah, he has become your “brother”. So it would be difficult to become also your Elohim in the sense, Christians see him as the “man-God” which is again the scripture, and heresy as explain by Yochanan:
1Jn 4:3 and every spirit that does not confess that יהושע Messiah has come in the flesh is not of Elohim. and this is the spirit of the anti-messiah which you heard is coming, and now is already in the world.
Docetism from the Gnostias, taught that “Christ” was divine + “Jesus” a man, a simple man but never mixed. They were two.
This is why Yochanan writes against this heresy which continues today among Christian who proudly will tell you: “Jesus” 100 percent man and 100 percent “God”. This is Two hundred percent! As far as it is known, יהוה has never been seen in the flesh:
1Ti 6:16 Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom be honour and power everlasting.
Jamieson, Fausset and brown say: Rome, by the doctrine of the immaculate conception of the Virgin Mary, denies Messiah’s proper humanity.

Exo 12:1 and יהוה spoke to Mosheh and to Aharon in the land of Mitsrayim, saying,
Exo 12:2 “This month is the beginning of months for you, it is the first month of the year for you.
Exo 12:3 “Speak to all the congregation of Yisra’ĕl, saying, ‘On the tenth day of this month each one of them is to take for himself a lamb, according to the house of his father, a lamb for a household.
Exo 12:4 ‘And if the household is too small for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next to his house take it according to the number of the beings, according to each man’s need you make your count for the lamb.
Exo 12:5 ‘Let the lamb be a perfect one, a year old male. Take it from the sheep or from the goats.
Exo 12:6 ‘And you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month. Then all the assembly of the congregation of Yisra’ĕl shall kill it between the evenings.
Exo 12:7 ‘And they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and on the lintel of the houses where they eat it.
Exo 12:8And they shall eat the flesh on that night, roasted in fire – with unleavened bread and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.
Exo 12:9 ‘Do not eat it raw, nor boiled at all with water, but roasted in fire, its head with its legs and its inward parts.
Exo 12:10 ‘And do not leave of it until morning, and what remains of it until morning you are to burn with fire.
Exo 12:11 ‘And this is how you eat it: your loins girded, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. And you shall eat it in haste. It is the Passover of יהוה.
Exo 12:12 ‘And I shall pass through the land of Mitsrayim on that night, and shall smite all the first-born in the land of Mitsrayim, both man and beast. And on all the mighty ones of Mitsrayim I shall execute judgment. I am יהוה.
Exo 12:13 ‘And the blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I shall pass over you, and let the plague not come on you to destroy you when I smite the land of Mitsrayim.
Exo 12:14 ‘And this day shall become to you a remembrance. And you shall observe it as a festival to יהוה throughout your generations – observe it as a festival, an everlasting law.
Exo 12:15Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. Indeed on the first day you cause leaven to cease from your houses. For whoever eats leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that being shall be cut off from Yisra’ĕl.
Exo 12:16 ‘And on the first day is a set-apart gathering, and on the seventh day you have a set-apart gathering. No work at all is done on them, only that which is eaten by every being, that alone is prepared by you.
Exo 12:17 ‘And you shall guard the Festival of Unleavened Bread, for on this same day I brought your divisions out of the land of Mitsrayim. And you shall guard this day throughout your generations, an everlasting law.
Exo 12:18 ‘In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, in the evening, you shall eat unleavened bread until the twenty-first day of the month in the evening.
Exo 12:19 ‘For seven days no leaven is to be found in your houses, for if anyone eats what is leavened, that same being shall be cut off from the congregation of Yisra’ĕl, whether sojourner or native of the land.
Exo 12:20 ‘Do not eat that which is leavened – in all your dwellings you are to eat unleavened bread.’ ”
Exo 12:21 And Mosheh called for all the elders of Yisra’ĕl and said to them, “Go out and take lambs for yourselves according to your clans, and slaughter the Passover lamb.
Exo 12:22 “And you shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two doorposts with the blood that is in the basin, and you, none of you shall go out of the door of his house until morning.
Exo 12:23 “And יהוה shall pass on to smite the Mitsrites, and shall see the blood on the lintel and on the two doorposts, and יהוה shall pass over the door and not allow the destroyer to come into your houses to smite you.
Exo 12:24 “And you shall guard this word as a law for you and your sons, forever.
Exo 12:25 “And it shall be, when you come to the land which יהוה gives you, as He promised, that you shall guard this service.
Exo 12:26 “And it shall be, when your children say to you, ‘What does this service mean to you?’
Exo 12:27 then you shall say, ‘It is the Passover slaughtering of יהוה, who passed over the houses of the children of Yisra’ĕl in Mitsrayim when He smote the Mitsrites and delivered our households.’ ” And the people bowed their heads and did obeisance.
Exo 12:28 and the children of Yisra’ĕl went away and did so – as יהוה had commanded Mosheh and Aharon, so they did.
Exo 12:29 And it came to be at midnight that יהוה smote all the first-born in the land of Mitsrayim, from the first-born of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the first-born of the captive who was in the dungeon, and all the first-born of livestock.
Exo 12:30 and Pharaoh rose up in the night, he and all his servants, and all the Mitsrites. And there was a great cry in Mitsrayim, for there was not a house where there was not a dead one.
Exo 12:31 Then he called for Mosheh and Aharon by night, and said, “Arise, go out from the midst of my people, both you and the children of Yisra’ĕl. And go, serve יהוה as you have said.
Exo 12:32 “Take both your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and go. Then you shall bless me too.”
Exo 12:33 and the Mitsrites urged the people, to hasten to send them away out of the land. For they said, “We are all dying!”
Exo 12:34 and the people took their dough before it was leavened, having their kneading bowls bound up in their garments on their shoulders.
Exo 12:35 and the children of Yisra’ĕl had done according to the word of Mosheh, and they had asked from the Mitsrites objects of silver, and objects of gold, and garments.
Exo 12:36 and יהוה gave the people favour in the eyes of the Mitsrites, so that they gave them what they asked, and they plundered the Mitsrites.
Exo 12:37 and the children of Yisra’ĕl set out from Raʽmeses to Sukkoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides the little ones.
Exo 12:38 and a mixed multitude went up with them too, also flocks and herds, very much livestock.
Exo 12:39 And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they had brought out of Mitsrayim, for it was not leavened, since they were driven out of Mitsrayim, and had not been able to delay, nor had they prepared food for themselves.
Exo 12:40 And the sojourn of the children of Yisra’ĕl who lived in Mitsrayim was four hundred and thirty years.
Exo 12:41 And it came to be at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, on that same day it came to be that all the divisions of יהוה went out from the land of Mitsrayim.
Exo 12:42 It is a night to be observed unto יהוה for bringing them out of the land of Mitsrayim. This night is unto יהוה, to be observed by all the children of Yisra’ĕl throughout their generations.
Exo 12:43 and יהוה said to Mosheh and Aharon, “This is the law of the Passover: No son of a stranger is to eat of it,
Exo 12:44 but any servant a man has bought for silver, when you have circumcised him, then let him eat of it.
Exo 12:45 “A sojourner and a hired servant does not eat of it.
Exo 12:46 “It is eaten in one house, you are not to take any of the flesh outside the house, nor are you to break any bone of it.
Exo 12:47 “All the congregation of Yisra’ĕl are to perform it.
Exo 12:48 “And when a stranger sojourns with you and shall perform the Passover to יהוה, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and perform it, and he shall be as a native of the land. But let no uncircumcised eat of it.
Exo 12:49There is one Torah for the native-born and for the stranger who sojourns among you.”
Exo 12:50 and all the children of Yisra’ĕl did as יהוה commanded Mosheh and Aharon, so they did.
Exo 12:51 and it came to be on that same day that יהוה brought the children of Yisra’ĕl out of the land of Mitsrayim according to their divisions.

Exo 13:1 and יהוה spoke to Mosheh, saying,
Exo 13:2Set apart to Me all the first-born, the one opening the womb among the children of Yisra’ĕl, among man and among beast, it is Mine.”
Exo 13:3 And Mosheh said to the people, “Remember this day in which you went out of Mitsrayim, out of the house of slavery. For by strength of hand יהוה brought you out of this place, and whatever is leavened shall not be eaten.
Exo 13:4 “Today you are going out, in the month Aḇiḇ.
Exo 13:5 “And it shall be, when יהוה brings you into the land of the Kenaʽanites, and the Ḥittites, and the Amorites, and the Ḥiwwites, and the Yeḇusites, which He swore to your fathers to give you, a land flowing with milk and honey, that you shall keep this service in this month.
Exo 13:6Seven days you eat unleavened bread, and on the seventh day is a festival to יהוה.
Exo 13:7Unleavened bread is to be eaten the seven days, and whatever is leavened is not to be seen with you, and leaven is not to be seen with you within all your border.
Exo 13:8 “And you shall inform your son in that day, saying, ‘It is because of what יהוה did for me when I came up from Mitsrayim.’
Exo 13:9 “And it shall be as a sign to you on your hand and as a reminder between your eyes, that the Torah of יהוה is to be in your mouth, for with a strong hand יהוה has brought you out of Mitsrayim.
Exo 13:10 “And you shall guard this law at its appointed time from year to year.
Exo 13:11 “And it shall be, when יהוה brings you into the land of the Kenaʽanites, as He swore to you and your fathers, and gives it to you,
Exo 13:12 that you shall pass over to יהוה every one opening the womb, and every first-born that comes from your livestock, the males belong to יהוה.
Exo 13:13 “But every first-born of a donkey you are to ransom with a lamb. And if you do not ransom it, then you shall break its neck. And every first-born of man among your sons you are to ransom.
Exo 13:14 “And it shall be, when your son asks you in time to come, saying, ‘What is this?’ then you shall say to him, ‘By strength of hand יהוה brought us out of Mitsrayim, out of the house of bondage.
Exo 13:15 ‘And it came to be, when Pharaoh was too hardened to let us go, that יהוה killed every first-born in the land of Mitsrayim, both the first-born of man and the first-born of beast. Therefore I am slaughtering to יהוה every male that open the womb, but every first-born of my sons I ransom.’
Exo 13:16 “And it shall be as a sign on your hand and as frontlets between your eyes, for by strength of hand יהוה brought us out of Mitsrayim.”

Yrmeyahu 46 :13 – 28, Romans 12 :1-8, 1st Cor.11 :20-34

The Prophet says that punishment comes on all those who tread Israel with contempt.
Verse 20, destruction comes from the north. In the scriptures north indicate Judgment, read verse 25.
27-28. these two verses have double meaning and should be seen in our day context. Today Ya’acov’ s descendants are scattered in the four corners of the earth, the spiritual Egypt, and this is the promise to all them that put their trust in יהוה. First correction, then follow redemption as it is written in Psalm 94:15 but judgment shall return unto righteousness and all the upright in heart shall walk in it.

Romans 12:1-8. Apostle Sha’ul exhorts the believers to be renewed in their mind, and not follow after the world, but after the Ruach in order that the full body of Messiah (The Kahal, Assembly) be edified.
1st Cor. 11:20-34. Sha'ul correct the believers in Corinth, on their behave. We do remember our Master’s sacrifice in a worthy manner with respect and dignity. (Vayiqra:Lev. 7:20, 22:3-4)
29. For the one who is eating and drinking unworthily, eats and drinks judgment to himself, not discerning the body of the Master.
31, 32,
Unfortunately today among believers, especially Christians, the Master’ supper is taken often in an unworthy manner, even as I have seen by “drunkards” and “adulterer”. Heresy sprays among the “assembly” because of ignorance and rejection of the truth.

Jer 46:13 The word which יהוה spoke to Yirmeyahu the prophet, about the coming of Neḇuḵaḏretstsar sovereign of Baḇel, to smite the land of Mitsrayim:
Jer 46:14 “Declare in Mitsrayim, and let it be heard in Miḡdol. And let it be heard in Noph and in Taḥpanḥes. Say, ‘Stand fast and be prepared, for a sword shall devour all around you.’
Jer 46:15 “Why were your strong ones swept away? They did not stand because יהוה drove them away.
Jer 46:16 “He made many stumble; indeed, they fell over each other, and said, ‘Arise! Let us go back to our own people, and to the land of our birth, away from the oppressing sword.’
Jer 46:17 “There they cried, ‘Pharaoh, sovereign of Mitsrayim, is but a noise. He has let the appointed time pass by!’
Jer 46:18 “As I live,” declares the Sovereign, whose Name is יהוה of hosts, “For as Taḇor is among the mountains, and as Karmel by the sea, he shall come.
Jer 46:19 “O you daughter dwelling in Mitsrayim, prepare yourself to go into exile! For Noph shall become a waste and a ruin, and be burned, without inhabitant.
Jer 46:20 “Mitsrayim is like a very pretty heifer, but destruction comes, it comes from the north.
Jer 46:21 “Her hired ones too, in her midst, are like fattened calves, for they too shall turn, they shall flee away together. They shall not stand, for the day of their calamity has come upon them, the time of their punishment.
Jer 46:22 “Its sound moves along like a serpent, for they move on like an army and come against her with axes, like woodcutters.
Jer 46:23 “They shall cut down her forest,” declares יהוה, “for it is not searched, because they are more numerous than locusts, and without number (compare with locust).
Jer 46:24The daughter of Mitsrayim shall be put to shame. She shall be given into the hand of the people of the north.”
Jer 46:25 יהוה of hosts, the Elohim of Yisra’ĕl, has said, “See, I am bringing punishment on Amon of No, and on Pharaoh, and on Mitsrayim, and on their mighty ones, and on their sovereigns, and on Pharaoh and on those trusting in him.
Jer 46:26 “And I shall give them into the hand of those who seek their lives, into the hand of Neḇuḵaḏretstsar sovereign of Baḇel and into the hand of his servants. And afterward it shall be inhabited as in the days of old,” declares יהוה.
Jer 46:27 “But as for you, do not fear, O My servant Yaʽaqoḇ, and do not be discouraged, O Yisra’ĕl! For look, I am saving you from afar, and your descendants from the land of their captivity. And Yaʽaqoḇ shall return, and shall have rest and be at ease, with no one disturbing.
Jer 46:28Do not fear, O Yaʽaqoḇ My servant,” declares יהוה, “for I am with you. Though I make a complete end of all the gentiles to which I have driven you, yet I do not make a complete end of you1. But I shall reprove you in right-ruling, and by no means leave you unpunished.” Footnote: 1See 46:28, Isa. 34:2, Isa. 45:17, Dan. 2:44, Amos 9:8, Hag. 2:22.

Rom 12:1 I call upon you, therefore, brothers, through the compassion of Elohim, to present your bodies a living offering – set-apart, well-pleasing to Elohim – your reasonable worship.
Rom 12:2 And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, so that you prove what is that good and well-pleasing and perfect desire of Elohim.
Rom 12:3 For I say, through the favour which has been given to me, to everyone who is among you, not to think of himself more highly than he should think, but to think soberly, as Elohim has given to each a measure of belief.
Rom 12:4 for as we have many members in one body, but all members do not have the same function,
Rom 12:5 so we, the many, are one body in Messiah, and members each one of one another.
Rom 12:6 Now having different gifts, according to the favour which was given to us, let us use them accordingly: if prophecy, according to the proportion of belief;
Rom 12:7 if serving, in the serving; or he who is teaching, in the teaching;
Rom 12:8 or he who encourages, in the encouragement; or he who is sharing, in sincerity; he who is leading, in diligence; he who shows compassion, joyously.

1Co 11:20 So when you come together in one place, it is not to eat the Master’s supper.
1Co 11:21 For, when you eat, each one takes his own supper first, and one is hungry and another is drunk.
1Co 11:22 Have you not houses to eat and drink in? Or do you despise the assembly of Elohim and shame those who have not? What shall I say to you? Shall I praise you in this? I do not praise!
1Co 11:23 For I received from the Master that which I also delivered to you: that the Master יהושע in the night in which He was delivered up took bread,
1Co 11:24 and having given thanks, He broke it and said, “Take, eat, this is My body which is broken for you; do this in remembrance of Me.”
1Co 11:25 In the same way also the cup, after supper, saying, “This cup is the renewed covenant in My blood. As often as you drink it, do this in remembrance of Me.”
1Co 11:26 for as often as you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the death of the Master until He comes.
1Co 11:27 So that whoever should eat this bread or drink this cup of the Master unworthily shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Master.
1Co 11:28 But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread and drink of that cup.
1Co 11:29 For the one who is eating and drinking unworthily, eats and drinks judgment to himself, not discerning the body of the Master.
1Co 11:30 Because of this many are weak and sick among you, and many sleep.
1Co 11:31 for if we were to examine ourselves, we would not be judged.
1Co 11:32 But when we are judged, we are disciplined by the Master, that we should not be condemned with the world.
1Co 11:33 so then, my brothers, when you come together to eat, wait for one another.
1Co 11:34 and if anyone is hungry, let him eat at home, lest you come together for judgment. And the rest I shall set in order when I come.

May יהוה the Elohim and Father of our Master יהושע bless you, as you walk in the Torah!

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Daniel ben Ya'acov Israel

The Ten Plagues from another perspective

Written by
Greg Killian
In spite of been a believer in Yehoshua, Greg Killian as a Jew use the term HaShem which I replace with the True Name Yehowah to avoid using Elohim or יהוה, nevertheless Greg is a great scholar and I have learned beautiful revelation from his personal study. Here Greg gives us a particular approach concerning the Ten Plagues in Egypt.
Daniel ben Ya'acov Israel

There is a relationship between the plagues that Yehowah (Elohim) sent on Egypt, and the inverse order of creation:
The perversion of Yehowah’s creation began when Pharoah assumed the role of Yehowah - and instead of encouraging the divinity within human beings he enslaved them. Hence in a fascinating usage of terms, when Moses pleads to be released from Jewish leadership because:

Shemot (Exodus) 6:30 "Behold, I am of uncircumcised lips, and how will Pharaoh ever listen to me?"

The Almighty responds:

Shemot (Exodus) 7:1 "I have made you a – Elohim unto Pharaoh..."

Rashi's comment that in this context Yehowah (elohim) means a "judge and an executor of judgment to punish Egypt with plagues and afflictions," may be alluding to the single most important reason why the Egyptians were made to suffer the destructive power of the ten plagues. Moses will become the true representative of a Yehowah unto Pharoah, the only fitting punishment for Pharaoh who wanted to be a Yehowah unto his slaves. By becoming a Yehowah, an executor of judgment and affliction against Egypt, Pharoah's desire to twist humanity into his own image --rather than allowing humanity to bloom in the image of Yehowah-- will be stunted. The tables are being turned. Instead of Pharaoh functioning as a Yehowah, Moses the stutterer --because that is Yehowah's will-- shall become as Elohim unto Pharaoh.

And since Pharaoh attempted to destroy Yehowahs creation by his policy of slavery, Yehowah will now - measure for measure - destroy Pharoah's creation of Egypt. And indeed that is what we find. All ten plagues, from blood to the death of the first-born, can be seen in some way expressing the shadow, or antithesis, of G d's original intention when He created the world. The plagues become the mirror image of creation.

The commentators point out a further aspect of the ten plagues. They can be perceived as a parallel to--or echo of--the ten Divine pronouncements which brought the world into existence (See Ethics of the Fathers 5:1). The redemption of the Jews from Egypt would, thus, appear to be a counterpart to the creation of the world.
-        The process of creation showed God as the master of nature; the Shemot (Exodus) showed him as the ruler of history, bending the laws of nature to His purposes.

From a different vantage point, we can view Creation as a process of building, and the plagues as acts of destruction necessary for creation.. The 17th century commentator Maharal points out that the ten pronouncements created the world, whilst the ten plagues brought about the creation of the Jewish people.

Our Sages ask why the world was created by ten pronouncements rather than one; they reply that this was done so that evildoers would be punished for ruining a world created by ten pronouncements, and the righteous would be rewarded for sustaining such a world (Ethics, 5:1). God knew that man, given the power of free choice, would do harm to the world. He, therefore, created it in ten stages--and the downfall of the evildoers through the ten plagues would serve to redress the harm done to every stage. Moreover, there would be men eager to do right--and they would be given the Ten Commandments to sanctify the world in every respect. The revelation of Yehowah’s Kingship, as a result of the ten plagues, thus opened the way for the further disclosure of Yehowah’s will, through the Ten Commandments.[1]

1. Water is turned into blood. Shemot (Exodus) 7:20
Bereshit (Genesis) 1:2 "Now the earth was unformed and void, and darkness was upon the face of the deep, and the spirit of G d hovered over the face of the waters."
Water, is the source of life, it is the source of creation. In the first plague, the waters of Nile, source of Egyptian prosperity, is now turned to blood, symbol of death.

2. Frogs everywhere. Shemot (Exodus) 8:5
Bereshit (Genesis) 1:20 Yehowah then said: Let the waters swarm with swarms (sheratz) of living creatures...
The second plague has the river swarm forth frogs, living creatures, to devastate the Egyptians.

3. Dust becomes gnats. Shemot (Exodus) 8:17
Bereshit (Genesis) 1:11 Yehowah then created grass, evolving from the earth: "Let the earth put forth grass, herb yielding seed, and fruit-tree bearing fruit after its kind..."
The third plague has the very same earth that produced grass and fruit, now produces ghastly gnats.

4. Beasts everywhere. Shemot (Exodus) 8:24
5. Livestock all dies. Shemot (Exodus) 9:6
Bereshit (Genesis) 1:25 Yehowah created the beast of the earth after its kind, and the cattle after their kind, and everything that creepeth upon the ground after its kind..."
The fourth and fifth plagues bring a mixture of noxious animals and murrain on the cattle to subvert Yehowahs creations.

6. Dust becomes festering boils. Shemot (Exodus) 9:10
7. Hail mixed with fire. Shemot (Exodus) 9:23
Bereshit (Genesis) 1:6-8 Yehowah created a -heavens in the midst of the waters, dividing the waters from the waters.
The earth which was, after water, the source of evolved physical creations, has now, with the sixth plague, brought about the -dust all over the land of Egypt which became boils affect man and beast. Moses extended his hands up to that very same firmament and caused it to rain down giant hail stones which only brought destruction in their wake, and produced the seventh plague.

8. Locusts everywhere. Shemot (Exodus) 10:13
In creation it was the earth which gave birth to living creatures (Bereshit (Genesis) 1:24).
Moses now causes -the face of the earth to be covered by debilitating locusts, with the eighth plague.

9. Darkness. Shemot (Exodus) 10:22
Bereshit (Genesis) 1:3 Yehowah said, "Let there be light."
The very first utterance of the Almighty pursuant to creation is, "Let there be light", and the ninth plague is the black viscous darkness which encompasses Egypt.

10. Death of the firstborn. Shemot (Exodus) 12:29
Bereshit (Genesis) 1:1 For the sake of the things called first, God created the heavens and the earth.
And of course the final plague is the most apparent antithesis to creation: the death of the first born. Pharoah attempted to usurp Yehowah’s place and subvert creation; Yehowah Himself, through Moses, brings anti - creation, destruction, upon Egypt. But at the same time, the Almighty plants the seeds for re-creation, producing the cure before the disease.

From the Arizal:

smiting sub-sefirah in the holy Nukva
evil sub-sefirah smitten
keter of Nukva
brains of Nukva
skull hair of Nukva and malchut of Zeir Anpin
yesod of Zeir Anpin
hod of Zeir Anpin
netzach of Zeir Anpin
tiferet of Zeir Anpin
gevura of Zeir Anpin
chesed of Zeir Anpin
keter-chochma-bina of Zeir Anpin

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1. Blood- the Egyptians believed that since the moon controls the tides of the ocean that it had power over the water. Therefore Yehowah brought the plague of blood to show that there is a greater power than the moon that controls the water.
2. Frogs- the Egyptians believed that Mercury was responsible for controlling all living things in the water. Therefore again Yehowah caused frogs to come out of the water and jump into the ovens and into the Egyptians’ stomachs, to prove that there is a greater power than Mercury.
3. Lice- Venus is supposed to manipulate all beauty in the world. Yehowah thus brought lice, once of the most disgusting creatures, over Egypt to show that He is the master over all including the beauty of the world.
4. Wild animals- they believed that the sun had a controlling power on those animals that lived in the desert where the sun shines brightly. However, Yehowah proved otherwise by causing many wild animals to leave their habitats and enter Egyptians cities. Thus, Yehowah once again showed that he has the power to control the instincts of all animals and where they are to live.
5. Plague on the Animals- The Egyptians believed that Mars was responsible for blood and body warmth. The Yalkut Me’am Loez explains that during this plague all body heat was lost in the animals due to cold air therefore causing them to die. Yehowah showed that he is the once who controls health and warmth.
6. Boils- it was believed that Jupiter was responsible in the balance of human body fluids. However, the boils caused an extreme imbalance of fluids on the skin hence causing a tremendous amount of pain to the Egyptians.
7. Hail- The Egyptians believed that there were gods that worked with Saturn that control all things that relate to ice, snow, or cold. However, when Yehowah brought down a hail that contained fire from within, He proved that there were no such gods that existed.
8. Locusts- the Zodiac (12 astral signs) was supposed to have influence on all the animals and control where they wander. However, Yehowah showed that He is more powerful than the Zodiac and allowed multitudes of locusts to cross Egypt’s border and consume everything that the hail had left over.
9. Darkness- Day and night was believed to be controlled through a power called the Outer Sphere. Yehowah, on the other hand, proved that it is He who controls when it is day or night. Thus He brought 3 days of darkness upon Egypt.
10. Death of the First Born- The intellectual sphere was believed to bless all first-born children at birth giving them special advantages through a direct link with this sphere. However Yehowah confirmed that He is the one and only who controls life and the well-being of any first born child and thus killed all first-born Egyptian people and animals.

This study was written by Hillel ben David
(Greg Killian).

May YHWH bless you as you keep the way of the Torah diligently.

[1] Chidushei HaRim in Mayana shel Torah and the Sfat Emet. R. Yehudah Loew of Prague, The Maharal, in his work Gevuros HaShem, chapter 57.

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